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Contenido del examen de habilitación para profesores bilingües.

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  1. 1. HABILITACION PROFESORES BILINGÜES Dña. Mª Ascensión Villalba Varona. Lda. Filología Inglesa - DEA en NN.TT.
  2. 2. FASE 1 Comprensión de lectura Expresión escrita Comprensión auditiva Gramática y vocabulario FASE 2 Expresión oral
  3. 3.  A.- COMPRENSION DE LECTURA  “El candidato contestará, seleccionando la respuesta adecuada a preguntas sobre textos escritos en la lengua extranjera objeto de la convocatoria” BOCM Nº 108 (8 Mayo 2009)  TIEMPO: 50 m.  “SKIM AND SCAN”  TIPO DE TEXTO
  4. 4. SKIM SCAN for an Overview for Specific Information  Title  Author  Characters  Headings/subheadings  Setting  Different text: bold,  Connections italics, etc.  Date: Time reference  Visuals  Genre  Vocabulary words  Highlight words:  First and last paragraphs People, places, events.  Reviews/synopsis
  5. 5. TYPE I You are going to read an extract from a magazine article. Six paragraphs have been removed from the extract. Choose from the paragraphs A – G the one which fits each gap (1 – 6). There is one extra paragraph which you do not need to use. Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet. people READ When the hippos roar, start paddling! RUBRICS Richard Jackson and his wife spent their honeymoon going down the Zambezi river in a canoe. „They say this is a good test of a relationship,‟ said Tim as he handed me the paddle. I wasn‟t sure that such a tough challenge was what was needed on a honeymoon, but it was too late to go back. My wife, Leigh, and I were standing with our guide, Tim Came, on the banks of the Zambezi near the Zambia/Botswana border. This was to be the highlight of our honeymoon: a safari downriver, ending at the point where David Livingstone first saw the Victoria Falls. 1 D places Neither of us had any canoeing experience. Tentatively we set off downstream, paddling with more enthusiasm than expertise. Soon we heard the first distant rumblings of what seemed like thunder. „Is that Victoria Falls?‟ we inquired naïvely. „No,‟ said Tim dismissively. „That‟s our first rapid.‟ Easy, we thought. Wrong! 2 F events The canoe plotted a crazed path as we careered from side to side, our best efforts seeming only to add to our plight. This was the first of many rapids, all relatively minor, all enjoyably challenging for tourists like us. 3 A The overnight stops would mean mooring at a deserted island in the middle of the river, where Tim‟s willing support team would be waiting, having erected a camp and got the water warm for our bucket showers. As the ice slowly melted in the drinks, restaurant-quality food would appear from a cooker using hot coals. Then people would begin to relax, and the day‟s stories would take on epic proportions. 4............................................................. 5........................................................ 6....................................................
  6. 6. D We had a 4-metre aluminium canoe to A Luckily we could make our mistakes in ourselves. It was a small craft for such a privacy as, apart from Tim and another mighty river, but quite big enough to house couple, for two days we were alone. Our the odd domestic dispute. Couples had, it only other company was the array of bird seemed, ended similar trips arguing rather and animal life. The paddling was fairly than paddling. But it wasn‟t just newlyweds gentle and when we got tired, Tim would at risk. Tim assured us that a group lead us to the shore and open a cool-box of comedians from North America had containing a picnic lunch. failed to see the funny side too. B If that was the scariest moment, the most E But number 150 had other ideas. As we romantic was undoubtedly our final night‟s hugged the bank he dropped under the campsite. Livingstone Island is perched water. We expected him to re-surface in literally on top of Victoria Falls. The safari the same spot, as the others had done. company we were with have exclusive Instead, there was a sudden roar and he access to it: it‟s just you, a sheer drop of a emerged lunging towards the canoe. few hundred metres and the continual roar as millions of litres of water pour over the F Over the next hour or so the noise grew to edge. terrifying dimensions. By the time we edged around the bend to confront it, we C There was plenty of passing traffic to were convinced we would be faced with observe on land as well – giraffes, hippos, Mountains of white water. Instead, despite elephants and warthogs, while eagles all the sound and fury, the Zambezi soared overhead. We even spotted two seemed only slightly ruffled by a line of rare white rhinos – sadly shorn of their small rocks. horns in an attempt to stop poaching. We paddled closer to get a better look. G When we‟d all heard enough, we slept under canvas, right next to the river bank. Fortunately, we picked a time of year largely free of mosquitoes, so our nets and various lotions remained unused. The sounds of unseen animals were our nightly lullaby.
  7. 7. TYPE II You are going to read a newspaper article. For questions 13 – 19, choose the answer (A, B, C or D) which you think fits best according to the text. Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet. Groomed for TV Martyn Harris looks back on his experience of being trained to appear on TV. I am terrible on TV. I slouch, sneer, stammer, fidget, forget my lines and swallow the ends of my words. It rankles, because I know inside I am scintillating, sensitive and sincere. Television can make any fool look like an intellectual. Newsreaders can contrive to look nice and even the worst presenters can seem sensible, but I come over as a shifty subversive. The single television programme I have presented was so awful that even my mother couldn‟t find a good word for it. After a catastrophic radio show last year, when I addressed the interviewer by the wrong name throughout, I swore I‟d never do broadcasting again. Until now, that is. I have my first novel out next month, which is called Do It Again, and the PR people inform me you just have to get out there and promote it. Scotland one day, the south coast of England the next. It‟s going to be hectic and I have to get my act together. Which is how I find myself being scrutinised for televisual potential by two svelte creatures from Public Image Ltd, while cameraman Alastair focuses on my trembling upper lip. Public Image is the outfit which has been teaching MPs how to look good on TV. They also groom executives from major companies in everything from corporate presentations to handling broadcast interrogation, but as far as I‟m concerned, if they can make politicians look like real people, they are good enough for me. „He blinks a lot, doesn‟t he?‟ says Diana, the speech specialist, studying my image on a video monitor. „And the crossed legs look defensive. But the voice isn‟t bad.‟ Jeannie, who is introduced to me as Public Image‟s „charisma consultant‟, takes a step backwards to study the general posture. „Needs to get his bottom back in the sofa. And the jacket makes him look a bit deformed. Where does he get his
  8. 8. 1 The writer believes that one reason he is terrible on TV is that A he doesn‟t make enough effort to perform well. B he can‟t help being rude to interviewers. C his personality seems unappealing to viewers. D his personality differs from that of newsreaders and presenters. 2 The writer has become involved with Public Image Ltd because A he wants to find out what such companies do. B he has been told that it is in his interests to do so. C he is intrigued by the work they do for politicians. D he has been told that the company is good at promoting novels. 3 Diana and Jeannie both say that one of the writer‟s problems when appearing on TV concerns A the way he sits. B the clothes he wears. C the way his eyes move. D the way he moves. 4 What does Diana tell the writer about politicians? A They are usually reluctant to tell the truth. B They often fail to realise that they are shouting. C They are frequently nervous when they appear on TV. D They frequently speak in a way that is harmful to them. (1C,2B,3A,4D) 
  9. 9.  “El candidato redactará una composición, en la lengua extranjera objeto de convocatoria, de tipo narrativo o expositivo, a elegir entre varios temas propuestos por el Tribunal. La extensión de la composición deberá tener un mínimo de 300 palabras.” BOCM Nº 108 (8 Mayo 2009)  TIEMPO: 50 m.  LONGITUD: + 300 palabras  TIPO DE ESCRITO  ESTRUCTURA  “USEFUL LANGUAGE”
  10. 10. Topic – the subject of your writing Types of writing: - Report, letter: formal/informal; description; review; narrative; article... Purpose – the reason you‟re writing ____to express yourself _____to entertain __ to inform _____ to persuade other _____to analyze Audience – the people who will read your writing - What will the readers know about my topic? - What will they find more interesting about it? - What will they agree and disagree about it? - What level of language is most appropriate for them (formal / informal) ?
  11. 11. You have recently had a class project on animal welfare and vegetarianism. Now your teacher has asked you to write an essay, giving your opinions on the following statement: Some people believe that humans should not eat meat. Do you agree? Write your essay. (Write your answer in 300 words in an appropriate style.)
  13. 13. Most people think that since animals eat other animals, it is natural for humans to eat Introduce the Start with a meat. However, some religions disagree, and topic int he first general a growing number of people are choosing to paragraph giving statement become vegetarians for non-religious both sides of the reasons. argument. First, I‟d like to put the arguments in favour of eating meat. Humans have always hunted Explain the topic, and aeaten animals. We use their fur and Use linking giving specific skin for clothes and shoes. Besides, when words to show people stop eating meat they are avoiding the sequence of examples. the main food that gives them energy. your ideas nad when you are making an extra On the other hand, many vegetarians believe point. that eating meat is not only unnecessary but Have a separate it is also unhealthy. We can easily grow paragraph for the plants that give us all we need in our diet, and meat can cause serious diseases. Also, other side the way we farm animals is cruel and we are argument. destroying rainforest to provide land for animals. Summarise your view in the conclusion using In my view, there are strong health reasons different words for not eating meat. However, if we become from the vegetarians for moral reasons, I think we introduction. should also not wear fur or leather. (168 WORDS)
  14. 14. Useful language LISTING POINTS Firstly, to begin/start with, last but not least… ADDING MORE POINTS In addition to this, furthermore, what is more, also, apart from this, besides, another point worth mentioning is,… GIVING AN EXAMPLE For example, such as, particularly, especially, take for instance,… EMPHASISING In fact, as a matter of fact,… EXPRESSING RESULT OR CONSEQUENCE Therefore, in this case, for this reason, consequently, as a result,… SUMMING UP In conclusion, to sum up, all in all, on the whole,… GIVING YOUR OPINION In my opinion/view, personally, I believe, the way I see it, from my point of view, I am in favour of, my belief is that,…
  15. 15.  “El candidato contestará a preguntas sobre textos orales (grabaciones), en la lengua extranjera objeto de convocatoria. Las grabaciones consistirán en noticias, conversaciones o entrevistas. BOCM Nº 108 (8 Mayo 2009)  TIEMPO 30 m.  TIPOS DE PRUEBAS AUDITIVAS  ASOCIACION DE IDEAS
  16. 16. Listening You will hear a marine wildlife photographer called Bruce Hind talking about his work. For questions 1 - 7, complete the sentences. MARINE WILDLIFE PHOTOGRAPHER Bruce says that planning 1 is the most important aspect of his work. Before going on a trip, Bruce makes drawings 2 of the photographs he hopes to take. Knowing the type of photographs he wants to take helps Bruce to choose the right equipment 3 Bruce disagrees with people who say his way of taking photographs is not creative 4 - The questions follow the order of the text. - Read the rubric. Who will you hear? What is the topic? - Read the sentences. Think about the type of information that is missing. - Most answers are nouns, adjectives, adverbs, dates, months, etc. -The words you need to write are on the recording.
  17. 17. TYPE 2 You will hear part of a radio interview in which the comedian and writer Jane Clarkson is talking about her work. For questions 15 20, choose the answer (A, B, C or D) which fits best according to what you hear. -The questions follow the order of 15 What did Jane find difficult about writing a book? the text. A She couldn’t travel around the country. - Read the rubric. Who will you hear? B She didn’t get any instant reaction to her work. What is the topic? C She had to spend time looking after her daughter. D She found the process itself very challenging. - Before you listen, read through the questions or questions stems and 16 According to Jane, why did some critics dislike her novel? underline key words. - Listen to find the answer to the A They didn’t think the book was funny. question, thn choose the option A,B,C B They were dismissive of her initial success. or D which is closest. C They thought her male colleagues were better writers. D They thought she should stick to being a comedian. -The words in the options will be different from the words you hear on  …… the recording. -Most questions will be about people‟s ideas, opinions, feelings, etc.
  18. 18.  “El candidato realizará los dos ejercicios siguientes: ◦ 1.- Texto incompleto: Escogerá la opción más adecuada de las cuatro que se propongran para cada espacio. ◦ 2.- Completará, con la opción más adecuada, frases o diálogos breves, en cada uno de los cuales existirá un espacio.” BOCM Nº 108 (8 Mayo 2009)  TIEMPO: 50 M.  QUÉ DEBO SABER: “DO‟s & DON‟T‟s”  TIPO DE EJERCICIOS
  19. 19. Do‟s Don‟ts - Read the text for general -Forget to read the rubric. understanding. - Forget about time. - The options you choose must fit the sentence and the context of the text as - Spend a lot of time in a part which a whole. you don‟t know how to do it, leave it for later if you have time. - Check the words before and after the gaps. - Forget to go back to those parts you have left. - Pay attention to fixed expressions, phrasal verbs, words + prepositions, - Panick!!!  prefixes and suffixes, etc. -When you have finished read the sentence or text again. -Check always your spelling.
  20. 20. TYPE I For Questions 1 - 15, read the text below and decide which answer A, B, C or D best fits each space. of The steamer Mongolia was built (1)..................... iron. It was due at eleven a.m. on Wednesday, the 9th of October, at Suez. The Mongolia sailed regularly between Brindisi and Bombay (2)..................... the Suez Canal, and via was one of the fastest steamers belonging to the company. Two men were walking up and down the dock at Suez (3)..................... the crowd of natives among and strangers in this fast-growing town. One was the British consul at Suez habit who was in the (4)..................... of watching, from his office window, English ships daily passing (5)..................... and fro along the great canal. to 1A from B by C with D of 2A via B near C over D beside 3A within B among C in D between 4A habit B style C routine D way 5A to B back C towards D from
  21. 21. TYPE II For questions 1-3, complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. You must use between three and six words, including the word given. 1.- They had very little petrol left in the car by the time they reached the filling station. RUN run out of petrol They had almost … …………………………..… by the time they reached the filling station. 2.- My cousins‟ unexpected visit enabled me to get out of doing my homeowork. PROVIDED provided me with the My cousins‟ unexpected visit …………………………………………..……..perfect excuse for not doing homework. 3.- If you stay a bit longer, you‟ll enjoy yourself even more, “said our host at the party. MORE longer we stayed, the more we Our host at the party said that the ………..………………………………………………….. would enjoy ourselves.
  22. 22. Type III For questions 1 to 5, read hte text below. Use the word given in capitals at the end of some of the lines to form a word that fits in the gap. TIME MANAGEMENT. Julie Morganstern‟s ………………………….(1.-TITLE) Time book entitled Management from the Inside Out aims to help people organise their completely time better. Julie says that getting organised is a …………………..(2.- COMPLETE) „learnable‟ skill. One common reason she has ………………………(3.-IDENTITY) for people not getting things done, identified objectives be it tasks at work, study …………………… (4.-OBJECT), or things they hope to achieve in their free time, is that they don‟t set aside a …………………………….(5.-SPECIFY) time in which to do these things. specific
  23. 23.  PRUEBA ORAL  “El candidato mantendrá con el tribunal una conversación sobre temas de actualidad en general o relacionados con el sistema educativo durante un tiempo de 10 a 20 minutos. En su desarrollo el aspirante deberá demostrar su destreza lingüística en la lengua extranjera objeto de convocatoria, así como su competencia comunicativa y profesional. BOCM Nº 108 (8 Mayo 2009)  TIEMPO: 10 a 20 m.  TEMAS  FORMATO ORAL DEL EXAMEN  “INTERACTIVE TASKS” + “USEFUL VOCABULARY”
  24. 24.  Education.  Bilingual Schools.  The English Language.  Globalization and Technology.  The World of Work.  ...
  25. 25. Your school will give a lecture about education changes along the history. You will have to cover the following areas: The situation of educations nowadays. Differences between education 100 and 50 years ago and at the moment. Improvements that could be done. You have 2 or 3 minutes to organize your ideas and prepare it individualy. Then share your ideas with your classmates. Take notes and speak for 5 minutes about your lecture.
  26. 26. Read the comic and give your opinion about it.
  27. 27.  People learn in different ways. Read the following ways of studying and tick (√) those that apply to you or that you would find helpful. Discuss your answers with your partner. ◦ I often repeat things aloud to help me remember. ◦ I read the material over and over again to let the workd sink in. ◦ I make notes and summaries of the material. ◦ I sometimes work with friends, and we discuss our homework. ◦ I find graphs and diagrams easier to understand than words. ◦ I often use videos or books with illustrations to learn about a topic. ◦ It helps me to record information on a tape and listen to it. ◦ I can concentrate better with the radio or a CD playing. ◦ I prefer working on my own. ◦ I like doing practical, hands-on activities, building models and making things with my hands.
  28. 28.  What is bilingual education?  What subjects will be taught in bilingual schools? Will they be effectively taught? Why?  Why do we need bilingual schools?  How far are Spanish teachers prepared to teach in bilingual schools?  How many bilingual schools do you know?  What do a school have to do to become bilingual?  Will children from bilingual schools have different educational needs?  What tasks will you do to improve linguistic production? Example of an answer to a question: - Bilingual education is the use of two languages, one of which is English, in a school program. The three goals of bilingual education are bilingualism, academic achievement, and cross cultural awareness and understanding. Bilingual education is not the same as ESL (English as a second language instruction) or teaching a foreign language.
  29. 29. USEFUL VOCABULARY British Schools and Institutions Boarding school Nursery school Note: Comprehensive schools in the UK are for all Co-educational school Playschool abilities, but grammar College for Further Polytechnic schools are usually by Comprehensive school Prep school competitive entry. Public Evening classes Primary school schools in the UK are very famous private schools. The Open University Secondary school Polythechnis are similar to University Independent Schools: Universities, but the courses Teacher training -Private school tend to be more practically- oriented. Colleges include College -Public school teacher-training colleges, Single-sex schools State school technical colleges and Grammar schools Sixth-form college general colleges for further education.
  30. 30. Mª Ascensión Villalba Varona. avillalba@varonas.com www.evaronas.com