2012 Egyptian presidential
After Khairat El-Shater was disqualified from the 2012
presidential election, Morsi, who was initially nominated
as a backup candidate, emerged as the new Muslim
first round of Egypt's first post-Mubarak presidential
elections Morsi got 25.5 % vote
Nov. 28, 2011 – Feb 15, 2012 – Egypt holds weeks-long
parliamentary elections. In the lower house, the Muslim
Brotherhood wins nearly half the seats, and Salafis take
On 24 June 2012, Morsi
was announced as the
winner of the election with
51.73 % of the vote
On 10 July 2012, Morsi reinstated the Islamist-
dominated parliament that was disbanded by the
Supreme Constitutional Court of Egypt on 14 June
On 12 August 2012, Morsi asked Mohamad Hussein
Tantawi, head of the country's armed forces, and
Sami Hafez Anan, the Army chief of staff, to resign
Dec 15, Dec 22 – In the two-round
referendum, Egyptians approve the constitution, with
63.8 %voting in favour.
Cleaning of Mubarak top aides
Morsi fired two more high-rank security officials
on 16 August 2012: intelligence chief Murad
Muwafi and the commander of his presidential
On 27 August 2012, Morsi named 21 advisers
and aides that included three women and two
Christians and a large number of Islamist-leaning
figures. He also appointed new governors to
the 27 regions of the country.
On 22 November 2012, Morsi issued a
declaration to protect the work of the
Constituent Assembly drafting the new
constitution from judicial interference. In
effect, this declaration immunises his
actions from any legal challenge.
On 8 December 2012, Morsi annulled his
decree which had expanded his
presidential authority and removed judicial
review of his decrees,
On 30 June 2013, massive demonstrations were held across
Egypt calling for President Morsi's resignation from office.
Concurrently his supporters held demonstrations elsewhere
On 1 July, the Egyptian Armed Forces issued a 48-hour
ultimatum which gave the country's political parties until 3
July to meet the demands of the Egyptian people. The
Egyptian military also threatened to intervene if the dispute
was not resolved by then.
Four Ministers also resigned on the same day, including
tourism minister Hisham Zazou, communication and IT
minister Atef Helmi, state minister for legal and parliamentary
affairs Hatem Bagato and state minister for environmental
affairs Khaled Abdel Aal, leaving the government with
members of the Muslim Brotherhood only.
On 2 July, President Morsi publicly rejected the
Egyptian Army's 48-hour ultimatum and vowed to
pursue his own plans for national reconciliation
and resolving the political crisis.
On 3 July at 21:00 (GMT+2), Abdul Fatah al-Sisi
announced a road map for the future, stating that
Morsi was removed and that the head of the
Constitutional Court had been appointed the
Interim President of Egypt.
33 Million people against Morsi??
The area of Tahrir Square is 53,000 square metres.
Adding adjoining areas the total area that contained
the demonstrators was 86,000 square metres.
Assuming number of people which can be squeezed
into one square meter is four, it means that the
maximum capacity of Tahrir Square and its environs
on 30 June was 344,000 demonstrators.
Fakharani, issued a
statement affirming that "all
statistics attributed to
Google, either regarding
June 30th rallies or the
protesters who support the
Media restrictions and violence
Four television channels deemed to have been
supporting Morsi were taken off the air by police
forces after the military statement.
Misr 25, a channel owned by the Muslim
Al Hafez and
Al Nas channels were shut down as well.
Al Jazeera's Mubasher Misr, was also taken off
the air, its offices raided and its employees
Only a handful of countries support the military
Nigeria's rejection of Adli Mansour's delegation
The number of countries that reject the military intervention is much larger than the
number of those that support it, which is limited to America and its allies.
The African Union (consisting of 54 countries) announced from its
headquarters in Addis Ababa, that it has suspended Egypt's membership in protest
against the coup.
Ernest Bai Kormoba, the President of Sierra Leone condemned the military coup
The Islamist leader of the Sudanese opposition Hassan al-Turabi condemned the
isolation of Mohammad Morsi and deemed what happened in Egypt "a coup
against democracy and legitimacy.“
Tunisian president Moncef Marzouki also announced Tunisia's rejection of the
coup in Egypt,
Turkey agreed with Tunisia in its rejection of the coup and does not recognize the
new regime as legitimate.
In addition to Iran's rejection of the Military coup, Brazil also announced its refusal
to recognize the illegal regime
Germany considers the coup in Egypt to be a 'democratic failure' and encouraged
Role of public institutions
HubbardDavid D. Kirkspatrick
US funded military coup
Despite the fact that American president Barack Obama has
said the US did not take sides during the recent coup against
the elected president in Egypt, US federal government
documents proves that the White House funded many
prominent Egyptian activist who have worked outspokenly to
undermine the democratic experience.
The documents, Aljazeera said, were obtained by the
Investigative Reporting Program at UC Berkeley. They show
that the US channelled funding through a State Department
programme to Egyptian activists and the institutions they run.
However, the US knows that its funds go to anti-democracy
The programme is known by US officials as a "democracy
assistance" initiative. It is part of the Obama administration's
effort to try to stop the retreat of pro-Washington secularists.
They work to win back influence in Arab Spring countries after
Funds received from the US to Egyptian
One of the activists bankrolled is the exiled colonel in the Egyptian police, Omar Afifi
Solaiman, who served in Egypt's elite investigative police unit, notorious for human rights
abuses. He began receiving US funds in 2008 for at least four years
that Esraa Abdel-Fatah, the 34-year old Egyptian woman who sprang to notoriety during
the country's pitched battle over the new constitution in December 2012.
She exhorted activists to lay siege to mosques and drag from pulpits all Muslim preachers
and religious figures who supported the country's proposed constitution, just before it went
to a public referendum. Abdel-Fatah's organisation got a $75,000 grant in 2011.
Michael Meunier is a frequent guest on TV channels that opposed Morsi. Head of the Al-
Haya Party received USAID in 2011 granted his Cairo-based organisation $873,355. Since
2009, it has taken in $1.3 million from the US agency. Meunier helped rally the country's
five million minority Coptic Christian Orthodox who oppose Morsi's Islamist agenda to take to
the streets against the president on June 30.
Reform and Development Party member Mohammed Essmat al-Sadat received US
financial support through his Sadat Association for Social Development. Sadat, who was a
member of the main body that called for the toppling of the democratically elected president,
an Egyptian-American politician who opposed Morsi. Ibrahim's organisation also got a lot of
fund from the US.
- See more at: http://www.middleeastmonitor.com/news/americas/6554-us-documents-show-that-
Tammarrud did not even know
it was me, I am not ashamed of it.”
Role of Arab Rulers
Kuwait pledged $4 billion in cash, loans and fuel, with
Saudi Arabia offering a total of $5 billion and the UAE
The DEBKA piece claims that Saudi Arabia and the
UAE offered money to the military, rather than to
protesters (as the US is accused of doing), and that
they offered to make up the shortfall if the US cut
these states have a long-standing relationship with
the Egyptian military, and are not displeased that
Morsi has fallen. It is arguable that they see some
political gain - or at least, the elimination of a threat –
in the removal of the Muslim Brotherhood
Israeli ambassador calls Al-Sisi a "national hero for all
Israeli Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu ordered his
ministers not to make any statements regarding the coup
The restoration of the strategic partnership that existed
between "Israel" and overthrown President Mubarak's
enhance the axis of "moderation" in the Arab world
conflict between the supporters and opposition, & sectarian
polarisation between Sunnis and Shiites, will lower the
priority of the Arab-Israeli conflict
"coup against Morsi will contribute to preventing "Hamas"
from aggravating "Israel" in the future
improved the Jordanian regime's ability to face calls for
reform that may reduce its ability to continue its strategic
cooperation with "Israel“
military rule in Egypt will contribute to restore America's
position in the region
1700 Saudi intellectuals sign pro-
Morsi statement of support
More than 1,700 Saudi intellectuals have issued a
statement of support for pro-Morsi protesters who
are calling for the return of Egypt's "stolen
constitutional legitimacy". The statement also
expressed appreciation for the peaceful protests
in the face of army provocation
Among the signatories on the statement are Dr
Saud Abdullah al-Fansyan, Dr Khalid al-Ujaimi, Dr
Mohsen al-Awaji, Dr Awad al-Qarni, Dr Sanhat al-
Otaibi, Dr Ahmed bin-Said, Dr Abdul-Rahman al-
Tamami and Dr Said al-Ghamedi.
Tunnel destruction aggravates dire Gaza living
Several days before the military coup in Egypt, the army
started to demolish the tunnels under the border with the
Gaza Strip on the pretext of protecting national security
Basic commodities in Gaza have started to disappear from
the market, including oil, cement and steel. Prices have
increased by two or three times,
See more at: http://www.middleeastmonitor.com/news/middle-east/6591-tunnel-
Charges against JIB
The Jamaat stood against the independence of
Bangladesh and opposed the break-up of
It collaborated with the Pakistani Army in its
operations against Bengali nationalists,
intellectuals and minority Hindus.
Many of its leaders and activists participated in
paramilitary forces that were implicated in war
crimes, such as mass murder, especially of
Hindus, rape and forced conversions of Hindus to
Jamaat-e-Islami members led the formation of the
Shanti Committee, and the Razakar and Al-Badr
WAR CRIMES ENQUIRY
On December 16, 1971 Bangladesh was liberated.
Surrender of 95000 Pakistani soldiers took place.
The post-liberation government headed by Sheikh
Mujibur Rahman ordered an investigation to identify
war criminals. The terms of reference of that
investigation included identification of members of
Pakistani armed forces and organised bands
assisting them in the perpetration of war-crimes. It is
through that enquiry that 195 persons were identified
as war criminals.
Judgement against JIB Leaders
Ghulam Azam, 1971 chief of the erstwhile East Pakistan unit of
Current chief Matiur Rahman Nizami,
Deputy Delwar Hossain Sayeedi,
secretary general Ali Ahsan Mohammad Mojahid;
assistant secretary generals Muhammaad
Kamaruzzaman and Abdul Quader Molla;
media doyen Mir Kashem Ali, who heads the pro-
Jamaat Diganta Media Corporation;
Miah Golam Parwar; and
Abul Kalam Azad (Bachchu), an Islamic cleric
formerly associated with the party.
Concerns for process
Brad Adams, director of the Asia branch of Human Rights Watch, said in
November 2012: "The trials against the alleged war criminals are deeply
problematic, riddled with questions about the independence and
impartiality of the judges and fairness of the process. In its November
2012 report, Human Rights Watch found that "glaring violations of fair
trial standards" became apparent during the course of 2012
In January 2013, Brad Adams of Human Rights Watch (HRW) noted
concern about Shukho Ranjan Bali, who had first appeared as a witness
for the prosecution in the Delwar Hossain Sayeedi case. The defence
said he was due to give additional evidence in their favour on 5
November 2012. That day Bali was stopped before entering the
courthouse by several police officers; witnesses said he was taken away
in a white police van, and his family has not heard from him since. HRW
criticised the Bangladeshi government for not working to find him and for
its lack of adequate response to allegations criticising the tribunal. The
attorney general rejected the abduction claim as a fabrication by the
defence to bring the tribunal into disrepute. In May 2013, Bali was
found in an Indian prison, and he alleged state abduction and that
officials told him that both he and Sayeedi would be killed.
In March 2013, the Economist made criticisms of the
tribunal, mentioning government interference, restrictions on public
discussion, not enough time allocated for the defense, the kidnapping
of a defense witness and the judge resigning due to controversy over his
Lessons for Muslim Ummah
Change Mechanism – Is it Democracy??
Getting updated about current world scenarios
Media role – Transforming lies into truth
Social media – Alternate source
Gradual change models
Internal fighting among ummah - opportunism
Focus on priorities
Importance of discipline and steadfastness
Lets Pray for the victims
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