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UAVs: Understanding Unmanned Aerial
Systems (UAS) and Potential Applications
Doug Zeissner | Bryan Tuschhoff
Agenda
 UAV vs Drone
 System Platform Types
 Suitability & Capability
 Regulations
 Markets
 UAV Survey Pattern
 Co...
What’s in a Name
 Unmanned Aerial System
(UAS)
Preferred terminology of the FAA. 
Aircraft
Payload 
(Camera…)
Autopilot R...
What’s in a Name
Types
Multi Rotors Fixed Wing
Types of UAS
Multi Rotors
 Strengths
• Vertical takeoff
• Hovering capability
• Camera gimbals
• Simple to fly manually
...
Suitability
Multi Rotors
 Video Documentation
 Bridge Inspection
 Construction Site
Monitoring (Video)
 Architectural ...
Michael Baker’s UAS
 Fixed Wing
Precision Hawk
Michael Baker’s UAS
 Multi Rotor
DJI Phantom 3
Regulations
 The FAA is beginning to allow UAS operations
 This is a two step process
 Must file a Petition For Exempti...
Regulations
The FAA currently requires a
Licensed Pilot as the Pilot In
Charge (PIC).
The FAA requires a Visual Observe
as...
Markets
 Utilities 
Corridor Inspection Services, Greenfield Mapping, ROW and Vegetation Encroachment, 
Substation Mappin...
12/30/2015 13
Top view of the initial image position. The
green line follows the position of the
images in time starting f...
Typical Costs
 Acquisition costs
• UAS have lower operating costs when compared to
conventional aircraft
• UAS can be mob...
Timeframe/Turnaround
 Due to typical UAS project size, advances in
processing technology, and depending on the
deliverabl...
Michael Baker’s UAS Capabilities
 Designed for aerial mapping of small to mid
sized projects.
 Rapid deployment
 Fully ...
Questions
12/30/2015 17
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UAVs: Understanding Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) and Potential Applications

Doug Zeissner and Bryan Tuschhoff, of Michael Baker International, present "UAVs: Understanding Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) and Potential Applications" to ASCE OC on December 10, 2015.

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UAVs: Understanding Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) and Potential Applications

  1. 1. UAVs: Understanding Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) and Potential Applications Doug Zeissner | Bryan Tuschhoff
  2. 2. Agenda  UAV vs Drone  System Platform Types  Suitability & Capability  Regulations  Markets  UAV Survey Pattern  Cost Considerations/Timeframe/Turnaround  Michael Baker’s UAS capabilities
  3. 3. What’s in a Name  Unmanned Aerial System (UAS) Preferred terminology of the FAA.  Aircraft Payload  (Camera…) Autopilot RC Controller Ground Station 
  4. 4. What’s in a Name
  5. 5. Types Multi Rotors Fixed Wing
  6. 6. Types of UAS Multi Rotors  Strengths • Vertical takeoff • Hovering capability • Camera gimbals • Simple to fly manually  Considerations • Short flight times (<20min) • Hard landing with fail • Low payload weight Fixed Wing  Strengths • Hand launch • Long flight times (>40min) • Loiter capabilities • Soft Landing with fail  Considerations • No payload stabilization • Glide to loss with fail • Best in programmed flight
  7. 7. Suitability Multi Rotors  Video Documentation  Bridge Inspection  Construction Site Monitoring (Video)  Architectural Modeling  Fly Through Animations  Stack Inspections  Tower / Pole Surveys  Site Mapping (< 5 acres) Fixed Wing  Watershed, Site Mapping (< 160 acres)  Land Dev Mapping  Construction Site Monitoring (Mapping)  Corridor Mapping • Transportation • Utility  Environmental Mapping  Agricultural Mapping
  8. 8. Michael Baker’s UAS  Fixed Wing Precision Hawk
  9. 9. Michael Baker’s UAS  Multi Rotor DJI Phantom 3
  10. 10. Regulations  The FAA is beginning to allow UAS operations  This is a two step process  Must file a Petition For Exemption under Section 333  Must apply for and receive a Certificate of Waiver or Authorization (COA).
  11. 11. Regulations The FAA currently requires a Licensed Pilot as the Pilot In Charge (PIC). The FAA requires a Visual Observe as well (VO).
  12. 12. Markets  Utilities  Corridor Inspection Services, Greenfield Mapping, ROW and Vegetation Encroachment,  Substation Mapping and Wind Turbine Inspection   Transportation   High Resolution Corridor Mapping, New Construction, Construction Monitoring, Visualization,  and Modeling     Land Development   Site Development, Topo Mapping, Volume Computations, Construction Monitoring, Planimetric  Updates, Asset Inventory, and Visualization   Environmental   Waste Monitoring, Spill Monitoring, Vegetation Monitoring, and Sea Grass Monitoring  
  13. 13. 12/30/2015 13 Top view of the initial image position. The green line follows the position of the images in time starting from the large blue dot. UAV Survey Pattern
  14. 14. Typical Costs  Acquisition costs • UAS have lower operating costs when compared to conventional aircraft • UAS can be mobilized at a lower cost than conventional aircraft  Processing costs • Mapping costs per acre are lower • As project size increases economies of scale tip toward conventional acquisition means…fewer images to process over a larger area
  15. 15. Timeframe/Turnaround  Due to typical UAS project size, advances in processing technology, and depending on the deliverable…data can be delivered much faster.  Sample Turnaround times with out control • Video – Real Time • Imagery – Within Hours • Raw Semi Globally Matched (SGM) Point Clouds and Ortho mosaics – Under 24 Hours • Planimetrics, Contours - * Based on project size
  16. 16. Michael Baker’s UAS Capabilities  Designed for aerial mapping of small to mid sized projects.  Rapid deployment  Fully backed by 75 years of mapping experience.  ISO certified LiDAR processing  One stop shop includes surveying also
  17. 17. Questions 12/30/2015 17

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