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Juvenile deliquency

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Child Mental Health Problems

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Juvenile deliquency

  1. 1. Juvenile Delinquency
  2. 2. CONTENT:  Juvenile delinquency  Risk factors  Characteristics  Causes  Prevention  Legal measures  Role of school teachers
  3. 3. JUVENILE DELINQUENCY Conduct by a juvenile characterized by antisocial behavior that is beyond parental control and therefore subject to legal action
  4. 4. A violation of the law committed by a juvenile and not punishable by death or life
  5. 5. MEANING  Juvenile delinquency is the most important aspect of the subject matter of criminology.  Juvenile delinquency, as a legal concept is of recent origin.  Juvenile delinquency is a big breading centre of
  6. 6.  The word delinquency is derived from the Latin word “delinquere” meaning de i.e. away and linquere i.e. to leave thus, meaning to leave or to abandon.
  7. 7. INCIDENCE  According to NCRB (National Crime Records Bureau) data for 2011 64% of all juvenile criminals fall in the age group of 16-18 .  In 2011 ,33887 juveniles were arrested for 25,178 instances of crime. Of these 1,211 juveniles in the 7-12 years age group , 11,019 in the age 12-16 years age group while 21,657 in the 16-18 years age group
  8. 8. Violent Crimes:  Aggravated assault  Pick pocketing  Homicide  Rape  Stealing  Robbery  Car thefts  Burglaries  violance
  9. 9. CHARACTERISTICS OF JUVENILE DELINQUENCY The delinquency rates are many times higher for boys than girls, that is, girls commit fewer delinquencies than boy
  10. 10.  Nine out of 10 juvenile delinquents are first- offenders and only one-tenth is recidivists or past-offenders
  11. 11. The delinquency rates tend to be highest during early adolescence.
  12. 12. Juvenile delinquency is more in urban than a rural phenomenon.
  13. 13. RISK FACTORS OF JUVENILE DELINQUENCY Individual risk factors  low intelligence  impulsiveness or the inability to delay gratification
  14. 14. Family environment and peer influence  The level of parental supervision  Harsh punishment  parental conflict or separation  criminal parents or siblings  parental abuse or neglect
  15. 15. Social and community  The availability of drugs and firearms,  community disorganization  economic depravation.
  16. 16. CAUSES OF JUVENILE DELINQUENCY  BIOLOGICAL CAUSES  Heredity defects and glandular problems  XYY type of chromosomal defects
  17. 17.  SOCIAL CAUSES  Broken families  single parent families  separated families, frequent parents fight  lack of trust and confidence among the parents
  18. 18.  Alcoholic parents
  19. 19. Step parents
  20. 20.  Criminal parents or psychological problems in parents
  21. 21. Poverty
  22. 22. Neglect
  23. 23. Gender discrimination
  24. 24. Society:  DEVELOPING NEGATIVE FEELING FROM THE SOCIETY
  25. 25. Psychological concerns
  26. 26. Mental disability
  27. 27. Physical concerns
  28. 28.  Drug use
  29. 29. Peer group influence  friends commit crime adolescents often learn to do it  Peer group rejection  Abusive behaviour
  30. 30.  Personal Reasons  The negative feelings make the person commit crime even if he belongs to a good family.
  31. 31. Educational Curriculum  Delinquents are typically non- bookish and non- academic individuals who take studies like a burden. When they fail in exams and get scolded by their family, they tend to indulge themselves in delinquent acts.
  32. 32. PREVENTION  Education  Recreation  Community involvement  Creation of special programs  Parent-Child Interaction Training Program  Bullying Prevention Program
  33. 33. Education  Teach children about the effects of drugs, gangs, sex, and weapons  This is particularly important where youth are barraged with sexual and violent images.  Educational programs have the underlying intent of encouraging hope and opening up opportunities for young people
  34. 34. Recreation
  35. 35.  Recreation programs allow youths to connect with other adults and children in the community  sports, dancing, music, rock climbing, drama, karate, bowling, art, and other activities.
  36. 36. Community involvement  Involvement in community groups provide youth with an opportunity to interact in a safe social environment  Girl scouts, boy scouts, church youth groups, and volunteer groups all involve within a community
  37. 37. Parent-Child Interaction Training Program  A therapist guides the parents, educating them on how best to respond to their child's behaviour whether positive or negative.
  38. 38.  The program has been shown to reduce hyperactivity, attention deficit, aggression, and anxious behaviour in children
  39. 39. Bullying Prevention Program  Bullying is unwanted, aggressive behaviour among school aged children that involves a real or perceived power imbalance  place in elementary and junior high school settings
  40. 40.  An anonymous student questionnaire fills teachers and administrators in as to who is doing the bullying  set up class rules and facilitate discussions that address the problem.
  41. 41. Prevention Programs within the Juvenile Justice System  Drug rehabilitation assistance, counselling, and educational opportunities  provide them with job training, give them the experience of living in a safe, stable environment, and provide them with assistance to break harmful habits
  42. 42. Functional Family Therapy (FFT  Program assists youth on parole by helping them and their families communicate in more effective, positive ways.
  43. 43. CONTROL MEASURES OF JUVENILE DELINQUENCY  Accept the delinquent as a person in his own right, and give affection and security.  Watch for the signs of maladjustment; early treatment may prevent this maladjusted.  Providing the child with a variety of experiences like music and dance, art and craft, etc. can serve the purpose  Change the conditions of home, school and community that seem to give rise to such behaviour.
  44. 44.  CHILD GUIDANCE CLINIC  The first child guidance clinic was started in Chicago in 1909.  To prevent children from the possibility of becoming neurotics and psychotics in later life.  a team work job, the comprising of a psychiatrist, clinical psychologist, educational psychologist, psychiatric social workers, public health nurses, paediatrician, speech therapist, occupational therapist, and neurologist.
  45. 45. Specialized Programs Provided at Child Guidance Clinic  Early Intervention  Intensive Family Support  Play therapy  Juvenile Fire setter Intervention Program  Assessment and Treatment of Sexual Behavior Problems
  46. 46. CHILD PLACEMENT  Orphanages: Children who have no home, or who for some reason could not be cared for by their parents are placed in orphanages.  Remand homes: The child is placed under the care of doctors, psychiatrists, and other trained personnel
  47. 47. JUVENILE HOME
  48. 48. LEGISLATIVE MEASURES
  49. 49. Apprentices Act of 1850:  Orphans and poor children could take the benefit of this Act.  The Act also dealt with children who committed petty offences
  50. 50. Reformatory Schools Act of 1897:  Under this Act courts were empowered to send for detention youthful male offenders to Reformatory School for a period Children Acts Children Acts enacted by Madras in 1920 and followed by other States,
  51. 51. No child under 14 years of age can be imprisoned under any circumstances and no young person between 14-16 years of age can be imprisoned unless he is certified to be an unruly person
  52. 52. ROLE OF SCHOOLS IN PREVENTING JUVENILE DELINQUENCY
  53. 53. School-Based Programs for Children and Adolescents  Life skills training;  Socialization skills;  Problem-solving and coping skills;  Preparation for parenthood;  Self-protection training. 
  54. 54.  Life Skills Training
  55. 55.  Socialization Skills
  56. 56. Problem-solving and Coping Skills
  57. 57. Preparation for Parenthood
  58. 58. School-Community Programs
  59. 59. Use of School Facilities and Resources  workshops on child abuse  Joint school-community adult education programs  School newsletters  School staff can serve as consultants, leaders, and facilitators of these programs

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