Treatment of schizophrenia


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Treatment of schizophrenia

  1. 1. Essay TREATMENT OF SCHIZOPHRENIA Name: Grade course: Tutor’s name: (25th, January, 2011)
  2. 2. Essay Treatment of Schizophrenia Schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by disintegration of emotional responsesas well as thought processes and often manifested by auditory hallucinations, bizarre delusions,paranoid or disorganized speech and thinking accompanied by significant occupational or socialdysfunction (leff, & sturgeon, 1985). The disorder is diagnosed based on the patients reported experiences and on the observedbehaviour. Treatment of schizophrenia depends on the severity of the symptoms that patientsshow hence some of them may be treated as outpatients or even be hospitalized. Currently thedisease can be treated using various approaches like the biological, psychodynamic, learning-based, psychosocial-rehabilitation and family intervention (Leff, & Sturgeon, 1985). The psychological intervention plays a crucial role in the comprehensive program forhealing of the disorder and in involves the use of family area interventions which have beenproofed to yield positive effects especially on the course of illness when the family program isincluded. it includes programs that help people to and achieve goals in their lives and a variety ofapproaches used include: case management, centre or clubhouse based programs, counseling aswell as housing programs that has a built-in support or even outside support. The family approach of treating the disease includes conducting of family counselingwhich helps the patients and their family members to understand about the disease and how toménage it. the counseling involve teaching them about the treatments being offered and gain anunderstanding of the pros and cons of each type of treatment and to make them be in position todiscuss them with the physician making everyone to be a partner in the care provided for thepatient. The family treatment can either be applied or supportive. The family interventionincludes focusing on both the family and individual sessions on issues with education, problem
  3. 3. Essaysolving, crisis prevention and behavioral training and all serve to reduce the relapse (Leff, &Sturgeon, 1985). The biological treatment of schizophrenia primarily consists of use of neuropletics whichare drugs that are prescribed in a relatively standard manner (chlorpromazine equivalent). Theneuroleptics administered often become less effective especially for the type of schizophreniathat shows negative symptoms. The biological treatment of schizophrenia can also be performedby using the bipolarity of drugs and it’s through this method that the resistant schizophrenia canbe mobilized. Other biological methods of treatments and new prospects in the chemotherapy arealso put into consideration. Most of the treatments are given in tablet form and should be takenlong enough to be able to control the symptoms as well as prevent the relapse. Some patients failto respond to traditional antipsychotic medications but usually get good results especially whenadministered with recently developed mediations. Features of the various sexual dysfunctions Sexual dysfunction is the inability of an individual to enjoy sex resulting to reduction ofnormal psychological changes that are often brought by sexual arousal. These sexualdysfunctions are classified according to their phase of occurrence in the sexual cycle. They arenormally caused by temporary factors such as fatigue, alcohol, drugs or sickness. First, sexual dysfunction is the hypoactive desire which is a disinterest in sexual activityand it often results from participation in the sexual intercourse just as a simple marital duty.Another disorder is the aversion to sex and in this case a sexual activity repulses an individual oreven makes them become unusually apprehensive (Segraves, & Balon, 2009). Erectile dysfunction is the inability of males to attain an erection or sustain it longenough for coitus and in females the inability to be sexually aroused is called sexual arousal
  4. 4. Essaydisorder. Premature ejaculation is the inability of men to control ejaculation process hencemaking it occur before any sexual satisfaction relations take place in their partners. The lack ofor delay in attaining orgasm in female is called inhibited orgasm while in males is ejaculatoryincompetence. Others are the usual pain disorders which are the dyspareunia which involve painoccurring during a sexual, intercourse and the vaginismus which is a female disorder in whichthere is an involuntary spasmodic muscle contractions at the entrance of the vagina henceattempt to have an intercourse result to a painful sexual experience (Segraves, & Balon, 2009).
  5. 5. Essay ReferencesLeff, J., K. & Sturgeon, D. (1985). A Controlled Trial of Social Intervention in the Families of Schizophrenic Patients. British journal of psychiatry, 146, 584-601.Segraves, R, T & Balon, R. (2009). Clinical Manual of Sexual Disorders. New York: American Psychiatric Pub.