Millions of children around the world have to work to
support themselves and their families, especially in
South Asia and Africa.
Poverty is the main cause of child labour but it is a
symptom as well. Poor parents send their children to
work for reasons of economic expediency.
Increasing quality and access to
Improving child labour legislation and
Education is the key to ending the exploitation of children.
If an education system is to attract and retain children, its
quality and relevance must be improved as well.
Laws specifically covering child labour are not enough. Although,
many countries have national child labour laws that establish a
minimum age for work and regulate working conditions. But,
these laws tend to be effective in combating child labour abuses
in the formal sector in urban areas.
UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989)
Convention 138 of the International Labour
Convention 182 of the International Labour
ILO’s International Programme on the Elimination
of Child Labour (IPEC)
More than 200 million children worldwide are still in child labour and a
staggering 115 million at least, are subject to its worst forms.
Many countries which have ratified the Convention are failing to set
themselves time-bound objectives, the essential driver for meaningful
national policy initiatives. A major review published by the ILO in 2010 says
that “the pace of progress is not fast enough to achieve the 2016 target."
Although almost every country has laws prohibiting the employment of
children below a certain age, but legislation too often proves ineffective. New
laws periodically introduced in South Asia are shrugged off by hardened
business owners and disillusioned campaigners alike.
Source: Facts on Child Labour 2010 (ILO)