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What I Talk About When I Walk About Online Freedom in Thailand

About myself, works at Thai Netizen Network, and what I think they are critical issues we should think more about when it comes to human rights, civil rights, political rights, and consumer rights in this Digital Age.

Prepared for a workshop with Cambodian friends in Phnom Penh.

*** Tada! This time with Venn diagram! ***

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What I Talk About When I Walk About Online Freedom in Thailand

  1. 1. 5 August 2015 What ITalk AboutWhen I Walk About Online Freedom inThailand @bact Arthit Suriyawongkul
  2. 2. Contents ✤ About myself ✤ About my work at Thai Netizen Network ✤ Online freedom critical issues in Thailand ✤ Critical issues at Global level and Future challenges
  3. 3. I described myself as
 a “pedestrian”. I’m walking to people and issues. 3
  4. 4. As a Pedestrian ✤ I walk into different people in different places. ✤ I talk with them, “How things going?”, “What’s new?”, “But why?”, “Are you okay?”. ✤ I write a ‘journal’ about my journey. Connecting observations and making sense out of it. ✤ I try different paths. See who else I should walk to, and who else I can walk with. ✤ I need freedom of movement. Information wants to be free. 4
  5. 5. “Overcome cultural differences and information inaccessibility to enable global knowledge societies.
 Accelerate the emergence of informed citizen
 towards free and participatory cultures.” My career goal 5
  6. 6. Thai Netizen Network ✤ Emerged in December 2008 as a response to 2007 Computer-related Crime Act (passed after 2006 Coup) ✤ Initially working on the issues of censorship and online media freedom. Later expanding to violations of user rights, privacy, and policy participation. ✤ Officially registered as “Foundation for Internet and Civic Culture” in 28 May 2014 6
  7. 7. Activities • Monitoring digital rights situations • Participating in policy process • Organizing forums, talks and informal meetings on digital culture • Giving consultation to human rights defenders and lawyers, in the area of digital security and the use of electronic evidences • Publication and translation of relevant documents
  8. 8. Policy Participation ✤ Monitoring law and policy changes and proposals ✤ Making analysis and statements on key issues ✤ Involving in existing forums (of different natures) ✤ Supporting the creation of multi-stakeholder forums 8
  9. 9. Monitoring and Analysis ✤ Visualizing policy changes ✤ Translating relevant news and reports from other languages, other countries ✤ Communicating through different media channels ✤ Informing human rights defenders and organizations ✤ Thematic researches 9
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  13. 13. “Digital Security” Bills ✤ Dec 2014-Jan 2015 the Cabinet passed 10 bills on digital economy and society, including National Cybersecurity Bill ✤ 20,000 signatures within two weeks on ✤ Letter submitted to National Legislative Assembly, National Reform Council, and Constitution Drafting Committee ✤ After that, Electronic Transaction Development Agency (the law drafting team), NLA, NRC, Council of State, and Law Reform Committee all held consultation meetings/public hearings 14
  14. 14. 15
  15. 15. Thailand Internet Governance Forum ✤ 23 July 2015 — Thailand’s first ✤ 360+ participants ✤ 13 panel/roundtable discussions/workshops ✤ 15+ organizations involves in preparation of the forum ✤ Businesses, civil society organizations, academics, government agencies 16
  16. 16. 17
  17. 17. 18
  18. 18. Critical issues inThailand:
 Broader view ✤ National security-led policy making (civilian and military gov alike) ✤ Arbitrary interpretation of national security ✤ “Avoiding-liability” culture within justice system (or civil servant system in general) ✤ Officers tend to routinely forward cases to the court without questioning the legitimacy of charges be filed, if it’s a national security or monarchy related ✤ Court of justice less likely to interpret law to set a new ground in favor of civil rights, if it will affects national security/monarchy 19
  19. 19. Critical issues inThailand:
 Digital rights ✤ 2007 Computer-related Crime Act ✤ 1) Intermediary liability 2) Abused as online defamation law 3) Court order as rubber stamp to block websites (no real check and balance in practice) ✤ Upcoming National Cybersecurity Bill ✤ Effectively “Cyber Martial Law” — National Cybersecurity Commission will has broad power to order public and private bodies and individuals to do or not to do anything to protect national cybersecurity [Section 33 and 34] ✤ Upcoming Data Protection Bill ✤ Question of operational independency — National Cybersecurity Agency will served as secretariat office of Data Protection Commission 20
  20. 20. Critical issues inThailand:
 Looking forward ✤ Multi-stakeholderism governance model as an approach (instead of regulation by the State) is being mentioned more. Although the ways how people understand the term are still vary. ✤ Can be supported by ‘neutral’ forum that people feel comfortable to share (without fear of legal or other risks) ✤ Digital rights are getting more acceptance as human rights. Thanks to global movement and incidents. ✤ Regional collaboration on research, monitoring, advocacy, impact litigation, and documentation.As issues are more of cross- border nature. 21
  21. 21. Global critical issues ✤ The “Feudal Internet” ✤ Control over one’s own data (=life). ✤ Stricter intellectual property regime ✤ Control over the use of one’s own tools ✤ Should innovation need a permission? ✤ New Digital Divide: Data-driven discrimination ✤ Surveillance (Communication - Street level - “Smart City”) ✤ Cross-border data flow 22
  22. 22. Digital Opportunities
 and Discriminations ✤ Thinking through 3 key elements of Digital Age ✤ Data (including Identity) ✤ Computation ✤ Network (including [dis]connected devices) ✤ For a citizen in this Digital Age, to achieve Self-determination (the process by which a person controls their own life), an ability to understand, secure, and make use of data, computation (code), and network for his or her own interest (and preventing others to use against) is essential. 23
  23. 23. Future challenges…
 (you can’t do it wrong withVenn diagram) Data Network Computation Net neutrality
 (which activities are prioritized?) Infrastructure ownership (who can get connected?) Sensory citizenship
 (whose ‘votes’ got counted?) Big Data (Volume, Variety, Velocity) LinkabilityIdentity
 (do you exist?) Citizen science Metadata Transparency
 (who audit the code/ coders?) “Precrime”
 (Predictive crime control, systemic prejudgement, algorithmic bias) Anonymity Peer-to-peer network Cloud storage Cloud computing go across nation- state bordersConsumer rights as Civil rights Media convergence 24 Behavior Re-identification
  24. 24. Links ✤ “Pedestrian was killed” photo from photos/mlcastle/269644482 ✤ “Feudal” photo from File:Reeve_and_Serfs.jpg ✤ Thailand Internet Governance Forum ✤ Netizen Report 2014: Year of Surveillance https:// ✤ Privacy Report 2014 report-2014/ ✤ You Have No Control Over Security on the Feudal Internet ✤ Data and Discrimination data-and-discrimination/ ✤ Empowering Digital Self-Determination http:// ✤ More links in each photo and in that Venn diagram ✤ This presentation is available on Slideshare: ✤ Distributed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License feels free to share, copy, modify, do it whatever you like, no permission is required. ✤ Contact me: ✤ Thai Netizen Network channels ✤ ✤ ✤ ✤ ✤ 25

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  • sarinee

    Aug. 19, 2015
  • jakrapong

    Aug. 19, 2015
  • saruttong

    Aug. 19, 2015
  • NoitheEscaper

    Aug. 23, 2015

About myself, works at Thai Netizen Network, and what I think they are critical issues we should think more about when it comes to human rights, civil rights, political rights, and consumer rights in this Digital Age. Prepared for a workshop with Cambodian friends in Phnom Penh. *** Tada! This time with Venn diagram! ***


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