Good afternoon ladies and gentlemen How we organize the city is one of the most important issues in the terms of sustainable cities. Building sustainable is - in a few words - building with a high urban density and with a high urban quality. That is two sides of the same coin.
2. This is reflectet in these two plans, that the local government in Copenhagen City has adobted. First the Climate Plan. Copenhagen is aiming to become the World’s first Carbon Neutral city in 2025. Not by limiting the economical growth. But by creating what we call Green Growth in collaboration with investors and innovators. All political parties in Copenhagen were and are behind this plan. Second, we also wants Copenhagen to be a Metropolis For People. A green city, a sustainable city has to be an attractive city that offers a good life for its inhabitants. Therefore the City Council last year adopted a plan for improving the urban life in Copenhagen: A Metropolis For People
3. These are the main targets in the Climate Plan: We will reduce CO2 emissions by 20% between 2005 and 2015Our vision is to be the first carbon neutral capital by 2025
4. These ambitious targets for reduction in CO2 emissions are to be achieved through 50 different initiatives. We are working on 34 of them so far. The most important initiatives are these. a shift in energy production from fossil fuel to renewable energy sources such as biomass and wind mills a greener transport reduction in energy waste in buildings new initiatives concerning lifestyle changes low energy urban developments and we are developing a climate change adaptation strategy for Copenhagen
5. Is it possible? Copenhagen is making progress. We have done it before. From 1995 to 2005 the CO2-emmissions from Copenhagen was reduced by 20%. This took place despite remarkable growth in the city. Copenhagen is performing well compared with the rest of Denmark. A Copenhagener has en average emission of CO2 that is more then 30% lower then the average Dane. Why is that the case? Why is Copenhagen performing relatively well?
6. One of the reasons is that district heating is very efficient in Copenhagen. It covers 98 % of all heating consumption and 35 % is produced by CO2 neutral fuel. We are using co-generation of elektricity and heat and we are using garbage is used as fuel.
7. 27% of household garbage is recycled and 70% is used in power production and district heating So left is only 3% for the waste disposal site.
8. In the future windmills will play a major role in the production of power to Copenhagen. These windmills were built just outside Copenhagen in 1996. They were sold in shares. This is the model we are going to use. Inhabitants of Copenhagen will in the near future be able to buy new wind mill shares. Windmills are very efficient in Denmark. For instance can one of these windmills in 3 hours on an average day produce enough energy to support an average Danish family a hole year.
9. Transport is one of the big unsolved problems. We expect 30-40% more car traffic in 2025 - if nothing is done.
10. But something will be done and bicycles are one of the alternatives to cars. Copenhagen is well-known for its many bicycles. The political reasons for promoting cycling are the following: It gives less congestion a better environment It improves health It improves urban life
11. To day 37% of the commuters going to work or school in Copenhagen use their bicycles. Our ambition is to raise this figur to 50%.
12. Bycycling in Copenhagen is dayly transport for everybody.
13. Since the seventies bicycling has been increasing in Copenhagen, and for the last 10 years car traffic has been declining.
14. This is an example of the bicycle culture in Copenhagen. 25% of all families with two kids own af cargo bike or a bicycle trailer
15. Bicycling saves every year 90,000 tons CO2 - compared to same number of kilometres by car
16. We try to improve the conditions for bicycling. Many new cycle-parking stands have been set up and several campaigns have contributed to better and safer cycle-traffic.
17. For instance green wawes is introduced for bicycles on main streets.
18. This is an example of prioritising bicycles. A new bridge over the harbour exclusively for cyclists and pedestrians.
19 An other new bridge exclusively for cyclists and pedestrians crossing one of the main streets barriers.
20. Since 1995 we have followed the development of bicycling. Every second year a Bicycle Account is made.
21. Public transport is one of the alternatives to cars. We are investing a lot of money in public transport. A new metroring - the green line on the slide - is being built at the moment.
22. This is a picture of the latest metroline 23% of Copenhageners choose public transportation
Bygningsreglementet (BR08) indeholder minimumskrav for energiforbruget i bygninger. Det er væsentligt idet bygninger giver anledning til ca. 40 % af det samlede CO2-udslip. Siden 1979 er kravene i Bygningsreglementet blevet skærpet. Af den energipolitiske aftale fra 21. februar 2008 fremgår det, at kravene i bygningsreglementet skal strammes, så nyt byggeri lever op til lavenergiklasse 2 i 2010 (en besparelse på energirammen på 25 % i forhold til tidligere), i 2015 til lavenergiklasse 1 (en besparelse på energirammen på 50 % i forhold til tidligere) og i 2020 skal kravene yderligere strammes således, at der opnås en besparelse på 75 % i forhold til tidligere. Iflg. Klimaplanen, vil kommunen være i front ift. Bygningsreglementet. Kommunen har mulighed for allerede nu at stille skærpede krav ved i lokalplanlægningen at optage bestemmelser om, at nybyggeri skal opfylde kravene til lavenergiklasse 1.
23. New urban developements is being built with a high energy efficiency The picture shows the northern part of a new developement area - Ørestad - were the big institutions is used as driver for the urban life: a new university campus, the national television-company with the new concerthall - a Jean Nouvel project. Because of the metro line, the bicycle lanes and the parking restrictions there is only half as many cars owned by the residents compared with other new districts in Copenhagen.
24. The concert hall is a landmark in Ørestad
25. The new university brings life to the new district
26. Good architecture makes the new district attraktive
27. This is an other urban developement in a brownfield area in the South Harbor.
28. It is a succesfull design with human dimensions.
29. Good and varied architecture
30. The canals is an attraction.
31. The next generation of urban developements is going to be CO2 neutral districts. The picture shows the brewery Carlsberg. The area is beeing developet to a new high dense urban district with 3000 dwellings and 10.000 jobs.
32. The proces started with a international architectural competion. This is the winning project from Entasis Architect Carlsberg will be the first neighbourhood entirelig built according to low energi class 1 standard in the national danish building regulation. Carlsberg will also be one of the fist CO2-neutral neighbourhood.
33. Carlsberg is to be developed as a dense, mixed-use, low-energy urban district with a focus on urban life and the use of urban spaces for cultural and sports activities.
34. Parking areas are to be established mostly underground [95%], so as to make urban spaces available for pedestrians and cyclists.
35. The north harbour will be the next urban developement area in Copenhagen. It is going to be developet over the next decades with 40.000 inhabitants and 40.000 jobs. The picture shows the situation today. We would like it to be a showcase for sustainable solutions.
36. New platforms for public debate and participation were set up in the early phases of the planning proces.
37. An open international architectural competition was organised in 2008. We are currently working with Copenhagen City & Port Development and the winner of the competition towards refining the project, so that we can produce a local plan for the area.
38. The winning project by COBE, SLETH and RAMBØLL proposes a strategy for the development of Nordhavn, which consists of dividing the area in a number of small islands that can be built one by one and with their own identity. The project focuses on quality of public spaces, such as a large park on the northern edge of the area, that will contribute to make Nordhavn a destination for Copenhageners and visitors. These are the main principles that we follow when we are planning new developments: Carbon neutral district Mixed-used areas Integration of functions Attractive urban spaces Good public transit Good infrastructure for bicycles
39. Here you see a close-up of some of the islands and canals. Of special interest: Nordhavnen will be a huge CO2-neutral district built in low energi class 1 or passiv-house standard. Windmills and solar water-heating systems will supply the district with energy.
40. This is how the architect see the new distict: Urban life in near contact with the sea.
41. I will finish my speach with this picture, it shows the Clean water in the harbour of Copenhagen. It is a result of environmental care and a clear message about the advantages of a progressive enviromental policy. Urban life benefits from climate plan activities. Clean water, clean air, less noise, less pollution will improve quality of life in the city. I will finish with this possitive message, that fighting climate chance is not only nessessary it is also an economical opportunity and our cities will be more attraktive. Thank for your time.
Stockholm 2010 m noter
City of Copenhagen
Copenhagen Climate Plan:
We will reduce CO2 emissions by 20% between 2005 and 2015
Our vision is to be the first carbon neutral capital by 2025