CORBA by Example G. Roy Antony Arnold Lecturer / CSE Infant Jesus College of Engineering Tuticorin, Tamilnadu, India
CORBA Program Steps: <ul><li>Use the idlj compiler to compile *.idl file, generating up to six files for each interface de...
1: Create IDL File The file will be called Hello.idl and will hold a module called SimpleExample.  The contents of this fi...
2: Compile IDL file idlj –fall Hello.idl This causes a sub-directory with the same name as the module (i.e.,SimpleExample)...
•  HelloHelper.java  : Provides auxiliary functionality, notably the narrow method required to cast CORBA object reference...
3: Implement the Interface The implementation of an interface is called a ‘servant’, so we shall name our implementation c...
4: Create the Server The following three standard CORBA packages: •  org.omg.CosNaming (for the naming service); •  org.om...
4: (contd)‏ (ii) Create a servant. HelloServant servant = new HelloServant(); (iii) Register the servant with the ORB. Thi...
4: (contd)‏ (v) ‘Narrow’ the context reference. In order for the generic Object reference from the previous step to be usa...
4: (contd)‏ (vii) Specify the path to the interface. This is effected by creating an array of NameComponent objects, each ...
4: (contd)‏ (ix) Wait for client calls. Unlike our previous server programs, this is not achieved via an explicitly ‘infin...
import SimpleCORBAExample.*; import org.omg.CosNaming.*; import org.omg.CosNaming.NamingContextPackage.*; import org.omg.C...
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Corba by Example

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Corba by Example

  1. 1. CORBA by Example G. Roy Antony Arnold Lecturer / CSE Infant Jesus College of Engineering Tuticorin, Tamilnadu, India
  2. 2. CORBA Program Steps: <ul><li>Use the idlj compiler to compile *.idl file, generating up to six files for each interface defined. </li></ul><ul><li>Implement each interface as a ‘servant’. </li></ul><ul><li>Create the server (incorporating servants). </li></ul><ul><li>Compile the server and the idlj-generated files. </li></ul><ul><li>Create a client. </li></ul><ul><li>Compile the client. </li></ul><ul><li>Run the application. </li></ul>
  3. 3. 1: Create IDL File The file will be called Hello.idl and will hold a module called SimpleExample. The contents of this file are shown below. module SimpleExample { interface Hello { string getGreeting(); }; };
  4. 4. 2: Compile IDL file idlj –fall Hello.idl This causes a sub-directory with the same name as the module (i.e.,SimpleExample) to be created, holding the six files listed below. • Hello.java Contains the Java version of our IDL interface. It extends interface HelloOperations , as well as org.omg.CORBA.Object (providingstandard CORBA object functionality) and org.omg.CORBA.portable.IDLEntity.
  5. 5. • HelloHelper.java : Provides auxiliary functionality, notably the narrow method required to cast CORBA object references into Hello references. • HelloHolder.java : Holds a public instance member of type Hello. If there were any out or inout arguments, this file would also provide operations for them. • HelloOperations.java : Contains the Java method signatures for all operations in our IDL file. In this application, it contains the single method getGreeting. • _HelloImplBase.java : An abstract class comprising the server skeleton. It provides basic CORBA functionality for the server and implements the Hello interface. Each servant (interface implementation) that we create for this service must extend _HelloImplBase. • _HelloStub.java : This is the client stub, providing CORBA functionality for the client. Like _HelloImplBase.java, it implements the Hello interface.
  6. 6. 3: Implement the Interface The implementation of an interface is called a ‘servant’, so we shall name our implementation class HelloServant. This class must extend _HelloImplBase. Here is the code: class HelloServant extends _HelloImplBase { public String getGreeting()‏ { return (&quot;Hello there!&quot;); } } This class will be placed inside the same file as our server code.
  7. 7. 4: Create the Server The following three standard CORBA packages: • org.omg.CosNaming (for the naming service); • org.omg.CosNaming.NamingContextPackage (for special exceptions thrown by the naming service); • org.omg.CORBA There are several steps required of the server… (i) Create and initialize the ORB. This is effected by calling static method init of class ORB. This method takes two arguments: a String array and a Properties object. The first of these is usually set to the argument list received by main, while the second is almost invariably set to null: ORB orb = ORB.init(args,null);
  8. 8. 4: (contd)‏ (ii) Create a servant. HelloServant servant = new HelloServant(); (iii) Register the servant with the ORB. This allows the ORB to pass invocations to the servant and is achieved by means of the ORB class’s connect method: orb.connect(servant); (iv) Get a reference to the root naming context. Method resolve_initial_references of class ORB is called with the String argument “NameService” (defined for all CORBA ORBs) and returns a CORBA Object reference that points to the naming context: org.omg.CORBA.Object objectRef = orb.resolve_initial_references(&quot;NameService&quot;);
  9. 9. 4: (contd)‏ (v) ‘Narrow’ the context reference. In order for the generic Object reference from the previous step to be usable, it must be ‘narrowed’ (i.e., typecast ‘down’ into its appropriate type). This is achieved by the use of method narrow of class NamingContextHelper : NamingContext namingContext = NamingContextHelper.narrow(objectRef); (vi) Create a NameComponent object for our interface. The NameComponent constructor takes two String arguments, the first of which supplies a name for our service. The second argument can be used to specify a category for the first argument, but is typically left as an empty string: NameComponent nameComp = new NameComponent(&quot;Hello&quot;, &quot;&quot;);
  10. 10. 4: (contd)‏ (vii) Specify the path to the interface. This is effected by creating an array of NameComponent objects, each of which is a component of the path (in ‘descending’ order), with the last component specifying the name of the NameComponent reference that points to the service. For a service in the same directory, the array will contain a single element, as shown below. NameComponent[] path = (nameComp}; (viii) Bind the servant to the interface path. The rebind method of the NamingContext object created earlier is called with arguments that specify the path and service respectively: namingContext.rebind(path,servant);
  11. 11. 4: (contd)‏ (ix) Wait for client calls. Unlike our previous server programs, this is not achieved via an explicitly ‘infinite’ loop. A call is made to method wait of (Java class) Object. This call is isolated within a code block that is declared synchronized, as shown below. java.lang.Object syncObj = new java.lang.Object(); synchronized(syncObj)‏ { syncObj.wait(); }
  12. 12. import SimpleCORBAExample.*; import org.omg.CosNaming.*; import org.omg.CosNaming.NamingContextPackage.*; import org.omg.CORBA.*; public class HelloServer { public static void main(String[] args) { try { ORB orb = ORB.init(args,null); HelloServant servant = new HelloServant(); orb.connect(servant); org.omg.CORBA.Object objectRef = orb.resolve_initial_references(&quot;NameService&quot;); NamingContext namingContext = NamingContextHelper.narrow(objectRef); NameComponent nameComp = new NameComponent(&quot;Hello&quot;, &quot;&quot;); NameComponent[] path = {nameComp}; namingContext.rebind(path,servant); java.lang.Object syncObj = new java.lang.Object(); synchronized(syncObj) { syncObj.wait(); } } catch (Exception ex) { System.out.println(&quot;*** Server error! ***&quot;); ex.printStackTrace(); } } } class HelloServant extends _HelloImplBase { public String getGreeting() { return (&quot;Hello there!&quot;); } }

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