Generations of computers iv delmundo report


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Generations of computers iv delmundo report

  1. 1. Generations of computers Presented by Group 2
  2. 2. 5 Generation of Computers First generation Second generation Third generation Fourth generation Fifth generation
  3. 3. Introduction • The history of computer development is often referred to in reference to the different generations of computing devices. Each of the five generations of computers is characterized by a major technological development that fundamentally changed the way computers operate, resulting in increasingly smaller, cheaper, more powerful and more efficient and reliable computing devices.
  4. 4. Zeroeth Generation • Man used his fingers, ropes, beads, bones, pebbles and other objects for counting. • Abacus, Pascaline, Difference & Anylitical engines • Electricity was not yet invented
  5. 5. First Generation • The first computers used vacuum tubes for circuitry and magnetic drums for memory, and were often enormous, taking up entire rooms. They were very expensive to operate and in addition to using a great deal of electricity, generated a lot of heat, which was often the cause of malfunctions.
  6. 6. Features • 1. Use of vacuum tubes • 2. Big & Clumsy • 3. High Electricity Consumption • 4. Programming in Mechanical Language • 5. Larger AC were needed • 6. Lot of electricity failure occured
  7. 7. Second generation • Transistors replaced vacuum tubes and ushered in the second generation of computers. The transistor was invented in 1947 but did not see widespread use in computers until the late 1950s. The transistor was far superior to the vacuum tube, allowing computers to become smaller, faster, cheaper, more energy-efficient and more reliable than their first-generation predecessors. Though the transistor still generated a great deal of heat that subjected the computer to damage, it was a vast improvement over the vacuum tube. Second-generation computers still relied on punched cards for input and printouts for output.
  8. 8. Features • 1. Transistors were used • 2. Core Memory was developed • 3. Faster than First Generation computers • 4. First Operating System was developed • 5. Programming was in Machine Language & Assembly Language • 6. Magnetic tapes & discs were used • 7. Computers became smaller in size than the First Generation computers • 8. Computers consumed less heat & consumed less electricity
  9. 9. Third Generation • The development of the integrated circuit was the hallmark of the third generation of computers. Transistors were miniaturized and placed on silicon chips, called semiconductors, which drastically increased the speed and efficiency of computers.
  10. 10. Features • 1. Integrated circuits developed • 2. Power consumption was low • 3. SSI & MSI Technology was used • 4. High level languages were used
  11. 11. Fourth Generation • The microprocessor brought the fourth generation of computers, as thousands of integrated circuits were built onto a single silicon chip. What in the first generation filled an entire room could now fit in the palm of the hand. The Intel 4004 chip, developed in 1971, located all the components of the computer—from the central processing unit and memory to input/output controls—on a single chip.
  12. 12. Features • 1. LSI & VLSI Technology used • 2. Development of Portable Computers • 3. RAID Technology of data storage • 4. Used in virtual reality, multimedia, simulation • 5. Computers started in use for Data Communication • 6. Different types of memories with very high accessing speed & storage capacity
  13. 13. Fifth Generation• Fifth generation computing devices, based on artificial intelligence, are still in development, though there are some applications, such as voice recognition, that are being used today. The use of parallel processing and superconductors is helping to make artificial intelligence a reality. Quantum computation and molecular and nanotechnology will radically change the face of computers in years to come. The goal of fifth-generation computing is to develop devices that respond to natural language input and are capable of learning and self-organization
  14. 14. Features • 1. Used in parallel processing • 2. Used superconductors • 3. Used in speech recognition • 4. Used in intelligent robots • 5. Used in artificial intelligence
  15. 15. THE ENDCREATED BY: Group 2 Leader: jonard arjay L. Pristo Vincent S. serrano Chris mark mercado Jazette v. cunanan Hazel anne D. David Rincel c. sevilla Fatima cunanan IV-Delmundo