Insurgency in India


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Insurgency in India is the core issue in South Asia. Here, I only discussed those acts happened in Jamu and Kashmir (Indian territory)

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Insurgency in India

  1. 1. Abdul Rahman Afghan 227-fss/BSP&IR/F10
  2. 2.  India has long suffered violence from extremist attacks based on separatist and secessionist movements, as well as ideological disagreements.  Since early in its post-colonial history, India has experienced violence related to separatist and insurgent movements, from the territorial dispute over Kashmir to a Sikh separatist movement in Punjab to a secessionist movement in the northeastern state of Assam.
  3. 3.  More than 2,750 people across India died in terrorism-related violence in 2006, according to analysis by the South Asia Terrorism Portal.
  4. 4.  According to South Asia terrorism Portal, about 177 insurgent groups are operation in India.  Assam: 36 groups.  Jammu and Kashmir: 36 groups.  Mainpur: 39 groups.  Punjab: 12 groups.  Tripure: 30 groups.  Left-Wing extremist: 6 groups.  The rest are operating to low level.
  5. 5.  1. 2. 3. 4. Some important groups are: Hizb-ul-Mujahideen (HM) Harkat-ul-Ansar (HuA, presently known as Harkat-ul Mujahideen) Lashkar-e-Toiba (LeT) Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM)
  6. 6.  Groups active in Kashmir and listed by the State Department as terrorist organizations include Lashkar-e-Taiba, Harakat ul-Mujahedeen, and Jaish-e-Muhammed.
  7. 7.  "Army of the Pure," is the armed wing of a Pakistani-based religious organization founded in 1989 by Hafez Saeed, Abdullah Izam and Zafar Iqbal.  The group received instruction and funding from Pakistan's intelligence agency, the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI), in exchange for a pledge to target Hindus in Jammu and Kashmir and to train Muslim extremists on Indian soil. “According to Indian information, EU, Russia and Steve Coll”  After 9/11 attack, US listed it in terrorist group.
  8. 8.  Involvement in December 2001 attack of New Delhi's Parliament, the 2006 Mumbai train bombings, and the February 2007 blast of a train (Pak-India).  Information says that they are training in Markaz E Taiba (about 30 Km from Lahore) and Mansera.  The Training consist, three steps: 1. 2. 3. 21 days learning course. 21 days training of basic weapons. Three months training of heavy Weapons.
  9. 9.  The group was formed by the merger of two Pakistani groups, Harkat ul-Jihad alIslami and Harkat ul-Mujahedin, and led by Maulana Saadatullah Khan.  A pan-Islamic ideology, to achieve the Jammu and Kashmir from India through violent means.  About 60 per cent of its estimated number are Pakistanis and Afghans.
  10. 10. Based in Muzaffarabad, capital of Pakistan controlled Kashmir.  Several of its top leaders including Masood Azhar (General Secretary), Sajjad Afghani (Commander) and Nasarullah Manzoor Langaryal were captured by Indian security forces. 
  11. 11.  JeM has been held responsible for the December 13, 2001 terrorist attack on the Indian Parliament in New Delhi.  Most Jaish-e-Mohammed attacks have been described as fidayeen (suicide terrorist) attacks.  closely linkages with, Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan and Lashkar-e-Jhangvi.
  12. 12.  Headquartered at Muzaffarabad in Pakistan occupied Kashmir (PoK)/Azad Kashmir.  An estimated strength of at least 1500.  Present Chif is Syed Salahuddin.  This group is known to be operating in high level than any other group in numbers.