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Indian Press:  Post-Independence
<ul><li>The role of the press changed – it had to shoulder responsibilities of national reconstruction </li></ul><ul><li>I...
<ul><li>The first Press Commission was appointed on Sept 23, 1952 to make inquiry into state of press in India </li></ul><...
First Press Commission <ul><li>Set up in 1952 under chairmanship of Justice S Rajadhyaksha </li></ul><ul><li>Its mandate w...
Major Recos. <ul><li>Appointment of a Press registrar to maintain accurate data on the press  & its working </li></ul><ul>...
Contd.. <ul><li>Collective bargaining & trade unionism & fixation of minimum wages for journalists </li></ul><ul><li>Repor...
Emergency <ul><li>During Internal emergency, Press council was abolished on expiry of its term on Dec 31, 1975. The Press ...
Constitution <ul><li>Term: of the members is of 3 yrs </li></ul><ul><li>Total members: 28 + 1 chairman </li></ul><ul><li>C...
Second Press Commission  <ul><li>Set up in 1978, under chairmanship of Justice P K Gowswami </li></ul><ul><li>He & his col...
Terms of reference <ul><li>Role of press in a developing & democratic society </li></ul><ul><li>Adequacy of constitutional...
Recos. <ul><li>The commission saw the role of the press in a developing country as being `neither that of an adversary  no...
Contd.. <ul><li>Inclusion of `respect for privacy’ in the Press Council Act of 1978 </li></ul><ul><li>Editor take the resp...
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Print Media - History post-ind

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Print Media - History post-ind

  1. 1. Indian Press: Post-Independence
  2. 2. <ul><li>The role of the press changed – it had to shoulder responsibilities of national reconstruction </li></ul><ul><li>India’s first PM JL Nehru was the champion of the liberty of the press. Played role in shaping thinking about press </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>The first Press Commission was appointed on Sept 23, 1952 to make inquiry into state of press in India </li></ul><ul><li>The report was submitted in 1954 </li></ul><ul><li>The second press commission was set up in May 1978, report was submitted in 1982. </li></ul>
  4. 4. First Press Commission <ul><li>Set up in 1952 under chairmanship of Justice S Rajadhyaksha </li></ul><ul><li>Its mandate was to examine: </li></ul><ul><li>Management & ownership structures of NPs, News agencies etc </li></ul><ul><li>Method of recruitment & training of Journalists </li></ul><ul><li>Newsprint Supplies, printing machinery </li></ul><ul><li>Systems for ensuring high standards of journalism etc </li></ul>
  5. 5. Major Recos. <ul><li>Appointment of a Press registrar to maintain accurate data on the press & its working </li></ul><ul><li>Setting up of a Press Council to act as watchdog & to build up a code of ethics </li></ul><ul><li>Development of Indian Language Press (through setting up of State Trading Corporation for Newsprint) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Contd.. <ul><li>Collective bargaining & trade unionism & fixation of minimum wages for journalists </li></ul><ul><li>Report argued against concentration of ownership & diffussion be brought about by the gradual distribution of shares to employees </li></ul><ul><li>Report deprecated commercial pressures on NPs, condemned practices such as publication of supplements </li></ul><ul><li>It upheld the authority & status of the editor </li></ul><ul><li>Press should eshew `yellow journalism’ & be independent, accurate & fair in the presentation of news </li></ul>
  7. 7. Emergency <ul><li>During Internal emergency, Press council was abolished on expiry of its term on Dec 31, 1975. The Press Council Act was repealed on account that the PCI was not able to carry on its functions effectively </li></ul><ul><li>A fresh legislation for estb. Of PCI was enacted in 1978. Main objectives of the Press Council are: </li></ul><ul><li>a) Preserve Freedom of Press </li></ul><ul><li>b) Improve standards of NPs & News agencies in the country </li></ul><ul><li>- One of the main functions is to enquire into complaints recd by it & build up a code of conduct for NPs, News agencies & journos </li></ul>
  8. 8. Constitution <ul><li>Term: of the members is of 3 yrs </li></ul><ul><li>Total members: 28 + 1 chairman </li></ul><ul><li>Chairman is always retd. Judge of the SC, apptd. By committee consisting of RS chairman, LS speaker, 1 elected council member </li></ul><ul><li>Powers of the Press Council </li></ul>
  9. 9. Second Press Commission <ul><li>Set up in 1978, under chairmanship of Justice P K Gowswami </li></ul><ul><li>He & his colleagues resigned when new government came to power at Centre in 1980 </li></ul><ul><li>New chairman was Justice K K Mathew </li></ul><ul><li>Other members included Girilal Jain, Rajendra Mathur, Ranbir Singh, Amrita Pritam, P V Gadgil, Prof H K Paranjape </li></ul>
  10. 10. Terms of reference <ul><li>Role of press in a developing & democratic society </li></ul><ul><li>Adequacy of constitutional guarantees on freedom of speech & expression </li></ul><ul><li>Safegaurding independence of press against economic & political pressures </li></ul><ul><li>Responsibilities of the press etc…. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Recos. <ul><li>The commission saw the role of the press in a developing country as being `neither that of an adversary nor an ally of the govt’. </li></ul><ul><li>It recom. Nps should refrain from sensational presentation of news on outbreak of communal disturbance </li></ul><ul><li>Press Council should continue, should be given powers to deny accreditation </li></ul>
  12. 12. Contd.. <ul><li>Inclusion of `respect for privacy’ in the Press Council Act of 1978 </li></ul><ul><li>Editor take the responsibility for all matter published in NP, including the advt. Complaints of violation of code of ethics gov. advts should be examined by the Press council </li></ul><ul><li>Estb. Of the Newspaper Development Corporation , a body to promote the development of the Press (particularly Indian Language NPs) </li></ul>
  • DebabrataBiswas34

    Oct. 30, 2019
  • NamrataPatel20

    Aug. 18, 2017
  • AartiChawla

    Mar. 30, 2017
  • Vyakhya_95

    Aug. 23, 2015

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