Began building the Great Wall of China Standardized writing, monetary system, weights and measures, and axle- widths on carts ◦ Benefits trade, travel, merchants, and further unifies the people under his control as “Chinese” Built his tomb protected by the terra-cotta warriors
Ruthless leader who burned books and buried scholars alive. (Legalism) Forced laborers to build the Great Wall and his tomb. He then executed the workers who built his tomb so they couldn’t tell its secrets.
Followed the Qin Dynasty Han rulers establish a centralized government Established Confucian style schools to train government officials. Implemented a Civil Service Exam to hire the best government officials Lowered taxes Created peace and Emperor Liu Bang stability for 400 years
Ruled from 141-87BC Expanded empire through war Forced invading nomads to retreat beyond the Great Wall Colonized areas to the northeast and south Empire expanded nearly to the boundary of present-day China Emperor Wu Di
Han unified Chinese culture through assimilation (blending of culture) ◦ As territories conquered, intermarriage with local people was encouraged ◦ Sent Chinese farmers to settle newly colonized areas
Astronomy ◦ Observed and measured movements of the stars and planets ◦ Improved calendar ◦ Developed time keeping devices
Technology ◦ Paper ◦ Rudders for steering ships ◦ Fishing reels ◦ Suspension bridges ◦ Chain pumps
Medicine ◦ Diagnosed diseases ◦ Used herbal remedies ◦ Developed anesthetics
The Arts ◦ Temples, palaces, parks ◦ Poetry ◦ Jade and ivory carvings ◦ Ceramic figures ◦ Bronze and silver crafts
Han Dynasty lasted 400 years. Rebellion against Han power began. ◦ Taxes had to be raised to support the army Han rulers gave local authorities more power to crush the rebellion which led to corruption and abuses of power. Economic hardship hit the empire causing crime to increase. Civil wars broke out. Invasions from northern nomads increased.