Romans and usWe’re going to see what Romans ate and the differences about food from the Ancient Rome and Italy today
IntroductionIn Ancient Rome community was divided between patricians and plebeians.The plebeians were the poor people of the Roman Empire and thepatricians were the rich people of the Roman Empire.
Introduction 2Patricians ate more than plebeians and they ate moreexpensive food. Today we don’t have these differences in thecommunity but there’s obviously some food which is moreexpensive than other food.We think that the true differences about food today are in theinternational food(Japanese, Mexican; Chinese…food) becausethere are obviously different traditions.
Breakfast (Ancient Rome) They usually ate some bread, cheese, fruit and meat. They drank milk or wine. Sometimes they ate a piece of bread with wine and salt or just a piece of bread with milk. There weren’t any sweets because they didn’t know sugar. The Romans usually ate for breakfast the food of the dinner of day before. They had breakfast at about 6:00 a.m. so at sunrise (especially for plebeians).
Breakfast today Today we can have breakfast at different times (from 6:00 to 10:00 a.m.) We eat many sweets made with pasta like croissat but also ciambella (cake with a hole in the middle) and other sweets. Adults often have coffee or cappucino. Some people also have barley coffee. Children usually have milk and cereals with some biscuits or they just spread some jam on a piece of bread with some butter. They also have an orange juice or another fruit juice.
L u n c h (An c i e n t R o me ) The Romans usually had lunch at about 11:00 or 12:00 a.m. Plebeians had lunch in porterhouse where they ate standing. They ate “slow food”. They had vegetables, legumes, some bread and some fruit. The lunch of Patrician families was longer. They ate vegetables, cooked or brine fish, pigeon or patridge eggs, legumes, some bread, and some fruit. They had very long banquets for example a famous banquet was Lucullo’s banquet. Lucullo was a Roman general that was famous for his great lunches.
L u n c h t o d a yToday people can have different things for lunch so we aren’t going to say allthese things but just the most important ones. People can have a “starter dish”of meat, fish, cold cuts, vegetables, cheese…In Italy the main dish is often made with pasta (there wasn’t pasta in Romantimes because they didn’t know it). You can choose to eat pasta with tomatoesauce, seafood, vegetables… but there isn’t only pasta for main dish becauseyou can eat also a soup made with vegetables, legumes but there are alsosome soup made with fish or you can eat bouillon. Sometimes we eat rice. Weeat it also with asparagus or mussels and clams.After pasta, we usually have another dish with meat like roast meat, chicken,sausages, veal, lunch meat, corned beef, shepherd’ pie…You can choose toeat fish instead, like grilled fish, fry fish…You can have a side dishes with fish ormeat. For example you can eat french fries, green salad, mixed salad, potatoessalad, corn salad, cole slaw…We eat fruit at the end of the meal dish but some people prefer to eat dessertand sometimes they don’t eat fruit. There are lots of desserts. We can’t list all ofthem but you can have an ice cream, water ice, tart (like apple tart) and manycakes made for example with chocolate, cream, fruit…
Dinner for plebeiansThey ate a flour patty called olera, legumes, meat, vegetables and fruit.They started to eat at about 3:00 or 5:00 p.m. because after dinnersometimes people stayed toghether and at 6:00 p.m. so at sunset theywent back to their house.
Dinner for patricians There were 4 parts for the patricians dinner that was very long. These were: 1) GUSTATIO that was like “starter” where they ate eggs, lettuce, mushrooms… 2)PULS when they ate a spelt or wheat patty with a side dish like fish and legumes 3)PRIMA MENSA where there were some fish or meat dishes 4)SECUNDA MENSA where there were fresh fruit, nuts or desserts like apples with honey.During the dinner guests often made a toast to the owner, there were tumblers,musicians and literate slaves read a literary novel. Guests brought food home.
Dinner todayWe usually eat less than at lunch. We usually don’t have “starter” for dinner. Ifyou have already eaten pasta at lunch you shouldn’t take it for dinner. You canalso have rice or soup. You can have some meat or fish with a side dish ofsalad (green, mixed,potatoes…). Then, you can have fruit and a dessert.Special dinnerIn Italy was created a famous dish called pizza so today peoplesometimes eat pizza for dinner but if you want you can eat it also atlunch. Today people sometimes go out for dinner and they go torestaurants. In Italy there are lots of international restaurants where youcan eat traditional food of every nation. For example there areJapanese restaurants that are famous for sushi or Egyptian restaurantsthat are famous for kebab…
PastaThis term is originated from Greek πάστα: flour with sauce. The legendsays that pasta is originated in China and Marco Polo (a famous Italianexplorer) took this special food to Italy. During the Middle Ages thanksto a new way of cooking in Italy pasta dish was created. In Europepeople started to eat pasta with the hands but in Italy people used thefork.
Special food in roman times Garum: was a spicy sauce, prepared in the internal part of salty fish. It was put in a big crate where they added salt. Finally the sauce fermented. Mulsum: was a special wine very tasty and alcholic. The Romans added water, honey and spices to it.
We hope you enjoyed this presentation, bye bye