has long suffered violence from extremist
attacks based on separatist and secessionist
movements, as well as ideological disagreements.
Since early in its post-colonial history, India has
experienced violence related to separatist and
insurgent movements, from the territorial dispute
over Kashmir to a Sikh separatist movement in
Punjab to a secessionist movement in the
northeastern state of Assam.
More than 2,750 people across India died in
terrorism-related violence in 2006, according to
analysis by the South Asia Terrorism Portal.
to South Asia terrorism Portal, about
177 insurgent groups are operation in India.
Assam: 36 groups.
Jammu and Kashmir: 36 groups.
Mainpur: 39 groups.
Punjab: 12 groups.
Tripure: 30 groups.
Left-Wing extremist: 6 groups.
The rest are operating to low level.
Some important groups are:
Harkat-ul-Ansar (HuA, presently known as
Groups active in Kashmir and listed by the State
Department as terrorist organizations include
Lashkar-e-Taiba, Harakat ul-Mujahedeen, and
of the Pure," is the armed wing of a
Pakistani-based religious organization founded in
1989 by Hafez Saeed, Abdullah Izam and Zafar
The group received instruction and funding from
Pakistan's intelligence agency, the Inter-Services
Intelligence (ISI), in exchange for a pledge to
target Hindus in Jammu and Kashmir and to train
Muslim extremists on Indian soil. “According to
Indian information, EU, Russia and Steve Coll”
After 9/11 attack, US listed it in terrorist group.
in December 2001 attack of New
Delhi's Parliament, the 2006 Mumbai train
bombings, and the February 2007 blast of a train
Information says that they are training in Markaz E
Taiba (about 30 Km from Lahore) and Mansera.
The Training consist, three steps:
21 days learning course.
21 days training of basic weapons.
Three months training of heavy Weapons.
group was formed by the merger of two
Pakistani groups, Harkat ul-Jihad alIslami and Harkat ul-Mujahedin, and led by
Maulana Saadatullah Khan.
A pan-Islamic ideology, to achieve the Jammu and
Kashmir from India through violent means.
About 60 per cent of its estimated number are
Pakistanis and Afghans.
Based in Muzaffarabad, capital of Pakistan
Several of its top leaders including Masood Azhar
(General Secretary), Sajjad Afghani (Commander)
and Nasarullah Manzoor Langaryal were captured
by Indian security forces.
has been held responsible for the December
13, 2001 terrorist attack on the Indian Parliament
in New Delhi.
Most Jaish-e-Mohammed attacks have been
described as fidayeen (suicide terrorist) attacks.
closely linkages with, Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan
at Muzaffarabad in Pakistan
occupied Kashmir (PoK)/Azad Kashmir.
An estimated strength of at least 1500.
Present Chif is Syed Salahuddin.
This group is known to be operating in high
level than any other group in numbers.