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Internet And Self-organizing1

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Internet principles and how to apply to self-organizing habitats

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Internet And Self-organizing1

  1. 1. Internet as a self-organizing system Artur Serra Self-sufficient Systems Theory Class IAAC, Oct. 21, 2008
  2. 2. How an anthropologist does see the Knowledge Society? • Anthropology studies cultures as “shared knowledge systems”. • ICT is conforming the so-called “knowledge society”. • Internet is an ICT and the backbone of the knowledge society. • At the same time, Internet is living lab, selfsystem-organizing system.
  3. 3. I. First Generation Internet A network for everyone (ISOC, “Internet is for everyone”).
  4. 4. Internet Global Routes (2005)
  5. 5. The Internet community • ISOC, Internet Society • IETF, Internet Engineering Task Force • ICANN, • WWW Consortium.
  6. 6. The IETF Motto: “Rough consensus and running code” • David Clark,MIT, “We reject kings, presidents and voting. We believe in rough consensus and running code.” 1992. Moto of IETF. • Self-government culture started by computer science researchers working for ARPA in the US.
  7. 7. The Internet principles • Goal: To avoid the enemy to take control over the network. • Principles: – Decentralizing structure: • End to End principle. – Experimental network • Computer networking innovation cycle.
  8. 8. The “end-to-end principle • New networking model without central authority. Not hierarchical principle. • The control of the network is in the hands of the extrems, the users: the “end-to-end principle”. • New architectures: Peer to Peer networks, ad-hoc networks, ....
  9. 9. The experimental network principle • Internet is an environment of permanent innovation. – Open network – Permanent version Beta. • Current GENI project: Global Networking for Network Innovation.
  10. 10. “Internet governance”? • The Internet community doesn't like the term “governement”, even “governance”. • The preferable term is “self-regulation”. Not government by minorities (aristocracy), not government of majorities, (democracy), but self-government • Anybody knows what kind of government is self-government?
  11. 11. II. Web 2.0, The Internet by the People
  12. 12. Internet by the people • Community networks. Freenets. – Barcelona, 2000. 1er.Congress Global • Open Source communities. – Linux community of programmers. • Social networks. – Facebook • Wikis, Wikipedia. • Living Labs. – European network of Living Labs. • Fablabs....Find more examples....
  13. 13. III. Can we apply self-organizing principles of Internet to architecture?
  14. 14. Can we build habitats as living labs, user-driven innovation environments? An architecture for the knowledge society.
  15. 15. An architecture for a knowledge society • Habitats as Living Labs: – Organizing a user-driven new architecture. – Open the architectural community to users. • End-to-end architecture – Experimental architecture • The habitat as a living lab for creating and sharing knowledge. • A Noosphere Habitat.
  16. 16. How architecture can develop new habitats? • What is a living lab habitat? – A knowledge-based habitat. – A self-organizing environment, built by users, architects, builders, public administrations, and its natural environments for creating and sharing knowledge.
  17. 17. Noosphere , a new term for Knowledge society • Noosphere concept: The knowledge society. • What kind of habitat for the Noosphere era? • A noosphera habitat
  18. 18. The Noosphere Habitats • Evolution in the human habitat: – Living in Geosphere: • Still we are living in caves. – Living in Biosphere: • Increasingly, sapiens is willing to live in a Biosphere. Looking for paradise (paradeisos, gardens). – Living in Noosphere: • Can we live in a knowledge society? How to do it?

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