The term motivation is derived from the
word ‘motive’. Motives are expression of person’s needs
“Motivation means stimulating people to
action to accomplish desired and predetermined goals.”
Motivation is a continuous process and it
is essential at every level of management and at every
stage of the organizational process.
Motivation helps in inspiring and encouraging the
people to work willingly.
Motives are the energizing forces within us.
Motives come and go.
(For example: The girl who is overly concerned about
her hair and clothes during adolescence may turn her
attention to other things once she grows up. Energy level
of a motivation may differ in different times)
Motives interact with environment.
The basic elements of the process of motivation are:
Motive or need or want prompt people to
action. They are the primary energies of behavior.
All behavior is a series of activities. Behavior
is generally motivated by a desire to achieve a goal. At any
moment individuals may indulge in different kinds of
activities like eating, walking, talking etc.,
Motives are directed towards goals. Goals are
the ends which provide satisfaction of human wants.
For motivating the employees, the manager, first of
all, has to understand the needs and wants of the
employees. The behavior of an individual at a particular
moment is usually determined by his strongest need.
Two major things about human needs. They are;
1. Each person’s need depends on what he already has.
A fully satisfied need cannot influence behavior.
2. Needs can be arranged in a hierarchy of importance.
i.e., all the human needs follow a definite sequences
or ranking order. Unless a lower order need is met, a
higher order need will not arise.