Conference “Solar cities in Klaipėda andKurzeme region – best practices around Baltic Sea”
Programme: Latvia-Lithuania cross border cooperation programme 2007-2013 Project: LatLit III-159Project Name: “Effective mechanism for solar energy implementation in Klaipeda and Kurzeme regions” “Solar energy policy in Lithuania” Speaker: Dr. Robertas Urbanavičius VGTU
Solar energy policy in LithuaniaMain document which defines strategy of LithuanianRepublic related with renewable energy sourcesdevelopment isRenewable Energy Resources Law No.XI-1375, approvedon 12th of May 2011 by Lithuanian Parliament.In this Law are described main goals of renewableenergy resources development.
Solar energy policy in LithuaniaDependency from imported energy carriers in percents. Lithuania (blueline) vs. EU27 (red line) [Lithuanian Department of Statistics, 2010]
Solar energy policy in Lithuania Electricity generated from renewable sources % of gross electricity consumption. ~5% for the year 2009 [Eurostat]
Solar energy policy in LithuaniaMain goal which is defined in Chapter 4 of 1st Particle ofRenewable Energy Resources Law is willingness toensure that renewable energy consumption in year2020 will reach not less than 23 percent from total finalenergy consumption. It’s important to state thatproposed 23 percent level is higher than it is agreed in20/20/20 EU commitment. This level of 23 percentconsumption should be increased in future, exploitingbenefits of latest technologies and stimulating effectiveenergy consumption.
Solar energy policy in LithuaniaAccording to this Law, in different sectors ofenergetics, by year 2020, the following targetsshould be reached:∗Renewable energy resources fraction in all sorts of transport shouldincrease not less than 10 percent.∗Production of electrical energy, based on all directions of renewableenergy sources should increase by 20 percent minimum.∗Centralized supplied heat energy, produced using renewable energysources should reach 60 % from total amount of produced heat energy.In house hold level heat energy, produced using renewable energysources should reach 80 % from total amount of produced heat energyin this sector.
Solar energy policy in LithuaniaAccording to this law, Ministry of Energy of theRepublic of Lithuania is obliged to coordinatebiogas, flammable biomass, straw and otherbiological origin fuel production and usage, alsoaero thermal, geothermal, hydrothermal, hydroenergy, solar photovoltaic energy, wind energy andsolar thermal energy usage and implementation ofconsumption stimulation means and at the sametime monitoring, state supervision and control.
Solar energy policy in LithuaniaRenewable Energy Resources Law defines mainmilestones of National Renewable EnergyResources Consumption Stimulation Action Plan(NRERCSAP) for the period 2010-2020.National Renewable Energy ResourcesConsumption Stimulation Action Plan covers:∗Photovoltaic (PV) solar electricity generation∗Solar thermal (ST) energy generation
Solar energy policy in LithuaniaPhotovoltaic solar energy generation quotas are presented inRenewable Energy LawRenewable Energy Law define main areas of renewable energydevelopment. According this Law, before year 2020 this sectorshould integrate up to:∗141 MW installation capacities of hydro electrical power plants∗355 MW installation capacities of biomass/biogas fuel basedelectrical power plants∗500 MW wind power installations∗10 MW photovoltaic power installations**Note: small size up to 30 kWp installations are not included into quota
Solar energy policy in LithuaniaPhotovoltaic solar energy total installation development and generationforecast for period 2010-2020, presented in National Renewable EnergyResources Consumption Stimulation Action Plan
Solar energy policy in LithuaniaLTU Photovoltaic solar energy total installation development and generationforecast for period 2010-2020
Solar energy policy in LithuaniaPermission obtaining procedures are described in legalacts, issued by:∗Parliament of the Republic of Lithuania,∗Government of the Republic of Lithuania∗Ministry of Economy∗Ministry of Energy∗Other institutions under Ministry of Energy
Solar energy policy in LithuaniaPV Feed in Tariff (FIT)∗FIT is defined by National Control Commission forPrices and Energy. Currently existing photovoltaic solarenergy generation tariffs were approved on 2009September 03 by National Control Commission forPrices and Energy
Solar energy policy in LithuaniaPV Feed in Tariff (FIT)Year 2010-2011 FIT:∗ <100kWp – 1,63 LTL/kWh (0,47 EUR/kWh)∗100-1000kWp – 1,56 LTL/kWh (0,45 EUR/kWh)∗>1000kWp - 1,51 LTL/kWh (0,437 EUR/kWh)∗FIT period – 12 years
Solar energy policy in Lithuania∗ Current information about PV FIT tariffs which will be approved for year 2012 show that this tariff isn’t approved stably.∗ This creates unspecified situation for prospective developers of photovoltaic solar energy power plant developers. The same unspecified situation is applicable for investors who already installed PV solar power plants
Solar energy policy in LithuaniaSimplified procedures:If size of solar energy installation in rural area is lower than 350 kWp,simplified project planning procedures could be applied:∗No requirements related with obligatory modification of land usagedestination and obligatory preparation of detailed planningdocumentation.If size of solar thermal or photovoltaic solar power plant installation islower than 30kW there are simplified project planning procedures:∗No requirements related with obligatory modification of land usagedestination∗No requirements related with obligatory Environmental ImpactAssessment∗No requirements related with obligatory Health Impact Assessment∗No requirements related with Building Permission obtaining procedures
Solar energy policy in LithuaniaSimplified procedures (2)Building integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) and buildingintegrated solar thermal (BIST) installations:∗If size of solar thermal or photovoltaic solar powerplant installation is lower than 30kW and is planned tobuild on the roof of building or to integrate into facade:∗No requirements related with Building Permissionobtaining procedures
Solar energy policy in LithuaniaGeneration of Solar Thermal Energy
Solar energy policy in LithuaniaIn National Renewable Energy Resources ConsumptionStimulation Action Plan for the period 2010-2020 is presentedforecast of solar thermal energy consumption, representedin kilo tones of oil equivalent. According to the forecastprovided in year 2020 consumption of solar thermal energyshould reach 7,0 kilo tones of oil equivalent (toe).Provided amount of solar thermal energy usage could beconverted into kWh:7,0 ktoe * 11630 MWh/ktoe = 81 410 MWh = 81,4 GWh .The same amount of heat energy could be created burning6930 tones of diesel or 6666 tones of petrol.
Solar energy policy in LithuaniaYear 2011:Solar Thermal Energy – 0,5 ktoeBiogas – 3 ktoeHeat Pumps – 4 ktoeBiomass – 520 ktoe (1040 times more than ST)Total Heat Energy generation – 759 ktoe (0,06% only)
Solar energy policy in LithuaniaYear 2020:Solar Thermal Energy – 7 ktoeBiogas – 7,5 ktoeHeat Pumps – 8 ktoeBiomass – 572 ktoe (82 times more than ST)Total Heat Energy generation – 1105 ktoe (0,633% only)
Solar energy policy in LithuaniaSuggestions (1)∗All new buildings of Klaipeda region should have connection points for solarthermal and electricity generation equipment. This requirement should beincluded into Technical Regalement of Construction.∗Solar thermal solutions. In general solar thermal solutions currently havepositive legal environment because these solutions mainly are autonomous.∗For small size solar thermal applications, should be created legal basis whichstimulates installation of these solutions on roofs of the buildings in rural andurban areas.∗Solar thermal applications should be obligatory installed on public purposebuildings, because they could positively affect solving of environmentalproblems
Solar energy policy in LithuaniaSuggestions (2)∗Bigger size solar thermal applications should be obligatory installed as part ofhot water preparation system in swimming pools and heat power plants whichare consuming traditional fuel, where solar thermal equipment could generatebig amount of heat energy.∗Photovoltaic solutions. Process of documentation related with preparation ofdocumentation should be simplified. Current process is distributed betweenthree or four organizations which are under the same Ministry of Energy.Suggested solution – “one window” principle.∗Photovoltaic solutions. Process of documentation related with preparation ofdocumentation should be shorter. Current process takes minimum 4.5 month.Suggested solution – one month maximum for small size up to 30 kWpphotovoltaic power plants.
Solar energy policy in LithuaniaSuggestions (3)∗Financial assistance should be proposed for municipalities which arerenovating social dwelling.∗Support packages should be applied for new and planned buildings,owned by private persons.∗Support package should be applied for private persons who areintending to renovate private houses or multi-flat buildings includinginstallation of solar energy solutions.∗Support packages should be applied for Klaipeda regionmunicipalities where financial situation isn’t the best.∗Support package should cover relations with financial institutions(banks). Best possible scenario: no interest loans for developers who isintending to develop solar energy related project.