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Juvenile deliquency


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Child Mental Health Problems

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Juvenile deliquency

  1. 1. Juvenile Delinquency
  2. 2. CONTENT:  Juvenile delinquency  Risk factors  Characteristics  Causes  Prevention  Legal measures  Role of school teachers
  3. 3. JUVENILE DELINQUENCY Conduct by a juvenile characterized by antisocial behavior that is beyond parental control and therefore subject to legal action
  4. 4. A violation of the law committed by a juvenile and not punishable by death or life
  5. 5. MEANING  Juvenile delinquency is the most important aspect of the subject matter of criminology.  Juvenile delinquency, as a legal concept is of recent origin.  Juvenile delinquency is a big breading centre of
  6. 6.  The word delinquency is derived from the Latin word “delinquere” meaning de i.e. away and linquere i.e. to leave thus, meaning to leave or to abandon.
  7. 7. INCIDENCE  According to NCRB (National Crime Records Bureau) data for 2011 64% of all juvenile criminals fall in the age group of 16-18 .  In 2011 ,33887 juveniles were arrested for 25,178 instances of crime. Of these 1,211 juveniles in the 7-12 years age group , 11,019 in the age 12-16 years age group while 21,657 in the 16-18 years age group
  8. 8. Violent Crimes:  Aggravated assault  Pick pocketing  Homicide  Rape  Stealing  Robbery  Car thefts  Burglaries  violance
  9. 9. CHARACTERISTICS OF JUVENILE DELINQUENCY The delinquency rates are many times higher for boys than girls, that is, girls commit fewer delinquencies than boy
  10. 10.  Nine out of 10 juvenile delinquents are first- offenders and only one-tenth is recidivists or past-offenders
  11. 11. The delinquency rates tend to be highest during early adolescence.
  12. 12. Juvenile delinquency is more in urban than a rural phenomenon.
  13. 13. RISK FACTORS OF JUVENILE DELINQUENCY Individual risk factors  low intelligence  impulsiveness or the inability to delay gratification
  14. 14. Family environment and peer influence  The level of parental supervision  Harsh punishment  parental conflict or separation  criminal parents or siblings  parental abuse or neglect
  15. 15. Social and community  The availability of drugs and firearms,  community disorganization  economic depravation.
  16. 16. CAUSES OF JUVENILE DELINQUENCY  BIOLOGICAL CAUSES  Heredity defects and glandular problems  XYY type of chromosomal defects
  17. 17.  SOCIAL CAUSES  Broken families  single parent families  separated families, frequent parents fight  lack of trust and confidence among the parents
  18. 18.  Alcoholic parents
  19. 19. Step parents
  20. 20.  Criminal parents or psychological problems in parents
  21. 21. Poverty
  22. 22. Neglect
  23. 23. Gender discrimination
  25. 25. Psychological concerns
  26. 26. Mental disability
  27. 27. Physical concerns
  28. 28.  Drug use
  29. 29. Peer group influence  friends commit crime adolescents often learn to do it  Peer group rejection  Abusive behaviour
  30. 30.  Personal Reasons  The negative feelings make the person commit crime even if he belongs to a good family.
  31. 31. Educational Curriculum  Delinquents are typically non- bookish and non- academic individuals who take studies like a burden. When they fail in exams and get scolded by their family, they tend to indulge themselves in delinquent acts.
  32. 32. PREVENTION  Education  Recreation  Community involvement  Creation of special programs  Parent-Child Interaction Training Program  Bullying Prevention Program
  33. 33. Education  Teach children about the effects of drugs, gangs, sex, and weapons  This is particularly important where youth are barraged with sexual and violent images.  Educational programs have the underlying intent of encouraging hope and opening up opportunities for young people
  34. 34. Recreation
  35. 35.  Recreation programs allow youths to connect with other adults and children in the community  sports, dancing, music, rock climbing, drama, karate, bowling, art, and other activities.
  36. 36. Community involvement  Involvement in community groups provide youth with an opportunity to interact in a safe social environment  Girl scouts, boy scouts, church youth groups, and volunteer groups all involve within a community
  37. 37. Parent-Child Interaction Training Program  A therapist guides the parents, educating them on how best to respond to their child's behaviour whether positive or negative.
  38. 38.  The program has been shown to reduce hyperactivity, attention deficit, aggression, and anxious behaviour in children
  39. 39. Bullying Prevention Program  Bullying is unwanted, aggressive behaviour among school aged children that involves a real or perceived power imbalance  place in elementary and junior high school settings
  40. 40.  An anonymous student questionnaire fills teachers and administrators in as to who is doing the bullying  set up class rules and facilitate discussions that address the problem.
  41. 41. Prevention Programs within the Juvenile Justice System  Drug rehabilitation assistance, counselling, and educational opportunities  provide them with job training, give them the experience of living in a safe, stable environment, and provide them with assistance to break harmful habits
  42. 42. Functional Family Therapy (FFT  Program assists youth on parole by helping them and their families communicate in more effective, positive ways.
  43. 43. CONTROL MEASURES OF JUVENILE DELINQUENCY  Accept the delinquent as a person in his own right, and give affection and security.  Watch for the signs of maladjustment; early treatment may prevent this maladjusted.  Providing the child with a variety of experiences like music and dance, art and craft, etc. can serve the purpose  Change the conditions of home, school and community that seem to give rise to such behaviour.
  44. 44.  CHILD GUIDANCE CLINIC  The first child guidance clinic was started in Chicago in 1909.  To prevent children from the possibility of becoming neurotics and psychotics in later life.  a team work job, the comprising of a psychiatrist, clinical psychologist, educational psychologist, psychiatric social workers, public health nurses, paediatrician, speech therapist, occupational therapist, and neurologist.
  45. 45. Specialized Programs Provided at Child Guidance Clinic  Early Intervention  Intensive Family Support  Play therapy  Juvenile Fire setter Intervention Program  Assessment and Treatment of Sexual Behavior Problems
  46. 46. CHILD PLACEMENT  Orphanages: Children who have no home, or who for some reason could not be cared for by their parents are placed in orphanages.  Remand homes: The child is placed under the care of doctors, psychiatrists, and other trained personnel
  49. 49. Apprentices Act of 1850:  Orphans and poor children could take the benefit of this Act.  The Act also dealt with children who committed petty offences
  50. 50. Reformatory Schools Act of 1897:  Under this Act courts were empowered to send for detention youthful male offenders to Reformatory School for a period Children Acts Children Acts enacted by Madras in 1920 and followed by other States,
  51. 51. No child under 14 years of age can be imprisoned under any circumstances and no young person between 14-16 years of age can be imprisoned unless he is certified to be an unruly person
  53. 53. School-Based Programs for Children and Adolescents  Life skills training;  Socialization skills;  Problem-solving and coping skills;  Preparation for parenthood;  Self-protection training. 
  54. 54.  Life Skills Training
  55. 55.  Socialization Skills
  56. 56. Problem-solving and Coping Skills
  57. 57. Preparation for Parenthood
  58. 58. School-Community Programs
  59. 59. Use of School Facilities and Resources  workshops on child abuse  Joint school-community adult education programs  School newsletters  School staff can serve as consultants, leaders, and facilitators of these programs