(check if past and/or future WPs really include CC topics)
Is the REDD+ window of opportunity closing
Is the window of opportunityfor REDD+ closing?COP18 side event: Doha, EU Pavilion, 29 November 2012Luca PerezEuropean CommissionDirectorate General for Research & InnovationUnit I.4 Climate Change and Natural hazards
The 7th Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development (2007-2013): What it is• Multi-annual regional programme for funding research in Europe and beyond – in principle all parts are open to international cooperation• Managed by the European Union• Contributions: 27 EU Member States + 14 Associated Countries*• FP7 Budget: > € 50 bn over 7 years• Grants to co-finance research activities (in priority areas)• Structured around 4 Specific Programmes: • 1. Cooperation – collaborative research • 2. Capacities – capacity building for research (network, research infrastructure, etc.) • 3. People – individual fellowships • 4. Ideas – frontier research (European Research Council) * 14 Associated Countries: Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Faroe Islands, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Iceland, Israel, Liechtenstein, Moldova, Montenegro, Norway, Serbia, Switzerland, Turkey
The Framework Programme: How it works• Implemented through annual calls for proposals• Grants awarded on competitive basis• Participation open to research actors anywhere in the world• Funding possibilities for developing countries and transition economies similar to those of EU/Associated countries
FP7 Budget Breakdown by Specific Programme 2007-2013 (in million) Cooperation IdeasTotal: €53 272 €32 413 €7 510 Collaborative research Frontier 10 Thematic Areas: research Environment (including CC) + 9 others Fellowships, Grants Capacity building for research JRC Euratom Capacities People €1 751 €2 751 €4 097 €4 750
Contributions to Non-Annex I participants incollaborative projects (Climate Change Activities 2007-2012, FP7 Cooperation programme)
FP7 Cooperation Programme• The “Cooperation” Specific Programme supports collaborative research through projects carried out by transnational consortia comprising min. 3 different countries• 10 thematic areas, of which 6 are Climate Change related • Bulk of Climate Change collaborative research falls under the Environment Theme • But…other themes also support climate–relevant research (e.g. Energy, Transport, Food & Agriculture, Space) • Budget for Environment Theme (2007-2013): € 1.89 bn• Priorities for Climate Change collaborative research: • Understanding the past, present and future of the climate system and its processes • Quantifying climate change impacts on humans and nature • Identifying and assessing mitigation and adaptation options
Example: Carbon and nitrogen cyclesCARBO-EUROPE: quantified the C sources & NITRO-EUROPE: sinks from terrestrial ecosystems (e.g. forest, soils, agriculture, peatlands) in Europe - and decreased the uncertainty associated Established a comprehensive new European with each value through novel Nitrogen budget methodologies, new measurements and - Assessed its impact on climate state-of-the art modelling. - Measured costs and benefits of Nitrogen impacts on climate, ecosystems and healthCARBO-OCEAN: quantified the marine C sources - Provided policy recommendations to reduce and sinks in the North Atlantic and assessed negative Nitrogen impacts on earth their strength over the past 15 years. This was achieved through prototype observing Findings of NITROEUROPE have been already systems and model development. transferred to relevant UN processes/conventions
PAGE21 GHG-EUROPE►Understand and quantify the vulnerability of ► Attribution of GHG emissions frompermafrost environments to a changing global terrestrial ecosystems to anthropogenic andclimate natural drivers► Investigate the feedback mechanisms ► Assess the mitigation potential ofassociated with increasing greenhouse gas European agriculture and forestsemissions from permafrost zonesCARBOCHANGE REDD-ALERT & IREDD+► Predict changes in ocean C uptake under ► Quantifying GHG emissions andchanging climate conditions removals in tropical forests and peatlands► Close collaboration with (and contributing to) ► Developing and testing a monitoring,international research programs (IMBER,SOLAS reporting and verification (MRV) systems.and the Global Carbon Project) ► Assessing the benefits and costs of REDD+ policies for livelihoods at local communities.
REDDiness: Building EO capacity in AfricaSupport EO-driven forest and carbon monitoring in Central Africa for REDD • Transfer robust Earth Observation (EO) methods in monitoring deforestation and forest degradation • Enhance estimations of carbon values of Africa’s forests • Strengthen national forest monitoring centers in Gabon and Republic of Congo and improve the regional network • 3 European and African partners • FP7 Action ─ 2011-2013
REDDAF: ObjectiveREDD for AFrica: Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation in Africa • REDDAF supports African Congo Basin countries in monitoring deforestation and forest degradation • R&D to develop pre- operational EO based Forest Monitoring services • REDDAF is embedded in national REDD programmes in Cameroon and Central African Republic
Further new large initiatives• WP2013: • Topic 6.1-4 "Land cover and land-use change and climate change mitigation" (under evaluation 1st stage) Quantification of the net climate effects of land cover and land use changes (both direct and indirect) Improved representation of land cover and land use change in global climate models Interplay with adaptation and drivers such as energy security, water availability and food production integrated assessment approach for exploring risks, opportunities, trade-offs Improved methodologies for MRV
Further information• http://ec.europa.eu/research/horizon2020• www.ec.europa.eu/research: EU’s Research Portal• www.ec.europa.eu/research/fp7: General information on FP7• www.cordis.europa.eu/fp7: Specific information on FP7 programmes, projects and calls• http://ec.europa.eu/research/inco for updates of particular collaborative opportunities in 2012 for third countries and regions.