The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial

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An introduction to Open Source, Free Software and the Open Source Geospatial Foundation.

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The OSGeo Foundation: Professionally Leveraging Open Source Geospatial

  1. 1. The OSGeo Foundation Professionally leveraging Open Source Geospatial Asia Geospatial Forum 2011 – Jakarta, Indonesia Arnulf Christl President
  2. 2. Arnulf Christl Works as Geospatial Systems Architect in his company metaspatial . <ul><li>President of OSGeo
  3. 3. OGC Architecture Board Member
  4. 4. OpenStreetMap Advocate </li></ul>Founder of several companies and initiatives, travels a lot and provides consulting for SDI.
  5. 5. For a living I do... What? Consultation and Implementation of <ul><ul><ul><li>- Spatial Data Infrastructures
  6. 6. - Metadata </li></ul></ul></ul>Why? To leverage your spatial data needs How: - using Open Source Software <ul><ul><ul><li>- implementing Open Standards
  7. 7. - with Agile management </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. A perspective on Open Source Geospatial
  9. 9. Agenda <ul><li>Software Development
  10. 10. Proprietary and Open Source Thinking
  11. 11. Free Software Licensing
  12. 12. The Open Source Geospatial Foundation </li><ul><li>Vision and Mission
  13. 13. Formal Structures </li></ul><li>Geospatial Open Source Software </li></ul>This presentation is available for download at http://arnulf.us/Publications
  14. 14. Software Development Software development team Solves the problem new version is released Software users have new requirements, find bugs Code is improved Problem is identified
  15. 15. Proprietary production Ask questions: When is the software released? When is new functionality implemented? Who cares if something breaks? How many people develop software? What do the others? Market analysis Development team develops software Goal: Sell licenses Product launch beta version release for beta tester beta tester reports errors to development team development team reproduces the error development team solves problem after OK from pm Proprietary motivation: Make Money development team reports to the product management
  16. 16. It might feel a bit fuzzy and complicated...
  17. 17. Proprietary Business Model Primary Motivation: <ul><ul><li>Make money </li></ul></ul>Primary Task: <ul><ul><li>Marketing of differentiation </li></ul></ul>Associated Business Model: <ul><ul><li>Restriction of distribution channels </li></ul></ul>Market analysis Development team develops software Goal: Sell licenses Product launch beta version release for beta tester beta tester reports errors to development team development team reproduces the error development team solves problem after OK from pm Proprietary motivation: Make Money development team reports to the product management
  18. 18. But this can be much easier!
  19. 19. Primary motivation: Solve Problem ...publish the Source Code! ...and allow anybody to copy it! Open Source Paradigm
  20. 20. Copying is not Theft There is a big difference between material theft and digital copying. We have difficulties understanding this because we are material. But our Mind is not entirely material. So we should be able to understand. A great 60 second cartoon by Nina Paley: Copying is not Theft .
  21. 21. Primary motivation: Solve Problem ...and publish the Source Code! Interaction with Users <ul><li>improve the Software, </li></ul>...then release, often! Open Source Paradigm (iterate)
  22. 22. Initially the advantages might look rather small
  23. 23. Open Source Development The Source Code contains all functionality (and o nly Source Code can be modified). <ul><ul><li>Public access to code improves the quality
  24. 24. Typically bugs are fixed faster
  25. 25. Often more secure due to multiple scrutiny
  26. 26. Innovation is easier – and...
  27. 27. Users have full control about what they get
  28. 28. ...and many more advantages. </li></ul></ul>Read http://producingoss.org by Karl Fogel for details
  29. 29. Primary motivation: Solve Problem <ul><li>Publish results </li></ul>Interaction with Users <ul><li>Improve Software </li></ul>Release often (iterate) Open Source Business Implementation Maintenance Consulting Support bug fixing Training Service Level Agreement No Monopolies, Highly Competitive! Maintain specific distribution
  30. 30. Overall Revenue in IT Less than 10% of revenue in IT is generated through selling software usage licenses. (i.e. by restricting copying) Read http://arnulf.us/Cadastre for more details
  31. 31. Now the advantages already appear to be quite sizeable
  32. 32. Restrict copying. Why do they do that? Because re-selling the same thing again and agin is highly profitable! Why is it not all Open Source? Because the Internet (main distribution media)– emerged late in the 1990s)! Proprietary Business
  33. 33. <ul><li>You are not allowed to copy
  34. 34. You are not allowed to modify
  35. 35. You are not allowed to give away
  36. 36. You are not allowed to improve
  37. 37. You are not allowed to install
  38. 38. You are not allowed to share
  39. 39. You are not allowed to... </li></ul>Proprietary Licenses ...today we can see a revival in the Terms of Services !
  40. 40. Free Software Licensing Free Software Licensing <ul><li>Not as in &quot;free beer&quot; but as in free speech
  41. 41. You are free to: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>use it anywhere for any purpose
  42. 42. understand and improve it
  43. 43. adjust it to suit your needs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>collaborate with anybody else </li></ul></ul>
  44. 44. Free Software Licensing <ul><li>Not as in &quot;free beer&quot; but as in free speech
  45. 45. You are free to: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>use it anywhere for any purpose
  46. 46. understand and improve it
  47. 47. adjust it to suit your needs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>collaborate with anybody else </li></ul></ul>Free Software Licensing Guaranteed!
  48. 48. Free Software Licensing Free Software is a legal licensing model (a vaccine) protecting your interests. The opposite is proprietary software (also 'closed' or 'privative') protecting the vendor's interests . Nota bene: &quot;commercial software&quot; is a frequently used misnomer.
  49. 49. Summarizing: Open Source is the superior development model The big business has recognized this long ago and provides full Open Source services ( IBM ). Software vendors adopt Open Source in geospatial including Autodesk , Oracle , esri and many others. Even Microsoft nowadays recognizes that Open Source works . Open Source Development
  50. 50. If even the die-hards have adopted it... Why don't you too?
  51. 51. Yes, … but: Anybody can call anything &quot; Open Source &quot; And a name does not automagically make better software! Using Open Source?
  52. 52. Open Source Geospatial Foundation http://www.osgeo.org Your Open Source Compass ...organizes spatial IT Quality Open Source
  53. 54. The OSGeo Foundation <ul><li>OSGeo is a global non-profit organization founded in February 2006
  54. 55. Leading voice for
  55. 56. Geospatial Open Source
  56. 57. Structure similar to the Apache Foundation
  57. 58. Volunteer based
  58. 59. Funded by sponsorship </li></ul>
  59. 60. OSGeo's Mission Support and promote the highest quality Open Source Geospatial Software
  60. 61. <ul><li>Provide resources for F OS S 4 G projects: </li><ul><li>Infrastructure
  61. 62. Legal
  62. 63. Financial </li></ul><li>Promote free and open geospatial data
  63. 64. Create and maintain a quality brand
  64. 65. Create and promote free curriculum
  65. 66. Promote and contribute to standards </li></ul>OSGeo's Goals http://www.osgeo.org
  66. 67. Word cloud copied from Paul Ramsey
  67. 68. <ul><li>Support F OS S 4 G on a global scale
  68. 69. Support local activities and capacities
  69. 70. Facilitate inter-project communication
  70. 71. Build a solid market for businesses and users
  71. 72. Interface with industry and business
  72. 73. Support the education of domain experts not «brand-specialists»
  73. 74. Many more... </li></ul>Activities
  74. 76. <ul><li>FOSS4G is the global Conference
  75. 77. Seed event for local activities
  76. 78. Outreach and promotion
  77. 79. Inter-project communication
  78. 80. Workshops and tutorials
  79. 81. Networking
  80. 82. Meeting </li></ul>The FOSS4G Conference
  81. 83. OSGeo's Structure Committees Committees Committees Board of 9 Directors and President Local Chapters Local Chapters Local Chapters Officers Officers 25 Officers Local Chapters Local Chapters Foundation Projects Committees Committees Committees elected by Membership 104 Charter Members Charter Members vote represent Sponsors
  82. 84. Mailing Lists Year Number of Lists Subscribers Unique Subscribers 2008 106 13323 10410 2009 137 20640 12904 2010 164 27504 15423 2011 183 32109 19471 http://lists.osgeo.org/ Example activity meter
  83. 85. Quality Control Project Health Inspection <ul><li>Copyright, licenses, ownership
  84. 86. Development process quality
  85. 87. Documentation, tutorials, support
  86. 88. Community functioning
  87. 89. ... </li></ul>More details are available on the Web: http://wiki.osgeo.org/wiki/Incubation
  88. 90. OSGeo Projects 2009 Project in incubation deegree UMN Mapserver Mapbender OpenLayers MapFish Map Guide OS web mapping GRASS GIS Quantum GIS OSSIM gvSIG desktop GIS GeoNetwork metadata GEOS FDO GDAL/OGR GeoTools libraries MetaCRS PostGIS
  89. 91. Period Projects LOC contrib 12 mo contrib 2007-00 4700000 182 2008-11 15 7766360 442 279 2009-10 16 13406517 547 2010-03 19 12211439 636 299 2010-08 19 12767587 657 301 2011-09 19 15793310 743 269 Project stats 2011
  90. 92. web mapping desktop GIS metadata libraries Enterprise ready OpenStreetMap UMN MapServer MapFish GRASS GIS Quantum GIS OSSIM GEOS GDAL/OGR GeoTools MetaCRS PostGIS GeoMajas Quantum GIS MapServer deegree OpenLayers GeoServer MapGuide OS deegree GIS MapNik Viking KOSMO gvSIG SpatialLite uDig Geopublisher Mapbender GeoNetwork GeoKettle GMT ZOO Project FDO
  91. 93. Sponsors Charter Members vote appoints represent Board of 9 Directors and President Executive Director 91 Charter Members Sponsors Local Chapters Local Chapters Local Chapters Officers Officers 25 Officers Local Chapters Local Chapters Foundation Projects Committees Committees Committees
  92. 94. OSGeo Sponsors <ul><li>Sustain the organization
  93. 95. Have priority access to conferences and events
  94. 96. Have executive and expert contacts </li></ul>
  95. 98. Outlook <ul><li>Foster and support localization of OSGeo software and groups (Local Chapters)
  96. 99. Promote OSGeo & FOSS4G to universities and education
  97. 100. Organize code sprints (which typically self organize)
  98. 101. Legal support for software projects
  99. 102. Have fun </li></ul>
  100. 103. Most importantly: OSGeo works because you participate in the IT process ! Participation includes <ul><ul><li>using,
  101. 104. learning and then
  102. 105. contributing back to the community </li></ul></ul>Open Source makes IT a safe investment. http://wiki.osgeo.org/wiki/Indonesia
  103. 106. Copyright : Arnulf Christl , metaspatial . This slide set is copyrighted to the commons. 2012 Beijing, China The annual Conference on Free and Open Source Software for Geospatial With friendly support by: Thank you for your Attention! http://www.metaspatial.net
  104. 107. References <ul><li>OSGeo Foundation website: http://www.osgeo.org </li><ul><li>Wiki: http://wiki.osgeo.org
  105. 108. OSGeo Mailing lists: http://lists.osgeo.org/mailman/listinfo/
  106. 109. OSGeo Incubation: http://wiki.osgeo.org/wiki/Incubation </li></ul><li>Support OSGeo: http://www.osgeo.org/sponsorship
  107. 110. Open Source: http://producingoss.org by Karl Fogel
  108. 111. OGC standards: http://www.opengeospatial.org
  109. 112. metaspatial consulting: http://www.metaspatial.net
  110. 113. A note on Copyright: http://arnulf.us/Seven:Copyrights </li></ul>This presentation is available for download at http://arnulf.us/Publications

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