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Women in sport


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Women in sport PPT for ex sci

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Women in sport

  1. 1. Fatima Sultani, Sasen Efrem, Dimple Patel, Fahmeda Ahmed
  2. 2. The role of Women in sport is heavily affected by the sexist views of men .
  3. 3. What is sexism? sex·ism [sek-siz-uhm] noun  Prejudice, stereotyping, or discrimination, typically against women, on the basis of sex11- "sexism". Oxford Dictionaries Pro. April 2010. Oxford Dictionaries Pro. April 2010. Oxford University Press. 4 December 2011 <>.
  4. 4. During the 1800’s the role of women waspurely reproductive. They were heavilydiscouraged to participate in physicalactivity. Bloomers allowed them to participate in bike riding, without showing much skin, but they were ridiculed immensely. 1800’s (1849)
  5. 5. During the 1920’s women, such asNellie McClung fought to beconsidered “persons” and for theright to vote. Fanny Rosenfeld is one of Canada’s best athletes, placing second in the Amsterdam Olympics for the 800 yard race 1920’s (1928)
  6. 6. Marilyn Bell is the first person to swim across Lake Ontario after 20hrs and 57 minutes. She is one of the few women to receive 1950’s (1954) national attention.1952 Beauty Parade magazinestereotyping woman drivers.
  7. 7. Equal Pay Act of 1963 allowed American womento get the same amount of pay for the same jobas a man. Abby Hoffman became a world-class middle-distance runner and brought home 2 gold metals for Olympic 880- yard event. 1960’s (1963)“Title IX:"No person in the United States shall, onthe basis of gender, be excluded from participationin… education program or activity receiving Federalfinancial assistance”
  8. 8. Roberta Gibb battled tremendous sexism whilerunning the Boston Marathon in 1966. She wasuntrained but still finished in 3:20. It was not until the Summer Games of 1980 1980’s (1984) that women were allowed to participate in marathons.
  9. 9. Womens best times have improved by an annual average of more than2 minutes and 47 seconds compared with just 66 seconds for men. 1990’s (1999)
  10. 10. Badminton World Federation’sVision: To be the worlds best racquet sport in terms of administration, TV and spectator appeal and as a sport for people of all ages, skill level and cultural backgrounds. The website (above) is used to show how many female members are part of this organisation Man make up most of this sport governing body( there are only two females in this corporation) Badminton receives low TV ratings
  11. 11.  Women are still “allowed to wear shorts of long pants for religious reasons [but] must be worn under a skirt” (article) BWF(Badminton World Foundation) is accused of using skin and leg to sell the sport badminton to gain more TV ratings This picture is used to show what they council wants the uniform to be and what they are banning.
  12. 12. How Females are portrayed compared to men A study was conducted by Margaret Carlisle Duncan, Michael Messner, Linda Williams and Kerry Jensen Commentators referred to men’s sports events as “the final four” and “the NCAA National Championship Game”. women’s sports events were referred to as “women’s final four” and “NCAA women’s national Championship game”
  13. 13.  Women were called “girls” “ young ladies” Men however were never called “boys” they were called “men” commentators referred to women by their first names in tennis, however most men, with the exception of men with color, were called out by their first and last name. For women words like “frustrated, panicked and vulnerable” were used. However for men words such as “big, strong, brilliant” were used
  14. 14.  males “crash through" the defense, while woman would be "moving against" the defense When a female missed a shot it would be because of lack of stamina or confidence. However when a male missed a shot it was because the opponent was talented
  15. 15. Coed teams in basketball women get 2 points per basket when men get only one. hardly anyone complaints about the differences between how men and women are treated in sports. For example Massachusetts youth soccer league put up a warning on the online registration that read “Note: If you are attempting to register a daughter, please be aware that Newton Youth Soccer is co-ed, but primarily boys”
  16. 16.  Michaela Hutchison was the first girl in us to win state high school wrestling title over boys. Germaine de Randamie was a kick boxer who knocked out tom Wales Pamela Reed was a female who ran 300 miles without sleep. Dean Karnazes was a male who attempted to do it twice but failed. Billie Jean King wanted to become a baseball player but instead became a tennis player. Who won against Bobby Rigs, former world champion. Katie Brownell played baseball. She struck out 18 batters, all of them boys.
  17. 17. How does this affect women? The sexist views of men affect the quality and success of females in sport Support and interest of others is needed in order for them to succeed and as a result not many talents are produced because of the lack of interest in women sport Women are discouraged by the views of men
  18. 18. A Female Athlete Image
  19. 19. The Female Triad A syndrome which includes disordered eating habits, osteoporosis and amenorrhea Women have a drive to excel(weight goals) To reach the weight goals, women look upon eating disorders which eventually lead to other parts of the triad Also related to the social and cultural pressures on females in society
  20. 20. Disordered Eating Eating disorders occur when the individual is afraid of gaining weight that any way of avoiding weight gain becomes acceptable There are different kinds of eating disorders Examples: Anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and restrictions of different foods, particularly carbohydrates and fats Psychological factors also lead to eating disorders
  21. 21. Amenorrhea Absence of regular menstrual periods Occurs when woman is underweight, body fat is too low, not enough nutrients being consumed or over exercise Female body should never be below 12 percent body fat Often serious effects on bone density and calcium absorption Easily risk fractures and osteoporosis
  22. 22. Osteoporosis- It is a bone disease which often occurring in poor menopausal women- Women with this disease can break bones easily but healing process is slow- Lack of calcium- Symptoms include: Fatigue, anemia, abdominal pain, etc.- Athletes have a higher chance of breaking bones