Aam lect 2ppt

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Aam lect 2ppt

  1. 1. African American Music Three Categories for Music Usage • 1. Religious • 2. Work • 3. Recreation
  2. 2. African American Music The Colonial Era • White Settlers brought instruments and psalm books • Slave brought memories, cultures, and their rich tradition
  3. 3. African American Music Music in the Colonies Primary Source of Information 1.The Colonial Newspaper 2.Town and Court Records 3. Assembly Journals
  4. 4. African American Music Music in the Colonies Congregational Singing • Singing In the Meeting Houses • Special Pews marked “BW” Black Women and “BM” Black Men • “Lining Out” Practice • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HdXIYUgYZgQ • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vrDLj_dmugE • The Bay Psalm Book
  5. 5. African American Music Music in the Colonies Singing in the Community • Black Servants sang with their Masters on Special Occasion • Music used in Services and Praise to God • Music used for the Solace of Man • Thought as a blessing of cheer for men after work and long study
  6. 6. African American Music The Colonial Era The Reform Movement • No instruments in the meeting houses • The Anglicans believed in instruments The Growth of Hymnody • New Songs “Hymns” • Religious Poems instead of Scriptural Psalms
  7. 7. African American Music The Colonial Era The Growth of Hymnody Dr. Isaac Watts http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r_oaDuACG F4 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wicra58W0 mE
  8. 8. African American Music The Colonial Era The Growth of Hymnody Dr. Isaac Watts http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6xP2DYpy2D Q
  9. 9. African American Music The Colonial Era The Growth of Hymnody Dr. Isaac Watts *Listen to Slave Songs and created Hymns 1737 John Wesley, George Whitfield (official Methodist hymnals) A Collection of Psalms and Hymns Moravains (German religious sect brought hymns)
  10. 10. African American Music The Colonial Era Religious Instruction and Psalmody Patterns of Slavery in the North and South • Groups interested in Black men and women • Quakers, Moravians, the Congregationalist, Catholics, and the Methodist • Slaves were associated as a part of the family • The slaves took the family’s last name
  11. 11. African American Music The Colonial Era Religious Instruction and Psalmody Conversion and Religious Instruction in the North • Clergy concerns: Conversion of the heathen • African Americans, and the Native Americans • Dutch Youth and Blacks were taught Christ • A teacher’s contract of 1682 in New York • “School shall begin with prayer and closed by singing a Psalm” (1)
  12. 12. African American Music The Colonial Era Religious Instruction and Psalmody Conversion and Religious Instruction in the North • SPG 1702-85 (Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts) • Purpose to convert slaves to Christianity • Established Church of England Missionary Organization • Founded schools for Religious instruction for black folks

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