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Ning Posting #2

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Ning Posting #2

  1. 1. Big History Journal #2 Ashley Beier
  2. 2. Peoples & Empires • 500-27 B.C. was a whirlwind of fights, battles and wars over land, money, power and the critical debate over unities of the world. • According to the Greeks, all who were not of Greek origin were considered to be Barbarians, from barberos, because any other language pronunciation sounded like ‘bar-bar’ unlike their articulate language. • As Augustus came into power, he was able to be the first to eradicate the irregular money flow and to unite countries as a whole.
  3. 3. Peoples & Empires • From 27 B.C. to 1000 A.D., there was a flurry of emperors, leaders, conquerors and popes that aided in the construction of shaping world politics and civilization. • Religion started to become a separate entity for countries at this point, as well. • Resources available in the different areas were utilized through trading overseas to prosper financially.
  4. 4. Peoples & Empires • Civilizations continued to grow through acquired intelligence, resources, newly discovered lands and slavery. • Pagden’s theory of the growth of countries was that the strongest were usually the most fortunate and thrived off of supportive agriculture and livestock. • Poor or weaker countries usually lacked this factor, and had only a matter of time until a larger, more productive country overtook their leader’s position and reign.
  5. 5. Guns, Germs & Steel • Europe’s overall cultural success was largely due to the advantageous geographical layout and available agriculture. • The advancement of the people within the territory of Europe had a lot to do with merely being ‘born’ on such fertile and useable land. • Diamond’s book deftly defines his theory of guns, germs and steel as being the sole reasons for the country’s favorable outcomes.
  6. 6. • Jared’s reference to ‘Guns’ was to highlight how Europe was able to maintain their dominance over multiple territories and army’s that well out-numbered their own, due to the superior advancement of their weapons and militia. If one side of the army is in possession of a bigger gun that can shoot farther and do more damage, that side will be winning the battle! • Another aspect that was touched on was the war on ‘Germs’. This referred to the number of diseases that had been brought over to Eurasia and the Americas by the Europeans. Luckily for the Europeans, they had already built up some immunities to these diseases. For the unlucky Eurasians, most battled terrible sickness and infection before they lost the war. This was a large, beneficial factor for the Europeans as they continued to dominate countries. The smaller numbers of citizens were easier to control and overcome. Guns, Germs & Steel
  7. 7. • ‘Steel’ was the collective term used for the finely organized militia of the government and how quickly Europe was able to overcome and steadily accumulate territories from Europe to America. Nationalism was taught religiously and the citizens were tuned and trained vigorously in the pride of the country and their leader. Guns, Germs & Steel
  8. 8. • The history of slavery covers systems throughout human history in which one human being is legally the property of another, can be bought or sold, is not allowed to escape and must work for the owner without any choice involved. • Slavery has long since been a way of the world. Slaves were acquired and taken on to upkeep crops and plantations of rice, cotton, etc. for profit for their owners. • The slaveries can be dated all the way back to early B.C. years. • Most of the original slaves were those who had been captured during battle and enslaved. The Origins & Nature of New World Slavery
  9. 9. The Origins & Nature of New World Slavery • Although slavery is typically viewed as very negative, it actually helped to shape the economy and bring us to where we currently stand today. If not for the slaves tending to the plantations and crops and exports, there would not have been such a substantial growth period in the countries all over the world. • Slavery was by in large a huge learning and turning point in history.
  10. 10. The Origins & Nature of New World Slavery • Although slavery is typically viewed as very negative, it actually helped to shape the economy and bring us to where we currently stand today. If not for the slaves tending to the plantations and crops and exports, there would not have been such a substantial growth period in the countries all over the world. • Slavery was by in large a huge learning and turning point in history.

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