Presentation Pa And Np In Cz


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Presentation Pa And Np In Cz

  1. 1. Protected areas and National Parks in Europe The Czech Republic
  2. 2. The Czech Republic in Europe
  3. 3. The Czech Republic – geomorphological map Holice
  4. 4. Protection of nature The Czech Republic is a country which appreciates its natural beauty and rarities, and therefore protects them. Longtime care and protection have preserved the authentic landscape of Central Europe, where many endangered animal and plant species prosper.
  5. 5. Categories of protected areas  National Parks (NP) - the most important category. NP are large areas that are unique both on a national and international scale. NP are territories with preserved natural environments or ecosystems that have not  been greatly affected by human activity.  Protected Landscape Areas (PLA) - are large territories with landscapes formed in harmony, with characteristically developed reliefs, a significant portion of natural ecosystems of forest and continuing herbage, rich representations of tree species and preserved monuments of historical settlements.   National nature reserves and Nature reserves – are relatively small areas that have extraordinary natural value.  National natural monument and Natural monument - signifies a natural formation in fragments of ecosystems with regional ecological, scientific or aesthetic significance, though formed by man through his activities performed together with nature. 
  6. 6. Czech Protected Areas
  7. 7. Protected Landscape Areas (PLA) Protected landscape area is a Czech national category intended to protect larger areas or entire geographic areas with harmoniously formed landscapes, characteristic reliefs and prevalence of natural or, more precisely, half-natural ecosystems. The high natural and landscape value of the territory and its harmonious utilization are recognized on an international scale.  There are 25 PLA in the Czech Republic
  8. 8. PLA in Eastern Bohemia  Broumovsko – 410 km²  Český ráj (The Bohemian Paradise) – 182 km²  Orlické hory (The Eagle Mountains) – 204 km²  Železné hory (The Iron Mountains) – 284 km²  Žďárské vrchy (The Zdarske Highlands) – 709 km²
  9. 9. Czech National Parks  Šumava National Park  Krkonoše National Park  Bohemian Switzerland National Park  Podyjí National Park
  10. 10. Šumava NP Proclaimed: 1991 Location: An extensive part of the Šumava mountain range on the Czech Republic's southwest borders with Germany and Austria. Area: 690 km² Highest point: 1.378 m (Plechý) Lowest point: 600 m (Otava valley by Rejštejn) Šumava NP includes the remains of primeval forest mountainous growths, glacial lakes and valley moors.
  11. 11. Bohemian Switzerland NP Proclaimed: 2000 Location: Located on the northwest border with Germany. It links to the Sächsische Schweiz (Saxonian Switzerland) National Park on the German side, which was established 10 years prior (1990). Area: 79 km² Highest point: 619 m (Růžový vrch) Lowest point: 116 m (Hřensko) Bohemian Switzerland NP is a part of the more extensive geomorphological set of the Elbe Sandstone rocks.
  12. 12. Podyjí NP Proclaimed: 1991 Location: Halfway between the cities of Znojmo and Vranov nad Dyjí, on the border with Austria. The Austrian National Park Thayatal is located on the other side of the Dyje River. Both parks make up a bilateral area unique in Europe. Area: 63 km² (the smallest one) Highest point: 536 m above sea level Lowest point: 207 m above sea level This national park represents an excellently preserved example of river valley countryside in the hilly level of Central Europe. The area is also exceptional in its diverse array of plant and animal life.
  13. 13. Krkonoše NP (KRNAP) Proclaimed: 1963 Location: It extends over the northeast part of Bohemia along the Polish border. The territory belongs to the Krkonoše-Jeseníky (Sudeten) system in terms of the Bohemian highlands. Total area: 549 km² Altitude above sea level: 400 to 1.602 m (Sněžka) KRNAP is one of the most important protected landscape areas in the Czech Republic and is also one of the largest parks in Europe.
  14. 14. KRNAP – more information Krkonoše NP is among the worldwide biosphere reservations within the Man and Biosphere (MAB) programme of UNESCO. Krkonoše NP and Karkonoski park narodowy, which lies on the Polish side of a border, form Bilateral Biosphere Reserve Krkonose/Karkonosze from 1992.
  15. 15.  Average temperature: +6°C - 0°C  Rainfall: 800-1600 mm a year, snow 150-300 cm ( even 180 days a year)  Plants: over 1300 species  Vertebrates: 240 species (57 of mammals, 165 of birds)  Vegetation level: o submontane: 480 - 800 meters above sea level; leafy and mixed forests o mountain: 800 – 1.200 meters above sea level; pine forests and mountain meadows o subalpine: 1.200 – 1.450 meters above sea level; shrub growth, marshland and glacial cirques o alpine: 1.450 – 1.602 meters above sea level; lichen, grassy and stony tundra
  16. 16. Krkonoše NP
  17. 17. Flora
  18. 18. Gentiana asclepiadea
  19. 19. Pulsatilla scherfelii
  20. 20. Veratrum lobelianum Lilium martagon
  21. 21. Rubus chamaemorus
  22. 22. Fauna
  23. 23. Tetrao urogallus (male)
  24. 24. Vipera berus
  25. 25. Asio otus Cervus elaphus
  26. 26. Salamandra salamandra