Chapter 4

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Chapter 4

  1. 1. 1<br />Gardner’s Art Through the Ages:The Western Perspective<br />Chapter 4<br />Minos and the Heroes of Homer:<br />The Art of the Prehistoric Aegean<br />
  2. 2. 2<br />The Prehistoric Aegean<br />
  3. 3. 3<br />Goals <br /><ul><li>Identify the geographic area known as the Aegean.
  4. 4. Discuss the visual aspects and possible context of the Cycladic sculptures.
  5. 5. Discuss Minoan society and architecture.
  6. 6. Understand visual aspects of Minoan art.
  7. 7. Relate significant aspects of archeological excavations at Mycenae.
  8. 8. Understand the link between culture and architecture of Mycenae
  9. 9. Discuss the relationship between Minoan and Mycenaean art and culture </li></li></ul><li>4<br />Cycladic Art<br /><ul><li> Identify the geographic area known as the Aegean and the specific area of the Cycladic Islands.
  10. 10. Discuss the visual aspects and possible context of the Cycladic sculptures </li></li></ul><li>5<br />The Cycladic Figures<br /><ul><li>Describe the visual aspects of the Cycladic female and male figures. Why are these figures popular and highly collectible now?</li></li></ul><li>6<br />Figure 4-1 Figurine of a woman, from Syros (Cyclades), Greece, ca. 2500–2300 BCE. Marble, approx. 1’ 6” high. National Archaeological Museum, Athens.<br />
  11. 11. 7<br />Figure 4-2 Male lyre player, from Keros (Cyclades), Greece, ca. 2700–2500 BCE. Marble, approx. 9” high. National Archaeological Museum, Athens.<br />
  12. 12. 8<br />Minoan Culture and Art<br /><ul><li>Discuss the mythology behind the Minoan culture and architecture.
  13. 13. Understand the elements and nature of Minoan palace architecture.
  14. 14. Examine the medium, methods, and imagery of Minoan wall painting.
  15. 15. Explore the developments of Minoan pottery.</li></li></ul><li>9<br />King Minos and Crete<br /><ul><li>Discuss the Greek bronze age mythology behind Minoan culture and architecture.
  16. 16. What light has Aegean archaeology shed on the mythological stories?</li></li></ul><li>10<br />Figure 4-4 Plan of the palace at Knossos (Crete), Greece, ca. 1700–1400 BCE.<br />
  17. 17. 11<br />Figure 4-6 Minoan woman or goddess (La Parisienne), from the palace at Knossos (Crete), Greece, ca. 1450–1400 BCE. Fragment of a fresco, approx. 10” high. Archaeological Museum, Herakleion.<br />
  18. 18. 12<br />Minoan Architecture<br /><ul><li>Understand the elements and nature of Minoan palace architecture.
  19. 19. What was the “labyrinth” of the Minotaur and how does the palace at Knossos fit that description?
  20. 20. Describe some of the remarkable achievements of Minoan architecture.</li></li></ul><li>13<br />Minoan Wall Painting<br /><ul><li>What is the subject matter and style seen in Minoan wall paintings?
  21. 21. What materials and methods were typically used?
  22. 22. Compare the fresco in the next slide with Egyptian wall painting.</li></li></ul><li>14<br />Figure 4-7 Bull-leaping, from the palace at Knossos (Crete), Greece, ca. 1450–1400 BCE. Fresco, approx. 2’ 8” high, including border. Archaeological Museum, Herakleion.<br />
  23. 23. 15<br />Compare the Minoan fresco with the Egyptian wall painting.<br />
  24. 24. 16<br />Figure 4-8 Flotilla, detail of Miniature Ships Fresco, from Room 5, West House, Akrotiri, Thera (Cyclades), Greece, ca. 1650 BCE. Fresco, approx. 1’ 5” high. National Archaeological Museum, Athens.<br />
  25. 25. 17<br />Figure 4-9 Landscape with swallows (Spring Fresco), from Room Delta 2, Akrotiri, Thera (Cyclades), Greece, ca. 1650 BCE. Fresco, approx. 7’ 6” high. National Archaeological Museum, Athens.<br />
  26. 26. 18<br />The Development of Minoan Pottery<br /><ul><li>Describe the materials used in the making of pottery in the Minoan culture.
  27. 27. What is the predominant imagery in the painted images in Minoan pottery?</li></li></ul><li>19<br />Figure 4-10 Kamares Ware jar, from Phaistos (Crete), Greece, ca. 1800–1700 BCE. Approx. 1’ 8” high. Archaeological Museum, Herakleion.<br />
  28. 28. 20<br />Figure 4-11 Marine Style octopus jar, from Palaikastro (Crete), Greece, ca. 1500 BCE. Approx. 11” high. Archaeological Museum, Herakleion.<br />
  29. 29. 21<br />Figure 4-12 Sarcophagus, from Hagia Triada (Crete), Greece, ca. 1450–1400 BCE. Painted limestone, approx. 4’ 6” long. Archaeological Museum, Herakleion.<br />
  30. 30. 22<br />Mycenaean Culture and Art<br /><ul><li>Relate significant aspects of archeological excavations at Mycenae.
  31. 31. Understand the link between culture and architecture of Mycenae.
  32. 32. Discuss the relationship between Minoan and Mycenaean art and culture.</li></li></ul><li>23<br />Mycenean Art and Architecture<br /><ul><li>Describe how the Mycenean palaces are different from the Minoan palaces.
  33. 33. Discuss the relationship between Minoan and Mycenaean art and culture.</li></li></ul><li>24<br />Figure 4-14 Snake Goddess, from the palace at Knossos (Crete), Greece, ca. 1600 BCE. Faience, approx. 1’ 1 1/2” high. Archaeological Museum, Herakleion.<br />
  34. 34. 25<br />Figure 4-15 Young god (?), from Palaikastro (Crete), Greece, ca. 1500–1475 BCE. Ivory, gold, serpentine, and rock crystal, original height approx. 1’ 7 1/2”. Archaeological Museum, Siteia.<br />
  35. 35. 26<br />Figure 4-16 Aerial view of the citadel at Tiryns, Greece, ca. 1400–1200 BCE.<br />
  36. 36. 27<br />Figure 4-17 Corbeled gallery in the walls of the citadel, Tiryns, Greece, ca. 1400–1200 BCE.<br />
  37. 37. 28<br />Figure 4-18 Three methods of spanning a passageway: (a) post and lintel, (b) corbeled arch, (c) arch.<br />
  38. 38. 29<br />Figure 4-19 Plan of the palace and southern part of the citadel, Tiryns, Greece, ca. 1400–1200 BCE.<br />
  39. 39. 30<br />Figure 4-20 Lion Gate, Mycenae, Greece, ca. 1300–1250 BCE. Limestone, relief panel approx. 9’ 6” high.<br />
  40. 40. 31<br />Figure 4-21 Treasury of Atreus, Mycenae, Greece, ca. 1300–1250 BCE.<br />
  41. 41. 32<br />Figure 4-22 Vault of the tholos of the Treasury of Atreus, Mycenae, Greece, ca. 1300–1250 BCE. Approx. 43’ high.<br />
  42. 42. 33<br />Figure 4-23 Funerary mask, from Grave Circle A, Mycenae, Greece, ca. 1600–1500 BCE. Beaten gold, approx. 1’ high. National Archaeological Museum, Athens.<br />
  43. 43. 34<br />Figure 4-24 Inlaid dagger blade with lion hunt, from Grave Circle A, Mycenae, Greece, ca. 1600–1500 BCE. Bronze, inlaid with gold, silver, and niello, approx. 9” long. National Archaeological Museum, Athens.<br />
  44. 44. 35<br />Figure 4-25 Female head, from Mycenae, Greece, ca. 1300–1250 BCE. Painted plaster, approx. 6 1/2” high. National Archaeological Museum, Athens.<br />
  45. 45. 36<br />Figure 4-26 Warrior Vase, from Mycenae, Greece, ca. 1200 BCE. Approx. 1’ 4” high. National Archaeological Museum, Athens.<br />
  46. 46. 37<br />Discussion Questions<br /><ul><li>What do you think are possible functions for the Cycladic sculptures?
  47. 47. Compare the Egyptian Old Kingdom and New Kingdom [Armana period] styles of wall painting with Minoan wall paintings.
  48. 48. What was the focus of Minoan art? Did they emphasize the afterlife?
  49. 49. Why do you think the Minoan civilization declined? Give reasons for your ideas.</li>

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