AP       The New Deal   Democratic candidateFranklin D. Roosevelt easily  defeated Hoover in the   election of 1932. FDR  ...
• Only child of a wealthy family, cousin to  Theodore, he followed in his footsteps by  becoming assistant secretary of th...
At age 39 he was struck with Polio
• http://video.pbs.org/video/2155196119
Eleanor Roosevelt-conscience of the   New Deal and Champion of the           dispossessed
A shift in African Americans towardthe Democratic Party-The Roosevelt               Coalition
“First of all, let  me assert my firm belief thatthe only thing we  have to fear is    fear itself”
The New Deal• The New Deal was not based on a clear strategy  shaped by a single philosophy. He was not an  intellectual—h...
Brain Trust and other Advisers• In shaping this “New Deal” FDR relied on a group  of advisers who had assisted him while h...
First Hundred Days• He pushed through Congress  legislation( unprecedented  support) in his first hundred days  that would...
Fire-side Chats• Within the first week of being in office he called  for a Bank Holiday—closed all banks. Emergency  Banki...
• http://youtu.be/z9CBpbuV3ok
Repeal of the 18th Amendment
The New Deal can be classified into 3            categories:• Relief—short term action to help people right  immediately• ...
Financial Recovery Programs• The Emergency Banking Relief Act• Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)-  guaranteed i...
Relief for the Unemployed• The Federal Emergency Relief Administration  (FERA)- offered money to states and local  governm...
Civil Conservation Corps (CCC)—paidyoung men to plant trees, build roads,     clear forests on Federal lands.
• Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)—built dams  in the Tennessee Valley to control flooding and  provide electric power-rad...
Industrial Recovery• National Recovery Act (NRA) –asked  businesses to set prices, production limits and  wages—very compl...
NRA• The law gave workers the right to organize and  bargain collectively.• It set codes for wages, hours of work, levels ...
• Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA)-passed to  help farmers, raised prices, the government  bought surplus crops—taxed pro...
• Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)-  created to oversee the stock market and  prevent another collapse
Reform• Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)-  insured bank deposits—restored confidence-  Glass Steagall Banking ...
The Second New Deal• FDR’s first 2 years in office were largely  focused on recovery. After mid term elections  swept in m...
More ReliefWorks Progress Administration (WPA)-billions was spent on employing over 3.4 million people with jobs. They bui...
Reform• National Labor Relations (Wagner) Act—  replaced the labor provisions of the National  Industrial Recovery Act aft...
• Social Security Act—provided workers  unemployment insurance, old age pensions,  and death benefits. It was the most imp...
A Day for Every Demagogue• FDR got criticism from the  Right/Conservatives— “doing too much—a  social welfare state” -bein...
Father Charles Coughlin• supported FDR’s "New Deal“, but within two  years, Coughlins steadfast support turned to  dedicat...
Dr. Francis E. Townsend• Proposed giving $200 per month to older  citizen with the understanding that it had to  be spent ...
Huey “Kingfish” Long• Politician from Louisiana-preached   his “Share the Wealth” program- his way of   solving the issue ...
Election of 1936    20th Amendment-shorten lame•             duck period
Court-Reorganization Plan• The Conservative decisions of the Supreme Court  proved to be the most frustrating for FDR. The...
Court Packing Plan
• Criticism comes from both sides—the makings  of a dictator-tampering with the system of  Checks and Balances• He did not...
• Ironically, while FDR was fighting to “pack” the  Court, several Justices were backing off of  their former resistance t...
Last Phase of the New Deal• Fair Labor Standards Act—final victory for  labor, represented the last major reform of  the N...
John Maynard Keynes• Keynesian—an economic theory that calls for  “planned deficit spending.”• Vast government spending in...
Ap new deal
Ap new deal
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Ap new deal

  1. 1. AP The New Deal Democratic candidateFranklin D. Roosevelt easily defeated Hoover in the election of 1932. FDR promised a “ New Deal”
  2. 2. • Only child of a wealthy family, cousin to Theodore, he followed in his footsteps by becoming assistant secretary of the navy. But unlike his cousin, FDR was a Democrat.
  3. 3. At age 39 he was struck with Polio
  4. 4. • http://video.pbs.org/video/2155196119
  5. 5. Eleanor Roosevelt-conscience of the New Deal and Champion of the dispossessed
  6. 6. A shift in African Americans towardthe Democratic Party-The Roosevelt Coalition
  7. 7. “First of all, let me assert my firm belief thatthe only thing we have to fear is fear itself”
  8. 8. The New Deal• The New Deal was not based on a clear strategy shaped by a single philosophy. He was not an intellectual—he was just a practical politician. FDR was willing to try a variety of approaches to see what worked.• Acted like a quarterback- some old progressive ideas as well• But the New Deal did change the role of government. It made the government responsible for managing the economy.• This was the beginning of Big Government
  9. 9. Brain Trust and other Advisers• In shaping this “New Deal” FDR relied on a group of advisers who had assisted him while he was governor of New York, as well as a group of university professors known as the Brain Trust.• The people that he appointed to high government positions were the most diverse in US history—Af. Am., Catholics, Jews and the first Women Frances Perkins, as his Sec. of Labor
  10. 10. First Hundred Days• He pushed through Congress legislation( unprecedented support) in his first hundred days that would try and solve the depression--setting a precedent for all other presidents to follow.
  11. 11. Fire-side Chats• Within the first week of being in office he called for a Bank Holiday—closed all banks. Emergency Banking Relief Act-- ordered the National Treasury Department print millions of dollars to be sent to the banks. He spoke to the American people via the radio and assured them that it was now safe to put their money back into the banks. When the banks opened the day after the speech, deposits far out weighed withdrawals. The banking crisis was over.• http://youtu.be/z9CBpbuV3ok
  12. 12. • http://youtu.be/z9CBpbuV3ok
  13. 13. Repeal of the 18th Amendment
  14. 14. The New Deal can be classified into 3 categories:• Relief—short term action to help people right immediately• Recovery—measures designed to restore the economy• Reform—measures aimed at remedying or fixing defects• The result was a number of “alphabetical agencies” designed to stimulate the economy.
  15. 15. Financial Recovery Programs• The Emergency Banking Relief Act• Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)- guaranteed individual bank deposits• The Home Owners Loan Corp. (HOLC)- provided refinancing of small homes to prevent foreclosures• The Farm Credit Admin.
  16. 16. Relief for the Unemployed• The Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA)- offered money to states and local governments for soup kitchens and other forms of relief for jobless• Public Works Administration (PWA)-gave money to state and local government to build roads, bridges, dams and other public works
  17. 17. Civil Conservation Corps (CCC)—paidyoung men to plant trees, build roads, clear forests on Federal lands.
  18. 18. • Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)—built dams in the Tennessee Valley to control flooding and provide electric power-radical program-drew criticism—a huge experiment in public planning and regional development
  19. 19. Industrial Recovery• National Recovery Act (NRA) –asked businesses to set prices, production limits and wages—very complex-needed “self-sacrifice”
  20. 20. NRA• The law gave workers the right to organize and bargain collectively.• It set codes for wages, hours of work, levels of production and prices of finished goods.• It operated for 2 years before the Supreme Court declared it unconstitutional
  21. 21. • Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA)-passed to help farmers, raised prices, the government bought surplus crops—taxed processors of farm products• Later it was declared unconstitutional
  22. 22. • Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)- created to oversee the stock market and prevent another collapse
  23. 23. Reform• Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)- insured bank deposits—restored confidence- Glass Steagall Banking Act• Off the Gold Standard
  24. 24. The Second New Deal• FDR’s first 2 years in office were largely focused on recovery. After mid term elections swept in more Democratic victories, he perceived this as a mandate to seek another round of laws and programs concentrated on the other two R’s- relief and reform
  25. 25. More ReliefWorks Progress Administration (WPA)-billions was spent on employing over 3.4 million people with jobs. They built roads, bridges, airports and public buildings. Also the WPA employed artists, writers and actors
  26. 26. Reform• National Labor Relations (Wagner) Act— replaced the labor provisions of the National Industrial Recovery Act after that law was declared unconstitutional. This act guaranteed a worker’s right to join a union.
  27. 27. • Social Security Act—provided workers unemployment insurance, old age pensions, and death benefits. It was the most important act of the New Deal.
  28. 28. A Day for Every Demagogue• FDR got criticism from the Right/Conservatives— “doing too much—a social welfare state” -being a Traitor to your Class• and from the Left/Liberals- “not doing enough”—not enough for the ethnic minorities, women and the elderely
  29. 29. Father Charles Coughlin• supported FDR’s "New Deal“, but within two years, Coughlins steadfast support turned to dedicated disdain--Eventually, he became known as simply "anti-government”, "anti- American“ and anti-semitic.
  30. 30. Dr. Francis E. Townsend• Proposed giving $200 per month to older citizen with the understanding that it had to be spent within 30 days—believed it would stimulate the economy.
  31. 31. Huey “Kingfish” Long• Politician from Louisiana-preached his “Share the Wealth” program- his way of solving the issue of poverty and homelessness, by redistributing the nation’s wealth from the wealthiest to all those underneath them--$5000 for every family
  32. 32. Election of 1936 20th Amendment-shorten lame• duck period
  33. 33. Court-Reorganization Plan• The Conservative decisions of the Supreme Court proved to be the most frustrating for FDR. The Court killed both the NRA and AAA.• FDR decided to put an end to the obstacles posed by the Court• He proposed to appoint to the Court an additional justice fore each current justice who was older than a certain age (70.5). It would have allowed Roosevelt to add up to 6 more justices to the Court—of the Liberal persuasion
  34. 34. Court Packing Plan
  35. 35. • Criticism comes from both sides—the makings of a dictator-tampering with the system of Checks and Balances• He did not back down
  36. 36. • Ironically, while FDR was fighting to “pack” the Court, several Justices were backing off of their former resistance to some of his programs.• And also several justices retired during his second term, enabling him to appoint several judges thereby ensuring the court support of his programs
  37. 37. Last Phase of the New Deal• Fair Labor Standards Act—final victory for labor, represented the last major reform of the New Deal—• A minimum wage (40 cents an hour)• 40 hour work week• Child labor restriction of 16
  38. 38. John Maynard Keynes• Keynesian—an economic theory that calls for “planned deficit spending.”• Vast government spending in times of recession-then when economy recovers, the government should reduce spending.

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