V IRTUAL C LASSROOM A virtual classroom is a system thatprovides the same opportunities for the teaching and learning process, beyond the physical limits of thetraditional classrooms walls, thanks to the use of computer communication networks.
C HARACTERISTICS OF V IRTUAL C LASSROOMInteractivitySynchronyUsefulness and Ease of useSense of Community
T ECHNOLOGY FOR V IRTUAL C LASSROOM Cisco WebEx - http://www.webex.com Wimba Collaboration Suite - https://wimba.com/products/wimba_collaboration_s uite/ Adobe - http://www.adobe.com Moodle VLE - https://vle.wit.ie Wiziq - http://www.wiziq.com/Virtual_Classroom.aspx Visionet - http://www.visionet.in/index.html
A DVANTAGES OF V IRTUAL C LASSROOM FOR D ISTANCE L EARNING Removal of geographical barriers (Anywhere learning) Quicker to organize One to one communication Sessions can be recorded
L IMITATIONS OF V IRTUAL CLASSROOM OVER T RADITIONAL CLASSROOM Familiarity Time dependency Infrastructure Technical Limitations
D ISTANCE E DUCATION / L EARNING"Distance education is beset with a remarkable paradox - it has asserted its existence, but it cannot define itself.”
F EATURES OF D ISTANCE EDUCATION Distance education implies that the majority of educational communication between teacher and student occurs non-contiguously. Distance education involves two-way communication between teacher and student for the purpose of facilitating and supporting the educational process. Distance education uses technology to mediate the necessary two-way communication.
VIRTUAL CLASSROOM INBANGLADESH FOR DISTANCE LEARNINGBangladesh Virtual Classroom is a projectrun by Örebro University (Sweden), Soft- Ed Limited and Bangladesh OpenUniversity (BOU), the project is funded by SPIDER. Bangladesh Virtual Classroomproject focuses on using electronic means to provide education to rural areas in Bangladesh.
VIRTUAL CLASSROOM IN BANGLADESH FOR DISTANCE LEARNINGThe project proposed will use mobiletechnology’s Short Messaging Service along with perceived live telecast to create an ‘almost’ ideal classroom situation for distance learning using the Question based Participation (QBP) technique.
IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGY OF VIRTUAL CLASSROOM FOR DISTANCE LEARNINGActivities for Virtual Classroom
D IFFERENT STEPS FOR IMPLEMENTING VIRTUAL CLASSROOM IN B ANGLADESH Assess the needs and the necessary conditions to satisfy specific target group Estimate the development cost, effort, and implications Plan the virtual classroom Design the virtual classroom Prepare and distribute contents
D IFFERENT STEPS FOR IMPLEMENTING VIRTUAL CLASSROOM IN B ANGLADESH Enable communication Implement online student assessment methods Teaching Implement class management procedures Set up the system Maintain and update the virtual classroom
S TEP –O NE A SSESS THE NEEDS AND THE NECESSARYAre there remote students for thatcourse?Will they be able to access the coursesite and perform all the necessaryinteractions?Is there institutional support andinterest?Are there administrative policies andprocedures for these cases?
S TEP –T WODEVELOPMENT COST, EFFORT, AND IMPLICATIONSHow long is it going to take develops the virtualclassroom?Which tools will be needed? How much willthey cost? Which equipment will they require?How many people with which specific will beneeded?How much will the development impact theinstructor’s workloads?How much will it impact the teaching methodsused so far?
S TEP –T WODEVELOPMENT COST, EFFORT, AND IMPLICATIONS ( CONTD .)What are the institutions Web publishingand Internet access policies?How much of the total contents are alreadyavailable in electronic format?What will be the software/hardwarerequirements for the client (student)machine?What will be the software/hardwarerequirements for the server machine?
S TEP –T HREEP LAN THE VIRTUAL CLASSROOMWhat are the educational goals?How will these goals beaccomplished?Which goals will possibly not beaccomplished and how can wecompensate for them?Which approaches could be used toachieve a given goal? Which of them ismore viable?
S TEP –F OURD ESIGN THE VIRTUAL CLASSROOM How will the (maybe thousands of) HTML pages be structured? Can we provide a (preferably consistent) "look-and-feel" for the Web pages? What should be the layout for a typical course page? How fancy should the pages be? What is the related hardware/software/ technology impact?
S TEP –F IVE - P REPARE AND DISTRIBUTE CONTENTSWhich authoring tools should be used?How to import, create, and edit images?How to import, create, and edit sounds?How to import, create, and edit graphics andanimations?How to import, create, and edit videos?Where will the Web pages be posted?
S TEP –S IX E NABLE COMMUNICATIONWhich form ofcommunication?Which tools should be used?
S TEP –S EVEN – I MPLEMENT ONLINE STUDENT ASSESSMENT METHODS T EACHINGShould the virtual classroom contain quizzes?What about online assignments?Should we provide some kind of studentevaluation?How tests are implemented online?What about cheating?How will assignments, tests, etc. be submitted,graded, and returned to students?
S TEP – E IGHTI MPLEMENT CLASS MANAGEMENT PROCEDURESWhich type of class managementinformation is relevant?Which tools can be used to performthose tasks?
S TEP – N INE S ET UP THE SYSTEMWhich hardware and softwarecomponents are necessary?What is needed to install,configure, and protect the virtualclassroom contents?
S TEP –T EN M AINTAIN AND UPDATE THE VIRTUAL CLASSROOMWhat are the media, software, andpolicies for backup?Should the site contents and linksalso be maintained on a regularbasis?