SUSTAINABLE URBAN TRAVEL SHUBHRANEEL AICH  |   10ID60R15
METHODOLOGY
SUSTAINABILITY As articulated by the Brundtland Commission ,  Sustainable development meets the needs of the present witho...
URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE INFRASTRUCTURAL DEVELOPMENT
TRANSPORTATION STATISTICS <ul><li>Source : Transport Research Wing, Ministry of Road Transport & Highways, Government of I...
SUSTAINABILITY IN TRANSPORTATION <ul><li>Sustainability in transport can be brought about by the following: </li></ul><ul>...
ACHIEVING SUSTAINABILITY IN TRANSPORT
 
ACHIEVING SUSTAINABILITY IN TRANSPORT :  CASE STUDY OF MUMBAI LOCAL TRAINS <ul><li>FACTS AND FIGURES </li></ul><ul><li>Spr...
CASE STUDY OF MUMBAI LOCAL TRAINS - WHAT MAKES IT SUSTAINABLE? <ul><li>Supply preceded demand  and created the URBAN STRUC...
 
To provide a genuine  alternative to the car , public transport systems must deliver better service at lower costs than co...
•  PRT makes  efficient use of electrical energy  due to the absence of intermediary stops and starts, high efficiency of ...
<ul><li>Public acceptability of PRT networks depends on many city-specific factors only resolvable in a full public arena....
 
The BRTS of Ahmedabad was the first of its kind in India and despite of its many criticisms, it has been recognized as a s...
<ul><li>The sustainability factor is decided by the following: </li></ul><ul><li>Lessening the impact of climate change </...
ESSENTIAL FEATURES FOR A SUCCESSFUL BRTS <ul><li>Adequate road width  is are required to accommodate the various road util...
BUS STANDS <ul><li>Passenger  protection  from passing traffic </li></ul><ul><li>Access for  people with disabilities </li...
CRITICISM <ul><li>Large no of stations  make it time consuming </li></ul><ul><li>Increased number of  intersections  do no...
 
PIMPRI-CHINCHWAD – BRTS Pimpri – Chinchwad  is a city in the  Pune district  in the  Indian   state  of  Maharashtra . It ...
NASHIK PHATA RESIDENTIAL ORIGIN INDUSTRIAL AREA DESTINATION CITY CORE DESTINATION RESIDENTIAL ORIGIN NIGDI DAPODI WAKAD
PIMPRI-CHINCHWAD–FEASIBILITY OF BRTS <ul><li>The success of any BRTS system depends on the following factors: </li></ul><u...
REFERENCES : <ul><li>Charles Correa” Mumbai&quot;, India Today, Sept 2010. </li></ul><ul><li>AHMEDABAD MUNICIPAL CORPORATI...
THANK YOU
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SEM 1 PRESENTATION

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MY PRESENTATION ON SUSTAINABLE URBAN TRAVEL WITH FOCUS ON CONTEMPORARY CASE STUDIES

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  • Sustainable Urban travel....
  • SEM 1 PRESENTATION

    1. 1. SUSTAINABLE URBAN TRAVEL SHUBHRANEEL AICH | 10ID60R15
    2. 2. METHODOLOGY
    3. 3. SUSTAINABILITY As articulated by the Brundtland Commission , Sustainable development meets the needs of the present without sacrificing the ability of future generations to do the same . These ‘needs’ are now widely accepted to include goals related to economic development, social and human development, and environmental and ecological health. In the context of natural resource policy, sustainability would mean limiting depletion of resources to the rate at which they can be replenished, or alternatives can be identified.
    4. 4. URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE INFRASTRUCTURAL DEVELOPMENT
    5. 5. TRANSPORTATION STATISTICS <ul><li>Source : Transport Research Wing, Ministry of Road Transport & Highways, Government of India, New Delhi. Motor Transport Statistics of India. </li></ul><ul><li>Source : Transport Research Wing, Ministry of Road Transport & Highways, Government of India, New Delhi. Motor Transport Statistics of India. </li></ul><ul><li>Source : Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, New Delhi. 1998. Traffic and Transportation Policies and Strategies in Urban Areas in India. Final Report. </li></ul><ul><li>Source : Planning Department, Government of NCT of Delhi, March 2000. </li></ul>1 2 4 3
    6. 6. SUSTAINABILITY IN TRANSPORTATION <ul><li>Sustainability in transport can be brought about by the following: </li></ul><ul><li>REDUCE THE DEMAND TO TRAVEL BY CAR </li></ul><ul><li>Restraining motorization. </li></ul><ul><li>Planning and policy to restrain light vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>increase land-use density </li></ul><ul><li>shaping the design of cities </li></ul><ul><li>SHIFT TRAVEL TO A MORE EFFICIENT MODE </li></ul><ul><li>Strong and optimized public transport, </li></ul><ul><li>Integrating transit with efficient land use, </li></ul><ul><li>Enhancing walking and cycling, </li></ul><ul><li>And encouraging mini-cars and electric two-wheelers. </li></ul><ul><li>Bus rapid transit (BRT ) is gaining attention </li></ul><ul><li>IMPROVE ENERGY EFFICIENCY OF TRAVEL </li></ul><ul><li>Light-duty road vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>Energy efficient transport modes and vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>In the medium and longer term, electric, hybrid cars </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel-cell vehicles is currently small </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel economy regulations, taxes, and subsidies can be effective in promoting vehicle </li></ul><ul><li>Efficiency improvements. </li></ul><ul><li>Eco-driving styles, increased load factors, improved maintenance, in-vehicle technological aids, more efficient </li></ul><ul><li>Replacement tires, reduced idling, and better traffic management and route choice. </li></ul>
    7. 7. ACHIEVING SUSTAINABILITY IN TRANSPORT
    8. 9. ACHIEVING SUSTAINABILITY IN TRANSPORT : CASE STUDY OF MUMBAI LOCAL TRAINS <ul><li>FACTS AND FIGURES </li></ul><ul><li>Spread over 464 route kilometres , The Suburban Railway system operates on 1500 V DC / 25000 V AC (Virar-Borivali & Kasara - Titwala) power supply from overhead catenary lines. The suburban services are run by electric multiple units (EMUs). 191 rakes (train sets) of 9-car & 12-car composition are utilised to run 2342 train services, carrying 6.94 million passengers per day. </li></ul><ul><li>Over 88% of the commuters in Mumbai travel by Suburban trains </li></ul><ul><li>Mumbai's Suburban Rail System carries about 64 lakhs (6.4 million) passengers per day. </li></ul><ul><li>About 4700 passengers travel in a 9-car rake during peak hours, as against its rated carrying capacity of only 1,700. </li></ul>
    9. 10. CASE STUDY OF MUMBAI LOCAL TRAINS - WHAT MAKES IT SUSTAINABLE? <ul><li>Supply preceded demand and created the URBAN STRUCTURE of Mumbai. </li></ul><ul><li>Land use was integrated along with transport from the start. </li></ul><ul><li>The linear nature of growth of the city makes it possible to run a large no of trains at high frequency. </li></ul><ul><li>Runs in a corridor of high density leading to greater mobility of the citizens. </li></ul><ul><li>Economic, affordable </li></ul><ul><li>Pollution free : no transport emission </li></ul><ul><li>Social equity </li></ul>
    10. 12. To provide a genuine alternative to the car , public transport systems must deliver better service at lower costs than conventional transit. This can be achieved by systems of small, lightweight, automatically controlled vehicles operating between off-line stations in a network of interconnected, small, low-cost, exclusive guide ways. • Small, fully automated electric vehicles • Small guide ways that can be elevated above ground, at or near ground, or underground. • Vehicles available for use by individuals singly, or in small groups travelling together by choice. • Vehicles able to use all guide ways and stations on a fully connected PRT network. • A direct origin-to-destination service, without need to transfer or stop at intervening stations • A service available on demand rather than on fixed schedules. CHARACTERISTICS:
    11. 13. • PRT makes efficient use of electrical energy due to the absence of intermediary stops and starts, high efficiency of electric motors, and partial recovery of energy during braking. PRT is independent of fossil fuels. • PRT has zero tailpipe emissions. • PRT is safe . Full automation removes the most frequent cause of accidents • PRT provides a taxi-like service . This is attractive to current public transport users, and also to a large portion of car drivers • PRT is easy to access and use. • PRT is affordable : The capital costs of PRT are governed by the economies of mass production. • PRT's low costs make it affordable in districts poorly served by conventional mass transit, which can enjoy enhanced patronage as PRT users transfer to regional rail. ADVANTAGES:
    12. 14. <ul><li>Public acceptability of PRT networks depends on many city-specific factors only resolvable in a full public arena. The following observations are relevant: </li></ul><ul><li>The installation of guide ways brings benefits, such as reducing traffic, providing high quality mobility , and leaving more road space for delivery of goods and emergency services. </li></ul><ul><li>PRT implementations diminish the need for controversial and expensive highway expansions. </li></ul><ul><li>Guide ways can be designed to match that of the surrounding architecture or according to a desired theme or style. </li></ul><ul><li>In sensitive districts, underground guide ways in small tunnels are an option, but raise costs. </li></ul><ul><li>It may be possible to integrate useful utility conduits into guide ways so as to create infrastructure benefits and revenue flows. </li></ul>
    13. 16. The BRTS of Ahmedabad was the first of its kind in India and despite of its many criticisms, it has been recognized as a successful project. This years Sustainable Transport Award nominees demonstrate the relevance of the developing world in the fight against climate change while improving citizens quality of life and enhancing their international competitiveness. Ahmedabad BRTS happened to be the only mass transit system from India that was nominated for this award which was to be conferred in Washington DC in the US. Last year, this award was given to New York for its transportation system. BRTS presently runs along the following routes : 1.R.T.O to Kankaria Lake 2. Kankaria Lake - Maninagar Railway Station - Kankaria Telephone Exchange 3. Dani Limbda to Narol 4. Narol - Soni ni Chal BRTS AHMEDABAD
    14. 17. <ul><li>The sustainability factor is decided by the following: </li></ul><ul><li>Lessening the impact of climate change </li></ul><ul><li>Which enhances the sustainability and liveability of its community or region </li></ul><ul><li>Through innovative transportation strategies . </li></ul><ul><li>This leads to increase mobility for all, </li></ul><ul><li>Reducing transportation greenhouse and air pollution emissions </li></ul><ul><li>Improving safety and access for bicyclists and pedestrians . </li></ul><ul><li>A major reason for the AJL clinching the title is that the city residents embraced their new BRTS system 35,000 daily passengers to commute to work, to school and elsewhere. In just a few months of operation, AJL has transformed the delivery of transit in South Asia. BRTS stations here uses innovative central median stations pulled away from the junctions. </li></ul><ul><li>Bus stations have passive solar design , an inexpensive way to keep stations naturally cool. The BRTS system has incorporated high-quality pedestrian facilities in some corridors, as well as bicycle lanes . Besides, this the city had initiated car-free days . </li></ul>BRTS AHMADABAD
    15. 18. ESSENTIAL FEATURES FOR A SUCCESSFUL BRTS <ul><li>Adequate road width is are required to accommodate the various road utilities for a successful BRTS . </li></ul><ul><li>Various other features such as walking tracks and cycle tracks can be incorporated along with BRTS to make the entire system more efficient. </li></ul><ul><li>The essential feature of a road interchange for a BRTS system to be successful is to have a minimum no of interchanges . </li></ul><ul><li>Signalized intersections stop the exclusive bus route, hence the entire point of rapid transit is lost. </li></ul><ul><li>The no. of feeder inputs into the BRTS network has to be made efficient. </li></ul><ul><li>There needs to be exclusive bus bays to ensure speedy and efficient transport </li></ul><ul><li>Lesser no of signalized intersections </li></ul><ul><li>Elevated bus bays in areas where ROW is less that required. </li></ul>BRTS AHMADABAD
    16. 19. BUS STANDS <ul><li>Passenger protection from passing traffic </li></ul><ul><li>Access for people with disabilities </li></ul><ul><li>All-weather surface to step from/to the bus </li></ul><ul><li>Proximity to pedestrian crossings </li></ul><ul><li>Proximity to major trip generators </li></ul><ul><li>Convenient passenger transfers to the existing AMTS routes with nearby stops </li></ul><ul><li>Street lighting </li></ul><ul><li>Adequate curb space for the number of buses expected at the stop at onetime </li></ul><ul><li>Bus routing patterns </li></ul><ul><li>Directions (i.e., one-way) and widths of intersection streets </li></ul><ul><li>Types of traffic signal controls (signal, stop, or yield) </li></ul><ul><li>Volumes and turning movements of other traffic </li></ul><ul><li>Width of pedestrian pavements </li></ul><ul><li>Pedestrian activity through intersections </li></ul>BRTS AHMADABAD
    17. 20. CRITICISM <ul><li>Large no of stations make it time consuming </li></ul><ul><li>Increased number of intersections do not keep the system ”rapid”. </li></ul><ul><li>Buses not suitable for a single entry single exit system – for Indian conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Large no of intersections make the system slow </li></ul><ul><li>For selection of BRT vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>1. External Dimension and Capacity </li></ul><ul><li>2. Access </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Internal Layout </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Doors & Aisle width </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Floor Height </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3. Fuel Choice </li></ul><ul><li>4. Vehicle Guidance </li></ul><ul><li>5. Aesthetics, Identity and Branding </li></ul>
    18. 22. PIMPRI-CHINCHWAD – BRTS Pimpri – Chinchwad is a city in the Pune district in the Indian state of Maharashtra . It consists of the twin towns of Pimpri and Chinch wad which are governed by a common municipal body (the Pimpri- Chinchwad Municipal Corporation or PCMC). It is located to the North-West of Pune and is well connected to the Pune city proper via the Old Pune-Mumbai Highway Pimpri-Chinchwad is a major industrial hub and hosts one of the biggest industrial zones in Asia . The industrial estates in the city were established by the MIDC . The city is home to the Indian operations of major automobile companies like Premier Limited , Mahindra Navistar, Bajaj Auto , BEL Optronic Devices Ltd , TATA Motors (formerly TELCO), Kinetic Engineering , Force Motors (formerly Bajaj Tempo) and DaimlerChrysler .
    19. 23. NASHIK PHATA RESIDENTIAL ORIGIN INDUSTRIAL AREA DESTINATION CITY CORE DESTINATION RESIDENTIAL ORIGIN NIGDI DAPODI WAKAD
    20. 24. PIMPRI-CHINCHWAD–FEASIBILITY OF BRTS <ul><li>The success of any BRTS system depends on the following factors: </li></ul><ul><li>Adequate ROW : In case of Pimpri- Chinchwad most part of the BRTS route passes through the NH4 which is 60 m wide, so ROW is not a hindrance. </li></ul><ul><li>Lesser intersections : The intersections along the NH4 and most roads in Pimpri – Chinchwad are either subways or elevated corridors, so lesser hindrance for the BRTS. </li></ul><ul><li>Economically placed bus stations : The no of bus station must be at adequate intervals that ensures feasibility by getting enough passengers and also that the speed does not go below the economic limit. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Adequate no of commuters : BRTS is an expensive system , and for the system to run successfully, adequate no of commuters must be ensured. </li></ul><ul><li>5. Right Choice of Vehicle : The right choice of vehicle is necessary so that it suits the Indian conditions. </li></ul>
    21. 25. REFERENCES : <ul><li>Charles Correa” Mumbai&quot;, India Today, Sept 2010. </li></ul><ul><li>AHMEDABAD MUNICIPAL CORPORATION – website </li></ul><ul><li>PIMPRI CHINCHWAD MUNICIPAL CORPORATION – website </li></ul><ul><li>INDIAN RAILWAYS –website </li></ul><ul><li>AHMEDABAD BRTS – Report by CEPT </li></ul><ul><li>AHMEDABAD BRTS – Executive summary report by CEPT </li></ul><ul><li>Planning for Sustainable Travel Summary Guide October 2009,www.plan4sustainabletravel.org </li></ul><ul><li>Investing in Sustainable Urban Transport -the GEF Experience </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable urban transport: Four innovative directions </li></ul><ul><li>Review of Urban transportation in India, Sanjay.K.Singh, IIT Kanpur, Journal of public transportation, Vol. 8, No. 1, 2005 </li></ul>
    22. 26. THANK YOU

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