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Urinary system<br />Medical Abbreviations<br />Adam Rowe<br />BIOS 120:  Medical Terminology<br />16 March 2010<br />
The Urinary System<br /><ul><li>Maintains stable internal environment
Removes waste products from the body
Adjusts electrolyte levels
Maintains correct pH
Organs
Kidneys
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Urinary system

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Urinary system

  1. 1. Urinary system<br />Medical Abbreviations<br />Adam Rowe<br />BIOS 120: Medical Terminology<br />16 March 2010<br />
  2. 2. The Urinary System<br /><ul><li>Maintains stable internal environment
  3. 3. Removes waste products from the body
  4. 4. Adjusts electrolyte levels
  5. 5. Maintains correct pH
  6. 6. Organs
  7. 7. Kidneys
  8. 8. Ureters
  9. 9. Urethra
  10. 10. Urinary Bladder</li></li></ul><li>CRF<br />Chronic Renal Failure<br />Progressive loss of kidney function<br />Kidneys attempt to compensate for renal damage by hyperfiltration, causing further damage<br />Controlling blood pressure is key to preventing further kidney failure<br />Causes general shrinking and wasting of kidney<br />Scarring evident<br />Not until 70% of kidney function is lost that symptoms occur<br />
  11. 11. ESRD <br />End Stage Renal Disease<br />Final Stage of Chronic Kidney Disease<br />Complete failure of kidneys to function<br />Kidney function is less than 10% of normal<br />Most common causes are diabetes and high blood pressure<br />Dialysis or Kidney transplantation is only treatment<br />
  12. 12. HD<br />Hemodialysis<br />Method for removing waste products<br />Creatinine, urea, and free water from blood<br />Occurs when kidneys are in renal failure<br />Intravenous catheter, AV fistula, or graft give access to circulatory system<br />Dialyzer pumps blood from body and filters<br />Filtered blood is returned to body<br />
  13. 13. ESWL<br />Extracorporeal Shockwave Lithotripsy<br />Uses sound waves to break a kidney stone into small pieces so it can be easily passed through urinary system<br />Procedure<br />Lie in water-filled cushion<br />Ultrasounds are used to locate precisely the stones<br />High energy sound waves pass through body<br />Process takes about an hour<br />Non-invasive treatment<br />
  14. 14. NS<br />Nephrotic Syndrome<br />Damaged kidneys allow protein from blood into urine<br />Fats are also present in urine<br />Primarily caused from damage to basement membrane of glomerulus<br />Controlling blood pressure is key to prevent further kidney damage<br />Also called Nephrosis<br />

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