Ap jefferson chapter 7

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Ap jefferson chapter 7

  1. 1. Chapter 7 The Jeffersonian Era
  2. 2. Jefferson-Common Unpretentious A true renaissance man—a wide range of interests—educator, inventor, scientific farmer, and philosopher, shred and practical politician.
  3. 3. Jefferson the President • Tried to reconcile Republicans and Federalist • “We are all Republicans, we are all Federalists” • Successful in reversing the Federalist trend of a large central government by: • --repealed the whiskey tax • --reduced government spending • --retired half the national debt • --reduced the size of army and navy (West Point)
  4. 4. • But he at times seemed like a Federalist: • --did not repeal Protective tariff • --did recharter the National Bank • --and bought the Louisiana Purchase • L. P. upset some Federalist—why? Power—some extreme Federalist were so upset they wanted to secede—but states like NY and NJ must be have been part of scheme. Hamilton refused to support the scheme.
  5. 5. Duel • Federalists agreed to turn to Hamilton’s biggest rival Aaron Burr, the VP. to make him a candidate for governor of NY and support the secession plan. • Burr lost the election and blamed Hamilton and challenged Hamilton to a duel.
  6. 6. Trial for treason for Burr • 1806-Burr turned his attention to the west with a plan to take Mexico from Spain and possibly unite it with Louisiana under his rule. • Arrested, tried and acquitted
  7. 7. John Marshall • The Federalists’ last stronghold was the judiciary, with judges appointed for life. • Midnight appointments—John Marshall—34 years he served—Marbury v Madison—est. judicial review • Marshall’s decisions in many landmark cases had the effect of strengthening the central government, often at the expense of states’ rights.
  8. 8. Louisiana Purchase
  9. 9. James Madison • Brilliant thinker and stateman but serious and humorless—best assest-wife Dolly Madison. • Presidency was dominated by the same European problems that had plagued Jefferson’s second term—dealing with the Napoleonic wars. • Tried diplomacy but finally consented to war • “Mr. Madison’s War”
  10. 10. War of 1812 • Reasons: • --tensions in Europe—violating neutrality rights • impressments • Westward expansion (British arming the Natives) • War Hawks-Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun • Ways to conquer Canada
  11. 11. The War’s Legacy • Treaty of Ghent ended the fighting but none of its original aims but… • Gained respect of other nations • Accepted Canada • Federalists Party comes to an end • Talk of nullification and secession set a precedent (The Hartford Convention) • Native Americans surrender large amount of land
  12. 12. • War forced US factories to developed—big step toward industrial self-sufficiency • Fort McHenry—Francis Scott Key-The Star Spangled Banner • We won the war in that we weren’t blown out of the water—a new spirit of nationalism over comes America—a Spirit of Good Feelings • War heroes: Battle of New Orleans—Andrew Jackson and Battle of Tippecanoe-William Henry Harrison
  13. 13. Pre side nt T e r m o f d e a t h T e r m o f e l e c t i o n t h a t w a s a m u l t i p l e o f 2 0 C a u s e o f d e a t h o r a t t e m p t e d a s s a s s i n a t i o n s D a t e o f d e a t h 1 8 4 0 W il li a m H e n r y H a r r i s o n F i r s t F i r s t P n e u m o n i a A p r 4 , 1 8 4 1 1 8 6 0 A b r a h a m L i n c o l n S e c o n d F i r s t A s s a s s i n a t e d ( s h o t i n h e a d ) A p r 1 5 , 1 8 6 5 1 8 8 0 J a m e s A . G a r f F i r s t F i r s t S e p 1 9 , 1 8 See also[edit]

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