women in the military during wwII


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women in the military during wwII

  1. 1. Women in Military During WWII By: Ashley Bishop And Chelsie Beck
  2. 2. Women in Military Since December 1941, 350,000 women served in the United States Armed Forces. They had their own branches of services, including: – Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (later the Women's Army Corps or WAC), – the Women Airforce Service Pilots (WASP), – the Women Accepted for Volunteer Military Services (WAVES). – SPARS stood for the Coast Guard motto: quot;Semper Paratus - Always Ready.quot;
  3. 3. Training Women's training was much like men's and Included parade drill, the discipline of barracks life, and classes in military methods.
  4. 4. Women in Military About seventy percent of women who served in the military during World War II held traditional quot;femalequot; jobs – Typists – Clerks – Mail sorters – weather forecasting – parachute packing – mail sorting – Photography – dog and pigeon training – Few women served as cooks or bakers, but could only serve other women.
  5. 5. Women in Military Although these jobs may not have been as glorified as those of the men fighting on the front lines, women were essential in maintaining the tools necessary in total warfare. By filling office jobs that would otherwise be held by men, women freed more men to fight.
  6. 6. Women in Military WAC's sent overseas and working as radio/telephone operators and translators, received the enthusiastic support of General Eisenhower who saw them as a key to successful communications requiring the knowledge of many languages. Women also performed nursing and clerical functions.
  7. 7. Irene Englund Stands in front of a plane she piloted during WWII
  8. 8. Harkness Love 28 years old when she became leader of the WAFS
  9. 9. Jacqueline Cochran (right) and the Woman's Flying Training Detachment .
  10. 10. flight crew of Boeing B- 17 quot;Flying Fortressquot;
  11. 11. WAVES Membership in the WAVES (Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service), a unit of the US Naval Reserve, reached a peak of 86,000 in August, 1945. The navy attempted to lure the brightest women and, like the Army, utilized them in all lines of work
  12. 12. SPARS The women's auxiliary unit of the Coast Guard in WW II, enlisted less than 10,000 women.
  13. 13. Women Marines The 20,000 women who enlisted in the marines despite the quot;tougher training coursequot; than in other branches of the service were given no catchy name. They were just women marines. During training, they were introduced to all aspects of marine combat including firing antiaircraft guns and dropping from parachute towers. Women worked in 225, mostly clerical, military specialties.
  14. 14. The End
  15. 15. Works Cited quot;Women and World War II - Women at Work.quot; Women's History - Comprehensive Women's History Research Guide. 06 May 2009 <http://womenshistory.about.com/od/warwwii/a /women_work.htm>. quot;Women in the Military During World War II : Library : MNHS.ORG.quot; 06 May 2009 <http://www.mnhs.org/library/tips/history_topic s/133women_military.htm>. quot;Women Veterans of WW II.quot; Redirecting to atriustech.com. 06 May 2009 <http://www.pinn.net/~sunshine/essays/wwiive t.html>.