Effects of the War• --Gave unchallenged supremacy in North America• --dominant naval power in the world• --American colonies no longer face the threat of attacks from the French, the Spanish or Indian allies
The British View• Low opinion of colonial military effort—poorly trained, disorderly rabble—refusing to contribute money or troops to the war effort.
The Colonial View• Proud of their military performance• Confident of their own defense• Not impressed with the British effort—badly suited for American terrain• Still very proud to be British
2 Big Problems for the King• A huge area to maintain• A huge war debt• The End of Salutary Neglect
Proclamation of 1763• To deal with the problem of maintaining a large empire and stabilizing the western frontier and prevent hostilities between colonists and Native American.• Colonists reaction: anger and defiance
• The Proclamation was a first in a series of actions and reactions—• British: each act justified as proper method of protection and sharing the cost of burden• Colonists: each act threatened their liberties and long established practice of representative government
New Revenues and Regulations• Sugar Act: placed duties on foreign sugar, lower price of molasses, stricter enforcement of the Navigation act and established vice admiralty courts.• Quartering Act: required the colonists to provide food and living quarters for British soldiers
• The Stamp Act—required revenue stamps on most printed paper—legal documents, newspapers, pamphlets etc-- antagonized and unified the colonist the most.• Why? Not a tax on trade for commerce sake— it was a tax to raise money without the consent of the colonial assemblies. First direct tax.
• Patrick Henry• The Stamp Act Congress• Sons and Daughters of Liberty• Boycotts• Repealed having never collected one cent