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SOTM 2011 What is Open in  OSGeo, OGC and OSM? Download slide sets:  http://arnulf.us/publications/what_is_openness.odp   ...
Content <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What is Openness Today?
Introduction to </li><ul><li>Open Standards
Open Source
Open Data </li></ul><li>Future development  </li><ul><li>Open Linked Data
Transparency </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
Arnulf Christl, Spatial Systems Architect <ul><li>OGC Architecture Board Member
Current President of OSGeo
OpenStreetMap  advocate </li></ul>My alter ego  Seven is an Ex-Borg
Openness – Opinions
Translating Openness <ul><li>openness </li><ul><li>Freimut {m}
Offenheit {f}
Offenherzigkeit {f}
Aufgeschlossenheit {f}  [Empfänglichkeit] </li></ul><li>openness of mind </li><ul><li>Aufgeschlossenheit {f}  [nicht engst...
...and translating back... <ul><li>Freimut </li><ul><li>Frankness </li></ul><li>Aufgeschlossenheit </li><ul><li>candidness
candor
directness
forthrightness
frankness
ingenuousness
plainness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Transparenz  </li><ul><li>accountability
transparency  </li></ul><li>Risikobereitschaft </li><ul><li>readiness to assume risk </li></ul><li>Empfänglichkeit </li><u...
receptiveness
receptivity
susceptibility </li></ul></ul>http://www.dict.cc/englisch-deutsch/openness.html
Technical Susceptibility Störempfindlichkeit / stören <ul><li>annoy
baffle
bother
break up
bug
derange </li></ul><ul><li>disrupt
disturb
faze
incommode
interfere
interrupt </li></ul><ul><li>jam
perturb
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What is Openness in OGC, OSGeo and OSM

A short introduction to the term "Openness" as it is used by three different organizations in the geospatial domain, the OGC, OSGeo and OSM - plus an outlook where we should be going.

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What is Openness in OGC, OSGeo and OSM

  1. 1. SOTM 2011 What is Open in OSGeo, OGC and OSM? Download slide sets: http://arnulf.us/publications/what_is_openness.odp http://arnulf.us/publications/what_is_openness.pdf Arnulf Christl http://www.metaspatial.net
  2. 2. Content <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What is Openness Today?
  3. 3. Introduction to </li><ul><li>Open Standards
  4. 4. Open Source
  5. 5. Open Data </li></ul><li>Future development </li><ul><li>Open Linked Data
  6. 6. Transparency </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Arnulf Christl, Spatial Systems Architect <ul><li>OGC Architecture Board Member
  8. 8. Current President of OSGeo
  9. 9. OpenStreetMap advocate </li></ul>My alter ego Seven is an Ex-Borg
  10. 10. Openness – Opinions
  11. 11. Translating Openness <ul><li>openness </li><ul><li>Freimut {m}
  12. 12. Offenheit {f}
  13. 13. Offenherzigkeit {f}
  14. 14. Aufgeschlossenheit {f} [Empfänglichkeit] </li></ul><li>openness of mind </li><ul><li>Aufgeschlossenheit {f} [nicht engstirnig] </li></ul></ul><ul><li>openness to risk </li><ul><li>Risikobereitschaft {f} </li></ul><li>sense of openness </li><ul><li>Gefühl {n} der Offenheit </li></ul><li>openness and accountability </li><ul><li>Transparenz {f} [fig.] </li></ul></ul>http://www.dict.cc/englisch-deutsch/openness.html
  15. 15. ...and translating back... <ul><li>Freimut </li><ul><li>Frankness </li></ul><li>Aufgeschlossenheit </li><ul><li>candidness
  16. 16. candor
  17. 17. directness
  18. 18. forthrightness
  19. 19. frankness
  20. 20. ingenuousness
  21. 21. plainness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Transparenz </li><ul><li>accountability
  22. 22. transparency </li></ul><li>Risikobereitschaft </li><ul><li>readiness to assume risk </li></ul><li>Empfänglichkeit </li><ul><li>predisposition
  23. 23. receptiveness
  24. 24. receptivity
  25. 25. susceptibility </li></ul></ul>http://www.dict.cc/englisch-deutsch/openness.html
  26. 26. Technical Susceptibility Störempfindlichkeit / stören <ul><li>annoy
  27. 27. baffle
  28. 28. bother
  29. 29. break up
  30. 30. bug
  31. 31. derange </li></ul><ul><li>disrupt
  32. 32. disturb
  33. 33. faze
  34. 34. incommode
  35. 35. interfere
  36. 36. interrupt </li></ul><ul><li>jam
  37. 37. perturb
  38. 38. trouble
  39. 39. violate </li></ul>
  40. 40. More takes on Openness <ul><li>Free Software ( http://www.fsf.org/ )
  41. 41. INSPIRE & Public Sector Information (EU)
  42. 42. Data Liberation Front (Google internal initiative)
  43. 43. Linked Open Data (W3C definition)
  44. 44. US-Open ( http://www.usopen.org/ )
  45. 45. Freedom of Information Act ( USA gov )
  46. 46. Maps for OSM (Imports, Microsoft Bing Maps, ...)
  47. 47. WikiLeaks ( Global Transparancy , mirror ) </li></ul>
  48. 48. <ul><li>DNS (Domain Name System)
  49. 49. Internet Protocol Suite
  50. 50. TCP/IP, TLS
  51. 51. HTTP
  52. 52. URI
  53. 53. ...
  54. 54. Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) </li></ul>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet How Open is the Internet?
  55. 55. Open Definition http://www.opendefinition.org/software-service/ http://www.opendefinition.org/okd/
  56. 56. Definitions in the Geospatial-Domain <ul><li>Open (Standards) http://opengeospatial.org
  57. 57. Open (Source) Software http://osgeo.org
  58. 58. Open (Free) Data http://openstreetmap.org </li></ul>
  59. 59. OGC's Word Cloud Courtsey by Paul Ramsey
  60. 60. Vision: Realization of the full societal, economic and scientific benefits of integrating electronic location resources into commercial and institutional processes worldwide. Mission: To serve as a global forum for the collaboration of developers and users of spatial data products and services, and to advance the development of international standards for geospatial interoperability. http://www.opengeospatial.org/ogc/vision
  61. 61. Open in OGC <ul><li>All (with the appropriate financial background) can participate.
  62. 62. All standards can be used royalty free (without cost) by anybody.
  63. 63. All can comment on the standards during the public (open) discussion period.
  64. 64. All can propose change requests </li></ul>
  65. 65. OGC Change Requests http://www.opengeospatial.org/standards/cr
  66. 66. Where was that again?
  67. 67. Consensus Oriented Is there any objection to unanimous consent? Any discussion? <ul><li>No, … motion passes.
  68. 68. Yes? Then please explain ... </li><ul><li>Friendly amendment …
  69. 69. Go back to start … </li></ul></ul>
  70. 70. Courtsey by Paul Ramsey
  71. 71. Open in OSGeo <ul><li>All can participate
  72. 72. All software must be Open Source / Free Software licensed.
  73. 73. All processes of the organization are open to public scrutiny. </li></ul>
  74. 74. Free Software <ul><li>Free Software is a license model!
  75. 75. Not like &quot;Free beer&quot; but as in Fre Speech
  76. 76. Free to: </li><ul><li>use anywhere and for any purpose
  77. 77. understand and improve
  78. 78. pass on to anybody else
  79. 79. provide services and grow a business around </li></ul></ul>...today and tomorrow! Free Software!
  80. 80. Open Source Open Source is a way of developing things collaboratively : <ul><li>Only source code can be modified
  81. 81. End users typially use the machine readbale (binary) version (the executable)
  82. 82. Dvelopers prefer open soce code because it makes reuse of algorithms and extending functionality much easier. </li></ul>
  83. 83. Do-ocracy A do-ocracy [...] is an organizational structure in which individuals choose roles and tasks for themselves and execute them. Responsibilities attach to people who do the work, rather than elected or selected officials. http://wiki.osgeo.org/wiki/Logo (2011-04-03)
  84. 84. But: Your software is worthless … … without data! Schuyler Erle
  85. 85. Courtsey by Paul Ramsey
  86. 86. OpenStreetMap
  87. 87. OpenStreetMap OpenStreetMap is a free editable map of the whole world. It is made by people like you.
  88. 88. OpenStreetMap <ul><li>Free and Open Data (what)
  89. 89. Crowd Sourced Data (how) </li></ul>Other terms can be used to describe parts of the phenomenon, for example: &quot;Volunteered Geographic Information&quot; (Goodchild, 2007) … but it lacks the all important aspect of free reusability of the data.
  90. 90. OpenStreetMap Open in OpenStreetMap <ul><li>All can participate
  91. 91. All can create maps
  92. 92. All can use and get the maps </li></ul>
  93. 93. Future Evolution <ul><li>Resources & Representations
  94. 94. Semantics
  95. 95.
  96. 96. .
  97. 97.
  98. 98. Fully Open </li></ul>
  99. 99. The Five Stars for Linked Open Data ★ make your stuff available on the Web (whatever format) under an open license ★★ make it available as structured data (e.g., Excel instead of image scan of a table) ★★★ use non-proprietary formats (e.g., CSV instead of Excel) ★★★★ use URIs to identify things, so that people can point at your structured data (make data adressable) ★★★★★ Link your data with other data to create new information From an idea by Tim Berners Lee: Slide set: http://inkdroid.org/journal/2010/06/04/the-5-stars-of-open-linked-data/ Online example: http://lab.linkeddata.deri.ie/2010/star-scheme-by-example/
  100. 100. Geo Data
  101. 101. Map Images Swisstopo – the national map agency of Switzerland makes 500.000.000 tiles available through a cloud infrastructure for it's citizens. The underlying Data is not available freely (yet). http://map.geo.admin.ch/
  102. 102. Ordnance Survey Open Data http://data.ordnancesurvey.co.uk/
  103. 103. Denmark http://geo.oiorest.dk/
  104. 104. The Five Stars for Linked Open Data ★ make your stuff available on the Web (whatever format) under an open license ★★ make it available as structured data (e.g., Excel instead of image scan of a table) ★★★ use non-proprietary formats (e.g., CSV instead of Excel) ★★★★ use URIs to identify things, so that people can point at your structured data (make data adressable) ★★★★★ Link your data with other data to create new information From an idea by Tim Berners Lee: Slide set: http://inkdroid.org/journal/2010/06/04/the-5-stars-of-open-linked-data/ Online example: http://lab.linkeddata.deri.ie/2010/star-scheme-by-example/
  105. 105. Many Thanks for your attention! Dieser Foliensatz darf zu jedem Zweck kopiert, verändert und weitergegeben werden. Siehe auch: Copystraight . Copyright: Arnulf Christl 2011 Download slide sets: http://arnulf.us/publications/what_is_openness.odp http://arnulf.us/publications/what_is_openness.pdf Mit freundlicher Unterstützung von:
  106. 106. More Links... <ul><li>http://www.semic.eu/
  107. 107. http://www.ffii.org/
  108. 108. http://ec.europa.eu/information_society/activities/egovernment/index_en.htm
  109. 109. http://www.epsiplus.net/
  110. 110. http://www.osgeo.org
  111. 111. http://opendata.org </li></ul>

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