Motivation adarsh

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Motivation adarsh

  1. 1.  Meaning  Nature  Process  Need
  2. 2. The term motivation is derived from the word ‘motive’. Motives are expression of person’s needs and wants. “Motivation means stimulating people to action to accomplish desired and predetermined goals.” Motivation is a continuous process and it is essential at every level of management and at every stage of the organizational process.
  3. 3.  Motivation helps in inspiring and encouraging the people to work willingly.  Motives are the energizing forces within us.  Motives come and go. (For example: The girl who is overly concerned about her hair and clothes during adolescence may turn her attention to other things once she grows up. Energy level of a motivation may differ in different times)  Motives interact with environment.
  4. 4. The basic elements of the process of motivation are: 1. Motives. 2. Behavior. 3. Goals.
  5. 5. Motives: Motive or need or want prompt people to action. They are the primary energies of behavior. Behavior: All behavior is a series of activities. Behavior is generally motivated by a desire to achieve a goal. At any moment individuals may indulge in different kinds of activities like eating, walking, talking etc., Goals: Motives are directed towards goals. Goals are the ends which provide satisfaction of human wants.
  6. 6. For motivating the employees, the manager, first of all, has to understand the needs and wants of the employees. The behavior of an individual at a particular moment is usually determined by his strongest need. Two major things about human needs. They are; 1. Each person’s need depends on what he already has. A fully satisfied need cannot influence behavior. 2. Needs can be arranged in a hierarchy of importance. i.e., all the human needs follow a definite sequences or ranking order. Unless a lower order need is met, a higher order need will not arise.

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