Female reproductive system


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Brief responses to 3 topics on the female reproductive system - chapter 10 assignment

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Female reproductive system

  1. 1. FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM Chapter 10 Presentation By Amal Shaar Medical Terminology
  2. 2. GynecologistA physician who specializes in treating conditions and diseases of the female reproductive system
  3. 3. Requirements for a Gynecologist Bachelors degree Doctor of medicine degree (MD) Must complete a 4 year residency including at least 1 year internship. Gynecologists with a sub-specialty should complete up to 3 years additional training. All states require gynecologists to be licensed. Gynecologists must be board certified. Gynecologists must complete continuing education classes to stay up to date on medical and technological advancements.
  4. 4. What does a gynecologist do? Examine and treat many different issues related to the female reproductive system such as gynecological diseases, pregnancy, and fertility They can deal with a range of conditions such as cancer, amenorrhea, dysmenorrhoea, urine incontinence, and prolapse of pelvic organs In addition to providing contraceptive choices, they also provide procedures such as pap smears, biopsies, and hysterectomies Many gynecologists specialize in obstetrics and provide pregnancy care during and immediately after pregnancy
  6. 6. Dilation is the first stage of laborLabor is defined as the expulsion of the fetus from the uterus through the vagina. The length of this stage varies from mother to mother.- This stage consists of regular uterine contractions- The fetus presses against the cervix causing it to expand or dilate- As it dilates the cervix becomes thinner, process known as effacement- When the cervix has reached 10 cm the second stage begins Stage 1: Dilation Stage
  7. 7. The expulsion begins when the cervix is fully dilated, and ends when the baby is born- Uterine contractions strengthen and become more frequent making the mother feel the need to “bear down” and push- The baby goes through a series of passive movements where the head undergoes flexion, internal rotation, extension, external rotation, and crowning (the first sign of the babys head)- Complete expulsion of the baby signals the successful completion of the second stage of labor Stage 2: Expulsion Stage
  8. 8. The Placental Stage is the period from just after the fetus is expelled until just after the placenta is expelled- Begins as a physiological separation from the wall of the uterus- Placental expulsion can be managed actively or expectantly without medical assistance, but active management reduces the risk of postpartum bleeding like obstetric hemorrhaging- Sometimes the amniotic sac does not rupture during labor and the infant can be born with the membranes intact, condition known as "being born in the caul." This condition is harmless as the sac can be easily broken and wiped away Stage 3: Placental Stage
  9. 9. Total Abdominal Hysterectomy-Bilateral Salpingo-Oophorectomy (TAH-BSO) One of the longest terms in medicine refers to the complete removal of the uterus, cervix, ovaries, and fallopian tubes
  10. 10. There are 2 parts to the surgery1. A total abdominal hysterectomy, or TAH, is the removal of the uterus andcervix2. Bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, or BSO is the removal of the fallopian tubesand ovariesThis surgery is typically done if a mass or growth is found in that area. In theevent that the growth is cancerous and to prevent the spread to other areasthe organs are removed.That is why, even though the tumor may have started on the ovary, the uterus,cervix and fallopian tubes are also removed.TAH-BSO
  11. 11. Why is this surgery needed?There are two mainreasons for surgery. The first is to find out what the abnormal growth or mass is and in what organ it started. The second is to remove as much of the mass as possible.TAH-BSO
  12. 12. What fills the empty space when everything is removed?After a TAH-BSO, the intestines will dipdown to fill the spaceTAH-BSO