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SPECTRUM OF GLUTEN-RELATED
DISORDERS
Aleksandra Golba
CONTENT
• INTRODUCTION
• COULD GLUTEN BE
CAUSING YOUR HEALTH
PROBLEMS?
• CELIAC DISEASE OR
WHEAT ALLERGY
• How are Celiac ...
INTRODUCTION
Gluten is the main structural protein complex of
wheat with equivalent toxic proteins found in other
cereals,...
• Problems caused by these proteins are not
the same thing as blood sugar problems
caused by the carbohydrates in wheat. I...
COULD GLUTEN BE CAUSING YOUR
HEALTH PROBLEMS?II
http:/
/finefi
tday.
com/
2013/
07/pa
sta-
face-
off-
quino
a-vs-
whol
e-
...
CELIAC DISEASE
• CD is a genetic, autoimmune
disorder that occurs in
reaction to the ingestion of
gluten.To develop celiac...
WHEAT ALLERGY
• Wheat allergy is an immune
reaction to any of the
hundreds of proteins in wheat.
When a person has a wheat...
HOW ARE CELIAC DISEASE AND ANEMIA
CONNECTED?
• Celiac disease can cause
damage to the small
intestine where iron,
folate, ...
HOW ARE CELIAC DISEASE AND ANEMIA
CONNECTED?
• The most common
sign of celiac
disease in adults is
iron-deficiency
anemia ...
HOW ARE CELIAC DISEASE AND ANEMIA
CONNECTED?
• Iron and folate anemias are seen more often in
people with celiac disease b...
THE GLUTEN-FREE DIET:
FACTS AND MYTHS
Individuals who have celiac
disease require a gluten-free
diet for health
reasons. I...
COMMON
MISCONCEPTIONS
ABOUT THE GLUTEN-
FREE DIET
• If an individual whose diet
contains large amounts of
breads, pastas a...
ANOTHER COMMON
MISCONCEPTION ABOUT THE
GLUTEN-FREE DIET
• The presence or absence of
gluten alone is not related to
diet q...
BIBLIOGRAPHY
• https://www.gluten.org/resources/getting-started/the-gluten-free-diet-facts-
and-myths/
• https://www.ncbi....
BIG THANKS FOR WATCHING!
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Gluten by Aleksandra G

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Gluten by Aleksandra G

  1. 1. SPECTRUM OF GLUTEN-RELATED DISORDERS Aleksandra Golba
  2. 2. CONTENT • INTRODUCTION • COULD GLUTEN BE CAUSING YOUR HEALTH PROBLEMS? • CELIAC DISEASE OR WHEAT ALLERGY • How are Celiac Disease and Anemia Connected? • THE GLUTEN-FREE DIET: FACTS AND MYTHS https://www.bbcgoodfood.com/howto/guide/top- 10-tips-gluten-free-diet https://www.consumerreports.org/cro/ magazine/2015/01/will-a-gluten-free- diet-really-make-you- healthier/index.htm https://pl.pinterest.com/gfre eschool/womens-gluten- free-health-summit/?lp=true https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2015/feb/25/glu ten-free-diet-life-saving-fad
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION Gluten is the main structural protein complex of wheat with equivalent toxic proteins found in other cereals, including rye and barley. Possibly the introduction of gluten-containing grains, which occurred about 10,000 years ago with the advent of agriculture, represented an evolutionary challenge that created the conditions for human diseases related to gluten exposure. https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikip edia/commons/7/73/Illustration_Tr iticum_aestivum1.jpg https://upload.wikimedia.org/w ikipedia/commons/c/cb/Illustrat ion_Triticum_aestivum0.jpg Agriculture- rolnictwo Evolutionary- evolutionary
  4. 4. • Problems caused by these proteins are not the same thing as blood sugar problems caused by the carbohydrates in wheat. It’s true that getting a majority of calories from wheat (especially refined wheat) can cause metabolic problems like blood sugar swings. COULD GLUTEN BE CAUSING YOUR HEALTH PROBLEMS? https://paleoleap. com/11-ways- gluten-and- wheat-can- damage-your- health https://static.pexels.co m/photos/326082/pexel s-photo-326082.jpeg Carbohydrates- węglowodany Refined- rafinowany blood sugar swings- wahania poziomu cukru we krwi
  5. 5. COULD GLUTEN BE CAUSING YOUR HEALTH PROBLEMS?II http:/ /finefi tday. com/ 2013/ 07/pa sta- face- off- quino a-vs- whol e- whea t.htm l First, it alters the integrity of the gut, creating cracks in the gut lining. Second, because gluten- sensitive people cannot properly digest gluten, these large molecules enter the bloodstream, and the immune system recognizes them as invaders, activating an immune response that in turn can result in acne. Immune- odporny Inflammation- zapalenie Bloodstream -krwioobieg
  6. 6. CELIAC DISEASE • CD is a genetic, autoimmune disorder that occurs in reaction to the ingestion of gluten.To develop celiac disease a person must inherit the genetic predisposition, be consuming gluten, and have the disease activated. CELIAC DISEASE OR WHEAT ALLERGY https://h ealthove rview.fil es.word press.co m/2012/ 10/drea mstime_ s_16242 989.jpg https://www.dietvsdisease.org/celiac-disease-diet/ https://threebakers.com/celiac-disease-101/ http://sites.psu.edu/swilliamsnutr/category/celiac-disease/
  7. 7. WHEAT ALLERGY • Wheat allergy is an immune reaction to any of the hundreds of proteins in wheat. When a person has a wheat allergy, one type of white blood cells, called B-cells, send out immunoglobulin E antibodies to “attack” the wheat. • At the same time, local tissues in the body send out natural chemical messengers to alert the rest of the body that there is a problem. / CELIAC DISEASE OR WHEAT ALLERGY https://www.healthcastle.com/wheat-allergy-tips/ http://www.offdhook.com/a-different- perspective/191wheatallergy/ https://microbiology2009.wikispaces.co m/Wheat+Allergy?responseToken=0f95 1e14e40fa6f821c4635711189eb99
  8. 8. HOW ARE CELIAC DISEASE AND ANEMIA CONNECTED? • Celiac disease can cause damage to the small intestine where iron, folate, and vitamin B12 are absorbed. https://www.livestrong.com/article/367750-foods-to-avoid-with-anemia/
  9. 9. HOW ARE CELIAC DISEASE AND ANEMIA CONNECTED? • The most common sign of celiac disease in adults is iron-deficiency anemia that is unresponsive to iron therapy. http://www.coastalmags.com/The-South-Coast-Insider/food/overcoming-gluten/
  10. 10. HOW ARE CELIAC DISEASE AND ANEMIA CONNECTED? • Iron and folate anemias are seen more often in people with celiac disease because these nutrients are absorbed in the upper two parts of the intestine where damage can occur in earlier stages of celiac disease. https://www.spring-nutrition.org/stories/how-can-we-reduce-anemia
  11. 11. THE GLUTEN-FREE DIET: FACTS AND MYTHS Individuals who have celiac disease require a gluten-free diet for health reasons. Ingestion of gluten in these individuals causes an adverse reaction which damages intestinal cells and can lead to serious health problems!!!
  12. 12. COMMON MISCONCEPTIONS ABOUT THE GLUTEN- FREE DIET • If an individual whose diet contains large amounts of breads, pastas and cookies (especially those made from refined flours) switches to a gluten-free diet which eliminates these foods while increasing fruits, vegetables and other healthful gluten- free foods, the resulting diet would likely be healthier.
  13. 13. ANOTHER COMMON MISCONCEPTION ABOUT THE GLUTEN-FREE DIET • The presence or absence of gluten alone is not related to diet quality. What’s important is the overall food choices made within the diet, whether it’s gluten-free or not. • On the other hand, this same person could easily substitute gluten-free breads, pastas and cookies into the diet, without increasing intake of healthful gluten-free foods like vegetables and fruits.
  14. 14. BIBLIOGRAPHY • https://www.gluten.org/resources/getting-started/the-gluten-free-diet-facts- and-myths/ • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3292448/?report=reader • https://paleoleap.com/11-ways-gluten-and-wheat-can-damage-your-health/
  15. 15. BIG THANKS FOR WATCHING!

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