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Indian agriculture the way forward

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Indian agriculture. Ensuring Food Security through sustainable practices. What we need to do. The way forward.

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Indian agriculture the way forward

  1. 1. Ensuring Food, Nutrition and Health Security Arunkumar K.R., PhD Technical Director, Victus Laboratories India Private Limited www.victuslabs.com MINERAL FERTILIZERS CHEMICAL PESTICIDES FUNGICIDES BIOCONTROL BIOSTIMULANT METHOD & KNOW-HOW MACHINERY & EQUIPMENT SOIL FERTILITY SEED Indian Agriculture: The Way Forward
  2. 2. Source : Valagro CEO President Presentation for EBIC, Nov 2012 30% 50% 50%DEMAND INCREASE DEMAND INCREASE DEMAND INCREASE (IFPRI) (FAO) (IEA) 2030 Perspectives WATER FOOD ENERGY
  3. 3. http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/dmsp/image/india_03_98_92_a.jpg Copyright © NOAA/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY Rapid urbanization of India and reducing agricultural lands
  4. 4. MINERAL FERTILIZERS CHEMICAL PESTICIDES FUNGICIDES BIOCONTROLBIOSTIMULANT METHOD & KNOW-HOW MACHINERY & EQUIPMENT SOIL FERTILITY SEED Adapted from Source : Valagro CEO President Presentation for EBIC, Nov 2012 We are losing our seed security We are degrading our soils by unsustainable practises Our fertilizer usage is unwise & counterproductive Our predominantly tillage (plough) based farming is destroying our top soil & organic matter pesticide residues in food needs to be monitored & regulated Indian Agriculture: Current Scenario
  5. 5. Source: Economic Times, 2011 “It is projected that India will need to grow its agricultural output 12% to feed its people in 2020. Much of this has to come by growing more on the same amount of land. this land, however, is weakening and withering” reports M Rajshekhar
  6. 6. CARBON Carbon is the “key” component in Soil fertility Tillage (Plough) based agriculture is destroying our soil organic matter
  7. 7. MANAGEMENT PLATFORM Source: Rick Maurice: Conservation Farming & Carbon Sequestration.CWCFA Carbon is a “keystone” in nutrient recycling Importance of conserving soil organic carbon
  8. 8. Source: Rick Maurice: Conservation Farming & Carbon Sequestration. CWCFA
  9. 9. Source: http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/mar/25/treating-soil-like-dirt-fatal-mistake-human-life
  10. 10. Seed Security
  11. 11. https://msu.edu/~howardp/seedindustry.html
  12. 12. Source: http://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/1/4/1266/pdf
  13. 13. Health Security
  14. 14. Source: The Hindu, Nov 13, 2014
  15. 15. Source : http://www.nutritionsecurity.org/
  16. 16. Our food today is LESS NUTRITIOUS than before World War II Mineral Depletion in Food 1940-1991 Vegetables Fruits Lost 76% of their copper Lost 19% of their copper Lost 49% of their sodium Lost 29% of their sodium Lost 46% of their calcium Lost 16% of their calcium Lost 27% of their iron Lost 24% of their iron Lost 24% of their magnesium Lost 15% of their magnesium Lost 16% of potassium Lost 22% of potassium Source : The Composition of Foods, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Foods and the Royal Society of Chemistry, UK “Modern high yielding varieties have actually reduced the nutritional value of food”
  17. 17. Source: http://farmviability.wordpress.com/2012/10/19/support-your-farmer-by-making-responsible-food-choices/ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hF4BLHTvF2M The need to focus on nutrient content in varieties
  18. 18. Source: Jarrett Chambers presentation at TEDx Winnipeg – The next big thing http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hF4BLHTvF2M
  19. 19. Need to Monitor Pesticide Residue in Food Source: http://indiaforsafefood.in/PDF/consumer%20voice-veggies%20indias%20poisoned%20staple.pdf
  20. 20. Is Glyphosate Toxic? • Monsanto has argued that glyphosate is harmless to humans because our cells don’t have the shikimate pathway, which it inhibits • However, our gut bacteria DO have this pathway – We depend upon them to supply us with essential amino acids (among many other things) • Other ingredients in Roundup greatly increase glyphosate’s toxic effects • Insidious effects of glyphosate accumulate over time – Most studies are too short to detect damage Source: http://people.csail.mit.edu/seneff/
  21. 21. Glyphosate and Autism* *Nancy Swanson, http://www.examiner.com/article/ data-show-correlations-between-increase-neurological-diseases-and-gmos R = 0.9898; p <= 2.6e-06 Pearson Correlation Coefficient = 0.99 Source: http://people.csail.mit.edu/seneff/
  22. 22. Source: http://www.mdpi.com/1099-4300/15/4/1416/pdf
  23. 23. Source: http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/11/2/2125/pdf
  24. 24. Microbiome: Your Body Houses 10x more Bacteria Than Human Cells Source: http://www.economist.com/node/21560559 We are more microbial than Human
  25. 25. Source: http://mpkb.org/home/pathogenesis/microbiota We are more microbial than Human
  26. 26. Main Toxic Effects of Glyphosate* • Kills beneficial gut bacteria and allows pathogens to overgrow • Interferes with function of cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes • Chelates important minerals (iron, cobalt, manganese, etc.) • Interferes with synthesis of aromatic amino acids and methionine – Leads to shortages in critical neurotransmitters and folate • Disrupts sulfate synthesis and sulfate transport *Samsel and Seneff, Entropy 2013, 15, 1416-1463 Source: http://people.csail.mit.edu/seneff/
  27. 27. Source: http://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2014/179691/
  28. 28. The Enhancing Effect of Adjuvants* “Adjuvants in pesticides are generally declared as inerts, and for this reason they are not tested in long-term regulatory experiments. It is thus very surprising that they amplify up to 1000 times the toxicity of their APs [Active Principles] in 100% of the cases where they are indicated to be present by the manufacturer.” *R. Mesnage et al.BioMed Research International 2014; Article ID:179691. Source: http://people.csail.mit.edu/seneff/
  29. 29. Roundup Safety Claims Disputed* “It is commonly believed that Roundup is among the safest pesticides. … Despite its reputation, Roundup was by far the most toxic among the herbicides and insecticides tested. This inconsistency between scientific fact and industrial claim may be attributed to huge economic interests, which have been found to falsify health risk assessments and delay health policy decisions.” *R. Mesnage et al., Biomed Research International, Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 179691 Source: http://people.csail.mit.edu/seneff/
  30. 30. MINERAL FERTILIZERS CHEMICAL PESTICIDES FUNGICIDES BIOCONTROL BIOSTIMULANT METHOD & KNOW-HOW MACHINERY & EQUIPMENT SOIL FERTILITY SEED Adapted from Source : Valagro CEO President Presentation for EBIC, Nov 2012 Promote No-till systems & sustainable practises Indian Agriculture: The Way Forward
  31. 31. We need to promote No-till or Zero till systems to preserve our soils http://info.amazone.de/DisplayInfo.aspx?id=14812 http://www.ctic.org/media/pdf/Better%20Soil%20Better%20Yields.pdf http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/templates/solaw/files/thematic_reports/TR_04b_web.pdf
  32. 32. http://r4d.dfid.gov.uk/PDF/Outputs/Misc_crop/DFID_impact_case_study_Zero-tillage_FINAL%5B1%5D.pdf
  33. 33. Let's get away with those pillars, it's coal. Disrupting the social fabric. How to run a factory usually based on central management, managing people. Not networked, fablab, d-i-y - The cathedral and the Bazaar Lets get ready for the Next Industrial Revolution
  34. 34. We are at the very beginning of an amazing change in the way we build, buy, consume, and experience devices. It’s been called a whole bunch of different names over the past decade, but now that things are (finally) heating up the name that feels like it’s going to stick is “hardware revolution”. "The evolution in hardware development in some ways parallels what the software industry saw ten years ago." - Matt Witheiler The Open hardware revolution http://blog.upverter.com/post/102541361117/hardware-revolution INDIAN OPEN TECHNOLOGY ALLIANCE
  35. 35. INDIAN OPEN TECHNOLOGY ALLIANCE About IOTA Indian Open Technology Alliance is a co-creation platform where anyone can propose, collaborate, build and share, a complete ecosystem for creation from concept to product. Mission Opening up frontiers to build up knowledge access, enabling rapid progress, empowering community to create values Vision Open and vibrant knowledgeable community content in a progressively sustainable value rich ecosystem All projects under Open Source Hardware best practises and CC-BY-SA 4.0 license
  36. 36. 1. Open source self balancing scooter 2. Open PCR (Polymerized Chain Reaction) Machine 3. Agricultural Seeder with fertilizer placement 4. Hydroponic home cultivator 5. Nursery Seeder 6. Servo Motors 7. Small wind turbine 8. Open Energy Monitor 9. Incinerators for disposing Sanitary Napkins 10. Drone for any application 11. Powered wheel chair 12. Open source washing machine 13. Fertilizer Spreaders 14. Precision Agricultural Sprayers 15. Sugarcane Harvester 16. Pivot Irrigation INDIAN OPEN TECHNOLOGY ALLIANCE Impact IOTA Projects “Impact Projects of IOTA are high impact projects that can provide meaningful solutions to the need of the Indian Industry & the community and accelerate innovations around their sphere of influence”
  37. 37. Growing interest in microbial solutions Bayer, BASF, Syngenta and Novozymes have acquired microbial solution providers for agriculture Monsanto is taking the bioinformatics approach to study the benefits of PPFM OMEX, a plant nutrition company has tie-up with Abitep, GmbH Source: http://www.novozymes.com/en/about-us/brochures/Documents/BioAg-Alliance-factsheet.pdf All trademarks and registered trademarks are the property of their respective owners. India has a vibrant bio-inoculants, bio-pesticides and biostimulants market. We should be careful in providing a level playing field for all participants and weed out non-quality players currently prevailing in the Indian agri-inputs market. The effort required is in making the regulatory framework accessible for innovative small players too who can compete with multinationals
  38. 38. Knowledge Security
  39. 39. “Scientific literacy must include the ability to recognize publishing fraud.” “The predatory publishers and journals often have lofty titles that make them seem legitimate in a list of publications on a CV. Scholarly publishing’s traditional role of vetting the best research is disappearing. Now there is a journal willing to accept almost every article, as long as the author is willing to pay the fee. Authors, rather than libraries, are the customers of open-access publishers, so a powerful incentive to maintain quality has been removed. Perhaps nowhere are these abuses more acute than in India, where new predatory publishers or journals emerge each week. They are appearing because of the market need — hundreds of thousands of scientists in India and its neighbouring countries need to get published to earn tenure and promotion.” Predatory publishers are corrupting open access Journals that exploit the author-pays model damage scholarly publishing and promote unethical behaviour by scientists, argues Jeffrey Beall. Source: http://www.nature.com/news/predatory-publishers-are-corrupting-open-access-1.11385 http://www.councilscienceeditors.org/wp-content/uploads/v36n1p18-19.pdf
  40. 40. “Those who surrender freedom for security will not have, nor do they deserve, either one.” - Benjamin Franklin Thank You

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