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Intelligent Transportation Systems - History & National Perspective

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Jesse Glazer, FHWA, presents at ASCE OC Transportation Technical Group seminar on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS).

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Intelligent Transportation Systems - History & National Perspective

  1. 1. 1 Intelligent Transportation Systems – History & National Perspective Prepared for: ASCE TTG ITS Seminar Nov. 13, 2015 . Jesse Glazer ITS/Operations Engr. USDOT / FHWA
  2. 2. 2 Presentation Topics: • What is “ITS”? • Evolution of ITS – Past 50 years – Next 50 years • USDOT Initiatives • ITS Project Mgmt. (SE) • ITS Resources • Discussion – ITS needs of public-sector CEs?
  3. 3. 3 What is “ITS”?... • Short Answer = “Technology in Transportation” • USDOT Definition = “ITS means electronics, communication, or information processing used … to improve efficiency or safety of a surface transportation system.” (23CFR940.3) (Excludes boats, planes and most freight-rail.) • Federal regs apply to federally-funded projects • ITS is heavily dependent upon “IT” resources
  4. 4. Evolution of ITS (1965 – 2065) 4
  5. 5. 5 Evolution of ITS (1965  Now)
  6. 6. 6 “Transportation Technology” is >100 years old! .
  7. 7. 8 1970’s – Freeway Traffic Management Traffic Detection “loops” Electronic Message Signs Ramp Meters
  8. 8. 9 1980’s – Arterial Traffic Management
  9. 9. 10 1990’s – Traffic Management Centers
  10. 10. 11 2000’s – “Smart Bus” Systems Vehicle Diagnostics GPS & Vehicle ID Automated Fare Collection and Passenger Counting Driver Information DisplaySilent Alarm Traffic Signal Priority Route Destination Display Smart Card Reader $ RTA OR
  11. 11. 12 2000’s – Traveler Information
  12. 12. 2010’s – Electronic Tolling & HOT Lanes 13
  13. 13. 2010’s – Mobile Devices 14 Traffic & Navigation Parking Info & Guidance Ride-Hailing & Carpooling
  14. 14. Meanwhile, … at the “institutional” level… 15
  15. 15. 16 ~1992: “IVHS” Brand + Organization “IVHS America” … later re-named “ITS” and “ITS America” … ($$ followed)
  16. 16. 17 The original IVHS Vision… .
  17. 17. 18 Mid-1990s: – National ITS Architecture • Created by USDOT • Goal: Define a standard, national, interoperable, ITS framework • Guideline for future transportation systems • Built upon S.E. concepts & terminology National ITS Architecture Vehicles Roadside Centers Commercial Vehicle Administration Archived Data Management Travelers Toll Administration Emergency Management Traffic Management Fleet and Freight Management Transit Management Maintenance & Construction Management Roadway Toll Collection Parking Management Emissions Management Personal Information Access Remote Traveler Support Information Service Provider Commercial Vehicle Check Wireline (Fixed-Point to Fixed-Point) Communications VehicletoVehicleCommunications DedicatedShortRange Communications Wide Area Wireless (Mobile) Communications Vehicle Transit Vehicle Commercial Vehicle Emergency Vehicle Maintenance & Construction Vehicle
  18. 18. 19 Late 1990’s – ITS Arch. & SE “Rule” • Codified in: 23 CFR 940 • Defined ITS and ITS Projects (940.3) • Required: – Regional ITS Architectures in all Urban Areas (940.9) – “Systems Engr. Analysis” for all ITS projects (940.11) • Defined ITS Architecture & S.E. concepts and terminology; still widely used today. • (Drew heavily on aerospace & I.T. concepts, terminology, and people.)
  19. 19. High-Risk ITS Projects Must use S.E. Process 20
  20. 20. Other USDOT ITS Initiatives 21 • Research – via universities, consultants, Turner-Fairbanks Center, others … • Demonstration Projects – Experiments, Pilot tests, deployments, evaluations, … • Publications – Research, Guidelines, State-of-Practice, Knowledge Base, etc. • Training – USDOT PCB, CITE, NHI, NTI, ITE, ITS-CA, ITSA, … (Web-based mostly.) • … more … (See E&T handout)
  21. 21. Jesse’s General Observations 22 ITS Projects are increasingly complex: • Multi-agency, multi-modal, multi-purpose • More people “in the control loop” Less hardware, more software: • SW development difficult to manage • Expensive skill marketplace • SW requires a lot of maintenance • Ever-changing security threats  Use SE tools; use CMMI for SW vendors
  22. 22. 23 Evolution of ITS (Now  2065)
  23. 23. 24 Self-Driving (“Autonomous”) Vehicles (under private-sector leadership)
  24. 24. 25 Vehicles will also be “Connected” (USDOT leadership) ... connected to each other on freeways: .
  25. 25. 26 … and on surface streets (“V2V”) … .
  26. 26. 27 … and connected to roadway (“V2I”) .
  27. 27. 28 … and to peds, bikes, etc. (V2X) .
  28. 28. Vehicles must also cooperate 29
  29. 29. 30 Jesse’s Prediction for “2065” Automated, Connected, Cooperating, Electric Vehicles • No traffic congestion • No crashes • No air pollution/GHG • No driving stress • Mobility for all
  30. 30. 31 Comments? Questions? What are the ITS needs of public-sector Civil Engineers?.

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