Iztaccihuatl was the daughter of an Aztec emperor in the Valley of Mexico. She had the misfortune of falling in love with one of her father's warriors. As soon as her father discovered their relationship, he sent her lover away to a war in Oaxaca. He told the young man that if he survived and returned he would give him Iztaccihuatl as his wife. The emperor never intended for the young warrior to return as he planned to marry Iztaccihuatl to another man. While her lover was away, Iztaccihuatl was told he was dead and she died of grief. Upon the young warrior's return, he took Iztaccihuatl's body in his arms and carried her to the mountains. He placed her down on the ground and knelt beside her, himself dying of grief. The gods took pity on them, covering them with a blanket of snow and transforming them into mountains. Iztaccihuatl today is known as the "Sleeping Woman", as the mountain appears to be a woman laying on her side. He became Popocatepetl, or "Smoking Mountain", the volcano that still rains down his revenge for the death of his lover.
small, stationary, artificial island built on a freshwater lake for agricultural purposes
Spanish ii aztec unit
Preguntas1. Get into groups of two.2. Ask each other to answer the followingquestions: Have you tried jícama with chile? Describe a coyote. Do you like spicy jalapeños? Have you ever been to México?
Recognition Did you recognize any of the underlinedwords? Were any of the words in your dailyvocabulary? Do you know where these words comefrom? Let’s watch a quick video.
Elaboráremos Can you think about some reasonsSpaniards adopted or borrowed Nahuatlwords?
Borrowed Words Definition: loan word, a word adoptedfrom another language and completelyor partially naturalized. We are familiar with most of the words wediscussed at the beginning of class;jícama, coyote, jalapeños, and México. These words come from Nahuatl, thelanguage used by the Aztecs.
Nahuatl Those who speak the language refer to itas “mehcanohtlahtol” The name “Nahuatl” comes from the rootnahua which means “clear sound” or“command”. There are about 1.5 million speakers Known as the Aztecs’ language Let’s listen carefully to this tutorial.
Who were the Aztecs? The Aztecs were the NativeAmericans who hadpolitical and militarycontrol over the northernpart of Mexico in the14th, 15th and 16thcenturies. They were a nomadicculture that finallyestablished themselves onseveral small islands in LakeTexcoco. In 1325 they settled inTenochtitlan, now MexicoCity.
Aztec Empire The Aztec Empire dominatedMesoamerica, area fromcentral Mexico down throughCentral America, includingGuatemala, Belize, Honduras,and El Salvador during the XVand XVI centuries for almostone hundred years. The Aztec empire was madeup of the native people whowere called the Nahuatl-speakers and the Culhua-Mexico, who had come fromthe Pacific Northwest andsettled in the area.
The People The Aztecs were courageouswarriors and practical builderswho founded an empire in thatwas second only to the Incas inPeru. The Aztecs began their reign in1427 with the assistance ofsurrounding cities, defeatedthe local tribes and gainedcontrol of the Mexican basin. They slowly became morepowerful and skilled inwarfare, so that other tribes inthe area wanted to becomeallies with them due to theconstant conflicts between thetribes.
Sustainability Agriculture was themain source ofincome. Chinampas weremade to help thegrowingpopulation.
Family Life Family was important Men were hunters and gatherers, whilewomen cooked and wove clothing. Boys were educated by their fathers untilthey started school. Girls stayed at homewith their mothers and learned householdchores.
Foods The Aztecs ate and enjoyed different types of food. Popular meals included: tacos, tortillas, and tamales. Some other foods were seeds from the sage plant,that were used as cereal; spicy peppers, eggs,turkey, rabbit, and dog. To hydate: they often drank water and on specialoccasions they drank beer. Interesting fact: a delicacy for the Aztecs was greenslime, that was scooped off the top of LakeTexococo. It was said to have tasted like cheese. Nobles enjoyed chocolate sweetened with honey.
Encounter The Spaniardsarrived in Mexico in1519. This markedthe beginning ofboth a critical andinfluential time inMexico’s history.
Conquest The Conquistadores eagerness wasfueled by victory, they left theAztec empire a disaster, it was afragment of its former majestic self. The Spaniards tried to erase theremainders of the culture as bestthey could by leveling Tenochtitlánby fire. The rubble would make up thefoundations of a new world. Cortes had a singular mission:defeat the Aztecs and take theirgold. The Spaniards settled in Mexico andco-existed with theindigenous, formerly the Aztecs.
Hypothetically… What if the Aztecs had gone to Spainwould they still have borrowed Spanishwords like the Spaniards did with Nahuatlwords? Why or why not?
Aclaración Does the meaning of a word changewhen it is used in another language?(Hint: think about the words from the firstslide.)
Word DefinitionPresentation Individual project Definition of the word. Use it in a sentence. 1-2 minute presentation. Submit a summary of what you learnedon the same day you present.
Presentation Technology is yourfriend! There is a list of safeand useful websitesthat will be helpful. Blog about it! You will be expectedto share one interestingfact about what youhave learned today.This blog will be on ourclass unit website.