How To Motivate And Empower From Team 2, Ann Scott And Richard Sikes

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How To Motivate And Empower From Team 2, Ann Scott And Richard Sikes

  1. 1. Motivation and<br />Empowerment<br />Needs and Rewards <br />How are they related to motivation and empowerment?<br />
  2. 2. People act in order to satisfy needs<br />Effective leaders must find ways to meet followers’ needs as well as the needs of the organization.<br />
  3. 3. Do you have a theory?They can help leaders understand.<br />Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs - Individuals satisfy lower needs before they move on to higher needs.<br />McClelland - Acknowledged that people are differentand have acquired different needs.Therefore, they are also motivated differently.<br />Herzberg’s Two Factor Theory Dissatisfiers must be removed.Motivators must then be added.<br />
  4. 4. The carrot and the stickMost North American companies use a system of basic extrinsic punishments and rewards.<br />Reinforcement perspective – behavior can be modified by punishments and rewards.<br />Expectancy theory – motivation is contingent on expectations that behavior will result in reward.<br />Equity theory – motivation is affected by perceptions of how fair treatment is in relation to others.<br />
  5. 5. Quiz<br />Equity theory<br />B, Reinforcement perspective<br />C. Expectancy theory<br />
  6. 6. What’s wrong with a carrot?<br />Undermines intrinsic rewards<br />Brings about unintended consequences<br />Too simple<br />Replaces cooperation with unhealthy competition<br />
  7. 7. Empowerment - alternate route!<br />Knowledge<br />Power<br />Authority<br />Resources<br />Meets higher needs of value and meaning<br />
  8. 8. How do you do it?<br />Create the environment<br />Measure engagement<br />Employee ownership<br />Gainsharing<br />Pay for knowledge<br />Pay for performance<br />Job enrichment<br />
  9. 9. What’s in it for you?<br />Satisfaction<br />Performance<br />Profit<br />

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