The Importance of DairyFarming and How It Effects   Our Every Day Life  Featuring Property of R.E AND C.J BARTZ LOWOOD QLD...
Lets get startedHi I’m Jess I’m in yr 9   and I am  15 yrs old.I do Ag at    Mullum      High    I am   studying   the dai...
Why dairying matters?To answer the questions:   ‘Why dairy farming  matters and why it  is important to  every day life’ I...
The FarmCome with me to check out a dairy farm.
The process of milking.• The  cows are  rounded  up to the  dairy for  milking.
The dairy• Cows  are let  into both  sides to  be  milked.• This is a  Herring  Bone  system
Milking• suction  cups  are put  on the  cows  udders  to get  the  milk  out.
Milking cont…• After all the milk  has been  sucked out of  the cows udder  the cups are  taken off and  the cows teats  a...
Good Hygiene          • After the            whole row of            cows have            been milked            and had t...
Cleaning Up• After all  the cows  have been  milked, the  dairy is  then  washed  out and  the milk  lines  cleaned.
Wonderingwhere all themilk is now?
Milk Vat• It is stored  in the  refrigerated  vats until  the milk  truck  arrives to  collect it.
• The dairy after the milking is finished.
Why do breeds matter in thedairy industry?
Breeds of Dairy CattleGood breeding matters because you want goodquality milk and lots of it so you just can’t milk anyran...
Jersey• This is a  jersey and  she can  produce a  higher level  of butter fat  and protein  in her milk  than other  bree...
Holstein Friesian• This is a Holstein  Friesian who has  the capacity to  produce more  milk that all the  other breeds.
Brown Swiss• This is a Brown  Swiss.• This breed  originated from  Switzerland• They are not as  common in Australia  as o...
Guernsey• This is a  Guernsey  bull.• Guernsey’s  are similar  to Jerseys  but are a lot  bigger.
Illawarra•This is anAustralianIllawarra dairyheifer•Illawarra’soriginated inthe Illawarraregion of NSWfrom threedifferentb...
Ayrshire•   This breed    originated in    South-west    Scotland•   They are    medium-sized    and white    mixed with r...
NEXT STOP THE PASTURES
• Pastures are  an important     part of   dairying as  cows need to   eat, and the      grass  provides the energy for th...
The farmers usually grow other types ofgrasses like rye, oats, Lucerne or corn to help improve the quality and quantity of...
Ryegrass is perfect for winter• This is rye  grass and is  a good  winter feed.• A lot of  grasses  don’t grow in  winter ...
Lucerne is very water efficient             but…• Grazing on  Lucerne  has to be  carefully  monitored,  cows can  bloat a...
Like this cow• .
Winter feedIf you haven’t       much    grass you   will need to    supply the    cows with   some other     type of     f...
Forage for the dry timesThis barley hay    is cut and  stored in the  hay shed for  winter, when  pasture is in  short sup...
• If have access to water you can irrigate  your pastures to supplement rainfall.
Time ConsumingIrrigating can be hard work and includes:• Moving pipes• Finding a water source• Remembering to turn off the...
Types of Irrigators• There are different  types of irrigation  systems eg: spray  lines, boom irrigators,  centre point pi...
The calves
• Calves are  taken off  their mothers  within the  first week  they are born  and hand  raised.
Why?
• The calves are  quieter to  handle when  they get older• Their mothers  produce more  milk than the  calf can drink.• So...
• This calf is  one day  old.• It has to be  taught how  to suck  from a  bucket• You do this  by putting  your fingers  i...
Fast learners• In no time at all they’re drinking from the  buckets.
What else is left to do on the    farm?
Lets take a    look
Jobs to be doneAs well as milking the cows, rearing the calves and looking  after pastures there is also:   •   fences to ...
Fencing• Fences are  very important  for keeping the  cows in or out.•    If the fences    are down or    broken, they    ...
Vaccination• Cows need to be  vaccinated to  lesson the risk of  getting serious  diseases and  conditions like for  tick ...
• Ear tagging is  important so  you can easily  identify cows  apart from  each other  and so you  know what  cow is what....
Dehorning & Disbudding• Horns are  usually  removed when  they are calves.• Cows with  horns can be  dangerous and  cause ...
Machinery• Tractors and  machines are very  important on the farm  and are used for a  variety of different  things; from ...
Dogs and Farming• Working dogs  are good pets  and make the  herding of cows  easier.• You can either  train them  yoursel...
Water for cows• Water troughs  need cleaning  out to get rid of  all the algae,  scunge and  grass dropped in  the water.•...
Drenching• Cleaning out yards and pens is another job that  has to be done because poo has E coli, worms  and parasites in...
Farming is a busy lifestyle• Wow!  theres a lot   more to dairy   farming than   what I thought.• Lets take a  look at the...
EconomyAustralia makes a lot of money by exporting milk products to other countries.• Australia exports around 50% of its ...
Employment• The dairy industry creates many  different jobs, not just for the dairy  farmers• For every person employed in...
What kind of jobs are  there?
Types of jobsThere are:•   Vets•   Farm hands•   Truck drivers•   Farm managers•   Manufactures•   Factory workers
But wait theres  more
• Dairy Scientists• Dairy Technologists• Marketing Personnel• Occupational Health and Safety  Managers• Microbiologists
Any of thoseinterest you?
Farm to Fridge• Hey! Remember all that milk in the vat?  Here’s the truck driver to pick it up and  take it to the factory...
At the factory• At the factory milk is  tested, pasteurized    (kills bacteria),  homogenised ( to  prevent the cream  sep...
ProductsThe dairy industry provides us with  many different products, not just  milk.Items that contain milk products:• Fl...
Environment•   Most dairy farmers live on    their farm so they care for    the land, water and air.•   Rain water is used...
How much milk is produced every             year?• Australia dairy  farmers will produce  9 Billion litres of milk  in 200...
Milk one of life’s everyday essentials     NEARLYEVERYONE EVERY  DAY USES MILK  WHETHER IT’S A GLASS OF MILK, A BOWL OF CE...
Why dairying is important•   Dairy farming is very important because    it gives us quality products and employs    many p...
Credits•   http://www.dairyextension.com.au/edit/Conference/SNAPSHOTS%20YOUR%20MIL    K%20YOUR%20MARKETS.PD•   http://blog...
Credits cont…•   http://www.bbc.co.uk/learningzone/clips/images/previews/p_math/p_math_ec_01018_16x9.jpg•   http://www.map...
PLATINUM   GOLD   SILVER                  BRONZE   MEDIA SPONSOR
This is a     Jessica Archibald    Presentation for the            2009Cream of the Crop Competition
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The Importance of Dairy Farming by Jessica Archibald Cream of the Crop 2009

  1. 1. The Importance of DairyFarming and How It Effects Our Every Day Life Featuring Property of R.E AND C.J BARTZ LOWOOD QLD By Jessica Archibald
  2. 2. Lets get startedHi I’m Jess I’m in yr 9 and I am 15 yrs old.I do Ag at Mullum High I am studying the dairy industry.
  3. 3. Why dairying matters?To answer the questions: ‘Why dairy farming matters and why it is important to every day life’ I went to visit a dairy farm to find out what’s involved. I’ve always wondered how milk gets from a cow to my kitchen table.
  4. 4. The FarmCome with me to check out a dairy farm.
  5. 5. The process of milking.• The cows are rounded up to the dairy for milking.
  6. 6. The dairy• Cows are let into both sides to be milked.• This is a Herring Bone system
  7. 7. Milking• suction cups are put on the cows udders to get the milk out.
  8. 8. Milking cont…• After all the milk has been sucked out of the cows udder the cups are taken off and the cows teats are sprayed with a disinfectant to prevent infection.
  9. 9. Good Hygiene • After the whole row of cows have been milked and had their teats sprayed they are let out and the next lot of cows are brought in.
  10. 10. Cleaning Up• After all the cows have been milked, the dairy is then washed out and the milk lines cleaned.
  11. 11. Wonderingwhere all themilk is now?
  12. 12. Milk Vat• It is stored in the refrigerated vats until the milk truck arrives to collect it.
  13. 13. • The dairy after the milking is finished.
  14. 14. Why do breeds matter in thedairy industry?
  15. 15. Breeds of Dairy CattleGood breeding matters because you want goodquality milk and lots of it so you just can’t milk anyrandom cow.• Some breeds are: – Jersey – Holstein Friesian – Brown Swiss – Guernsey – Illawarra – Ayrshire
  16. 16. Jersey• This is a jersey and she can produce a higher level of butter fat and protein in her milk than other breeds.
  17. 17. Holstein Friesian• This is a Holstein Friesian who has the capacity to produce more milk that all the other breeds.
  18. 18. Brown Swiss• This is a Brown Swiss.• This breed originated from Switzerland• They are not as common in Australia as other breeds.
  19. 19. Guernsey• This is a Guernsey bull.• Guernsey’s are similar to Jerseys but are a lot bigger.
  20. 20. Illawarra•This is anAustralianIllawarra dairyheifer•Illawarra’soriginated inthe Illawarraregion of NSWfrom threedifferentbreeds.
  21. 21. Ayrshire• This breed originated in South-west Scotland• They are medium-sized and white mixed with red or brown in colour.. Ayrshire Bull
  22. 22. NEXT STOP THE PASTURES
  23. 23. • Pastures are an important part of dairying as cows need to eat, and the grass provides the energy for the cows to make milk.
  24. 24. The farmers usually grow other types ofgrasses like rye, oats, Lucerne or corn to help improve the quality and quantity of milk cows produce.
  25. 25. Ryegrass is perfect for winter• This is rye grass and is a good winter feed.• A lot of grasses don’t grow in winter and can be effected by frost.
  26. 26. Lucerne is very water efficient but…• Grazing on Lucerne has to be carefully monitored, cows can bloat and die.
  27. 27. Like this cow• .
  28. 28. Winter feedIf you haven’t much grass you will need to supply the cows with some other type of forage. Like this barley hay .
  29. 29. Forage for the dry timesThis barley hay is cut and stored in the hay shed for winter, when pasture is in short supply.
  30. 30. • If have access to water you can irrigate your pastures to supplement rainfall.
  31. 31. Time ConsumingIrrigating can be hard work and includes:• Moving pipes• Finding a water source• Remembering to turn off the water if it’s not on an automatic timer.
  32. 32. Types of Irrigators• There are different types of irrigation systems eg: spray lines, boom irrigators, centre point pivot, lateral mover, hard hose, soft hose.• This is a spray line irrigator
  33. 33. The calves
  34. 34. • Calves are taken off their mothers within the first week they are born and hand raised.
  35. 35. Why?
  36. 36. • The calves are quieter to handle when they get older• Their mothers produce more milk than the calf can drink.• So they dont get in the road when their mothers are being milked
  37. 37. • This calf is one day old.• It has to be taught how to suck from a bucket• You do this by putting your fingers in the milk and letting the calf suck from them.
  38. 38. Fast learners• In no time at all they’re drinking from the buckets.
  39. 39. What else is left to do on the farm?
  40. 40. Lets take a look
  41. 41. Jobs to be doneAs well as milking the cows, rearing the calves and looking after pastures there is also: • fences to be maintained • Cows to be vaccinated, ear tagged, de-horned … • Driving tractors and using different machinery • water troughs and yards to clean out • The training and care for working dogs (if you choose to have them)
  42. 42. Fencing• Fences are very important for keeping the cows in or out.• If the fences are down or broken, they need to repaired straight away.
  43. 43. Vaccination• Cows need to be vaccinated to lesson the risk of getting serious diseases and conditions like for tick fever in QLD.
  44. 44. • Ear tagging is important so you can easily identify cows apart from each other and so you know what cow is what. It’s kind of like naming cows with numbers
  45. 45. Dehorning & Disbudding• Horns are usually removed when they are calves.• Cows with horns can be dangerous and cause injuries to other cows or people.
  46. 46. Machinery• Tractors and machines are very important on the farm and are used for a variety of different things; from sowing and ploughing paddocks to lifting and carrying heavy objects like tree stumps.
  47. 47. Dogs and Farming• Working dogs are good pets and make the herding of cows easier.• You can either train them yourself (which is lots of fun) or buy one that is already trained.
  48. 48. Water for cows• Water troughs need cleaning out to get rid of all the algae, scunge and grass dropped in the water.• This is important as cows need clean water to stay healthy
  49. 49. Drenching• Cleaning out yards and pens is another job that has to be done because poo has E coli, worms and parasites in it.• If a cow eats a parasite they can breed in the cows intestine and make the cow sick.• Regular drenching of the cows is important to.
  50. 50. Farming is a busy lifestyle• Wow! theres a lot more to dairy farming than what I thought.• Lets take a look at the social, environmental and economic implications.
  51. 51. EconomyAustralia makes a lot of money by exporting milk products to other countries.• Australia exports around 50% of its milk production each year and the other 50% is keep in Australia.• With good economic growth prospects increasing demand for dairy products.
  52. 52. Employment• The dairy industry creates many different jobs, not just for the dairy farmers• For every person employed in the dairy industry another 4 jobs are created in the community.
  53. 53. What kind of jobs are there?
  54. 54. Types of jobsThere are:• Vets• Farm hands• Truck drivers• Farm managers• Manufactures• Factory workers
  55. 55. But wait theres more
  56. 56. • Dairy Scientists• Dairy Technologists• Marketing Personnel• Occupational Health and Safety Managers• Microbiologists
  57. 57. Any of thoseinterest you?
  58. 58. Farm to Fridge• Hey! Remember all that milk in the vat? Here’s the truck driver to pick it up and take it to the factory for processing.
  59. 59. At the factory• At the factory milk is tested, pasteurized (kills bacteria), homogenised ( to prevent the cream separating and settling on top).• Milk is then sent through a processing line and bottled.• Milk is then transported in refrigerated trucks to supermarkets and other shops.
  60. 60. ProductsThe dairy industry provides us with many different products, not just milk.Items that contain milk products:• Flavoured milk, Condensed milk, Butter, Yogurt, Cheese, Cream, Chocolate, chips , cakes, biscuits and many packet and processed foods to give that extra yummy flavour.• most importantly without milk we would have no ice-cream!
  61. 61. Environment• Most dairy farmers live on their farm so they care for the land, water and air.• Rain water is used for crops, and to fill dams.• After milking, the dairy is washed out and all the cow poo goes into a tank and is spread as a fertiliser.• Farm facilities must follow and meet Government and environmental regulations.
  62. 62. How much milk is produced every year?• Australia dairy farmers will produce 9 Billion litres of milk in 2009• Volume each year depends on climatic conditions and rainfall.
  63. 63. Milk one of life’s everyday essentials NEARLYEVERYONE EVERY DAY USES MILK WHETHER IT’S A GLASS OF MILK, A BOWL OF CEREAL, OR MILK PRODUCTS. MILK GIVES US CALCIUM TO KEEP OUR BONES TO STAY STRONG.
  64. 64. Why dairying is important• Dairy farming is very important because it gives us quality products and employs many people. It is important for our dairy industry to be sustainable and viable.• The dairy industry affects me because I eat lots of dairy products every day for breakfast, lunch and dinner.• And as you can see from my trip around the farm, there is a lot involved in getting the milk from the cow to the kitchen table.
  65. 65. Credits• http://www.dairyextension.com.au/edit/Conference/SNAPSHOTS%20YOUR%20MIL K%20YOUR%20MARKETS.PD• http://blogs.das.psu.edu/tetherton/wp-content/uploads/Glass-of-milk- 2009.png• http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2059/2103104626_72040a79df.jpg?v=0• http://www.mbfarviewfarm.com/images/Dairy- Goats/Registered%20Devon%20Dairy%20Cow%20Named%20Ge mini.jpg• http://www.dairyfarmers.com.au/df/files/jpg/DF-Milk-cartons-on- shelf2.jpg• http://www.floridamilk.com/about-dairy-farming/about-dairy-foods/• http://www.dairyfarmers.com.au/df/aboutus/studentpack/fromcowtoc onsumer/
  66. 66. Credits cont…• http://www.bbc.co.uk/learningzone/clips/images/previews/p_math/p_math_ec_01018_16x9.jpg• http://www.mapleviewfarm.com/newsstories/061204DH3.JPG• http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/monthwithoutplastic/blog_milk94bbc.jpg• http://www.treehugger.com/cadbury-milk-chocolate.jpg• http://www.australianmajestictours.com/dairyfarm.jpg• http://www.istockphoto.com/file_thumbview_approve/5930088/2/istockphoto_5930088-cute-dairy- cow-vector-illustration.jpg• http://images.google.com.au/images?hl=en&rlz=1T4ADBR_enAU331AU331&um=1&q=cute+carto on++cows&sa=N&start=20&ndsp=20
  67. 67. PLATINUM GOLD SILVER BRONZE MEDIA SPONSOR
  68. 68. This is a Jessica Archibald Presentation for the 2009Cream of the Crop Competition

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