Manifest Destiny
• “Away, away with all these cobweb tissues of
the rights of
discovery, exploration, settlement…(The
Amer...
Manifest Destiny—driven by
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

A divine mission to extend
Nationalism
Population increase
Rapid economic develo...
Territorial Acquisitions
Texas-• 1823-Mexico
• (Moses) Stephen Austin
• Americans outnumbered
Mexicans
• 1834 Santa Anna
• 1836 Sam Houston leads
a...
• Presidents Jackson, Van
Buren and Tyler ignore
Texas’ request for
annexation
• Left it up to Polk
Oregon Country
“Fifty-four forty or Fight!”
• Jointly owned by
Britain and US
• Compromise in
1846
Mexican American War
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo 1848

• Recognize the Rio Grande as the southern border
• US take California and New Mexico—th...
Prelude to Civil War?
• Wilmot Proviso- Pennsylvania congressman
David Wilmot proposed a bill to forbid slavery
in any of ...
The Civil War
• Historians have identified at least four main
causes of the war
1. Northern and Southern views of Slavery
...
The Missouri Compromise 1820
Second Great Awakening
• “We say to slaveholders—Repeat Now-todayimmediately-Such is our doctrine of immediate
emancipaton...
Emancipator and The Liberator
• “ I will be as harsh as truth, and as
uncompromising as justice. On this subject I
do not ...
Nat Turner’s Slave Rebellion
August 13, 1831
Runaway Slaves
1848-Gag rule repealed
Compromise of 1850
Henry Clay
• Slave trade banned in Washington, D.C
• Strict fugitive law passed
• California Free state
Poster warning the colored people of
Boston to beware of slave catchers
Harriet Beecher Stowe 1852

• “So this is the little lady that started the big war”
A.L.
The Kansas Nebraska Act
1854
Bleeding Kansas 1856
Southern Chivalry – “The Crime
Against Kansas”
Dred Scott 1857
•
•
•
•

African Americans are not citizens--property
Scott remains a slave under Missouri law
Congress cannot ban slavery...
Abraham
Lincoln and
Stephen
Douglas
Debates
John Brown
John Brown and Harpers
Ferry Va. 1859
•
•
•
•
•
•

“I am quite certain that
crimes of this guilty land
will never be purge...
http://youtu.be/e1OFdpUsO8w
Election of 1860
Fort Sumter
Ap events leading up to the civil war
Ap events leading up to the civil war
Ap events leading up to the civil war
Ap events leading up to the civil war
Ap events leading up to the civil war
Ap events leading up to the civil war
Ap events leading up to the civil war
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Ap events leading up to the civil war

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Ap events leading up to the civil war

  1. 1. Manifest Destiny • “Away, away with all these cobweb tissues of the rights of discovery, exploration, settlement…(The American claim) is by the right of our manifest destiny to overspread and to possess the whole of the continent which Providence has given us for the development of the great experiment of liberty…” John L. O’Sullivan, 1845
  2. 2. Manifest Destiny—driven by • • • • • • • A divine mission to extend Nationalism Population increase Rapid economic development Technological advances Reform ideals Northern critics ?
  3. 3. Territorial Acquisitions
  4. 4. Texas-• 1823-Mexico • (Moses) Stephen Austin • Americans outnumbered Mexicans • 1834 Santa Anna • 1836 Sam Houston leads a revolt—declares Texas independent • After many battles— Battle of San Jacinto-
  5. 5. • Presidents Jackson, Van Buren and Tyler ignore Texas’ request for annexation • Left it up to Polk
  6. 6. Oregon Country “Fifty-four forty or Fight!” • Jointly owned by Britain and US • Compromise in 1846
  7. 7. Mexican American War
  8. 8. Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo 1848 • Recognize the Rio Grande as the southern border • US take California and New Mexico—the Mexican Cession • US paid $15 m
  9. 9. Prelude to Civil War? • Wilmot Proviso- Pennsylvania congressman David Wilmot proposed a bill to forbid slavery in any of the new territories acquired from Mexico—passed twice in the House and defeated in the Senate • Did the war to acquire territories from Mexico lead inevitably to the American Civil War?
  10. 10. The Civil War • Historians have identified at least four main causes of the war 1. Northern and Southern views of Slavery 2. Federal Union vs. States’ Rights 3. Economic differences 4. Extremism on both sides • Your task is to decide the relative importance of these causes
  11. 11. The Missouri Compromise 1820
  12. 12. Second Great Awakening • “We say to slaveholders—Repeat Now-todayimmediately-Such is our doctrine of immediate emancipaton. A doctrine founded on God’s eternal Truth-plain, simple and prefect” • “Gag Rule”- Passed by Southerners in Congress in 1836. The gag rule tabled all abolitionist petitions in Congress and thereby prevented antislavery discussions.
  13. 13. Emancipator and The Liberator • “ I will be as harsh as truth, and as uncompromising as justice. On this subject I do not wish to think, or speak, or write, with moderation. No! No! I will not excuse-I will not retreat a single inch AND I WILL BE HEARD” • William Lloyd Garrison
  14. 14. Nat Turner’s Slave Rebellion August 13, 1831
  15. 15. Runaway Slaves
  16. 16. 1848-Gag rule repealed
  17. 17. Compromise of 1850 Henry Clay • Slave trade banned in Washington, D.C • Strict fugitive law passed • California Free state
  18. 18. Poster warning the colored people of Boston to beware of slave catchers
  19. 19. Harriet Beecher Stowe 1852 • “So this is the little lady that started the big war” A.L.
  20. 20. The Kansas Nebraska Act 1854
  21. 21. Bleeding Kansas 1856
  22. 22. Southern Chivalry – “The Crime Against Kansas”
  23. 23. Dred Scott 1857
  24. 24. • • • • African Americans are not citizens--property Scott remains a slave under Missouri law Congress cannot ban slavery in any territory The Missouri Compromise is unconstitutional
  25. 25. Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas Debates
  26. 26. John Brown
  27. 27. John Brown and Harpers Ferry Va. 1859 • • • • • • “I am quite certain that crimes of this guilty land will never be purged away but with blood”
  28. 28. http://youtu.be/e1OFdpUsO8w
  29. 29. Election of 1860
  30. 30. Fort Sumter

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