The reasons for and solutions Written by: Angela Lovato June 27, 2012
“The Reasons For” include: ◦ Poverty ◦ Demand ◦ Profits ◦ Promotion of tourism in some countries ◦ Violence ◦ Debt ◦ Threat ◦ Coercion ◦ http://www.uri.edu/artsci/wms/hughes/prostitutio n_spain_july04.pdf
http://womenoutcry.blogspot.com/2012/01/women-trafficking-and-prostitution-in.html#!/2012/01/women-trafficking-and-prostitution-in.html Victim Children Women Men
In the United States there are many runawaysthat turn to prostitution as a way to survive.Americans account for the largest group offoreign tourists (ECPAT Newsletter 1996).Eighty-five percent of the worldwide sales ofchild pornography comes from America(Flowers, 2001, p. 152).
In the video Cambodia “The Virginity Trade” (2009) it shows the callousness of the people, government and the innocence taken from their children. Families sell their young girls to men paying up to $1000.00 to have sex with a young virgin girl. Because of the fears of HIV/AIDS these men are seeking younger and younger girls to ensure they are virgins. Many girls are raped repeatedly by several men and once they are finished with them, they have no option but to turn to the sex trade industry.
Why are children at risk for sex trafficking and prostitution? ◦ Their families are involved in gambling, drug use, divorce and parental death. ◦ Children who are jaitaek are viewed by others as unacceptable due to drug use or sex. ◦ Children from Myanmar who often work on the Thai-Myanmar border (Flett, 2012, PowerPoint presentation week 4b, p 5).
◦ Individuals need to realize that the participants of prostitution (child or adult) are victims.◦ Generally, they are either forced into it due to debt, drug addition or various other reasons.◦ Help should be available to anyone without fear of disclosure, medical, financial, housing, food and education.
◦ Complete withdrawal of financial aid to countries that allow or turn a blind eye to prostitution, especially with regard to children.◦ Harsher legal action taken against those committing the crimes.◦ Prosecute the ones in charge of the prostitutes and traffickers and collecting a cut of the money exchanged.
The convention calls for the following: ◦ Freedom from violence, abuse, hazardous employment, exploitation, abduction of sale ◦ Adequate nutrition ◦ Free compulsory primary education ◦ Adequate health care ◦ Equal treatment regardless of gender, race or cultural background ◦ The right to express opinions and freedom of thought in matters affecting them ◦ Safe exposure/access to leisure, play, culture and art Source: UNICEF; Amnesty International. (2011). Convention on the Rights of the Child: Frequently Asked Questions
Works cited: Amnesty International. (2011). Convention on the Rights of the Child: Frequently Asked Questions Flett, Sarah.2012.PowerPoint presentation week 4b. p 5. Flowers, R.B. (2001). The sex trade industry’s worldwide exploitation of children. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 575, 147-157.Picture and hyperlink: http://womenoutcry.blogspot.com/2012/01/women-trafficking-and- prostitution-in.html#!/2012/01/women-trafficking-and-prostitution- in.html http://www.uri.edu/artsci/wms/hughes/prostitution_spain_july04.pdf http://www.veoh.com/watch/yapi- 2g07fz48VZI?h1=Cambodia%3A+The+Virginity+TradeVideo:Watson, M. (Director). (2009). Cambodia: The Virginity Trade [MotionPicture].