INTRODUCTIONI’m here going to present about the advantage and disadvantage of current scenario aviation industry and comparison of old technology (A300) and new technology (A380) and with my conclusion.
CONTENTSAcknowledgement.Advantage and disadvantage of aviation industry.Analysis of advantage.Analysis of disadvantage.Comparison of A300 and A380.
ACKNOWLDGEMENTI owe a great many thanks to a great many people who helped andsupported me during the aviation assignment.My deepest thanks to trainer Mrs.Ramya rai the Guide of the assignment forguiding and correcting various documents of mine with attention and care. She hastaken pain to go through the assignment and make necessary correction as andwhen I needed.I express my thanks to the center head of FAIT frankfinn koramangala, Bangalorefor extending her support.I would also thank my Institution and my faculty members without whom thisassignment would have been a distant reality.I also extend my heartfelt thanks to my family and well wishers.
AVIATION INDUSTRYAdvantage Disadvantage Visit many tourist place by air Spoilage. transport. Aircraft is expensive. Low cost airline. High fuel price. Job opportunity. Infrastructure of airline Modernization of airport. industry.
Visit many tourist places by air transport. Aviation provides the only worldwide transportation network, which makes it essential for global business and tourism. Air transpiration alleviates poverty and helps to improve living standards by facilitating tourism. Air transport improves quality of life by broadening people’s leisure and cultural experiences. It provides a wider choice of holiday destinations around the world and an affordable means to visit distance tourism place. Air transport contributes to sustainable development not only by facilitating tourism and trade. It generates economic growth, provides jobs, increase revenues from taxes as well as facilitates the delivery of emergency humanitarian aid relief and swift delivery of medical supplies anywhere on the earth. Thomas Cook, is the World Wide travel agency arranging tour packages to people. This is one advantage to the airline industry. Most of the airlines are flying to the tourist place like Switzerland, Goa, UK, France, Japan, Spain, Dubai, etc. Due to growth in tourism, there has been an increase in number of the international and domestic passenger. The estimated growth of domestic passenger segment is at 50% per annum and the growth for international passenger is 25% (p.a).
Low cost airline.The advantage of low cost flights also include the fact that you would be able to cover moreground and therefore helps you to be more productive. Besides, flying is fun and everybodyShould experience it at one time or other and the low cost flights offer you just the rightopportunity to do so. It saves you precious timeThis is one advantage that many find irresistible. Time is a very precious commodity today, andif you can fly for just a small increase of time compared to a train journey, then it is definitelyworthwhile. It is extremely convenientOne of the most important of the advantages of low cost flights is the convenience of travelling.you do not need to worry anymore about long and tiresome journeys by bus, train or car. Thiswould invariably involve countless days on road, living out of a suitcase and staying inuncomfortable hotels. The flight does away with all this inconvenience. It saves moneyMany people compare only the flight ticket cost to the gasoline bill or bus ticket cost (or anyother form of travel you choose). the difference would still be quite a lot, and therefore arehappy that by choosing alternative modes of travel they are saving some money. But is it soreally. Non stop servicea low cost airline, provides non-stop service from small airports to almost all Major airportsnonstop. Meal ServiceCommercial airlines offer limited refreshments, often just peanuts or a beverage on domesticflights. Budget airlines offer the same fare but for a price. With Transportation SafetyAdministration restrictions, the days of brown bagging on a flight are over.
Market share:In 2010, the private carriers accounted for around 75% share ofthe domestic aviation market.STUDENT CONCESSION FORM FOR DOMESTIC TRAVEL The ‘Form’ shall be accepted only if it is verified and attested by the Principal/Head of the Educational establishment. The attested Form should be verified by the Air lines (IC) office, nearest to the Educational Establishment before issuance of the ticket. In case an Educational Establishments located at a place where Air lines do not have an office but an approved Travel Agent is available, the approved Travel agent may verify this form and issue tickets. Flights/Routes with high seat factor may be placed under Embargo for travel under ‘Student Discount’. On such Routes/Flights only those students shall be permitted to avail of students discount who are traveling between Place of study and Home Town.
Job opportunity. Since deregulation in 1978, the airline industry has hired twice as many new employees as were hired. Previous 35 year combined. This ever changing industry requires thousands of new employees monthly. Over of the year experience in the aviation sector, Airline specialists have developed sophisticated systems and models for the assessment of candidates for various positions in cabin crew, flight crew, ground crew etc, either or in various recruitment phases. A successful airline required inter and intra personal relationshipEvery airline workforce into separate departments1) Commercial pilot 12) Maintence controller.2) Co-pilot. 13) Licensed aircraft maintence engineering.3) Air cargo pilot. 14) Quality control manager.4) Expat cabin crew. 15) Cargo officer.5) Air traffic controller. 16) Guest service agents.6) Cabin safety instructor. 17) Ground staff.7) In flight manager.8) In flight base manager.9) Cabin service instructor.10) Cabin crew.11) Training instructor.
Advantage to employee: Travel Camaraderie. Absence of monotony. Appreciation. Personal development and other benefits.Benefits to employee: Personal and family travel passes. Health insurance. Life insurance. Vision care insurance. Dental insurance. Sick pay. Paid vocation. Profit sharing. Retirement program.Additional benefits: Full or part time employment. Wide pay range. Flexible schedule. Multiple days off. Job shares. Leave of absence. Personal adventure and excitement.
Jobs in aviation industry Commercial pilot Co-pilot. Air cargo pilot Expat cabin crew In flight base Air traffic controller Cabin safety instructor. In flight manager manager Training Flight Ground staffCabin service instructor Cabin crew instructor engineer
Modernization of airports The Airports Authority of India (AAI) is undertaking the development and modernization of all 35 non-metro airports in the country simultaneously and work is due to be completed by March 2010. Wholly owned subsidiaries of AAI are being created for the development and operation of these airports. According to the AAI, it has already awarded work orders for terminal buildings at 13 airports, and for airside development, including runway, taxiway, apron, fire station, control tower and isolation bay, at 19 airports. Two greenfield airports at Bangalore and Hyderabad are being developed .The first phase is planned to be finished by end-2008. The other two metro airports - Chennai, Kolkata -- may soon be on the modernization path. At least 10 non-metro airports are being developed as strategic airports serving the region or respective states, and at least a few more non-metro airports are being positioned strategically as regional hub airports or nodes providing better connectivity to overall airport network and feeding international network through hub/metro airports. With these developments in aviation infrastructure, we may also see some airports making money not purely on passenger traffic, but also by means of cargo, logistics, and real estate projects being developed adjacent to airports. Domestic passenger movement across airports is likely to grow at a 20-25 per cent till 2010, and passenger traffic is expected to increase to around 120 million by 2010. Hence modernization, privatization and development of airports in the form of greenfield and/or brownfield airports is the need of the hour.
Modernization of airport Indira Gandhi International Airport has become Indias and South Asias largest and most important aviation hub, with a current capacity of handling more than 46 million passengers and aimed at handling more than 100 million passengers by 2030. There is also a separate Technical Area for VVIP passengers. IGI Airport is the home of several Indian airlines including Air India, Air India Regional, Indian Airlines, IndiGo, JetLite, SpiceJet. Jet Airways, Kingfisher Airlines, GoAir use IGI Airport as their secondary hub. Approximately 80 airlines serve this airport. There are Six operational terminals making up this airport, they are the following: Terminal 1 Domestic This cater to Indian Airlines domestic flights only. bigger luggage reclaim area, It is currently used by GoAir, IndiGo, SpiceJet Terminal 2 -immigration and emigration counters have been implemented, new seats have been brought in, new baggage belts, more business lounges, eateries, and duty free shops had also been added Terminal 3-the world’s eighth largest passenger terminal handle 34 million passengers annually. This terminal has 168 check-in counters, 78 aerobridges at 48 contact stands, 30 parking bays, 72 immigration counters, 15 X-ray screening areas, for less waiting times, duty-free shops, and other features. Over 90% of passengers will use this terminal.
SpoilageCABIN SPOILAGE Loss of revenue occurring due to passengers No-Show or cancel late on full flights.DISCOUNT SPOILAGE Loss of revenue resulting from turning away discount customers because discount seats were not available at the time of booking, subsequently the flight departs with a significant number of empty seats.HIGHER YIELD SPILL The loss of revenue resulting from turning away late high yield demand because too many lower yield seats were sold early.DIFFERENTIAL PRICING An airline seat can be viewed by a purchaser as a single commodity, the desire is to purchase at the lowest price.
Aircraft is expensive Expensive aircrafts Gulfstream G550: $59.9 million Boeing business jet: $55.5 million Bombardier Global Express XRS: $47.7 million Gulfstream V-SP: $45 million Assault Falcon 7X: $41 million Most expensive aircraft in the world is airbus a380. At an investment of $13 billion, this double-decker aircraft took more than seven years. The Airbus A380 have become the most expensive airline tickets in the world. While the world’s largest passenger plane is readied for its inaugural flight, Singapore Airlines are making a killing by selling tickets on eBay. Sold to an Australian man for over $100,000 USD The aircrafts like airbus, Boeing. Now a days aircrafts are coming with various facilities and service. Lots of people can travel in one aircraft. But problem with the aircraft is too expensive. So aviation industry facing monetary problem.
Expensive passenger aircrafts Airbus a380 Boeing 787 Gulfstream G550Bombardier Global Gulfstream V-SP Dassault Falcon 7XExpress XRS
High fuel price Rising fuel costs hit airlines hard. Fuel expenses are expected to total $61.2 billion this year, compared to $41.2 billion in 2007, according to the Air Transport Association. A few years ago, fuel was 20 percent of an airlines cost. Its now up to 70 percent for carriers. Its utilizes a lot of resources to do its thing fuel, rubber, metal, etc hence getting too expensive. As fuel price have climbed, the inverse relationship between fuel prices and airline stock price has been demonstrated moreover, the rising fuel price have led to increase in the air fares. Airlines will eventually charge fees for other luxuries and perks, like window seats, aisle seats, seats in exit rows and snacks. Airlines may reduce the frequency of flights in the routes severely impairing India’s well developed airline network. As destinations begin to lose connectivity, passengers will either respond by reducing their frequency of air travel or choose to travel by train or buses It is like running several airlines non-stop 24/7. Generally Airlines too are a 24-hour business. The airline industry is under extreme pressure If they keep raising their fees to passengers then the passenger per plane ratios drop off, meaning flight are unprofitable.
InfrastructureThe Outlook The aviation industry in India is improving everyday. The future is bright enough as per the experts worldwide. Heres am outlook about India aviation industry, the looking crisis, and the global response. With the global economic recovery on the horizon, the aviation industry in India is poised for a spectacular takeoff. Unprecedented changes are anticipated in the aviation sector as the domestic passenger segment is expected to register annual growth rates of over 50% . Even the international passenger segment is slated to grow at 25% annually as per industry forecastsThe looming crisis the current situation in the industry continues to alarm policy makers, regulators and industry leaders alike. Adding to the woes of the industry is the abysmal airport infrastructure visible in the acute shortage of parking bays, takeoff / landing slots& air traffic control facilities Shortage of pilots, engineering, all department staffs, The recent hike in the price of Aviation Turbine Fuel (ATF) has further added to the anguish of the airlines as it has the potential to take the industry on a downward spiral that can prove fatal. The industry has embarked on a cost-cutting spree and that too with a vengeance.
Infrastructure Shortage of parking Shortage air traffic control facilitiesShortage aviation Turbine Fuel (ATF) Cost-cutting
Basic information A300 A380 The Airbus A300 is a short- The Airbus A380 is a double- to medium-range wide body deck, wide-body, four-engine airliner manufactured by jet airliner. airbus. Launched in 28 October The A380 made its maiden 1972 as the worlds first flight on 27 April 2005. twin-engined wide body. The A380 can typically seat 525 (3-class) The A300 can typically seat 644 (2-class) 266 passengers in a two- 853 (1-class) class layout. Its first commercial flight on First customer is Air France 25 October 2007 from Singapore to Sydney with introduced the type into Singapore Airlines. service on 30 May 1974.
Comparison chartAircraft type A 300 A380Cockpit crew 3 2Seating 266 525 (3-class) 644 (2-class) 853 (1-class)Engine 2 4Maximum fuel capacity 62900 liters 323546 litersOverall length 177 ft 238 ftHeight 54.5ft 80.2ftMaximum cabin width 17.3ft Main deck(21.6) upper(19.4ft
Cockpit information A300 A380The cockpit of A300 aircraft offer up a The growing numbers of pilots alreadymodernized approach to jetliner flight. qualified on Airbus fly-by-wire aircraft will feel right at home in the A380 flight deck.The two-member crew that was The new 525-seat Airbus airliner uses theintroduced with the A300 series has now same cockpit philosophy and operatingbecome an industry standardarrangement. procedures as the A320 and A330/A340 Families, while also benefiting fromThe cockpit is dominated by no fewer advances in technology for displays,than six CRT displays that provide real- flight management systems andtime and crucial systems monitoring and navigation.work together to decrease pilot workload The A380 cockpit has eight identicaloverall. large interactive displays on the mainThe cockpit can also be fitted with a instrument panel, with cursor controlcommunications system that allows the provided through a track-ball.crew to verify with corresponding ground The displays provide a much largerengineers on needed maintenance screen area with clearer presentations.issues. they are augmented by a HUD (head-upAn auto land capability is also display) that increases pilot situationalintegrated in the cockpit programming to awareness, particularly during theassist crews in bad-weather landings approach and landing phases.
A300300 seating capacity The General Electric CF6 is a family of high-bypass turbofan engines.Galley have all facilities like The A300 10-wheel mainoven, food cart, cabinet landing gear 2 nose gear
A380 525 (3-class) A Rolls-Royce Trent 900 engine on the 644 (2-class) wing of an Airbus A380 Noise reduction 853 (1-class) was an important requirement in the A380s designGalley have all advanced The A380s 20-wheel main landing gearfacilities with comfortable place 2 nose gear
ConclusionFrom this assignment I understood the advantage and disadvantage current scenario of aviation industry. Airbus a300 (old technology) and airbus a380 (new technology) I’m concluding this assignment is the good experience for me.