1. Girish Ramchander Deshpande V/s CIC
2. SLP(C) 27734/2012.
3. RTI application seeking.
respondent’s personal matters of service career.
b) Movable and immovable properties.
c) Assets & liabilities.
4. Supreme Court held that –
— Copies of all memos issued to third respondent, orders of punishment are qualified to
personal information u/s 8(1)(j) of the RTI Act.
— Details disclosed by the a person in his interne tax returns are also personal information
also covered under section 8(1)(j) of the RTI Act unless involves larger public interest.
5. Following information was however asked to be disclosed in respect of 3rd
— Copy of appointment order & salary details.
— Copy of promotion order.
— Transfer order.
— Copy of rules.
— TA/DA claimed.
— Copy of Charge Sheet & Inquiry Reports.
SLP(C) – 7526/2009
CA – 6454/2011
1. RTI Application – Inspection & Revaluation of answer sheets.
2. CBSE rejected/ denied.
3. CIC – also upheld CBSE decision.
4. CBBE – (i) As per bye laws it was impermissible, only
verification of marks permissible.
(ii) 60 to 65 lakhs answer-sheets kept for 3
(iii) section 8(1)(i) of RTI Act.
5(a) High Court held – keeping in view definition of ‘Information’
under section 2(f) – Examining bodies are bound to provide
inspection of evaluated answer sheets.
(b) revaluation rejected as it does not come under RTI.
6. Before Supreme Court
1) State of Uttar Pradesh V/s Raj Narain (1975) 4 SCC 428.
People of country have a right to know.
2) Dinesh Trivedi V/s. UOI (1997) 4 SCC306
“Democracy expects openness and openers is concomitant of a
“Sunlight is the best disinfectant-”
“ fine balance is needed.”
3) People’s union of Civil Liberation.V/sUOI
(2004) 2 SCC 476
Held – a) Answer book is a record.
b) Evaluated answer book is record containing opinion
of the examiner.
c) No copyright, Not pertains to security.
d) Provisions of RTI Act will prevail over the bye laws
of examining body.
e) Court explained fiduciary relationship. Held that
examining body is in not in a fiduciary relationship
with the examinee.
f) Examining body, if it is in a fiduciary relationship,
will be liable to make full disclosure to examinees and not to
disclose of only other examinee.
g) Examining body does no have fiduciary
relationship with the examiners.
h) Exemption under section 8(1)(e) is not available.
i) names and particulars of examiners/ co
scrutinizers/ head examiners are exempted u/s
8(1)(g) of the RTI Act.
j) the power of CIC under19(8) of the RTI Act does not
include a power to direct the public authority to
preserve the information, for any period later than
that provided under rule/ regulations of the PA.
k) RTI Act provides access to information that is
available and existing.
l) does not contain obligation on PA to collect & collate
non available information
m) not required to furnish an advice/ opinion.
n) Threat of penalties under RTI should not lead to employees
prioritizing, information furnishing at the cost of their normal duties.
— Examining bodies to permit examinees to have inspection of
their answer sheets.
Khanspuram G.V/sAdministrative officers and others
— RTI Application
for what reasons, the respondent No. 4 (Judicial officer) had
decided his misc appeal dishonestly (in a particular manner)
1. Under RTI, applicant is entitled to get a copy of the opinions, advices,
circulars, orders etc.
2. He can not ask as to why such opinions, advices, circulars, orders have been
passed especially pertaining to judicial matters.
3. Application per se illegal/ unwarranted.
4. Petitioner has misused provisions of the RTI Act.
UPSC V/sCIC & Others
1) Disclosure of separate cut off marks for different subjects for
different categories of students in PE-2006.
2) Disclosure of marks obtained by each candidate.
3) Disclosure of model answers to each last papers.
UPSC –denied information u/s 8(1)(d) of the RTI Act.
AA – 1) No subject wise cut off are fixed by the
commission, information is non existent, short
listed candidates are in the order of merit by
adopting scaling method for optional subjects.
2) information (2) & (3) will seriously endanger the
secrecy and confidentially of said examinations.
CIC - Asked UPSC to disclose information with some
reservation wrt query(3).Copyright issues.
High Court -
UPSC stated that revelation will help coaching
institutes to promote strategizing rather than a test
of substantive knowledge.
It follows (NEP) normalized --- percentile method
for optional papers
— High Court directed to disclose information as
larger public interest outweighs harm to protected
High Court of Delhi Vs.CIC
RTI Application – Fate of petitioner's complaint.
Department AA – denied information u/s 8(1)(h) of the RTI Act.
CIC – Investigation has been done by DIT(Inv). The
relevant report is the outcome of
public action which needs to be disclosed. DIT
was directed to disclose report after investigation is
Department maintained that matter is under investigation and is
exempt under section 8(1)(h)
High Court of Delhi Held :
1) The Act is effectuation of the right to freedom of speech and
2) Information holds the key to resources, benefits and distribution of
3) Access to information under section (3) of the Act is the rule and
exemptions under section 8, the exception.
4) Mere existence of an investigation process can not be a ground
for refusal of information the authority withholding
information must should satisfactorily give reasons as to why
release of such information would hamper the investigation