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Magazine True Golfer 14 PDF

  2. 2. Distance running is Ethiopian Airlines will be the rst airline in Africa to operatesynonymous with the the Boeing 777-200LR the longest range airplane in the world.Ethiopian culture. This aircraft will enable Ethiopian Airlines to connect the US to Addis Ababa and to more destinationsstarting from Abebe Bikila, in Asia nonstop.the winner of the Olympic with a range of up to 17,396 km, the 777-200LRMarathon gold medal in will carry more than 300 passengers inRome and Tokyo in 1960 and the most passenger preferred cabin1964 respectively,to the living of any aircraft in service. Its e cientlegend Haile Gebrselassie, design means low fuel consumption,one of the greatest distance less noise and cleaner emissions,which is Haile Gebrselassierunners in history. in sync with the Airline’s green initiatives.With 22 world records so far This technologically advanced aircraftand many more to come, will further establish Ethiopian AirlinesEthiopians dominate all major as a leader on the continent,and as an airline that takes itslong distance competitions in mission of connectingthe world. In line with this Africa to the World,tradition, Ethiopian Airlines about to establish itselfin the ultra-long distancearena as well. WWW.ETHIOPIANAIRLINES.COM
  3. 3. Fuelling Africa’s dream. As an oil company founded in Africa, Engen is providing theengergy for her growth and renewal. Through sustainable investment and development. Throughbusiness partnerships and joint ventures. Through the creation of new opportunities for allher people and, vitally, through sharing skills and knowledge. An oil companyproudly committed to driving Africa forward.
  5. 5. CONTENTS THE STARTER 8 Tee-Off Ask TG Doctor TG Notes THE GAME 14 18Grey Snow Triumphs at the KCB Golf Tournament in Kenya Indiza set for Big Task this Year Kaymer Topples Westwood to Become World Champion Grey Snow Triumphs at KCB Tour Coca Cola Launches Dasani Golf Series 2011 GAME PREVIEW 27 All Eyes on Kenya Open Sunshine Tour comes to East Africa FEATURES 36 Tracing the Origins of Golf – Part 2 The A-Z of Golf Jargon TG CHATROOM 45 TG Chats with Dr. Adriko on Golf & Business Coca Cola Launches Dasani Golf Series 2011 at UGC 22 Publisher Editorial Board Adevertising Oneline Graphics Media Score Limited Eric Stephen Mukhwana Paddy Ntalumbwa (+256) 0782 - 431150 Plot 121, 8th Street Tanda Benon Mathias Ggayi P.O. Box 7537 Paddy Ntalumbwa Design & Layout Kampala • Uganda Contributors Circulation Design Evolution (U) Limited (+256) 0414 - 668571 Sadi Atibu Milton Mukhwana (+256) 0772 - 200335 (+256) 0772 - 981804 Dr. Sebaale Kato (+256) 0703 - 648232 Prof. Herbert Nsanze Customer Service Eric Verwej Gladys Nakakande
  6. 6. MARCH - APRIL 2011 GOLF & BUSINESS 50 Conference Facilities & Accommodation Supplemennt TG SCHOOL 54 Develop your Swing with Sadi Atibu Improve your Game with the Latest Gear COURSES & TRAVEL 66 The Joy of Playing Golf in Abu Dhabi COURSE GUIDE 72 The TG Golf Course Guide to the Region 54 Sadi Atibu on Split-Handed Swing 66 A viiew of the Abu Dhabi National Golf Course Finance & DISCLAIMER COPYRIGHT NOTICE Administration Whereas every care has been All materials are copyrighted Andy Martion Munialo taken in the preparation of the and all rights are reserved. No True Golfer, Media Score Limited part of this publicaton may be24 Hours Hot Lines can not accept responsibility for reproduced, stored in retrieval (+256) 0772 - 981804 the accuracy of the information systems or transmitted in any (+256) 0782 - 431150 containd herein or any conse- form or by any means, wether (+256) 0782 - 554700 quences arising from it. The views electronic, mechanical or pho- (+256) 0752 - 996747 expressed in this magazine are tocopied, without prior written (+256) 0752 - 932880 those of Media Score Limted. permission of the publisher.
  7. 7. TEE-OFF Dear Reader, Attitude is Everything! As Herm Albright put it, a Positive Attitude may not solve all your prob- lems, but will annoy enough people to make it worth the effort. I have watched golfers and I have learnt two things. They have a positive attitude. They are focused. They are so focused that they switch off their phones when playing. That is why they win on and off the greens. I remember when we started True Golfer two years ago, pessimists said that we would close within six months, but we have not. Instead we are grow- ing stronger. Attitude to succeed has brought us this far. In my career as a field salesman, I have called a string of CEOs, General Managers, Country Managers, Marketing Managers, Sales Managers and I have continuously followed them up until they have given me business. Sales people with right mental attitude (RMA) will always win orders. Customers want to give business to cheerful and happy sales people. True Golfer Team is still determined to be cheerful and happy, in whatever situation we find ourselves; because we know that the greater part of our success depends upon our attitudes and not upon our circumstances. The Publisher.ERICMUKHWANA 8 PUBLISHER TG 13 • JAN - FEB 2011 THE STARTER
  8. 8. 20THE STARTER TG 13 • JAN - FEB 2011 9
  9. 9. ASK TG DOCTORDR. SEbbAAlE, how al consistency throughout the cessive fat. As an alternative,DoES A DiET AffEcT A 18-holes (may be upto the 20th you may like to get your proteingolfER’S PERfoRm- hole) with little fluctuation. from vegetables and beansAncE? Golf nutrition gives you a instead of from animals. Golfers are mostly bad eat- body and mind for optimumers. Truly, most golfers’ diet performance. Most of the nu- To be continued in the nextis not healthy. Many of them trients required for golf nutrition issue:focus on the game, oblivious of is derived from macronutrientstheir diet. (carbohydrates, proteins, fats golfing AnD For sustenance, they stuff and water) and micronutrients cARbohyDRATES. whyinto their mouths donuts, egg (vitamins and minerals). ARE cARbohyDRATESand sausage biscuits, chips So imPoRTAnT?and assorted junk foods and whAT DoES ExERciSEconsume beer or sugar-loaded Do To ThE boDy?beverages for quenching their Golfing just like any sportthirst. breaks down body proteins Worse still, at the 19th hole, (muscle) - Skeletal musclefurther indulgence jeopardize contains about 50% of totaltheir health; making some of body protein. Both resistancethem worse-off in shape than and endurance exercise canprior to their round. induce muscle protein dam- Athletes focus on good age.nutrition for better sports Therefore before or dur-performance. The case is dif- ing golf addition of essentialferent with golf where golfers amino acids to carbohydrateregard the game as a slow- consumed immediately beforemoving activity requiring little playing resulted in increased Dr. Sebbaale is the Chiefaerobic and anaerobic energy. amino acid delivery to muscle Executive Officer of CaseAs such, they ignore the fun- and greater net muscle protein MedCare Limited. He is adamentals of good nutrition synthesis compared with con- Laparascopic Surgeon andnecessary for golfing success. sumption of the supplement at Gastroeterologist. Golf nutrition contributes to various times after exercise. He is a Senior Lecturer, De-a good diet, leading to good So it is prudent to include partment of Surgery (Makererescores. Golf is a game of ex- some protein source along University). He is a passionatetended endurance, requiring with the standard pre-play golfer and Chairman Ugandafocus, rhythm and consistency carbohydrates. Lean proteins Cricket Association.which are the fundamentals of should be favoured over higher His telephone numbers aregolfing success. fat proteins, as fat delays gas- (+256) 772 - 221101 or 752 - You need a good diet to tric/stomach emptying. 250362.provide you with adequate en- Daily golf nutrition requiresergy throughout a round. Only you to empower your bodya healthy body and mind will with energy and strengthgive you the same measure of through consuming foods highstrength, flexibility, concentra- in protein. However, animaltion and physical and emotion- protein may also give you ex- 10 TG 14 • MARCH - APRIL 2011 THE STARTER
  10. 10. A WORLD AWAY FROM THE CITY Just 15 Kilometres from Kampala and 35 Kilometres from Entebbe, on the shores of lake victoria, rests a  resort of ultimate beauty, tranquility and peace. This newest addition to the Serena family is the perfect resort  to unwind and escape the stresses of city life.  The central lounge and reception The rooms and suites Maisha Mind Body and Spirit Spa The pool and garden view LAKE VICTORIA SERENA RE SO RT 11THE STARTER TG 14 • MARCH - APRIL 2011 PO Box 37761, Kampala, Uganda, Lweza-Kigo road, Off Entebbe road or Call +256 41 7121000, Fax +256 41 7121550 e-mail: 
  11. 11. TG NOTES ‘MOST HATED GOLFER’ WINS HONDA CLASSIC South Africa’s Rory Sab-batini won the Honda Classic,earning himself $5.7 million asa cash prize. This is his sixthcareer US PGA title. The fourdays tournament took placeat Palm Beach Gardens fromMarch 3rd to 6th. Sabbatiniwas reported to be the mosthated man in golf following theresults of a survey conductedby Sports Illustrated in 2007. Sabbatini, who had not wonsince the 2009 Byron Nelson Gymkhana Club Chairman,Championship, began the final Professor Mohabe Nyirabu,round with a five-stroke lead who escaped with a leg injury,and fired a par 70 to finish nine- Michael Makala and Athmanunder par 271. “I’m just beside Chiudu who are reportedlymyself. It’s fantastic. An awful injured and treated at thelot has happened since the last Muhimbili Hospital.time I won. It’s great being here Kamuzora was a senioragain.” Sabbatini said of the golfer at Gymkhana Golf Clubtriumph, which came after a and a professor at University of MAWA WINSbattle with skin cancer. Dar es Salaam. ZONE VI TRIALS Saidi Mawa capped a re- PROFESSOR DIES markable return to the national ON COURSE set-up by winning the first trial held last week to pick a nine- Shock gripped golfers at man team that will representGymkhana Golf Club when Uganda at the Africa Zone VIa tree fell and hit Professor Golf Championship due April inChris Kamuzora’s head; killing Kenya.him almost instantly on Tues- Mawa won the 126-holeday, February 1. He was pro- national trials held at the newnounced dead on arrival at Aga Palm Valley Golf Resort andKhan Hospital. Country Club, Kakungulu Es- The professor met his fate tate (54 holes) and Entebbeat the green’s No.1 hole while Golf Club (72 holes), by nineon a social golf outing in a strokes. After ascending intoteam of four players. Other the lead with a six-shot marginplayers in his company were after 54 holes, Mawa added rounds of 76, 67, 76 and 76 af- 12 TG 14 • MARCH - APRIL 2011 THE STARTER
  12. 12. FROM AROUND THE...ter the four rounds held in En- rounds here,” added Katutsi, Flavia Namakula (73) and Katytebbe for an aggregate of 528 who took over the champion- Kabenge (66) won ladies’gross. “Playing 126 holes was ship leadership from January group A and B while Hermannot an easy task. But I thanks Mug winner, Dennis Mutyaba. Mutaawe led the professionals’God to have maintained the leaderboard with level 72.lead from the start to the end,” NAMAKULA TO GOsaid the 19-year-old star. Other qualifiers to the Na- TO SOUTH AFRICA DONALD BEATStional Amateur Team are Onito KAYMEROpio with 537, Ian Odokonyero Handicap-two lady golfer,with 543 Adolf Muhumuza with Flavia Namakula, will soon be544, Fred Wanzala with 548, in South Africa to play with theAbbey Bagalana with 551, Ron- continent’s best.ald Rugumayo with 557, Law- Namakula, the first lady inrence Muhenda with 560, East Africa to play handicap Robert Tumusiime with two, notes that she is not get-564, Ocici Onito with 565 and ting the kind of competitionConrad Acaye 565. The team she needs to up her captained by former profes- Playing in South Africa willsional, Stephen Kasaija who give her an opportunity todid not participate in the trials get tougher competition thatbecause busy schedules at would take her career to an-work. George Bagambisa is other level.the Team Manager while Amos South African Airways hasKamya is retained as the Team already promised to sponsorCoach. her with an air ticket. KATUTSI SHINES WAIGO COLLECTS England’s Luke Donald de- AT ENTEBBE MTN MUG feated German Martin Kaymer 3 and 2 during the World Golf Justice J.B Katutsi returned Senior golfer, John Waigo, Championships Accenturean enviable 66 nett points to resisted pressure from tough- Match Play Championship onemerge winner of the February fighting Lenard Ogembo, beat- February 27. Donald neverOrange/Castle Lite Mug at par ing him on count back after trailed in any of his six match-71 Entebbe Golf Club (EGC). both firing 75 gross to lift the es. “I am happy to be the new MTN February Mug. The event He collects US $ 1.4 mil-championship leader and I am took place at Kitante-based lion and will jump to third in thedetermined to remain there par-72 Uganda Golf Club Ki- world rankings. Kaymer wasuntil the end of the season,” tante course on Saturday, Feb- already assured of reachingsaid a jovial Katutsi, who picked ruary 26. Rwandan Stephen No.1 in the world just by reach-up 20 points from the January Katwiremu , George Egaddu ing the final, with England’s LeeMug. “I like this course. It has and Denis Batanda won A, B Westwood falling to second ingiven me great joy before and and C categories after net- the rankings.I have played many amazing ting 71, 72 and 69 respectively. 13THE STARTER TG 14 • MARCH - APRIL 2011
  13. 13. INDIZA SET FOR BIG TASK THIS YEAR! by TRUE golfER coRRESPonDEnT After failing to make the cutin the Dimension Data Pro-Amand in the starting list of theTelkom PGA Championship inSouth Africa, Kenya’s long driv-ing professional, Dismas Indiza,is back in Kenya to try and findhis winning touch which sawhim making a clean sweep inmost of the local events in EastAfrica. Indiza, who signed a newsponsorship deal with the giantsugar company Mumias SugarLimited at the beginning of theyear, says his suspension halfway the 2010 season becauseof an alleged wrong scoresmade him loose his form andinterest of the game. “Though I had tried my bestsince late last year, it is obviousthat I have not been able toreturn to the form as I was twoyears ago. But nothing is lost.I am back to pick up my gameeven though the competitionis getting hot and hot everyday in the KCB East Africa Tourfrom the emerging of young DISMAS INDIZA PLAYS FROM THE BUNKERand good professionals whichis good for the game’’ said In- “I have been getting up at he made the cut after finishingdiza after the second leg of the 6am every day, doing jogging, in the top 30 with impressivetour at Muthaiga. before going to the driving rounds of 70, 71 and 71. Indiza, who said he was range where I have been hit- And though he pre-qualifiedthrough with the Sunshine Tour ting between 300 and 500 for the Dimension Data Pro-until later during the year, has balls, followed by chipping and Am at the Fancourt in George,resumed serious training to put putting. I conclude my train- he shot rounds of 76 and 78;himself into shape not just for ing with an 18 holes’’ said the missing the cut by three shots.the KCB Tour, but other Inter- 43-year-old pro. He started His next stop over was Coun-national events such as the his Sunshine Tour outing with try Club Johannesburg for theBarclays Bank Kenya Open. the Zimbabwe Open where Telkom PGA Championship, 14 TG 14 • MARCH - APRIL 2011 THE GAME
  14. 14. one of the prestigious eventsin the summer section of theSunshine Tour. He shot oneunder par 71 in the pre-quali-fying at the long playing Gar-dener Ross to tie with six otherplayers. During a play off, Indizamissed a close putt in the firsthole of a play off, hence miss-ing a place in the starting line-up of the event won later byGeorge Coetzee with a nearrecord of 27 under par 261. He would have wantedto play at the MTC NamibiaOpen, but that event will beheld at the same time with theBarclays Bank Kenya Openat Muthaiga where Indizabelieves he has a very goodchance of doing well this timeround. “I made a few errorsduring last year’s open whichcost me a place in the tworounds, but that was a wake-up call. I am now determinednot just to make cut this yearbut finish in a respectable posi-tion,’’ promised Indiza. Mumias Sugar sponsoredIndiza plans to play in all theKCB East Africa Tour events aswell as travelling to play in theNigeria Open later in the year.He also intends to go to Zim-babwe for the extra SunshineTour event and thereafter toZambia for the Zambia Openwhich comes soon after theKCB grand finale. Indiza hopesthat he will be among the INDIZA CONTEMPLATES HIS NEXT MOVEKenyans who will be selectedto play in the Vipingo Sunshine for putting training. formed well in the Kenya OpenTour open in June. I have been playing well as well as in the Sunshine Tour He is most grateful to Mu- though I have been making where he is currently rankedmias Sugar Chief Executive some few errors here and 66 in the Order of Merit.Officer, Dr. Evans Kidero, for there and those are some ofgiving him another chance to the things I would like to cor-prove his prowess in the game. rect before I venture into any ‘’Right now I am practicing major event here or outsideat Mumias Sugar but when the the country,’’ said Indiza. Twoopen gets nearer, I will have to years ago Indiza topped themove to Muthaiga particularly KCB East Africa series, per- 15THE GAME TG 14 • MARCH - APRIL 2011
  15. 15. KAYMER TOPPLES WESTWOODby TRUE golfERcoRRESPonDEnT Fluid-swinging German,Martin Kaymer, who’s been thebest player on earth in 2010has finally reached No. 1 in theOfficial World Golf Rankings;ending Tiger Woods era. Kaymer takes over theworld No. 1 position fromLee Westwood at the latestworld golf rankings releasedon March 1, 2011. He reachedthe summit after finishing inrunner-up position in the WGCMatch Play Golf Championshipthat ended on Sunday, Feb-ruary 27 in Arizona where helost to England’s Luke Donald.Westwood deposed TigerWoods on October 31 and haskept this top spot for only 17weeks. 26-year-old Kaymer be- KAYMER ADMIRES HIS TROPHYcomes the second-youngest PGA Championship won’t beplayer to capture the top rank- his last one. Kaymer holed aing since Woods did so at age 15-foot par putt on the last hole21 in 1997. (The rankings have that got him into a playoff. Afteronly been in place since 1986). Bubba Watson birdied the firstHe is the first player younger of a three-hole playoff, Kaymerthan Woods to pass Tiger in answered with a birdie on thethe rankings, which he did ear- toughest par 3 at Whistlinglier this year. Straits. What’s different this time GERMANATOR around is that Kaymer is Since he won the European nearly a decade younger thanTour’s Rookie of the Year in Woods, polished but not quite2007, he has never looked refined. His best golf could stillback. He went on to win eight be ahead of him.tournaments on the European “I want to go out and winTour, including three of the last tournaments. I want to com-four stacked-field Abu Dhabi pete, get myself in the lastGolf Championships. group on Sunday and feel weaknesses or strengths that The “Germanator” has won that heat, preferably against I have, and I can move on andseven times over the last two the best players ever, so that work on that,” said Kaymer be-years. He won a major with the I can compare myself. And if I fore he went to the tournamentkind of shots that suggest the compare myself, I can see my that gave him a new status. 16 TG 14 • MARCH - APRIL 2011 THE GAME
  16. 16. TO BECOME WORLD CHAMPION! KAYMER ERA Ernie Els wasn’t kidding three years ago when he said of Kaymer, “He’s going to be something, I promise you.” From now on, it’s Kaymer, Watson, Rory McIlroy, Dus- tin Johnson and many other younger talents that will be at the top. Considering Kaymer’s resume, he is likely to keep at the top for a much longer time but obviously not for five years as Tiger Woods did. But Woods, Phil Mickelson, Ernie Els and the other golfers who commanded the game in the 2000s win again have a chance of capturing a few ma- jors along the way. But they’ll have to fight for every hole, and mARTin kAymER guys like Kaymer won’t ever coUnTRy shrink in their presence again. gERmAny The analysis is not to take DATE of biRTh away anything what Woods 28.12.1984 and the others achieved during hEighT / wEighT their heydays. Golf is now so 184 cm / 74 kgS competitive that few players TURnED PRo will come close to Mickelson 2005 AT hAnDicAP +5 and Singh’s multiple majors; and Woods’ 14 majors record is just unbreakable. KAYMER PROFILE TOURNAMENT YEAR PRIZE MONEY R1 R2 R3 R4 PAR ABU DHABI GOLF CHAMP. 2011 334.399 EUROS 67 65 68 66 -17 ALFRED DUNHILL LINKS CHAMP. 2010 580.046 EUROS 68 69 68 66 -17 KLM OPEN 2010 300.000 EUROS 67 67 66 66 -14 US PGA CHAMP. 2010 1.028.877 EUROS 72 68 67 70 -11 ABU DHABI CHAMP. 2010 250.000 EUROS 67 67 67 66 -21 THE BARCLAYS SCOTTISH OPEN 2009 579.340 EUROS 69 65 66 69 -15 OPEN DE FRANCE ALSTOM 2009 666.660 EUROS 62 72 69 68 -13 BMW INVITATIONAL OPEN 2008 333.330 EUROS 68 63 67 75 -15 ABU DHABI GOLF CHAMP. 2008 225.421 EUROS 66 65 68 74 -15 CHALLENGE DE FRANCE 2006 19.200 EUROS 67 64 69 71 -13 VODAFONE CHALLENGE 2006 19.200 EUROS 70 67 63 70 -18 17 THE GAME TG 14 • MARCH - APRIL 2011
  17. 17. SNOw TRIumpHS AT KcB TOuR! SnowTRUE golfER by Triumphs at KCB Tour coRRESPonDEnT Grey Snow, one of the mosttalented young professionalgolfers in the East Africanregion, is probably the manto watch in the forthcomingBarclays Kenya Open to beheld at Muthaiga Golf Clubfrom March 31 to April 3 if hisperformance during the sec-ond leg of the KCB East AfricaGolf Tour at the par 71 Muth-aiga course on March 2 to 5 isanything to go by. Snow who turned profes-sional soon after winningKenya’s Amateur StrokeplayChampionship last October,emerged the leading profes-sional in the KCB East AfricaGolf Tour’s Advantage BankingChallenge which was also thefirst of the four regional eventsin the Tour. He fired an impres-sive nine under par 275 to winthe top prize of KSh198,000 bya big margin of six shots fromthe second placed player JohnKagiri of Limuru Country Club. Using his home courseadvantage, Snow started hiscampaign with two rounds oftwo under par 69 each fol-lowed by 67 and 70 in third andfourth rounds respectively. His club-mate NicholasRokoine came up with anexcellent round of six under65 in the second round. Hotcharging Dismas Indiza with 72and 69 in the final two roundsfinished in third place behindJohn Kagiri who put up a ster- 18 TG 14 • MARCH - APRIL 2011 THE GMAE
  18. 18. ling performance with a final finish fourth on one under par Although the course was inround of five under par 66 for 283 just a shot behind Indiza. an excellent condition, tough280 to finish second. Kimani, the only Kenyan pin positions denied many of Before the Muthaiga event, professional to make the sec- the players; particularly the vis-Snow had tied for second ond round cut during the 2010 iting pros a chance of finishingplace with Dismas Indiza in the Kenya Open, shot 73, 72, 71 in the money bracket. Save forfirst leg at Thika Sports Club and 74 to tie for seventh place Rwanda’s Emmanuel Ruterana GREY SNOW SWINGS ENROUTES WINNING THE 2ND LEG OF KCB TOURwhere home pro Simon Ngige with Hardeep Thethy who fired who made it in the money listshot 277 to retain his title. his only under par (69) in the with a score of 298, all the oth-Ngige did not however play final round for 290. Okello, who ers failed to make the cut.well at Muthaiga where he shot finished in second place in the Uganda’s Deo Akope, who291 to tie in ninth place with 1998 Kenya Open, started well had been expected to playRichard Ainley of Nakuru. at Muthaiga with one under par well particularly after playing At the same time, Nicholas 70 but faulted in the succeed- several events in South Africa’sRokoine who started with a ing two poor rounds when he Sunshine Tour, shot 75, 84 andpoor 78 before his magnificent shot 78 and 77. His four under 80 to finish well below the cut.65 that was followed by a 73 par 68 in the final round earned Another top pro, Jean Baptistand a closing 67, managed to him the 10th place. from Rwanda, also missed the 19THE GAME TG 14 • MARCH - APRIL 2011
  20. 20. cut. Because of the introduc- Club, Kampala will host the tion of a Pro-Am in the four fourth and last regional tour- regional events, the cut was nament from July 6 to 9 while moved from second to third the grand finale will take place round. The series now takes a at Nyali Golf and Country Club break to give the profession- Mombasa from August 10. als a chance to prepare for the Barclays Kenya Open. The third leg in the KCB East Africa Tour worth Sh7.6m this year will be from April 6 to 9 at Nyanza Golf Club Kisumu before it travels out of Kenya, for the first time this year, to Arusha Gymkhana Club in Tanzania from May 11 to 14. This event will be followed by another one the same month (May 25 to 28) at Kigali Golf Club Rwanda before returning NICHOLAS ROKOINE WAS to Kenya (Nakuru) from June THE 2ND RUNNER-UP 8 to 11. As usual, Uganda Golf 21THE GAME TG 14 • MARCH - APRIL 2011
  21. 21. COCA COLA LAUNCHESDASANI GOLF SERIES 2011by TRUE golfERcoRRESPonDEnT Over 150 players weretreated to an exciting tourna-ment after Coca – Cola stagedthe inaugural Dasani Golf Se-ries at par-72 Uganda Golf Clubon Saturday, March 12. Fourteams qualified for the GrandFinale slated for June 25. Team six comprising seniorgolfers emerged winner afterAllan Muhereza, MackenzieOgweng, Gad Gumisiriza andElly Tumwine carded 35, 36,39 and 40 points respectivelygiving them an aggregate of141 points. They were followed byTeam Eight comprising largelyexpatriates who garnered133 points, beating their ri-vals on count-back. The teamcomprised of Acutt Bary (35), COCA-COLA BRAND MANAGER, MAGGIE KIGOZI SPEAKSStanley Henning (40), Tony the teenagers sent a strong Series is intended associateGlencross (32) and Simo message to their seniors that Dasani brand with golfers. TheDubajic (26). Team Nineteen they are a team to reckon with event will move to Jinja Golf,comprising of Kiwanuka Arthur come June 11. Entebbe Golf Club, Toro GolfWHEN THE TEENS DARED THEIR SENIORS!with 36, Brian Rwabwogo with “I will be hitting the range Club, Mbarara Sports Club be-31, Paul Nuwagaba with 32 and every day after my tests at fore the Grand Finale on JuneDavid Batanda 34. school. Our team should do 11 at Kitante. The winning team Team Eleven that com- well during the Grand Finale will get an undisclosed pack-prised of teenagers had their in June,” said Ugandan-born age to spend a week abroad;name in the top four after firing Serb Marko Kostic. In the sub- playing golf on one of the besta total of 131 points Sixteen- sidiary category, Len Ogembo courses in the world.year-old Arshavin Kananathan with 39, Sydney Mpipi with 44and Chris Odur (34 points and Amanya Mushega with 37apiece) were the key players won Group A, B and C respec-for Team Eleven. Marko Kostic tively. Cecilia Lwanga and Ro-and James Odong contributed sette won the ladies Group A33 and 31 points respectively. and B categories respectively. Much as they did not According to Coca – Cola’semerge the winning team, Maggie Kigozi, Dasani Golf 22 TG 14 • MARCH - APRIL 2011 THE GAME
  23. 23. sa k In k a rII eVa okatch ok el lo ocero24 TG 14 • MARCH - APRIL 2011 THE GAME
  24. 24. g lorIa M bagu ta ch ar les ha Mya green t/shIrt) Fr ancIs ka ZIndukI (In 25THE GAME TG 14 • MARCH - APRIL 2011
  25. 25. Ma kul a Fl aV Ia n a luke kIseMbo bunk er shot at 18th hole26 TG 14 • MARCH - APRIL 2011 THE GAME
  26. 26. da nIel k a l IMuZo Ma rko kostIc J.b. basa bose sheIl a kasIIMe 27THE GAME TG 14 • MARCH - APRIL 2011
  27. 27. All EYES ONKENYA OpEN by TRUE golfER coRRESPonDEnT In a short while, a star fieldof 156 players, including top sixamateurs, will be up and aboutat Kenya’s home of golf, Muth-aiga Golf Club for the Europe-an Challenge Tour’s BarclaysKenya Open Golf Champion-ship. They will be chasing for apurse of 190,000 euro of whichthe winning professional willtake home 30,400 euro plus achance to advance to the mainEuropean Tour International. Since Kenya Open started in1967, it has played a significantrole in producing future worldstars. Most of its winners haverarely returned to defend theirtitle because they have alwaysgone all the way to join themore lucrative European Tourand eventually to the world’sleading pro circuit, the PGAAmerican Tour. Last year’s winner, RobertDinwiddie, is now ranked 44thin the European Tour after fiveevents, thus he cannot returnto Kenya to defend his title un-less he is free from the maintour. Dinwiddie who has been inand out of the European Tourshot a final round six under par65 for an all rounds total of 12under par 272 to claim the topprize of 30,300 euro on his wayback to the European Tour. HARDEEP THETHY 28 TG 14 • MARCH - APRIL 2011 GAME PREVIEW
  28. 28. OPTICIANS EYE CARE CENTRE Ophthalmic & Dispensing Opticians, Contact Lens Practitioners FOR: • Large Selection of Designers & Budget Frames • Contact lenses & Solutions • Sun glasses • Testing for Glaucoma • Visual eld analysis • Frame Repairs • All Optical Accessories Eye Examination GARDEN CITY MALL DOWNTOWN KAMPALA BRANCH New Wing, Ground Floor (Next to Stanbic Bank) Plot 3 Johnstone Street Tel: +256 41-423 7 700 / +256 31-226 5500 Tel: +256 41-425 7759 / +256 41-434 4712 +256 31-226 4400 LUGOGO MALL Fax: +256 41-425 7746 / +256 41-425 7746 Tel: +256 41-4 22 0780 / +256 31-226 4 422 Cell: 0712 / 0752 / 0772-786 400 29GAME PREVIEW TG 14 • MARCH - Website: E-mails: APRIL 2011 KAMPALA UGANDA
  29. 29. ExPECTED TURN-UP At least the top 100 play-ers in the European ChallengeTour, and some from the maintour, are likely to parade atMuthaiga where their mainchallengers will be a field of sixplayers from the Sunshine Tourin South Africa. In all, Africa will be providing50 professionals. Besides hostKenya, other African countriesexpected to provide playersin this highly billed tourna-ment will be Zimbabwe, Zam-bia, Nigeria, Tanzania, Egypt,Uganda, Rwanda and possiblyGhana. CHARAMBA IS TOUGH JAMES KAMTE FOLLOWS HIS BUNKER SHOT Expected from Zimbabweis Toongo Charamba who has IS IT KENYA’S TIME? the same form the following The year Kenya came clos- day as a number of bogeysbeen doing well in the Sun- denied him even a top 10 finish.shine Tour where he is among est to the trophy was in 1997 through Jacob Okello who was He is currently ranked third inthe top 50 players. the local Order of Merit. In this year’s Telkom PGA beaten by Gonzalez in a sud- den death playoff. Since then, However, eyes will be on aChampionship at the Country much improved Simon Ngige,Club Johannesburg, Chara- the Kenyans have tried to halt the European players domina- a Thika-based player, whomba shot 10 under par 278 to the 2010 KCB East Africa Tourtie for 28th place. He has been tion without much success. 2010 Kenya Open saw Ali champion and long hitter, Dis-expecting to do well in the mas Indiza. Ngige and DismasKenya Open to follow the foot- Kimani, a resident professional at Vet Lab Sports Club make Indiza are definitely the boyssteps of his country-man Marc that will command press fol-Cayeux, the only Zimbabwean history after firing his way to the top of the leader board on lowing in the open this far to have won the Open in Indiza is currently ranked2004. day two of the Open. He shot an impressive six under par 65 90 in the Sunshine Tour, came Marc Cayeux is the third Af- closer to winning the Open atrican, after Trevor Emmelman that included eight birdies to lead the field by two shots. Karen Country Club five years(2000) and Ashley Roestoff in ago. He was in a neck and2001 to have won Kenya Open. He did not however repeat neck battle with the leaders, Electric & Ordinary Razor Wire Fencing Computorised Vehicle Inspection Mirrors Alpha Tango Intercom Hand held I.P Camera I.P Camera Systems Metal Detactors Techinical Services & Security Systems(U)LTD. Lugogo Show Ground, Shumuk House. P.O Box 5088, Kampala, Uganda. Tel: +256 414 223 300, +256 414 370 847, Fax: +256 312 280 201 Walk Through 30 TG 14 • MARCH - APRIL 2011 GAME PREVIEW
  30. 30. including South Africa’s JamesKamte, until the round wherehe hit a string of bogeys whichthrew him out of the running toeventually settle for fifth place. SPONSORSHIP Barclays Bank of Kenyais the official sponsor ofKenya Open after announc-ing a sponsorship packageof Sh39m for the next threeyears, hence the new tourna-ment title is Barclays KenyaOpen. Barclays is joined by ToyotaEast Africa, whose chairmanDennis Awori recently pre-sented a Land Cruiser Pradovalued at Sh7.6m as a specialprize for the first professional tohole out in one at the 13th hole.This is in addition, Toyota gaveone million shillings towardsthe running of the event. Kenya Open Golf Limitedchairman, Peter Kanyago, onreceiving the sponsorship said,“We are delighted to welcomeToyota on board and wishto confirm our commitmentto putting together a world-class tournament that will be ashowcase of international golf-ing standards’’. ARRANGEMENTS A casual observation of the ALI KIMANI FINISHED IN 28TH PLACE IN 2010 KENYA OPENcourse will reveal improvedtees, fairways, greens and game is in the consistency of March 31 to April 4, has grownother features on the course, its organization, playing stand- in stature over the years andmaking it a challenging but ards & the high level of profes- remains the biggest golfingnonetheless an enjoyable sionalism of the championship. event in the East Africa region.course. The event still holds pride All these have added great of place in the Challenge Tourvalue to the continuous efforts and KOGL intends to honourmade to make the course a this recognition by providingpreferred choice, for not only better layouts for access tothe Kenya Open but other the event taking into accountupcoming prestigious regional the ongoing work on the Thikaand international golf tourna- Road Highway. The event,ments. The attraction to the whose 2011 edition is set for 31GAME PREVIEW TG 14 • MARCH - APRIL 2011
  31. 31. by TRUE golfER event is scheduled for June 22 part of the tour’s effort to putcoRRESPonDEnT to 25 and is expected to bring together a strong African con- together a field of 150 profes- tinental tour. Wilson believes A Sunshine Tour event will at sionals mainly from the South- that Africa has a big number ofleast take place in East Africa ern Africa’s tour. talented professionals who areand on Kenyan soil for that It will be the 35th tourna- capable of winning any ma-matter, thanks to the manage- ment in the series which has jor event in the world. Wilsonment of Kenya’s newest golf tournaments in Swaziland, Na- praises African golfers: “ WeEstate, the Vipingo Ridge. The mibia, Zimbabwe and Zambia have proved our ability to playKenya Classic will be the first in addition to those held within and win any international eventSunshine Tour tournament at South Africa. Affirming the Sun- anywhere in the world but ourthe Baobab Course at Vipingo; shine Tour’s commitment for players do not have to wonderabout 30km north of Mom- the inaugural event, Sunshine around all over the world look-basa off the Mombasa - Ma- Tour Chief Operating Officer ing for events to play. They canlindi Road. The 1,200,000 rand Grant Wilson said the event is do it right here in Africa and it is 32 TG 14 • MARCH - APRIL 2011 GAME PREVIEW
  32. 32. our responsibility to come up this time been assured of thewith events for them’’ he said. prize-money and sanction feeHe re-affirmed the Sunshine and as soon as he finalizes tel-Tour’s support for the inaugural evision issues, he will travel toVipingo Ridge’s Kenya Classic. Kenya to inspect the course. Last year, the Sunshine Tour, “We are very excited bywhich has for years wanted this development because itto co-sanction Kenya Open, has always been the wish ofwas to sanction the KCB East the tour to have an event inAfrica Tour’s grand finale at the East Africa and Kenya in par-tough playing Nyali Golf and ticular’’ said Wilson. He said itCountry Club in Mombasa but was most unfortunate that lastfailed because of the costs year’s KCB East Africa Tour’sinvolved. However, the Sun- grand finale could not be partshine Tour boss said he has of the Sunshine Tour. 33GAME PREVIEW TG 14 • MARCH - APRIL 2011
  33. 33. SIDE VIEW OF VIPINGO RIDGE CLUBHOUSE “I know Kenya has very grow the game in Africa and ably one of the most challeng-good facilities which can stage we are willing to assist those ing and yet very exciting golftour events and this is one countries which would like to course capable of hosting anyof the reasons why we have partner with us for the benefit international event’’ said Kamtebeen very keen to partner with of the game of golf’’ added last year. It will be interesting toKenya to develop the game to Wilson. He said two more see how the pros fare in Junean international level as this is events will be added in Zimba- particularly after the long rainspart of Sunshine Tour’s vision,’’ bwe with one set to take place which are likely to make it evensaid the Sunshine Tour boss. in the Victoria Falls areas. harder come June.Opportunity for East African Back at the Vipingo Ridge,golfers. arrangements are in advance The fact that some of Ken- stage for the June event whichya’s own professionals such will be the first full fledgedas Dismas Indiza, Anil Shah professional event to be heldand recently Hardeep Thethy at the challenge course con-have featured in the tour; this structed over 140m above seawill be an opportunity for them level. Last year South Africanto display their talents on their pro James Kamte had a roundhome soil thus giving them- on the course prior to par-selves chances of advancing in ticipating in the KCB Classic atthe tour. Nyali and he commended the The Sunshine Tour has also course owners for putting upbeen in touch with the Nigeria such a magnificent course. HePGA with the view of incorpo- said that the course was fit torating some events in that part host an international event anyof the continent. ‘’Our aim is to time in the year. ‘’This is prob- 34 TG 14 • MARCH - APRIL 2011 GAME PREVIEW
  34. 34. MTAC MANAGEMENT TRAINING AND ADVISORY CENTRE For Enterprise DevelopmentWhat is MTAC?Management Training and Advisory Centre (MTAC) was established initially as a joint project betweenGovernment of Uganda and ILO/UNDP in 1965. MTAC was established by an Act of Parliament (1969) toprovide Management Training, Entrepreneurship Development, Consultancy and Research.MTAC Mandate ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT & TECHNOLOGYTo promote enterprise development and sound TRANSFERmanagement practices through advisory, trainingand entrepreneurship development services to 1. Enterprise Developmentbusiness and public enterprises MTAC o ers a comprehensive entrepreneurship development programme, where entrepreneurialVision Statement: competencies are indentified and help participantsA world of job creators and e ective managers to acquire the orientation necessary to start and rununderpinned by professionalism, and steering their own businesses, to develop their own businesspeople to prosperity; plans.Mission Statement: 2. Technology Transfer“To improve management performance and MTAC is a member organization of an African Smallpromote entrepreneurship for sustainable and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) Net work calleddevelopment”. TECHNONET Africa is a partner in providing appropriate technology transfer to SMEs throughCOURSES OFFERED the UNDP supported South-South Global and1. Business Diploma Courses conducted in Technology Exchange (SS-Gate) System. For detailsCollaboration with the Association of Business contact and Administrators (ABMA), UK, March &September intake . MANAGEMENT CONSULTANCY2. Performance Improvement Short Courses. MTAC‘s highly competent and experienced3. Information Technology Courses. management consultants are trained to meet the4. Professional Courses needs of both private and public enterprises • Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA), UK • Certified Public Accountants, Uganda CPA (U): • ICSA Registration is in Progress For more Information please contact: Marketing and Public Relations o ce, P.O.Box 4655, Kampala, Uganda Tel’+256 414 221011/2/3 or +256 756 221012, +256 773 132113. Fax: 256 414 223853 Email: or, 35 GAME PREVIEW TG 14 • MARCH - APRIL 2011
  35. 35. TRACING THE ORIGINSOF GOLF - PART TWO FRANCE - THE BIRTHPLACE OF NOBLE BALL GAMES SOCIETY, SHEPHERDS AND SPORTS - CA 1250 - 1480by michAEl ing the brief reign of Julian and stability, while giving birthflAnnERy Apostate, the name Paris was to the noble lines of Spain,AUThoR of Golf adopted. Until well into the Portugal and Brazil. When theThrouGh The AGes – early Middle Ages, Paris was Capets hit town, Paris was kick600 YeArs of GolfinG little more than a simple pro- started on its way to becomingArT, AnD A mEmbER vincial centre, but that was to the greatest city in Christen-of ST AnDREwS golf change radically when it be- dom – the centre of art, archi-clUb. came the capital city of the Ca- tecture, culture, scholarship FRANCE,THE BIRTHPLACE pets. Hugues Capet, first king and, of course, the recreationsOF NOBLE BALL GAMES SOCIETY, SHEPHERDS ANDSPORTS - CA. 1250-1480 In Part I, Was Scotland theBirthplace of Golf, we sawthat the famous 1457 edict byKing James II, had nothing todo with golf but was, instead,directed at the violent hockeyand football-like games thathad raged on the continentsince the thirteenth century,and become a threat to or-der and archery in Scotland.Peaceful club and ball targetgames had, however, longbeen documented in France.In this chapter, we’ll draw uponunknown documentation andbeautiful images to tell thestory of the emergence of PHILIPPPE IV (CENTRE), KING OF FRANCE WITH HISearly golf-like and other impor- DAUGHTER ISABELLE (IMMEDIATE RIGHT), QUEEN OF ENG-tant ball games in the Kingdom LAND (MARRIED TO EDWARD II) AND PRINCE LOUIS Xof the Franks. (IMMEDIATE RIGHT) Our story begins in Paris, of modern France (987 to 996), and ball games that made lifewhich derives its name from was founder of the Capetian worth while. But, ambitiousa Celtic tribe called the Parisii, dynasty in which the crown of projects, a handsome life stylewho pitched camp on the France passed directly from and the odd war, requiredbanks of the Seine about 250 father to son for eight centu- big budgets and the Capets,BC. The Romans, who con- ries. like many other parsimoniousquered the city in 52 BC, called Unparalleled in Western monarchs, were often obligedit Lutetia Parisiorum, Lutetia of history, the reign ensured to dip deeply into their citi-the Parisii. Around 360 dur- enormous wealth, influence zens’ pockets to pay the tabs. 36 TG 14 • MARCH - APRIL 2011 FEATURES
  36. 36. In 1292, scraping the bottom ness, had suffered many. La opponent put it, ‘He is neitherof his royal coffers, the spend- Taille de Paris (The Tax of Paris) man nor beast. He is a statue.’thrift King Philip IV of France came as no surprise to his Unmoved, Philip imposed simi-(1268–1314) launched the most cynical subjects, who knew it lar taxations starting in 1296comprehensive taxation ever was only a question of time be- – painful for his citizens, butimposed on the Parisians, who, fore the perennially broke king together with La Taille of 1292,as le Bon Dieu would bear wit- put the squeeze on. One fierce a sport-historical bonanza. 37FEATURES TG 14 • MARCH - APRIL 2011
  37. 37. The detailed documentation beard-trimmers trailing in the in which are collected the rar-that resulted offers extraordi- dust. est fruits of every country. Kingnary insight into the popula- The prolific letter writer, John of Bohemia (1296–1346)tion and sophistication of early Petrarch (Francesco Petrarcha called Paris ‘the most chival-French ball games. To give the 1307–1374), father of lyri- rous residence in the world’,king his due, running the big- cal poetry and Italy’s earliest vowing he could not bear togest metropolis in the Western Renaissance Humanist, put live outside it – nor, as it turnedWorld, with a population of200,000 to 300, 000 – com-pared to thirteenth centuryLondon with around 70,000residents – was a complex andexpensive job. Paris not onlyhad a new city wall, but pavedstreets, ports and Les Halles, acovered market that would re-main in the same location until1969. The infrastructure wasbejeweled with the most beau-tiful architecture in Christen-dom, including Sainte-Chapelleon the _le de la Cité, the cathe-dral of Notre Dame de Paris,and the Saint Denis Basilica. PARIS - “THEMOST CHIVALROUSRESIDENCE IN THE WORLD” On the academic front, thedynamic medical faculty at theUniversity of Paris (incorporat-ing La Sorbonne) attracted TWO BAREFOOT BOYS, ONE WITH HIS CROSSE INVERTEDstudents from throughout the CONTEST A LARGE BALL. SILVER GILT ENAMELLED EWERWestern World with a range of (BURETTE), PARIS 1330disciplines including surgicalstudies. pen to parchment to record his out, would he. At the Battle of Graduates were enfran- initial reactions to Paris: I spent Crécy, August 26, 1346, fiftychised to vie for the profitable no little time there, in open- year old John led his knightsmarket controlled by Paris’ 151 mouthed wonder; and I was so in a valiant but vain attack onbarbers, who offered not only full of interest and eagerness the English line. As Froissarta shave and a haircut for two to know the truth about what related, the king (who had lostdeniers, but pulled teeth, gave I had heard of the place that his eyesight to opthamalia)enemas, performed blood let- when daylight failed me I even burned to strike a blow againstting and wound surgery. The prolonged my investigations the English knights.University’s curriculum was into the night. ‘The king … was so farappealingly packaged in the In another letter, he ob- forward that he strake a strokeholistic Hippocratic-Galenic served: At the same time, (Par- with his sword, yea and moreview of medicine – academic is) contains the most learned than four, and fought valiantlyglitz, which long-term left the men, and is like a great basket and so did his company; and 38 TG 14 • MARCH - APRIL 2011 FEATURES
  38. 38. they adventured themselves one woman paumiere, pos- Pierre), makers of the hockeyso forward, that they were sibly the keeper of a court. In stick-like club, the crosse,there all slain, and the next day one instance, members of a takes us another big step to-they were found in the place large family all made balls in a wards establishing the exist-about the king, and all their single atelier. Jehan, Thomas, ence and popularity of multiplehorses tied each to other.’ Guiart, Jehan le veil (the elder) early golf variants. What was it about Paris that and Thomas la Fillatre (son ofmade it so special in the me- Thomas), all registered outsidedieval world? Thanks to Her- the city walls at La Queste du BEING FRENCH,cule Pierre Joseph François Temple, were taxed individually NOT ONLY BALLGéraud, who in 1837 edited acopy of the original manuscript as paumiers. The existence of two gen- GAMES BUT FOODcontaining Le Rôle de la Taille, erations of paumiers is par- AND DRINK WEREwe have a clear picture of a ticularly interesting, since it WELLhighly advanced culture – a indicates that the tradition ofvital basis for sophisticated ball ball making dated back at least one generation before 1292. The Taille, which includes a The first evidence of early According to the Frenchdetailed listing of addresses, historian, Jusserand, the cro-trades and professions, is a setier’s task was to meet thegodsend as a historical start- needs of the game as playeding point in tracking down the on streets, lawns and of early ball games, Depending on the size and na-including tennis, billiards and, ture of the ball and the type ofof course, golf. The statis- the game – i.e. hockey-like ortics, anything but dry, reveal a target – different forms of play-great deal about the lifestyle of ing instruments were required.medieval Parisians, its quality, ‘The crosse was the principaland the importance of sophis- instrument used in the menu ofticated recreation, evidenced games in the Middle the number and variety of The playing club with aartisan club and ball makers. curved head preceded theThis booming mini-industry racket and the mallet; itsemployed 17 full-time masters transformations and varietiesand assistants to provide ad- were infinite’. Illustrations fromequate supplies of tennis balls the twelfth through the nine-(éteufs), for jeu de paume (the teenth century show a vastgame played with the palm), diversity of crosses, confirming MATCHES OF THE LONG Jusserand’s thesis.and specialist clubs for ground VARIANT OF PALLEMAIL IN Being French, not only ballbilliards, the hockey-like game LOIRE VALLEY games but food and drink,of crosse and its target vari-ants. golf is in the form of a single were well-represented trades Thanks to precise 700 billardier (named Nicolas) who in the great city. Paris, in 1292,year-old documentation, we made long-shafted clubs for was home to 21caterers/res-have our first concrete proof of billiards which, until about 1480, taurateurs, 35 brewers, 3 winethe existence of professional was played on the ground, the brokers, 2 sellers and 4 vint-equipment makers for precur- ball propelled through arches ners; 41 fishermen/fishmon-sors of noble games which with a push shot. Confusingly, gers, 36 butchers, 49 poultrywould be played throughout this trade also made another sellers, 43 vendors of cookingWestern Europe for centuries. type club known as the billart, oil, 94 public bakeries, 23 fruit An analysis of the sporting which was used in golf-like and 18 cheese sellers, 68 pas-trades reveals thirteen male target games. The presence try makers, 7 prepared saucepaumiers or ballmakers, and of two crosetiers (Thomas and sellers, 10 mustards makers, 39FEATURES TG 14 • MARCH - APRIL 2011
  39. 39. and 7 each, sellers of cooking at the end of the thirteenth reasons why France emergedherbs and salt & pepper. There century Paris had 7 soap as the cradle of sophisticatedwere also vendors of garlic (9), makers, 22 registered bath ball games. These includedonions, tripe, eels, peafowl and proprietors, 151 barbers, 199 not only tennis and billiards,baked pies. chambermaids, 43 laundry which we have mentioned, but The hardware and trappings workers and a token dish- cricket, bowls, pall-mall, andof war and chivalry were sup- washer. Literacy and art were other early club and ball target served by 13 manuscript/pic- games that led to golf. ture illuminators, 24 painters The tantalising similarity be- and sculptors, 8 book sellers, tween playing clubs illustrated 17 bookbinders, 19 parchment in medieval texts and the crook makers, one female ink seller has always encouraged sup- and 24 scriveners. position about the role of the Clothing and fashion were shepherd as the ‘inventor’ of catered to by 47 tailors and 46 hockey and golf-like games dressmakers, 214 leather and – usually met with knee-jerk fur sellers, 81 makers of leather, dismissal by academics. silk and silver belts; artisans for The authors of 100 Jahre buttons, lace, gloves, mittens Golf in Deutschland, the of- and buckles; felt makers and ficial German golf history, for silk spinners. example, wrote: ‘Let’s take There were a staggering leave from a further univer- 226 Cordovan-leather shoe sally beloved legend: It wasn’t makers. Jewellery and acces- the shepherds in their natural sories to set off la mode were environment who in their free crafted by 116 goldsmiths and time experimented with club 6 gold beaters; 4 gilders and and ball, and in an idyllic early 5 enamellers. To round off phase of golf had the idea to Géraud’s list were 49 Lom- drive their ball to a pre-deter- barts, as bankers, lenders, and mined goal, and in no case, money changers were known; (did they) steer it into a hole. 2 fouchieres or priest’s concu- Golf, in its first centuries was an bines, 26 coffin makers (22 of aristocratic game since it was them, curiously, women), and expensive.’ a single, doubtlessly over- Academic omniscience in worked, hangman. full flower! In one brief para- graph the authors demon- strate unique insider knowl-plied by 8 bow makers, 5 mak- FRANCE edge of how shepherds did orers of crossbows, 41 diverse EMERGED AS THE didn’t while away their hours;armour and helmet makers; 15squires and their wives, 1deco- CRADLE OF establish that a hole was the target goal in early golf (itrated shield maker, 4 pike mak- SOPHISTICATED wasn’t); and, with no support-ers, 35 sword re-furbishers,and 24 knife or blade makers, BALL GAMES ive documentation, conclude that the early game was bothcomplimented by 52 sheath aristocratic and expensive. A By now, the reader couldand scabbard makers. Trum- little knowledge… be forgiven for saying – ‘Getpeters three, a batallier and It was only when games of on with it!’, but there are good10 champions – professional the people were adopted by reasons for emphasising theseconds for duels – rounded their vastly better-off social relatively advanced economicout the offer. superiors, to be played with and cultural climate of Paris, Unlike their unwashed custom-made equipment on compared to the rest of me-brethren across the Channel, purpose-built playing courts, dieval Europe – fundamental 40 TG 14 • MARCH - APRIL 2011 FEATURES
  40. 40. that they became expensive. were of no interest to the ar- standardized and codified.Golf, in its early days, like other iracy they are un-documented. Had it been possible to flygames played by the common Therefore, to answer the ques- in an observer from the 21stpeople, made do with what- tion about the role of peas- century, there would haveever was at hand for its equip- ants generally, and shepherds been no medieval ‘Eureka’ mo-ment and playing areas. specifically, in developing golf- ment when he could have said: ‘Courses’ could be a road like games, we must use our ‘That’s golf!’ But, over centu-or path, clearing, grazed field, imagination and extrapolate ries, a golfer would have notedpark, dry moat, town square or from what we know. Fit, lonely a constant stream of detailsbuilding or some sort. Cathe- and bored, any boy anywhere, and practices that he woulddrals, with seemingly endless over long months of herding have been able to associatesmooth vertical and horizon- his sheep or goats, would have with the game that eventuallytal surfaces (and dry inside), established the playing proper- emerged from Scotland.proved irresistible to medieval ties of his crook. With a certain Nonetheless, it’s safe toball players. In 1385, confront- swing he could roll a stone or assume that prior to the lateed with the increasing popular- nut in a given direction; with 1300’s, the violent hockey-likeity of St Pauls Cathedral for ball another, strike it in the air to a variant of crosse (forbidden ingames, Robert de Braybrooke, target; and with a third – let- 1457, under the name ‘golf’, inthe Bishop of London, saw red: ting out the shaft – drive it long Scotland) held sway in France, ‘There are also others – distances. Competing against as it would continue to do ininsolent, idle persons answer- other shepherds would have Britain and the Low to no-one, troublemakers been an inevitable extension of Evidence for the ‘Shepherdby nature, who would rather man’s compulsion to measure Theory’ comes from numer-cause mischief than make skills against his peer group. ous medieval documents andthemselves useful – who throw Although there are manu- illustrations.or shoot stones, arrows, and In 1277, an English manu-various other missiles at the script refers to a tragic end of acrows, pigeons and other birds game between two boys play-that nest or perch in the walls ing hockey (ad pilem ludendoand recesses of the church. altercantes). One, Geoffrey, aNot only that, but they play shepherd and son of le Pasteurball-games inside and out- (in English, ‘the Shepherd’),side the church, and engage accidentally killed his friendin other destructive games, Robert with a blow behind thebreaking or seriously damag- ear. In another fatal ball gameing the glass windows and the accident, a fourteenth centurystone carvings in the church … French Letter of Remissionand also expose their souls to relates: ‘Nothing more thangrave danger.’ bad luck was behind the blow script illustrations of peasants with a crook (in French: crosse and shepherds with crooks or masselote) which the cow-FOR AN OBSERVER playing the hockey-like vari- herd, Pierre Columbard deliv-FROM TODAY, THE ant of crosse – basically finger ered to Jehanin Ravinal, who CREATION OF wagging to remind the viewer that this violent sport was died eleven days later.’ The earliest comprehen-GOLF WOULD NOT forbidden by both temporal sive records of ball games HAVE HAD A and ecclesiastical authorities – there is no picture of a golf- are found in French medieval Lettres de Remission (legal “EUREKA” like game until 1400. Early golf, documents drawn up to plead MOMENT like food, drink, music, cloth- for clemency in royal courts). ing, transportation and most Jean- Michel Mehl, who ana- Since the simple, intuitive other things in life, took its own lysed tens of thousands ofgames played by commoners, sweet time to evolve, become these letters, concluded that 41FEATURES TG 14 • MARCH - APRIL 2011
  41. 41. in 6-7% of all cases the deaths strokes to get there. In other a convenient landmark. Earlyand injuries which had resulted forms of competition, matches golfers, in some instances,in sentencing were caused by were decided by the longest insisted on playing to an elevat-ball games. drive – a practise that we will ed target – sometimes a mark These documents offer an see continued in pall-mall. Both on a tree trunk or a church orinvaluable source of insight into singles matches and teams of graveyard door.the status of the players, man- as many as 6-8 players were In a prayer book illustratedner of play, terminology and popular. in Paris about 1400, for theequipment. While most of the Mehl notes that players first time we see a game inearliest records refer to brutal were obliged to play around which each player has his ownhockey-like games, the DNA of obstacles or turn them to their club and ball, playing a matchgolf was well established. The advantage, which as we know, without physical opposition.skill needed to strike a station- is easier said than done. This The two players, a young manary object accurately to a tar- is possibly the reason why, in (left) and an older, white-hairedget was part of the shepherd’sjob description. Violett le Duc, the architec-tural historian who rescuedCarcassonne from ruin, thensupervised its restoration,wrote: ‘Until the XIVth cen-tury, shepherds carried a clubterminating in a large end, orcrook, in order to strike clodsof earth to drive breakawaylambs back to the flock’. In 1933, the brilliant youngGerman sport historian Albre-cht Wettwer, concluded thatthe genetic material for bothhockey and golf was presentin fourteenth century gamesplayed with a crosse and arelatively small, solid ball. INSTRUMENTS FOR MAKING BALLS AND RACKETS By the turn of the fifteeenth FOR JUE DE PAUMEcentury, we read of the firstflowerings of golf in judicial 1398, a match begun at mid- man, are dressed in simpledocuments that reveal a day ended at sunset. The hal- tunics indicating their peas-fledgling game that was both lowed rule of golf – playing the ant status. Their ball and clubsexperimental and evolutionary. ball where it lies – found favour (the crosse) are crude, lack-In 1426, a letter of remission with early French golfeurs. ingthe finesse of artisan-maderecords that the purpose of In 1384, in the bailiwick of products, but the young man’sa game of Grande or Longue Melun, a player whose drive swing is practiced, handsBoule (the long ball game) was had strayed into a pile of together on the shaft, wriststo reach a neighbouring village stones, brazenly attempted cocked. The older man has‘with the fewest strokes of the to replay the shot. The ensu- his right hand raised, signallingwooden ball’ (avec le moins de ing dust-up confirmed that caution – a silent Fore. Therecops de la boule de bois). this was a breach of playing are too few clues to enable us A 1449 document reveals etiquette. Before the emer- to decipher the message anda more flexible variant: the gence of man-made goals, its symbolism.winner could be either the first first illustrated in 1450, the ulti- Sixty years later, ca. 1460,player to reach a distant goal, mate scoring stroke was often we hit pay dirt – the first une-or the one who took the fewest played to a boundary stone or quivocal depiction of early golf 42 TG 14 • MARCH - APRIL 2011 FEATURES
  42. 42. being played in both a short on a green in Flanders). The of the game, by the mid- 1470’sputting variant and a multi- mail, the first known two-piece depictions of Pallemail long game. For the next golf club, has an exotic shape Perhaps the end of the Hun-20 years several more images and an equally exotic descrip- dred Years War (1337-1453)surface, all from La Touraine, tion. It is a socket-joint paral- that had raged over La Patrie,best known for its paradisiacal lelepiped, the wooden head devastated the countryside,Loire Valley. There is a satisfy- composed of three sets of led to occupation and terroring symmetry to finding the nearly parallel planes. A simi- at the hands of mercenariesearliest evidence of golf-like lar club appears as a putter in and outlaws, had encouragedgames in the Loire region, for the second seminal image of new forms of harmonious andwhile the Capets governed early golf, the February calen- refined sports. Perhaps the be-from Paris, La Touraine was the dar page of the same prayer nevolent effects of the Renais-traditional residence of the Ca- book, dedicated to celebrating sance accelerated evolutionpetiennes lords and their allies, Candelmas and the arrival of of club and ball target games,home to France’s most beauti- Spring (in the Middle Ages, 2 through new concepts andful and famous châteaux. February). improved equipment that ex- These decorate an exqui- But here, it is only one of tended their prayer book known as two variants being used in a Whatever the reasons, theLa Duchesse de Bourgogne multi-club game, together with next stage of evolution, from(The Duchesse of Burgundy), our old friend, the crosse. The about 1480–1700, was arguablya former owner, and are at- club with the curved head is the richest and most diversi-tributed to Jean Fouquet and used to play the initial drive fied in golf’s history, manifestedan anonymous Master of the (volée) and elevated approach in two very different formsSchool of Tours, the cultural shots, while the mail is re- of early golf. One was Flem-centre of the Loire, and capi- served for putting. Two teams ish Colf, a single-club gametal of the Touraine. The first of four men, each with its own played only with a crosse; theearly golf game illustrated is ball, are shown putting to other, Jeu de Mail/Pall-Mall,a putting variant of Pallemail, piquets. Another team of four was played with a woodenshown in the context of a Na- plays up to the green from the ball and mallet. Known as ‘Thetivity. Two shepherds holding distant background. Game of the Upper 10,000’,clubs stare upward in wonder Mail/Pall-Mall would captivateat the Herald Angels announc- European society and produceing the Virgin Birth, while three IT MAY BE THAT the grandest and most beauti-others, each with his round THE END OF THE ful courts and alleys ever builtwooden ball and putter – a mailor billart, compete in a peace- HUNDRED YEARS – their name lingering today in the word ‘mall’.ful contest on a smooth path, WAR These two games wouldputting to an elevated ‘green’cropped close by grazing ENCOURAGED bequeath golf a number of its priceless characteristicssheep. GENTLER including the concept of har- The pin – known as a PURSUITS monious cross-country play,‘piquet’ – has been fiendishly refined equipment, a diversityplaced just off the path on a Captured in time, five and of shots, putting to a hole, andpoint of the green where, with half centuries ago, we have our rules and etiquette – an endur-the difference in height, the ball first clear picture of an early ing blueprint for popularity andis bound to spring off course. form of golf, a multi-club game, pleasure.The purpose of the game (like each team with its own clubsboules, which probably had a and ball, playing a stationaryformative influence) is to leave ball without physical oppositionthe putt as near as possible to over long distances, to termi-the pin. (It’s not until 1500 that nate in a putting stroke to awe see, for the first time, a hole pre-agreed target. Mysterious-being used as the target goal ly, despite the apparent appeal 43FEATURES TG 14 • MARCH - APRIL 2011
  43. 43. THE A-Z OF GOlFING TERmS & JARGONSby Tg mAgAZinE g gRoUnD UnDER REPAiRconTinUED fRom Tg 13 If an area of the course is gilligAn under maintenance and your E The opposite of Mulligan. ball lands there, you can re-EAglE When gilligans are agreed in a move your ball without penalty. match, your opponent has the Normally, identified by stakes Two under par score on the right to ask you to play a shot or a line.table. again – typically a good drive or h f a long putt holed. hAlf ShoTfAiRwAy gimmiE Reduced swing when tak- The short-grass area be- Very short putt close to a ing a shot. Used for shortertween the tee and the green. hole, awarded by other play- shots or when extra control isFollow-through. The latter part ers. Only used in match play or required.of the swing from striking the in friendly golf – in stroke playball to completion of the mo- everything must be holed out. holE oUTtion. To finish a hole by getting gRAin the ball in the cup or hole.foRE Direction in which blades of Usually done with a putt, but Warning shout when a shot grass grow and influence the sometimes with a chip frommay endanger another player speed and roll of the ball on the off the green, and occasionally putting green. When looking with a full short.foUR-bAll “into the grain,” a green will Group of two pairs of golfers appear darker, and “with the honoURrecording the better ball score grain,” it will appear lighter or Given to the player scoringof each pair based on gross or shinier. When putting “across lowest on the last hole; andnett scores. the green,” the ball will move granting the right to tee-off first left or right. on the next.foURSomE Group of two pairs of golfers gREEn hookplaying shots alternatively with Area of course around Shot that curves stronglythe same ball. The partners the hole with short grass for from right to left (or the oppo-drive at alternative halls; so one putting. site, if you play left handed).will drive the even numbersand the other one the odd gREEn ScoRE hoSElnumbers. The total number of actual Hollow part of clubhead strokes played within a round where the shaft is attached.fREE DRoP before handicap is taken into Sometimes called the “neck.” When a player is entitled to account.make a drop without a penaltystroke. 44 TG 14 • MARCH - APRIL 2011 FEATURES