Naumann unit4 slideshow


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Naumann unit4 slideshow

  1. 1. Implementation and Institutionalization of Innovations in the Elementary Classroom Presented By: Angela Naumann Unit 4 Case Study - INST 5131 Sunday, November 10, 13
  2. 2. What is Implementation? Implementation is the actual application of the innovation. Sunday, November 10, 13
  3. 3. Purpose of Implementation? The purpose of implementation is to successfully streamline a new innovation into already established organization or environment. Sunday, November 10, 13
  4. 4. What is Implementation? Diffusion is "the process by which an innovation is communicated through certain channels over time among the members of a social system" (Rogers, 2003, p. 10). Sunday, November 10, 13
  5. 5. 8 Conditions that Facilitate Implementation 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Dissatisfaction with the status quo. Knowledge and skills exist. Availability of resources. Availability of time. Rewards and/or incentives exist. Participation. Commitment. Leadership. (Donald Ely, 1999) Sunday, November 10, 13
  6. 6. Purpose of Institutionalization The purpose of institutionalization and its process is “for a successful innovation is that it is routinely used in settings for which it was designed. It has become integral to the organization or the social system and is no longer considered to be an innovation” (Surry and Ely, n.d.). Sunday, November 10, 13
  7. 7. 6 Indicators of Institutionalization 1. Acceptance by relevant participants--a perception that the innovation legitimately belongs 2. The innovation is stable and routinized 3. Widespread use of the innovation throughout the institution or organization 4. Firm expectation that use of the practice and/or product will continue within the institution or organization 5. Continuation does not depend upon the actions of specific individuals but upon the organizational culture, structure or procedures 6. Routine allocations of time and money. Sunday, November 10, 13
  8. 8. Innovation Decision Process Five stages: 1. Knowledge 2. Persuasion 3. Decision 4. Implementation 5. Confirmation Sunday, November 10, 13
  9. 9. Stages of the Diffusion Process 1) Knowledge – person becomes aware of an innovation and has some idea of how it functions. 2)      Persuasion – person forms a favorable or unfavorable attitude toward the innovation. 3)      Decision – person engages in activities that lead to a choice to adopt or reject the innovation. 4)      Implementation – person puts an innovation into use. 5)     Confirmation – person evaluates the results of an innovation-decision already made.    Sunday, November 10, 13
  10. 10. Case Study Background Bullard Elementary School Bullard, Texas Sunday, November 10, 13
  11. 11. The Background of: Bullard Elementary, Bullard, TX Sunday, November 10, 13
  12. 12. History of Bullard Elementary Open for since 2008. Grades 2 - 4 512 students 24 Regular Education Classrooms Class Size Average 21 to 1 student to teacher ratio Sunday, November 10, 13
  13. 13. Enrollment High School 687 Middle School 368 Intermediate School 338 Elementary School 512 Primary School 424 As of September 19, 2013 the district 2,329 students. (This is a 7 % growth over the previous school year) (Bullard ISD [BISD], 2013) Sunday, November 10, 13
  14. 14. Current Available Media Each Classroom Smart Board interactive whiteboard Document camera and projector Various Classrooms 1 to 6 iPads per teacher from technology grants Classroom Smart Response interactive response system (clickers) from technology grants Campus 2 - 24 machine Mac Desktop Labs 1 - 24 machine Mac Laptop Mobile Lab 1 - 24 unit iPad Mobile Lab Sunday, November 10, 13
  15. 15. Current Strategies Campus/ EveryTeacher 2 days of required technology staff development each summer. Each teacher has a webpage and is required to update it each 6 weeks. Sunday, November 10, 13
  16. 16. Current Strategies Various Teachers 2-4 teachers attend Texas Computer Educators Association (TCEA) state convention each year in Austin. 2 teachers attend the Tots in Technology summer conference each year in Galveston. 1-4 teachers attend the Area TCEA conference each year. Sunday, November 10, 13
  17. 17. Instructional Technologist One Instructional Technologist for the entire district (focus on Primary, Elementary and Intermediate Campuses; Grades P-6). Meets monthly for 10-15 minutes during team meetings to give information and see what the teachers need. Works one on one by request of teachers. Comes into the classroom to help with projects, and the use of media during lessons and instruction Sunday, November 10, 13
  18. 18. Corporate Level BISD Mission Statement To prepare all students to become citizens who are able to make informed choices for success in a changing world. BISD Vision Statement Excellence through Education Sunday, November 10, 13
  19. 19. Implementation and Institutionalization of Innovations at Bullard Elementary Bullard Elementary School is dedicated to helping its teachers to feel comfortable in the presence of students using technology and seeks to have its teachers be able to streamline technology into the curriculum. The goal is to do this while implementing and Institutionalizing innovations and trends in the education field that can best impact student learning and support 21st century skills. Sunday, November 10, 13
  20. 20. Bullard Elementary’s Strengths & Weaknesses Strengths State exemplary campus. Wide variety of technology available (Smart Boards, iPads, document cameras, projectors, Mac labs etc.). Just in time support from the technical support team Some required staff development. Clear Expectations from Elementary campus administration. Sunday, November 10, 13
  21. 21. Bullard Elementary’s Strengths & Weaknesses Weaknesses Lack of teacher buy-in. Lack of year round technology staff development. Lack of a variety of technology training available. Only one instructional technology specialist for all five campuses. Inconsistent technology expectations from campus to campus. Unused technology due to lack of teacher buy-in. Sunday, November 10, 13
  22. 22. Specific Problem Sunday, November 10, 13
  23. 23. The Problem at Bullard Elementary The main problem at Bullard Elementary is the lack streamlined integration of technology into the curriculum. One major contributing factor is how technology is being implemented and institutionalized at the school which is resulting in the lack of teacher adoption or buy-in to the integration of technology and 21st century skills into the classroom. Sunday, November 10, 13
  24. 24. Implementation and Institutionalization of Innovations Alternatives and Future Strategies Sunday, November 10, 13
  25. 25. Alternatives and Strategies IDT to Develop alternative and Strategies that meet the AECT Standards for Implementation and Institutionalization: 3.3.1 Use appropriate instructional materials and strategies in various learning contexts. Develop a 21st Century team of teachers to drive technology from the ground level. Develop and implement an online Moodle course for the district where teachers can go for tutorials, lesson ideas, and resources that contains strategies and appropriate ways to use instructional technology in a 21st century classroom. Create an online forum to discuss new and upcoming innovations, classroom strategies, and instructional ideas should be implemented. Sunday, November 10, 13
  26. 26. Alternatives and Strategies IDT to Develop alternative and Strategies that meet the AECT Standards for Implementation and Institutionalization: 3.3.2 Identify and apply techniques for integrating ECIT innovations in various learning contexts. IDT to meet weekly or bi-weekly with each grade level to answer questions and model techniques for integrating innovations into the classroom. Design a process for implementation and document the process on paper or electronically for teachers. Provide a weekly newsletter with tech tips on new innovations and simple quick ideas for implementation. Sunday, November 10, 13
  27. 27. Alternatives and Strategies IDT to Develop alternative and Strategies that meet the AECT Standards for Implementation and Institutionalization: 3.3.3 Identify strategies to maintain use after initial adoption. Develop a blueprint for growth and expectations. Design a system of consistent and on-going staff developments on use of the technology and classroom integration. Sunday, November 10, 13
  28. 28. Conclusion Bullard Elementary needs to begin seamlessly integrating technology into everyday curriculum by focusing on the the five steps of the Diffusion of innovation model. The model can also be used to help teachers become aware of new innovations, attempt a personal trial with the innovation, in the end adopt the innovation would be the goal. Only when innovations are implemented and a system is in place to support institutionalization can instruction can be consistently innovative, resulting in teacher buy in and seamless integration of technology in the classroom. Sunday, November 10, 13
  29. 29. References Campain Asia (2013, April 12) Student Innovation [photo]. Retrieved from ( BlogEntry/339585,Ad+agencies+Do+they+really+need+a+%E2%80%9CHead+of+Innovation%E2%80%9D +.aspx. Drupal. (2013, October 26) Innovation [image]. Retrieved from . EdTech Review (2013, May 15) Mobile technology in the Classroom [image]. Retrieved from (http:// (2013, October 12) Teacher and Student iPad [photo]. Retrieved from leap-motion-in-the-classroom/. (2009, March 6) Peru Village [photo]. Retrieved from (http:// picture-village-on-amazon-river-66017.html. Infographic Mania (2012, July 24) 21st Century Classroom [image]. Retrieved from http:// Living In Bullard. (n.d). Bullard Elementary [photo]. Retrieved from Maloney Properties.(2013, October 24). IT Industry [image]. Retrieved from property-management/information-technology/ . Pajaro Valley Unified School District (n.d.) Staff Development [photo]. Retrieved from http:// Randy Glasbergen (1996) edu07. [cartoon gif]. retrieved from album=4&gallery=85 Reiser, R. & Dempsey, J. V. (2012). Trends and Issues in Instructional Design and Technology (3rd ed.). Boston, Massachusetts: Allyn & Bacon. Rogers, E. M. (1995). Diffusion of innovations, New York, NY: The Free Press. Sunrise Signs. (2013, October 24). Awareness [image]. Retrieved from bid/52620/How-Do-I-Increase-my-Company-s-Brand-Awareness. The Hope Institute (2011, December 2) Parent Night [photo]. Retrieved from With Friendship. (2013, October 25) Diffusion of Innovation [image]. Retrieved from user/mithunss/diffusion-of-innovations.php. Sunday, November 10, 13