JULY 2011 PREPARED BY : GIZ NATIONAL INTERN SHUBHRANEEL AICHSOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT AT IP CHERLAPALLI
MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE (MSW)Commonly known as trash or garbage isa waste type consisting of everydayitems we consume and discard. Itpredominantly includes food wastes,yard wastes, containers and productpackaging, and other miscellaneousinorganic wastes from residential,commercial, institutional, and industrialsources. Examples of inorganic wastesare appliances, newspapers, clothing,food scrapes, boxes, disposable table-ware, office and classroom paper,furniture, wood pallets, rubber tires,and cafeteria wastes.
PRIMARY STEPS INVOLVED IN MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT• WASTE GENERATION• COLLECTION• WASTE HANDLING AND SEPARATION, STORAGE AND PROCESSING AT THE SOURCE• SEPARATION AND PROCESSING AND TRANSFORMATION OF SOLID WASTES• TRANSFER AND TRANSPORT• DISPOSAL• ENERGY GENERATION
OBJECTIVEThe overall objective of the study is to support in planning, coordinating,implementation and monitoring of the pilot work on strengthening ofsolid waste management system in Industrial Park Cherlapalli so as totest, disseminate and promote replication of viable solutions for wastemanagement in industrial parks through poorer communities addressingsocio, economic and environmental concerns, including livelihood of theinvolved workers.• OUTPUT• OUTCOMES• RESULTS• IMPACTSMETHODOLOGY
METHODOLOGY• Introduction to site & surroundings of IP Cherlapalli.• Understanding organizational structure & working methodology of SRACO.• Acquiring maps from municipal authorities.• Site visits to IP Cherlapalli for collection of primary data.• Ground truthing & verification of data from secondary sources.• Preparation of GIS based information database & maps.• Analysis & interpretation of spatial data with respect to actual site conditions.• Researching methods for best practices of waste management & allied services.• Compilation of report.
Society for Rural Awakening andCommunity OrganizationSRACO is an NGO from Andhra Pradesh working withsocial cause for the poor. SRACO is associated withabout 90,000 contractual workers of variousmunicipalities in Andhra Pradesh. SRACO, with supportfrom Bread for the World, has taken up a pilot work onmanagement of domestic waste from the industries inthe APIIC’s Industrial Park Cherlapalli. SRACO participated in the bidding process and got acontract for a period of 6 months from the industrialpark management for carrying out solid wastemanagement by collecting domestic waste fromindustries in IP Cherlapalli. 16 workers including amajority of women workers are involved in door-to-door collection of waste, segregation, composting anddisposal. For the transportation from the door-to-doorcollection to the waste treatment area which islocated within the industrial park, the industrial parkmanagement has a separate contract with the ownersof tractors.
LAYOUT OF IDA CHERLAPALLISHOWING PHASES &SURROUNDING AREAS
LAND USE DIVISION (IN ACRES) 5% INDUSTRIAL PLOTS : 521.72 23% OPEN SPACES & GREEN BELT : 88.904FOLLOWING FIGURE SHOWSTHE TOTAL AREA SUBDIVISION 50% ROAD AREA : 146.818OF IP CHERLAPALLI COMMON FACILITIES : 235.28 14% 8% OTHER AREAS : 52.08 PHASE WISE AREA SUBDIVISION (IN SQ.M) 3% 9% 12% PHASE 1 : 391749.60 FOLLOWING FIGURE SHOWS THE PHASE 2 : 1785050.76 PHASE WISE AREA ALLOTTED IN IP 17% CHERLAPALLI PHASE 2 EXTENSION : 106152.81 PHASE 3 : 547761.45 3% 56% PHASE 4 : 90652.8 PHASE 5 : 267587.64
TYPES OF INDUSTRIES IN ALL PHASES ALL OTHERS PHASE 5 : 55FOLLOWING FIGURE COMPARES PHASE 4 : 87 PLASTIC &VARIOUS TYPES OF INDUSTRIES IN PACKAGING PHASE 3 : 114EACH PHASE PHARMACUETIC PHASE 2 : 483 AL & CHEMICAL PHASE 1 : 182 ENGINEERING & METAL WORKS 0 50 100 150 200 250 FOLLOWING FIGURE COMPARES WASTE OF INDUSTRIES IN EACH PHASE
METHODOLOGY OF WASTE COLLECTIONThe following flow chart represents the order & scheduleof activities taking place at IP Cherlapalli, for the purposeof solid waste management.
CURRENT PROBLEMS• Domestic and trade waste is sometimes thrown on streets and roads.• Construction debris is left unattended.• Industrial waste disposed off in open areas and often burned by local rag pickers & workers.• Segregation of recyclable waste not done at the source; hence the collected waste is an amalgamation of all type of waste & therefore cannot be efficiently recycled.• Primary collection and storage of waste not done at the place of generation; it is done on site• Design & location of municipal waste storage depots inappropriate, resulting in littering of garbage. The lack of dustbins in the area adds to the problem.• Street sweeping is not done. Only waste from industries is collected. Hence roads are littered• Waste transportation system not being very efficient in terms of frequency and the quantity of waste produced.• Lack of technically trained man power.• Lack of awareness and willingness for clean environment.• Lack of proper communication among different agencies• Industries to concentrate on segregation of waste at source. This may be done by installing colour coded dustbins for different kinds of waste within industry premises.
SUGGESTIONS FOR IMPROVEMENT OF PRESENTPRACTICES• Promoting source segregation at Industry level, by use of colour coded waste bins for different types of waste, which prevent mixing of different types of waste and hence can result in better separation of waste eventually.• Use of metal detectors or electromagnets o separate the iron or metal waste as they are the most commercially beneficial waste and are generally hidden in sweeping dust.• Use of protective gear like gloves, headgear, masks, boots for waste collectors & segregators to ensure health & safety. ROUTING OF WASTE MANAGEMENT• Proper site development for the purpose of waste TRACTOR segregation & post disposal activities so that they do not The route of waste collection is not the most efficient in pollute the surrounding environment. terms of both time & distance travelled. The following• Involve local rag pickers in the waste management so as to maps give an alternate network, for each phase of main prevent improper burning & disposal of waste. routes & sub routes.
NEW TECHNOLOGICAL OPTIONS FOR SOLID CONCLUSIONWASTE MANAGEMENT The waste management model used in IP Cherlapalli is the first of its kind. It lacks the technical edge required for proper• COMPOSTING waste management But the system is readily improving with• VERMI COMPOSTING increase in experience of the staff. If provided with correct• BIOMETHANATION/BIO-WASTE DERIVED FUEL technology, this system can be replicated across the various• INCINERATION industrial parks of Andhra Pradesh. Along with waste• PLASMA PYROLYSIS management, the system also responds to social welfare of• PELLETIZATION/PRODUCTION OF REFUSE DERIVED FUEL the under privileged people who under its employment have a monthly salary & health benefits. This can really help to address the social issues in the area. Therefore proper study & analysis of this system will help in enhancing & optimizing its performance which is not only an environmental requirement but also helps many people by providing them with a lively hood.