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Online Powerpoint2

  1. 1. DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF ONLINE INSTRUCTIONAL MODULES FOR COLLEGE ENGLISH Arlene Salve Opina, Ph.D.
  2. 2. What is online teaching and learning? <ul><li>Online teaching and learning, or eLearning, is teaching and learning using technology and internet. </li></ul><ul><li>It is utilized in face-to-face classrooms and in distance education. </li></ul><ul><li>It can be used to extend the teaching and learning day. It can be teaching and learning anytime, anywhere. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Theoretical/Conceptual Framework Virtual Technology Umbrella of Alecia C. Bilton-Ward
  4. 4. Bilton-Ward’s Videoconferencing Design in Connecting the Teacher to Students in Different Geographical Settings
  5. 5. Theoretical/Conceptual Framework The Conferencing Design Used in this Study
  6. 6. Methods and Procedure <ul><li>Experimental </li></ul><ul><li>Descriptive </li></ul><ul><li>Survey </li></ul>
  7. 7. 1. Development of the Modules Revision of the Online Module Development of Online Module Test run of the module by English Teachers
  8. 8. The Experimental Procedure in Validating the Online Instructional Materials Online Modules Validation of Experts Control Group Traditional Instruction Experimental Group Online Instruction Pretest Results Midterm Grades Final Grades Posttest Results Students’ Performance
  9. 9. The Process of Online Teaching Adopted in the Study Quizzes and games formulated by instructor Class Orientation to Online Instruction Use of Online Module Presentation Lesson Links Conferencing Related topics, activities and practice exercises Discussions of the lesson Problems encountered Questions Class Orientation to Online Instruction Use of Online Module Presentation Lesson Links Conferencing Quizzes and games formulated by instructor
  10. 10. 2. Creating a virtual Class and Uploading the modules <ul><li>www.quia.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.nicenet.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.slideshare.net </li></ul><ul><li>http://trackstar.4teachers.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>www.quizmoz.com/ </li></ul>
  11. 11. 3. Identifying the Subjects : Anova 172 respondents BSN Group A 40 students GROUP 1 GROUP 2 EXPERIMENTAL CONTROL BSN Group C 44 students BSN Group B 45 students BSN Group D 43 students
  12. 12. (Experimental Grp 1) Nursing students pure online in a computer laboratory Subjects- the modules were tested to both fast and slow learners.
  13. 13. (Experimental Grp 2) Nursing students pure online in a computer laboratory
  14. 14. Online Conferencing
  15. 15. Control Group <ul><li>2 nursing sections </li></ul><ul><li>Used Traditional Textbook </li></ul><ul><li>In their respective classroom </li></ul>
  16. 18. Treatment of Data <ul><li>ANOVA – to identify which classes become the experimental and control groups. </li></ul><ul><li>percentage, arithmetic mean and standard deviations – to describe the profile and performances of the subjects </li></ul><ul><li>linear correlation – to test for the reliability of the questionnaire </li></ul><ul><li>Likert Scale – to assess the Instructional modules </li></ul><ul><li>t-test for independent population – to compare the performance of the experimental and control groups) </li></ul>The data of this research were statistically processed by the CEU Evaluation and Data Processing Department.
  17. 19. Summary of Findings <ul><li>1. Profile of the subjects in terms of: </li></ul><ul><li>Type of high school graduated from </li></ul><ul><ul><li>private sectarian high school. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Language spoken at home </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Filipino </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Filipino and English </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ilocano, Visayan, Bicolano </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chinese </li></ul></ul>
  18. 20. 1. Profile of the subjects in terms of: <ul><ul><li>Computer familiarity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>79.5 % received computer-aided instruction before </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>88 % showed awareness of computer instruction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>74.7 % with intermediate internet & computer skills </li></ul></ul>
  19. 21. 1. Profile of the subjects in terms of: <ul><ul><li>Result of pretest </li></ul></ul>Experimental Group Mean Sd 1. A 26.98 3.59 2. B 25.23 4.19 Control Group Sd 1. C 27.51 4.56 2. D 25.84 3.9
  20. 22. <ul><ul><li>Preliminary grades in English 11 (Comm.Skills 1) </li></ul></ul>1. Profile of the subjects in terms of: Experimental Group Sd 1. A 2.41 .32 2. B 2.56 .43 Control Group Sd 1. C 2.25 .93 2. D 2.67 .51
  21. 23. 2. Comparision in the preliminary grades and pretest result between the control and the experimental groups Group 1 (slow learners) Experimental B Sd Control D Sd t-value Significance Prelim Grades 2.56 .43 2.67 .51 -1.121 P=.27>.05 NS Pretest Scores 25.23 4.19 25.84 3.9 -.71 P=.48>.05 NS
  22. 24. Group 2 (fast learners) Experimental A Sd Control C Sd t-value Significance Prelim Grades 2.41 .32 2.25 .93 -1.121 P=.27>.05 NS Pretest Scores 26.98 3.59 27.51 4.56 -.71 P=.48>.05 NS
  23. 25. 3. After the use of modules students from the control and experimental groups compared with regard to their: <ul><li>Midterm grades </li></ul>Experimental Groups A and B Total = 83 Sd Control Groups C and D Total = 87 Sd t-value Significance Midterm Grades 2.39 .411 2.75 .70 -4.150 P=.000 < .05 S
  24. 26. 3. After the use of modules students from the control and experimental groups compared with regard to their: <ul><li>Final grades and post test </li></ul><ul><li>The experimental group performed better. </li></ul>Experimental Groups A and B Total = 83 Sd Control Groups C and D Total = 87 Sd t-value Significance Final Grades 2.03 .38 2.41 .43 -6.09 P=.000<.05 S Posttests Scores 77.05 8.8 63.70 1.02 9.52 P=.000<.05 S
  25. 27. 4. Evaluation of the online students with the instructional modules in terms of: <ul><li>Presentation and discussion of the online materials </li></ul><ul><li>The overall rating - very well done. (4.3) </li></ul><ul><li>The best part in the module was the games and practice exercises. (4.5) </li></ul>
  26. 28. Presentation and discussion of the online materials Verbal Interpretation Sd 1. Design of the class page and module 4.2 Very Well Done .73 2. User-friendliness of the site 4.3 Very Well Done .72 3. Down time of the site 4.1 Very Well Done .73 4 Reflection of CEU’s philosophy of Science and Virtue 4.3 Very Well Done .71 5. Explanation of purpose, objectives, and grading procedures 4.2 Very Well Done .82 6. Class notes and study guides on the page 4.4 Very Well Done .73 7. Clarity of explanation and discussion of the module lesson. 4.1 Very Well Done .86 8. Evidence of mastery of subject matter 4.3 Very Well Done .78 9. Consistency of content with subject objectives and syllabus 4.3 Very Well Done .82 10. Comprehensive coverage of subject matter 4.3 Very Well Done .82 11. Relevance of hyperlinks 4.3 Very Well Done .77 12. Availability of online materials 4.2 Very Well Done .79 13. Ease of access to view own quiz results 4.3 Very Well Done .90 14. Ease of access to e-mail 4.3 Very Well Done .85 15. Graded online quizzes 4.2 Very Well Done .90 16. Games and other practice exercises 4.5 Very Well Done .83 Overall 4.3 Very Well Done .57
  27. 29. 4. How did the online students evaluate their virtual experience with the instructional modules in terms of: <ul><ul><li>4.2 Interaction with the instructor </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The overall rating - superior </li></ul>
  28. 30. 4.2 Interaction with the instructor Verbal Interpretation Sd 1. Ease of communication and of asking questions with instructor 4.1 Superior .85 2. Instructor’s responsiveness or assistance with questions about assignments, online materials, etc. 4.4 Superior .68 3. Instructor led reviews for tests 4.3 Superior .78 4. Scheduling of tests and other assignments 4.3 Superior .73 5. Resolution of conflicts with other class tests or assignments 4.2 Superior .77 6. Assistance with computer-related problems 4.3 Superior .77 Total 4.3 Superior .62
  29. 31. 4. How did the online students evaluate their virtual experience with the instructional modules in terms of: <ul><ul><li>4.3 Overall satisfaction with online instruction </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The students were to a large extent satisfied with online instruction especially with the interaction with their teacher, which ultimately led them to accomplish varied learning activities. </li></ul><ul><li>Majority of the respondents preferred online than on-campus education. </li></ul>
  30. 32. 4.3 Overall satisfaction with online instruction Verbal Interpretation Sd 1. Attainment of subject objectives, 4.1 To a large extent .67 2. Meeting their individual learning needs, 4.1 To a large extent .74 3. Accomplishing varied learning activities, 4.2 To a large extent .79 4. Interacting with the instructor, 4.2 To a large extent .78 5. Responding to the challenge of using an alternative mode of learning 4.3 To a large extent .78 Overall 4.2 To a large extent .65
  31. 33. Conclusions <ul><li>Online teaching is a competitive alternative for the traditional classroom education. </li></ul>
  32. 34. Implications <ul><li>The manner students use their heads nowadays could easily be misinterpreted by minds structured by traditional methods. </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic media-educated generation </li></ul><ul><li>This is the way our world , or at least, that of the university-educated, middle and upper-class youth is shaping up. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers should not see themselves as repositories of traditional intelligence and wisdom. </li></ul><ul><li>In the realm of knowledge and learning, our tools have changed. </li></ul>
  33. 35. <ul><li>Whether we, as adults and educators, like the differences we see in today's students, the differences are undeniable and, as educators, it is our responsibility to reach and teach this &quot;new breed” of students. </li></ul><ul><li>In the realm of knowledge and learning, our tools have changed. </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching online, using the very technology that has changed our world, and our students, is one significant way that we can leverage to reach the &quot;Net generation.&quot; </li></ul>
  34. 36. Conclusions <ul><li>Online games, quizzes, and exercises are innovations in reinforcing the lesson. </li></ul>
  35. 37. Technology <ul><li>Technology will become a billion times more powerful, likely more powerful than the human brain. </li></ul><ul><li>Technology will serve our students and children better in 20 years – memorized multiplication tables or fundamental knowledge of programming concepts or the ability to think logically and critically or the ability to create meaningfully in multimedia. </li></ul>
  36. 38. Conclusions <ul><li>  Success in online learning depends on strict compliance of time table and schedule and regular interaction with teacher. </li></ul>
  37. 39. Conclusions <ul><li>For online materials to effectively address students’ needs, they should contain all the required sources for learning including objectives, instruction, format, dynamics, and evaluation. </li></ul>
  38. 40. Conclusions <ul><li>In addition, students with convenient access to computer and internet, and at the same time with motivation, and self-discipline to participate regularly, are most likely to succeed. </li></ul>
  39. 41. Conclusions <ul><li>Modules with graphic presentations are attractive designs in enhancing students’ attention. </li></ul>
  40. 42. Recommendations <ul><li>The development of online materials for other subjects (professional or basic) may upgrade the university’s delivery of education. </li></ul><ul><li>The reinforcement of lesson discussed, through games whether online or traditional can be integrated to heighten students’ interest in learning any subject. </li></ul><ul><li>The conduct of similar study will validate other modules of various subjects. </li></ul>
  41. 43. Recommendations <ul><li>The various freesites available in the internet can be combined for the development of online modules and quizzes in all courses. </li></ul><ul><li>Another study involving school’s facilities and teachers’ preparedness for online education can give insight to the administration for future undertaking. </li></ul>
  42. 44. Sample Conference (students were unprepared) ÄLdwîNn go: mam what are we going to talk about?? ÄLdwîNn go: im so excited... ÄLdwîNn go: hehe.. arlene5162: Mr. Go, I’m warning you. You’re talking too much arlene5162: wait till I start ÄLdwîNn go: ah okay sorry mam...ok arlene5162 : ok. which topic do you find difficult in? istariray_04 : our last topic aira_cutie_20 : the last one lil_flaca213 : the last topic ÄLdwîNn go : the last topic.. arlene5162 : ok. arlene5162 : That’s the topic we’ll talk about now arlene5162 : Let’s talk about coordination arlene5162: Who can tell me what is coordination? arlene5162 : anyone ÄLdwîNn go : coordination is something a group of people must do in order to achieve their goal arlene5162 : no
  43. 45. Conferencing (students were prepared) <ul><li>arlene5162 : ok. who read the lecture on conjunctions? </li></ul><ul><li>Mark Angeles : mam me mam </li></ul><ul><li>arlene5162 : who can enumerate the coordinating conj? </li></ul><ul><li>arlene5162 : answer </li></ul><ul><li>coponeypi: and or for nor or so yet </li></ul><ul><li>pelobellograce: but or yet for nor so </li></ul><ul><li>Mark Angeles: coodinating conjunctions are:and,but,or,yet,for,nor and so........mam </li></ul><ul><li>arlene5162 : ok </li></ul><ul><li>arlene5162: when do we use “and?” </li></ul><ul><li>kira_ianne3 : in adding words </li></ul><ul><li>arlene5162: ok. </li></ul><ul><li>kira_ianne3 : in connecting words </li></ul><ul><li>bien0714088: in connecting words </li></ul><ul><li>arlene5162: what should be the criteria in connecting words using coordinators? </li></ul><ul><li>Panerio Dianne Kate: connecting the words related to each other.. </li></ul><ul><li>coponeypi: depends on the subjects, and action done </li></ul><ul><li>jessicaalianza: it connects words, phrases and clauses </li></ul><ul><li>joma_dude: in connecting words, </li></ul><ul><li>pelobellograce: in connecting words </li></ul><ul><li>Panerio Dianne Kate: connecting words </li></ul><ul><li>arlene5162: correct </li></ul><ul><li>arlene5162: now what do we call words that connect parallel structure? </li></ul>
  44. 46. Students’ Remarks
  45. 47. Students’ Remarks
  46. 50. Video Presentation
  47. 51. Online Movie http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2SUQeJyghh0
  48. 52. Resource sites for teachers <ul><li>Virtual classrooms: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.nicenet.org </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.quia.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://trackstar.4teachers.org </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://wizard.4teachers.org </li></ul></ul>
  49. 53. Resource sites for teachers <ul><li>Creation of quizzes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.quia.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.quizmoz.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://quizstar.4teachers.org/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.quizilla.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://schoolexpress.com/quiz/quiz01.php </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://rubistar.4teachers.org/index.php </li></ul></ul>
  50. 54. Support sites <ul><li>http://makeworksheets.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.elllo.org/english/home.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.eleaston.com/pr/home.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.public-speaking.org/default.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.mes-english.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.usingenglish.com/teachers.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.schoolexpress.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.teachingheart.net/readerstheater.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.funbrain.com/brain/SweepsBrain/sweepsbrain.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.tolearnenglish.com/cgi2/myexam/liaison.php?liaison=_audio_alphabet_video_&id=17819&auteur=webmaster </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.tolearnenglish.com/ </li></ul>
  51. 55. Support sites <ul><li>http://www.clicknkids.com/SampleLessonSelf.asp </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.toolsforeducators.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.sparklebox.co.uk/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.free-clipart-pictures.net/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.teacherplanet.com/calendar /09-SEP-08.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.songsforteaching.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.cliparthome.net/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://abcteach.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.topenglishteaching.com/ </li></ul>
  52. 56. Support sites <ul><li>http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/index.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.primarygames.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.tlsbooks.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.gamequarium.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.50states.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://notestar.4teachers.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://rubistar.4teachers.org/index.php </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.arcademicskillbuilders.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://persuadestar.4teachers.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://classroom.4teachers.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://equity.4teachers.org/index.php </li></ul><ul><li>http://thinktank.4teachers.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://pblchecklist.4teachers.org/ </li></ul>
  53. 57. Best sites for reviews (Literature and studies) <ul><li>www.findarticles.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://journals.cambrige.org </li></ul><ul><li>http://muse.jhu.edu./journals/index.html </li></ul><ul><li>www.doaj.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.sciencedirect.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://journalseek.net/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://ssrn.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www3.interscience.wiley.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.e-journal.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.eduref.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>www.scrius.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://ejournals.ebsco.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.scre.ac.uk/is/webjournals.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.proquest.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ingentaconnect.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.springer.com/east/home </li></ul>
  54. 58. MetaSearch and Metacrawler Engines <ul><li>http://www.metacrawler.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://webcrawler.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.seach.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.dogpile.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://vivisimo.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.mamhttp://www.tlsbooks.com/ma.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.kartoo.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.surfwax.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.info.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.izito.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.jux2.com/ </li></ul>
  55. 59. <ul><li>Salamat po </li></ul>Thank you Jakarta, Indonesia, November 8-9, 2008 (Asia Pacific Computer-Aided Language Learning Pusan, Korea – April 10-11, 2009 (Asian English as a Foreign Language) Also presented:

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