Classical china (1)

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Classical china (1)

  1. 1. The Qin and Han Dynasties
  2. 2.  Qin Shih Huang Di- the first emperor of China ◦ Successfully used legalism to conquer and unite all of China ◦ Unified and ruled China from 221-206 BC Qin Shih Huang Di
  3. 3. Began building the Great Wall of China
  4. 4. Great Wall under Qin
  5. 5. Great Wall under Han
  6. 6. Great Wall under Ming
  7. 7.  Began building the Great Wall of China Standardized writing, monetary system, weights and measures, and axle- widths on carts ◦ Benefits trade, travel, merchants, and further unifies the people under his control as “Chinese” Built his tomb protected by the terra-cotta warriors
  8. 8.  Terra Cotta Warriors
  9. 9.  Ruthless leader who burned books and buried scholars alive. (Legalism) Forced laborers to build the Great Wall and his tomb. He then executed the workers who built his tomb so they couldn’t tell its secrets.
  10. 10.  Followed the Qin Dynasty Han rulers establish a centralized government Established Confucian style schools to train government officials. Implemented a Civil Service Exam to hire the best government officials Lowered taxes Created peace and Emperor Liu Bang stability for 400 years
  11. 11.  Ruled from 141-87BC Expanded empire through war Forced invading nomads to retreat beyond the Great Wall Colonized areas to the northeast and south Empire expanded nearly to the boundary of present-day China Emperor Wu Di
  12. 12.  Han unified Chinese culture through assimilation (blending of culture) ◦ As territories conquered, intermarriage with local people was encouraged ◦ Sent Chinese farmers to settle newly colonized areas
  13. 13. Astronomy ◦ Observed and measured movements of the stars and planets ◦ Improved calendar ◦ Developed time keeping devices
  14. 14. Technology ◦ Paper ◦ Rudders for steering ships ◦ Fishing reels ◦ Suspension bridges ◦ Chain pumps
  15. 15. Medicine ◦ Diagnosed diseases ◦ Used herbal remedies ◦ Developed anesthetics
  16. 16. The Arts ◦ Temples, palaces, parks ◦ Poetry ◦ Jade and ivory carvings ◦ Ceramic figures ◦ Bronze and silver crafts
  17. 17.  Han Dynasty lasted 400 years. Rebellion against Han power began. ◦ Taxes had to be raised to support the army Han rulers gave local authorities more power to crush the rebellion which led to corruption and abuses of power. Economic hardship hit the empire causing crime to increase. Civil wars broke out. Invasions from northern nomads increased.

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