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Cold War : State of political & military tension –
without any armed struggle – characterized by
violent propaganda
Term C...
World War II ended in 1945 – Wartime allies turned bitter-
cold enemies
After the World War II – USA & Soviet Union became...
CAUSES:
Sovietisation of Eastern Europe
Russia’s policy towards Iran
Soviet pressure in Greece & Turkey
German problem...
RIVAL PROPOGANDA
PHASES
I. 1945-1950
II. 1950-1953
III. 1953-1959
IV. 1959-1970
1945-1950
Eastern Europe, Greece & Turkey
Truman Doctrine
Council for Mutual Economic Assistance
Partition of Germany
...
BRUSSELS PACT
Great Britain, France, Belgium, Netherlands &
Luxemburg
They promised aid to each other against any
aggressi...
Berlin
Airlift
NATO: North Atlantic Treaty Organisation
Between USA, Canada, Britain, France, Belgium, Italy,
Netherlands, Luxemburg, Nor...
1950-1953
East-Asia : Korea – North & South conflict
North Korea + Russian weapons + China’s troops
South Korea + USA + Un...
1953-1959
Stalin’s death – Khrushchev's peace policy
Indo-china & West Asia : Geneva conference / Partition of
Vietnam
For...
SEATO: South-East Asian Treaty
Organisation
1959-1970
Summit conference to be held
U – 2 Incident – 1960
Erection of the Berlin Wall – 13th August 1961
Cuban Miss...
Berlin Wall
Soviet Union planted missiles in Cuba to target USA
USA had kept secret missiles in Southern Italy &
Turkey
Ended on 28th ...
End of Cold War
Greatest event of 1990
Unification of Germany
Mikhail Gorbachev’s Perestroika (Restructuring) &
Glasnos...
IMPACT
Rise of two super-powers : USA & USSR
Affected international decision-making (UN)
Balance of power replaced balance...
Cold War: The war that changed the table of international relations
Cold War: The war that changed the table of international relations
Cold War: The war that changed the table of international relations
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Cold War: The war that changed the table of international relations

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Cold War: The war that changed the table of international relations

  1. 1. Cold War : State of political & military tension – without any armed struggle – characterized by violent propaganda Term Coined by Walter Lippman 1st used by Bernard Baruch Formally declared by Winston Churchill – 5th March 1946
  2. 2. World War II ended in 1945 – Wartime allies turned bitter- cold enemies After the World War II – USA & Soviet Union became super powers Divided the world into two competing blocs Main concern of international political atmosphere Also known as “Propaganda War”
  3. 3. CAUSES: Sovietisation of Eastern Europe Russia’s policy towards Iran Soviet pressure in Greece & Turkey German problem Delay of Second Front Failure of Peace Treaties Ideological Differences Atomic Factor
  4. 4. RIVAL PROPOGANDA
  5. 5. PHASES I. 1945-1950 II. 1950-1953 III. 1953-1959 IV. 1959-1970
  6. 6. 1945-1950 Eastern Europe, Greece & Turkey Truman Doctrine Council for Mutual Economic Assistance Partition of Germany Berlin Blockade Airlift of 1948-49 Brussels Treaty NATO
  7. 7. BRUSSELS PACT Great Britain, France, Belgium, Netherlands & Luxemburg They promised aid to each other against any aggression Berlin Airlift 1948 – Russia violated her oral assurances Sealed off Berlin from West : Blocked all food & fuel supplies USA & Western powers engaged in Airlift on Berlin : to supply necessities Russia withdrew in 1949
  8. 8. Berlin Airlift
  9. 9. NATO: North Atlantic Treaty Organisation Between USA, Canada, Britain, France, Belgium, Italy, Netherlands, Luxemburg, Norway, Denmark, Iceland & Portugal 1952 – Greece & Turkey 1955 – Germany “An armed attack against or more of them in Europe or North America shall be considered an attack against them all”
  10. 10. 1950-1953 East-Asia : Korea – North & South conflict North Korea + Russian weapons + China’s troops South Korea + USA + United Nations
  11. 11. 1953-1959 Stalin’s death – Khrushchev's peace policy Indo-china & West Asia : Geneva conference / Partition of Vietnam Formation of SEATO Extension of Truman Doctrine by Eisenhower Camp David
  12. 12. SEATO: South-East Asian Treaty Organisation
  13. 13. 1959-1970 Summit conference to be held U – 2 Incident – 1960 Erection of the Berlin Wall – 13th August 1961 Cuban Missile Crisis – 1962 “Détente” Era – decline of Cold War
  14. 14. Berlin Wall
  15. 15. Soviet Union planted missiles in Cuba to target USA USA had kept secret missiles in Southern Italy & Turkey Ended on 28th October 1962
  16. 16. End of Cold War Greatest event of 1990 Unification of Germany Mikhail Gorbachev’s Perestroika (Restructuring) & Glasnost (Openness) Military domination to Hi-tech supremacy
  17. 17. IMPACT Rise of two super-powers : USA & USSR Affected international decision-making (UN) Balance of power replaced balance of terror International peace & security gained importance Arms control & disarmament became complicated Emergence of NAM Emergence of Neo-imperialism & Neo-Colonialism Showed war can be avoided Change in the outlook of Foreign Policy Foreign aid in Foreign Policies

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