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Judaism And Greek Culture


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Judaism And Greek Culture

  1. 1. Judaism and Greek Culture<br />“Art, like morality, means drawing a line somewhere.” – <br />Oscar Wilde<br />
  2. 2. The Order of the Greek Temple<br />Greek temples were Doric, Ionic or, during Hellenistic and early Roman times, Corinthian<br />These names refer to the column order of the temple, which the Greeks were usually careful not to mix<br />
  3. 3. Speaking of Order . . . <br />
  4. 4. The Exactness of the Greeks<br />
  5. 5. And in Greek Sculpture . . . <br />Like the Greek column, the body was divided into seven<br />The head to body ratio was 1:7<br />Polykleitos established the canon for Greek sculpture in the 5th century BCE<br />
  6. 6. Optical Corrections <br />
  7. 7. Entasis of the Doric Column Order<br />
  8. 8. The Final Product <br />
  9. 9. Greek Mathematical Principles and Notions of Beauty are Still With Us Today<br />
  10. 10. So What Was the Problem?<br />
  11. 11. Wisdom of Solomon, 13, late 2nd or early 1st century BCE work<br />For all men who were ignorant of God were foolish by nature; . &quot;. . but they supposed that either fire or wind or swift air or &quot;the circle of the stars, or turbulent water, or the &quot;luminaries of heaven were the gods that rule the &quot;world. . . . Yet these men are little to be blamed, for &quot;perhaps they go astray while seeking God and desiring to find &quot;him.<br />
  12. 12. HammathTiberias B<br />
  13. 13. Roman Floor Mosaic, depicting Helios, the sun god, who represented Sunday <br />
  14. 14. Helios (or Helius) was first a Greek god<br />Athenian red-figure krater, 5th century BCE <br />
  15. 15. Prohibitions<br />MishnahAvodah Zara 3:1<br />The Rabbis forbid any image “that has in its hand a staff or a bird or a globe (kadur)”<br />Circumcision is the oldest identifying feature of the Jews and was a ritual that was threatened during Hellenistic times, when nudity was so popular.<br />
  16. 16. Greco-Roman Elements vs. Jewish Elements<br />
  17. 17. “Art, like morality, means drawing a line somewhere” – Oscar Wilde“Art, like Modern Orthodoxy, means drawing a line somewhere” – Today’s Presentation<br />