The Importance of Dairy Farming by Jessica Archibald Cream of the Crop 2009
The Importance of DairyFarming and How It Effects Our Every Day Life Featuring Property of R.E AND C.J BARTZ LOWOOD QLD By Jessica Archibald
Lets get startedHi I’m Jess I’m in yr 9 and I am 15 yrs old.I do Ag at Mullum High I am studying the dairy industry.
Why dairying matters?To answer the questions: ‘Why dairy farming matters and why it is important to every day life’ I went to visit a dairy farm to find out what’s involved. I’ve always wondered how milk gets from a cow to my kitchen table.
The FarmCome with me to check out a dairy farm.
The process of milking.• The cows are rounded up to the dairy for milking.
The dairy• Cows are let into both sides to be milked.• This is a Herring Bone system
Milking• suction cups are put on the cows udders to get the milk out.
Milking cont…• After all the milk has been sucked out of the cows udder the cups are taken off and the cows teats are sprayed with a disinfectant to prevent infection.
Good Hygiene • After the whole row of cows have been milked and had their teats sprayed they are let out and the next lot of cows are brought in.
Cleaning Up• After all the cows have been milked, the dairy is then washed out and the milk lines cleaned.
Breeds of Dairy CattleGood breeding matters because you want goodquality milk and lots of it so you just can’t milk anyrandom cow.• Some breeds are: – Jersey – Holstein Friesian – Brown Swiss – Guernsey – Illawarra – Ayrshire
Jersey• This is a jersey and she can produce a higher level of butter fat and protein in her milk than other breeds.
Holstein Friesian• This is a Holstein Friesian who has the capacity to produce more milk that all the other breeds.
Brown Swiss• This is a Brown Swiss.• This breed originated from Switzerland• They are not as common in Australia as other breeds.
Guernsey• This is a Guernsey bull.• Guernsey’s are similar to Jerseys but are a lot bigger.
Illawarra•This is anAustralianIllawarra dairyheifer•Illawarra’soriginated inthe Illawarraregion of NSWfrom threedifferentbreeds.
Ayrshire• This breed originated in South-west Scotland• They are medium-sized and white mixed with red or brown in colour.. Ayrshire Bull
Jobs to be doneAs well as milking the cows, rearing the calves and looking after pastures there is also: • fences to be maintained • Cows to be vaccinated, ear tagged, de-horned … • Driving tractors and using different machinery • water troughs and yards to clean out • The training and care for working dogs (if you choose to have them)
Fencing• Fences are very important for keeping the cows in or out.• If the fences are down or broken, they need to repaired straight away.
Vaccination• Cows need to be vaccinated to lesson the risk of getting serious diseases and conditions like for tick fever in QLD.
• Ear tagging is important so you can easily identify cows apart from each other and so you know what cow is what. It’s kind of like naming cows with numbers
Dehorning & Disbudding• Horns are usually removed when they are calves.• Cows with horns can be dangerous and cause injuries to other cows or people.
Machinery• Tractors and machines are very important on the farm and are used for a variety of different things; from sowing and ploughing paddocks to lifting and carrying heavy objects like tree stumps.
Dogs and Farming• Working dogs are good pets and make the herding of cows easier.• You can either train them yourself (which is lots of fun) or buy one that is already trained.
Water for cows• Water troughs need cleaning out to get rid of all the algae, scunge and grass dropped in the water.• This is important as cows need clean water to stay healthy
Drenching• Cleaning out yards and pens is another job that has to be done because poo has E coli, worms and parasites in it.• If a cow eats a parasite they can breed in the cows intestine and make the cow sick.• Regular drenching of the cows is important to.
Farming is a busy lifestyle• Wow! theres a lot more to dairy farming than what I thought.• Lets take a look at the social, environmental and economic implications.
EconomyAustralia makes a lot of money by exporting milk products to other countries.• Australia exports around 50% of its milk production each year and the other 50% is keep in Australia.• With good economic growth prospects increasing demand for dairy products.
Employment• The dairy industry creates many different jobs, not just for the dairy farmers• For every person employed in the dairy industry another 4 jobs are created in the community.
Farm to Fridge• Hey! Remember all that milk in the vat? Here’s the truck driver to pick it up and take it to the factory for processing.
At the factory• At the factory milk is tested, pasteurized (kills bacteria), homogenised ( to prevent the cream separating and settling on top).• Milk is then sent through a processing line and bottled.• Milk is then transported in refrigerated trucks to supermarkets and other shops.
ProductsThe dairy industry provides us with many different products, not just milk.Items that contain milk products:• Flavoured milk, Condensed milk, Butter, Yogurt, Cheese, Cream, Chocolate, chips , cakes, biscuits and many packet and processed foods to give that extra yummy flavour.• most importantly without milk we would have no ice-cream!
Environment• Most dairy farmers live on their farm so they care for the land, water and air.• Rain water is used for crops, and to fill dams.• After milking, the dairy is washed out and all the cow poo goes into a tank and is spread as a fertiliser.• Farm facilities must follow and meet Government and environmental regulations.
How much milk is produced every year?• Australia dairy farmers will produce 9 Billion litres of milk in 2009• Volume each year depends on climatic conditions and rainfall.
Milk one of life’s everyday essentials NEARLYEVERYONE EVERY DAY USES MILK WHETHER IT’S A GLASS OF MILK, A BOWL OF CEREAL, OR MILK PRODUCTS. MILK GIVES US CALCIUM TO KEEP OUR BONES TO STAY STRONG.
Why dairying is important• Dairy farming is very important because it gives us quality products and employs many people. It is important for our dairy industry to be sustainable and viable.• The dairy industry affects me because I eat lots of dairy products every day for breakfast, lunch and dinner.• And as you can see from my trip around the farm, there is a lot involved in getting the milk from the cow to the kitchen table.