Contemporary muslim world


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Contemporary muslim world

  1. 1. A critical Analysis Contemporary Muslim world
  2. 2. 2012 Egyptian presidential campaign  After Khairat El-Shater was disqualified from the 2012 presidential election, Morsi, who was initially nominated as a backup candidate, emerged as the new Muslim Brotherhood candidate.[36]  first round of Egypt's first post-Mubarak presidential elections Morsi got 25.5 % vote  Nov. 28, 2011 – Feb 15, 2012 – Egypt holds weeks-long parliamentary elections. In the lower house, the Muslim Brotherhood wins nearly half the seats, and Salafis take another quarter. On 24 June 2012, Morsi was announced as the winner of the election with 51.73 % of the vote
  3. 3. Post Elections  On 10 July 2012, Morsi reinstated the Islamist- dominated parliament that was disbanded by the Supreme Constitutional Court of Egypt on 14 June 2012  On 12 August 2012, Morsi asked Mohamad Hussein Tantawi, head of the country's armed forces, and Sami Hafez Anan, the Army chief of staff, to resign
  4. 4. Egyptian constitutional referendum, 2012  Dec 15, Dec 22 – In the two-round referendum, Egyptians approve the constitution, with 63.8 %voting in favour.
  5. 5. Cleaning of Mubarak top aides  Morsi fired two more high-rank security officials on 16 August 2012: intelligence chief Murad Muwafi and the commander of his presidential guards.[64]  On 27 August 2012, Morsi named 21 advisers and aides that included three women and two Christians and a large number of Islamist-leaning figures.[65] He also appointed new governors to the 27 regions of the country.
  6. 6. Morsi continues  On 22 November 2012, Morsi issued a declaration to protect the work of the Constituent Assembly drafting the new constitution from judicial interference. In effect, this declaration immunises his actions from any legal challenge.  On 8 December 2012, Morsi annulled his decree which had expanded his presidential authority and removed judicial review of his decrees,
  7. 7. Western conspiracy  On 30 June 2013, massive demonstrations were held across Egypt calling for President Morsi's resignation from office.[92] Concurrently his supporters held demonstrations elsewhere in Cairo.[93]  On 1 July, the Egyptian Armed Forces issued a 48-hour ultimatum which gave the country's political parties until 3 July to meet the demands of the Egyptian people. The Egyptian military also threatened to intervene if the dispute was not resolved by then.[94]  Four Ministers also resigned on the same day, including tourism minister Hisham Zazou, communication and IT minister Atef Helmi, state minister for legal and parliamentary affairs Hatem Bagato and state minister for environmental affairs Khaled Abdel Aal,[95] leaving the government with members of the Muslim Brotherhood only.
  8. 8. Military coup  On 2 July, President Morsi publicly rejected the Egyptian Army's 48-hour ultimatum and vowed to pursue his own plans for national reconciliation and resolving the political crisis.[96]  On 3 July at 21:00 (GMT+2), Abdul Fatah al-Sisi announced a road map for the future, stating that Morsi was removed and that the head of the Constitutional Court had been appointed the Interim President of Egypt.[97]
  9. 9. 33 Million people against Morsi??  The area of Tahrir Square is 53,000 square metres. Adding adjoining areas the total area that contained the demonstrators was 86,000 square metres.  Assuming number of people which can be squeezed into one square meter is four, it means that the maximum capacity of Tahrir Square and its environs on 30 June was 344,000 demonstrators. Google's regional director, Wael Fakharani, issued a statement affirming that "all statistics attributed to Google, either regarding June 30th rallies or the protesters who support the
  10. 10. Media restrictions and violence against journalists  Four television channels[84] deemed to have been supporting Morsi were taken off the air by police forces after the military statement.[85]  Misr 25, a channel owned by the Muslim Brotherhood,  Al Hafez and  Al Nas channels were shut down as well.  Al Jazeera's Mubasher Misr, was also taken off the air, its offices raided and its employees detained
  11. 11. Only a handful of countries support the military coup  Nigeria's rejection of Adli Mansour's delegation  The number of countries that reject the military intervention is much larger than the number of those that support it, which is limited to America and its allies.  The African Union (consisting of 54 countries) announced from its headquarters in Addis Ababa, that it has suspended Egypt's membership in protest against the coup.  Ernest Bai Kormoba, the President of Sierra Leone condemned the military coup in Egypt  The Islamist leader of the Sudanese opposition Hassan al-Turabi condemned the isolation of Mohammad Morsi and deemed what happened in Egypt "a coup against democracy and legitimacy.“  Tunisian president Moncef Marzouki also announced Tunisia's rejection of the coup in Egypt,  Turkey agreed with Tunisia in its rejection of the coup and does not recognize the new regime as legitimate.  In addition to Iran's rejection of the Military coup, Brazil also announced its refusal to recognize the illegal regime  Germany considers the coup in Egypt to be a 'democratic failure' and encouraged
  12. 12. Role of public institutions Ben HubbardDavid D. Kirkspatrick Coup
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  16. 16. US funded military coup  Despite the fact that American president Barack Obama has said the US did not take sides during the recent coup against the elected president in Egypt, US federal government documents proves that the White House funded many prominent Egyptian activist who have worked outspokenly to undermine the democratic experience.  The documents, Aljazeera said, were obtained by the Investigative Reporting Program at UC Berkeley. They show that the US channelled funding through a State Department programme to Egyptian activists and the institutions they run. However, the US knows that its funds go to anti-democracy activities.  The programme is known by US officials as a "democracy assistance" initiative. It is part of the Obama administration's effort to try to stop the retreat of pro-Washington secularists. They work to win back influence in Arab Spring countries after
  17. 17. Funds received from the US to Egyptian activists  One of the activists bankrolled is the exiled colonel in the Egyptian police, Omar Afifi Solaiman, who served in Egypt's elite investigative police unit, notorious for human rights abuses. He began receiving US funds in 2008 for at least four years  that Esraa Abdel-Fatah, the 34-year old Egyptian woman who sprang to notoriety during the country's pitched battle over the new constitution in December 2012. She exhorted activists to lay siege to mosques and drag from pulpits all Muslim preachers and religious figures who supported the country's proposed constitution, just before it went to a public referendum. Abdel-Fatah's organisation got a $75,000 grant in 2011.  Michael Meunier is a frequent guest on TV channels that opposed Morsi. Head of the Al- Haya Party received USAID in 2011 granted his Cairo-based organisation $873,355. Since 2009, it has taken in $1.3 million from the US agency. Meunier helped rally the country's five million minority Coptic Christian Orthodox who oppose Morsi's Islamist agenda to take to the streets against the president on June 30.  Reform and Development Party member Mohammed Essmat al-Sadat received US financial support through his Sadat Association for Social Development. Sadat, who was a member of the main body that called for the toppling of the democratically elected president, collected $84,445.  an Egyptian-American politician who opposed Morsi. Ibrahim's organisation also got a lot of fund from the US.  - See more at: washington-funded-military-coup-in-egypt#sthash.ps9X4OEg.dpuf
  18. 18. -  Tammarrud did not even know it was me, I am not ashamed of it.” (‟
  19. 19. Role of Arab Rulers  Kuwait pledged $4 billion in cash, loans and fuel, with Saudi Arabia offering a total of $5 billion and the UAE $3 billion.  The DEBKA piece claims that Saudi Arabia and the UAE offered money to the military, rather than to protesters (as the US is accused of doing), and that they offered to make up the shortfall if the US cut military aid  these states have a long-standing relationship with the Egyptian military, and are not displeased that Morsi has fallen. It is arguable that they see some political gain - or at least, the elimination of a threat – in the removal of the Muslim Brotherhood government.
  20. 20. Zionist Plan  Israeli ambassador calls Al-Sisi a "national hero for all Jews“  Israeli Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu ordered his ministers not to make any statements regarding the coup  The restoration of the strategic partnership that existed between "Israel" and overthrown President Mubarak's regime  enhance the axis of "moderation" in the Arab world  conflict between the supporters and opposition, & sectarian polarisation between Sunnis and Shiites, will lower the priority of the Arab-Israeli conflict  "coup against Morsi will contribute to preventing "Hamas" from aggravating "Israel" in the future  improved the Jordanian regime's ability to face calls for reform that may reduce its ability to continue its strategic cooperation with "Israel“  military rule in Egypt will contribute to restore America's position in the region
  21. 21. 1700 Saudi intellectuals sign pro- Morsi statement of support  More than 1,700 Saudi intellectuals have issued a statement of support for pro-Morsi protesters who are calling for the return of Egypt's "stolen constitutional legitimacy". The statement also expressed appreciation for the peaceful protests in the face of army provocation  Among the signatories on the statement are Dr Saud Abdullah al-Fansyan, Dr Khalid al-Ujaimi, Dr Mohsen al-Awaji, Dr Awad al-Qarni, Dr Sanhat al- Otaibi, Dr Ahmed bin-Said, Dr Abdul-Rahman al- Tamami and Dr Said al-Ghamedi.
  22. 22. Tunnel destruction aggravates dire Gaza living conditions  Several days before the military coup in Egypt, the army started to demolish the tunnels under the border with the Gaza Strip on the pretext of protecting national security  Basic commodities in Gaza have started to disappear from the market, including oil, cement and steel. Prices have increased by two or three times,  See more at: destruction-aggravates-dire-gaza-living-conditions
  23. 23. Charges against JIB  The Jamaat stood against the independence of Bangladesh and opposed the break-up of Pakistan.  It collaborated with the Pakistani Army in its operations against Bengali nationalists, intellectuals and minority Hindus.  Many of its leaders and activists participated in paramilitary forces[5] that were implicated in war crimes, such as mass murder, especially of Hindus, rape and forced conversions of Hindus to Islam.[6][7][8][9]  Jamaat-e-Islami members led the formation of the Shanti Committee, and the Razakar and Al-Badr paramilitary forces.
  24. 24. WAR CRIMES ENQUIRY  On December 16, 1971 Bangladesh was liberated. Surrender of 95000 Pakistani soldiers took place. The post-liberation government headed by Sheikh Mujibur Rahman ordered an investigation to identify war criminals. The terms of reference of that investigation included identification of members of Pakistani armed forces and organised bands assisting them in the perpetration of war-crimes. It is through that enquiry that 195 persons were identified as war criminals.
  25. 25. Judgement against JIB Leaders  Ghulam Azam, 1971 chief of the erstwhile East Pakistan unit of the party;  Current chief Matiur Rahman Nizami,  Deputy Delwar Hossain Sayeedi,  secretary general Ali Ahsan Mohammad Mojahid;  assistant secretary generals Muhammaad Kamaruzzaman and Abdul Quader Molla;  media doyen Mir Kashem Ali, who heads the pro- Jamaat Diganta Media Corporation;  Miah Golam Parwar;[43] and  Abul Kalam Azad (Bachchu), an Islamic cleric formerly associated with the party.[42]
  26. 26. Concerns for process  Brad Adams, director of the Asia branch of Human Rights Watch, said in November 2012: "The trials against the alleged war criminals are deeply problematic, riddled with questions about the independence and impartiality of the judges and fairness of the process.[93] In its November 2012 report, Human Rights Watch found that "glaring violations of fair trial standards" became apparent during the course of 2012  In January 2013, Brad Adams of Human Rights Watch (HRW) noted concern about Shukho Ranjan Bali, who had first appeared as a witness for the prosecution in the Delwar Hossain Sayeedi case. The defence said he was due to give additional evidence in their favour on 5 November 2012. That day Bali was stopped before entering the courthouse by several police officers; witnesses said he was taken away in a white police van, and his family has not heard from him since. HRW criticised the Bangladeshi government for not working to find him and for its lack of adequate response to allegations criticising the tribunal. The attorney general rejected the abduction claim as a fabrication by the defence to bring the tribunal into disrepute.[59] In May 2013, Bali was found in an Indian prison, and he alleged state abduction and that officials told him that both he and Sayeedi would be killed.[95]  In March 2013, the Economist made criticisms of the tribunal, mentioning government interference, restrictions on public discussion, not enough time allocated for the defense, the kidnapping of a defense witness and the judge resigning due to controversy over his
  27. 27. Prof Ghulam Azam clarification   
  28. 28. Lessons for Muslim Ummah  Change Mechanism – Is it Democracy??  Getting updated about current world scenarios  Media role – Transforming lies into truth  Social media – Alternate source  Gradual change models  Internal fighting among ummah - opportunism  Focus on priorities  Importance of discipline and steadfastness  Lets Pray for the victims
  29. 29.  For comments and suggestions pls reply back  