Iztaccihuatl was the daughter of an Aztec emperor in the Valley of Mexico. She had the misfortune of falling in love with one of her father's warriors. As soon as her father discovered their relationship, he sent her lover away to a war in Oaxaca. He told the young man that if he survived and returned he would give him Iztaccihuatl as his wife. The emperor never intended for the young warrior to return as he planned to marry Iztaccihuatl to another man. While her lover was away, Iztaccihuatl was told he was dead and she died of grief. Upon the young warrior's return, he took Iztaccihuatl's body in his arms and carried her to the mountains. He placed her down on the ground and knelt beside her, himself dying of grief. The gods took pity on them, covering them with a blanket of snow and transforming them into mountains. Iztaccihuatl today is known as the "Sleeping Woman", as the mountain appears to be a woman laying on her side. He became Popocatepetl, or "Smoking Mountain", the volcano that still rains down his revenge for the death of his lover.
small, stationary, artificial island built on a freshwater lake for agricultural purposes
Spanish ii aztec unit
1. Get into groups of two.
2. Ask each other to answer the following
Have you tried jícama with chile?
Describe a coyote.
Do you like spicy jalapeños?
Have you ever been to México?
Did you recognize any of the underlined
Were any of the words in your daily
Do you know where these words come
Let’s watch a quick video.
Can you think about some reasons
Spaniards adopted or borrowed Nahuatl
Definition: loan word, a word adopted
from another language and completely
or partially naturalized.
We are familiar with most of the words we
discussed at the beginning of class;
jícama, coyote, jalapeños, and México.
These words come from Nahuatl, the
language used by the Aztecs.
Those who speak the language refer to it
The name “Nahuatl” comes from the root
nahua which means “clear sound” or
There are about 1.5 million speakers
Let’s listen carefully to this tutorial.
Check out this quick Nahuatl
Who were the Aztecs?
The Aztecs were the Native
Americans who had
political and military
control over the northern
part of Mexico in the 14th,
15th and 16th centuries.
They were a nomadic
culture that finally
established themselves on
several small islands in Lake
In 1325 they settled in
Tenochtitlan, now Mexico
The Aztec Empire dominated
Mesoamerica, area from
central Mexico down through
Central America, including
Guatemala, Belize, Honduras,
and El Salvador during the XV
and XVI centuries for almost
one hundred years.
The Aztec empire was made
up of the native people who
were called the Nahuatl-
speakers and the Culhua-
Mexico, who had come from
the Pacific Northwest and
settled in the area.
The Aztecs were courageous
warriors and practical builders
who founded an empire in that
was second only to the Incas in
The Aztecs began their reign in
1427 with the assistance of
surrounding cities, defeated
the local tribes and gained
control of the Mexican basin.
They slowly became more
powerful and skilled in warfare,
so that other tribes in the area
wanted to become allies with
them due to the constant
conflicts between the tribes.
Let’s watch an Aztec dance.
Agriculture was the
main source of
made to help the
Family was important
Men were hunters and gatherers, while
women cooked and wove clothing.
Boys were educated by their fathers until
they started school. Girls stayed at home
with their mothers and learned household
The Aztecs ate and enjoyed different types of food.
Popular meals included: tacos, tortillas, and tamales.
Some other foods were seeds from the sage plant,
that were used as cereal; spicy peppers, eggs,
turkey, rabbit, and dog.
To hydrate: they often drank water and on special
occasions they drank beer.
Interesting fact: a delicacy for the Aztecs was green
slime, that was scooped off the top of Lake
Texococo. It was said to have tasted like cheese.
Nobles enjoyed chocolate sweetened with honey.
arrived in Mexico in
1519. This marked
the beginning of
both a critical and
influential time in
The Conquistadores eagerness was
fueled by victory, they left the
Aztec empire a disaster, it was a
fragment of its former majestic self.
The Spaniards tried to erase the
remainders of the culture as best
they could by leveling Tenochtitlán
The rubble would make up the
foundations of a new world.
Cortes had a singular mission:
defeat the Aztecs and take their
The Spaniards settled in Mexico and
co-existed with the indigenous,
formerly the Aztecs.
What if the Aztecs had gone to Spain
would they still have borrowed Spanish
words like the Spaniards did with Nahuatl
Why or why not?
What are some similarities?
Does the meaning of a word change
when it is used in another language?
(Hint: think about the words from the first
Definition of the word.
Use it in a sentence.
1-2 minute presentation.
Submit a summary of what you learned
on the same day you present.
Technology is your
There is a list of safe
and useful websites
that will be helpful.
Blog about it!
You will be expected
to share one interesting
fact about what you
have learned today.
This blog will be on our
class unit website.